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1. US20180048303 - Switching device for operating at least one load

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

Claims

1. A switching device for operating at least one load, comprising:
at least one switching unit, configured and operable to switch a tapped current phase to a load connectable to the switching unit to supply said load with current, the switching unit including a measurement unit which measures a current phase progression of the at least one current phase;
a local control system configured and operable to, after receiving a control command from an external control system, actuate a semiconductor switch of the switching unit in such a way that the semiconductor switch switches at a zero of the current phase measured by the measurement unit; and
a local monitoring unit, configured and operable to evaluate the current phase progression, measured by the measurement unit, of the at least one current phase to detect an operational deviation from a normal current supply to the respective load connected to the switching unit, and to report any detected operational deviation.
2. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein the at least one switching unit is formed by a hybrid circuit, wherein the hybrid circuit comprises a mechanical switch and a semiconductor switch connected in parallel therewith.
3. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein the switching device comprises at least one current measurement unit configured and operable to monitor the progression over time of at least one tapped current phase.
4. The switching device according to claim 3, wherein the current measurement unit is configured and operable to detect a zero of the tapped current phase and to report the zero of the tapped current to the local control system of the switching device.
5. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein the local monitoring unit is configured and operable to monitor whether the tapped current phase has been outputted by the switching unit in accordance with the control command received by the local control system from an external control system.
6. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein:
the local monitoring unit is configured and operable to a switching error which has occurred and reports it to the local control system of the switching device, and
the local control system of the switching device is configured and operable to pass a switching error reported thereby to an external control system via an interface.
7. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein the tapped current phase is passed to the switching unit via a replaceable safety fuse.
8. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein, if a switching error occurs, the local monitoring unit is configured and operable to detect the type of the switching error which has occurred and to report the type of the switching error which has occurred to the local control system of the switching device.
9. The switching device according to claim 8, wherein the local monitoring unit is configured and operable to detect whether the switching error which has occurred is the cause of a failure of a tapped current phase or of a continuous current outputted by the switching unit.
10. The switching device according to claim 9, wherein the local control system is configured and operable to pass the reported type of the switching error which has occurred on to the external control system via an interface, wherein the external control system is configured and operable to evaluate the switching errors reported by the local control system of the switching device and/or the type thereof and to drive the loads connected to the switching device in accordance with the evaluation result.
11. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein the switching device comprises at least one temperature sensor configured and operable to monitor an internal temperature of the at least one switching unit, within the switching device and to report the internal temperature to the local control system of the switching device.
12. The switching device according to claim 6, wherein the interface of the switching device is connected to the external control system via at least one optical coupler.
13. The switching device according to claim 2, wherein:
the mechanical switch of one of the at least one switching unit is formed as a hybrid circuit comprises a relay, and
the semiconductor switch of the one of the at least one switching unit is formed as a hybrid circuit comprises a triac.
14. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein the switching device comprises three switching units for three tapped current phases, wherein each of the three switching units includes a mechanical relay and a triac connected in parallel with the mechanical relay.
15. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein:
the entire switching device is integrated into an appliance housing or in each case a corresponding one of the at least one switching unit and an associated local control system are integrated into a separate appliance housing, and
the appliance housing of the switching device comprises an associated rail contact system for each current phase.
16. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein:
an external control system is connectable to the at least one local control system of the switching device via a plug-in connection, and
wherein the at least one load is connectable to a switching unit of the switching device via a plug-in connection.
17. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein the switching device is synchronized with a power network.
18. The switching device according to claim 3, wherein the current measurement unit comprises a GMR sensor, a Rogowski coil, a transformer, a Hall sensor or a shunt measurement resistor.
19. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein the switching device is mountable on a top hat rail or a mounting plate.
20. The switching device according to claim 1, wherein the switching device comprises at least one reversing stage.
21. A rail system comprising:
a plurality of rails for current phases and
at least one switching device according to claim 1, which is connected to the rails via rail contact systems to tap the current phases,
wherein a load is connectable to each switching unit of the switching device.
22. The rail system according to claim 21, wherein the rail system comprises a busbar system having a plurality of busbars arranged parallel.