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Paramétrages

Paramétrages

1. US4362279 - Wire brake for a winding machine

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique
In the winding of a coil it is necessary, in the interest of a good coiling factor and for a low use of wire, that the wire at the winding station always remains under a predetermined minimum tension; the wire is, accordingly, conducted through a wire brake ahead of the winding station. This wire brake should be so constructed that it will not adversly affect the wire and especially its insulation.
The fulfillment of the previously mentioned requirements on a wire brake presents considerable difficulties when the wire length which is necessary for the production of a winding per unit of time will vary periodically, which is the case during the winding of coils whose configuration deviates from a circular form. Particularly large are these variations in coils with rectangular configurations and unfavorably large ratios of the coil length relative to the coil width, for example, such as are required for lighting fixtures.
Especially critical is the described problem at extremely rapidly running winding machines since here the required wire speed varies between extremely low and extremely high values. Known wire brakes must hereby be set to such high braking values so as to frequently cause tearing of the wire.
The invention solves the addressed problem with a wire brake which is characterized in that the wire which is to be braked is wound in a single layer by a plurality of pressure strands of a pressure cable, which is tensioned between a support frame and a carriage displaceably supported therein by means of a tensioning device and that the pressure strands at one end of the pressure cable are fastened to a correcting element which is rotatably supported in the carriage or within the support frame.
Such a wire brake does not require any additional guide rolls for the wire, whose mass would accelerate the wire during the braking phase.
The braking power is determined by the length of the pressure cable and the extent of motion of the braking strands which is manually or in a motorized mode are adjustable by means of the correcting element, wherein this extent of motion is a measure for the compressive force and the braking surface depends upon the length of the braking cable. A high braking power can thus be distributed over a large surface of the wire so that also hereby there will not occur any adversly affect over the wire or its insulation.
Pursuant to a modification of the invention, the braking effect can be improved even with a more protective handling of the wire in that a specialized braking cable is arranged between the wire which is to be braked and the pressure strands which also consists of a plurality of braking strands wound in a single layer about the wire, which at one end thereof are clamped into the support frame through the intermediary of a twisting device. Hereby, the properties of the braking cable can be optimized exclusively towards its braking function since it itself is practically not subjected to any tensile stress. Accordingly, for the braking strand there can thus be selected such a material which is so soft whereby the surface of the wire which is located within the braking cable stands for at least up to 50% in contact with the braking strands; with the utilization of soft leather strips, even with an almost 100% encompassing can be combined with an extremely protective handling of the insulation. The concept of winding of the strands of the braking and pressure cable can be either in the same direction or in an opposite sense.
The functional division between a braking cable and a pressure cable further renders it possible that also for the pressure cable there can be utilized a material which is optimal for this function; coming into consideration hereby are perlon strands, as well as those formed of steel fibers.
The invention also facilitates the simple holding constant of a predetermined wire tension with the aid of controller, in particular a three-point controller, so that it is no longer necessary to set an excessively high brake power for reasons of safety.
The invention is more closely explained on the basis of the Figures, wherein there is shown:
FIG. 1 illustrates a schematic representation of the winding device with the wire brake,
FIG. 2 is a plan view of an inventive wire brake, and
FIG. 3 is a side view of the wire brake pursuant to FIG. 2, however without the brake and pressure cable.
Pursuant to FIG. 1, the wire 8 is conducted from a supply container V over the wire brake B and an actual-value transmitter J for the wire tension to the winding station W of an automatic winding machine. A controller R varies the brake power output of the wire brake B in dependence upon the deviation of the actual value from a reference value which is predetermined by a reference value transmitter S. The reference value is determined experimentally for a predetermined winding shape, in which the braking power is constantly increased up to the value at which there is produced a satisfactory winding quality and the permissible wire expansion at a predetermined wire rotational speed. the therefor required brake power output is maintained by the controller even with the wear of the brake cable so that no excessively high braking values need be set.
The wire brake pursuant to FIGS. 2 and 3 consists of a support frame 1 with two end walls 11, 12 and guide rods arranged therebetween for the slidable carriage 4 which is supported thereon. The last-mentioned is coupled through the intermediary of pull rods 43, a drawbridge 42 and a tie rod 51, to a pneumatically-actuated stretching arrangement 5.
The carriage 4 includes a traverse 41 which is provided in its center with a bore 411 wherein there is rotatably supported the correcting or control element 7 for the pressure cable 3; it has in the center thereof a passage 72 for the brake cable 2 and the wire 8, and pickups 73 for the ends of the pressure strands 31 which are positioned therein. Preferably, four such pickups 73 are provided at a spacing of 90° for four pressure strands 31. The control element 7 is further equipped with a sprocket wheel 71 which is coupled through a chain 9 with the sprocket wheel 61 of a servo-motor 6 which is arranged on the carriage 4.
The end wall 12 evidences a passage 121 in the center thereof for the wire 8 and the encompassing pickups 122 and 123 for the other ends of the brake strands 21, respectively, the pressure strands 31, which presently lie in concentric circles at an equal distance from each other. The other ends of the brake strands 21 are positioned in the pickups 1112 of a twisting device 111, which is rotatably supported in the other end wall 11 and which includes a passage 1111 in the center thereof for the wire 8 which is conducted thereto over a guide roll 14.
With the aid of the twisting device the four strands 21 of the brake cable 2 are wound in a single layer without substantial tension about the wire 8; the therefor required position of the twisting device 111 is determined through suitable latching means.
The four strands 31 of the pressure cable 3 are wound in a single layer about the brake cable, whereby the braking force increases with reducing extent of motion of the individual brake strands (increasing angle between the brake strand and wire) and with the increasing pulling force of the stretching arrangement 5. The last-mentioned is preferably held at a constant value which, with consideration of the material and the length of the brake cable 2, as well as the shape of the winding and the winding rotational speed is determined experimentally. For the variation in the braking power output, the control elements 7 is rotated by the servo-motor 6, so that the pressure of the brake cable 2 against the wire 8 either is increased or reduced.
Deviating from the described embodiment, the control element 7 can also be arranged in the end wall 12; the servo-motor 6 must then be fastened on the support frame 1. This solution has not only mechanical advantages but is also satisfactory from a technological control aspect since the change in the braking force produced by the servo-motor is the strongest in the proximity of the control element, since then the winding station is located closer than in the previously described embodiment.