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1. WO2008010890 - ÉTIQUETTE RFID À RECHARGE AUTOMATIQUE ET LONGUE DURÉE DE VIE UTILE

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CLAIMS
What is claimed is:

1. A Radio Frequency Identification (TRFID) device, comprising:
a rechargeable solid state battery;
control circuitry coupled to the rechargeable solid state battery; and
a power source for recharging the rechargeable solid state battery.

2. A device as recited in claim I, further comprising a primary battery.

3. A device as recited in claim 1, wherein the power source captures energy from radio frequency waves.

4. A device as recited in claim 3, further comprising a first regulator and a second regulator coupled to the power source, the first regulator regulating a voltage on a line coupled to the rechargeable battery, the second regulator regulating a voltage on a line coupled to a control circuitry of the device.

5. A device as recited in claim 4, wherein the first and second regulators are present on a single chip.

6. A device as recited in claim 4, wherein the second regulator more tightly controls an output voltage thereof than the first regulator.

7. A device as recited in claim 3, further comprising a supplemental power source for recharging the rechargeable solid state battery.

8. A device as recited in claim 7, further comprising a first regulator for regulating a voltage from the power source, wherein the supplemental power source primarily charges the rechargeable solid state battery when a voltage from the supplemental power source is greater than a voltage from the power source.

9. A device as recited in claim 7, wherein the output of the power source is
substantially isolated from the supplemental power source.

10. A device as recited in claim 7, wherein the supplemental power source generates electricity from light.

11. A device as recited in claim 7, wherein the supplemental power source generates electricity from thermal energy.

12. A device as recited in claim 7, wherein the supplemental power source generates electricity from kinetic energy.

13. A device as recited in claim 7, further comprising a first regulator receiving an output from the power source and a second regulator receiving outputs from the power source and the supplemental power source, the first regulator regulating the output of the power source for recharging the rechargeable solid state battery, the second regulator regulating the outputs of the power source and the supplemental power source for powering the control circuitry of the device.

14. A device as recited in claim 1, further comprising a power manager for
controlling recharging and consumption of the rechargeable solid state battery.

15. A device as recited in claim 1, wherein the power source generates electricity from light.

16. A device as recited in claim 1, wherein the power source generates electricity from thermal energy.

17. A device as recited in claim 1 , wherein the power source generates electricity from kinetic energy.

18. A device as recited in claim 1 , wherein the rechargeable solid state battery may be recharged more than about 100,000 times.

19. A device as recited in claim 1 , wherein the rechargeable solid state battery has less than about a 1% capacity loss per year.

20. A device as recited in claim 1 , wherein the rechargeable solid state battery is capable of maintaining at least about a 50% charge for 10 years.

21. A device as recited in claim 1, wherein the rechargeable solid state battery lies substantially along a plane, wherein a ratio of a cross sectional area of the
rechargeable solid state battery in a direction parallel to the plane to a cross
sectional area of the device in the direction parallel to the plane is between about 1:4 and 1 :1.

22. A device as recited in claim 1 , wherein the rechargeable solid state battery lies substantially along a plane, wherein a ratio of a cross sectional area of the
rechargeable solid state battery in a direction parallel to the plane to a cross
sectional area of the device in the direction parallel to the plane is between about 1:2 and 1 :1.

23. A Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) device, comprising:
a primary battery;
a rechargeable solid state battery;
control circuitry coupled to the primary battery and to the rechargeable solid state battery;

a power source for recharging the rechargeable solid state battery and for
providing power to the control circuitry; and
a supplemental power source for recharging the rechargeable solid state battery.

24. A Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system, comprising:
a plurality of RFID devices as recited in claim 23; and
an RFID reader in communication with the RFID devices.

25. A Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) device for use with a vehicle,
comprising:
a housing adapted for coupling to a vehicle;
control circuitry coupled to the housing;
a solid state battery for providing power to the control circuitry;
a supplemental power source for recharging the battery; and
a memory for storing information relating to at least one of the vehicle and an
owner of the vehicle.

26. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the housing is adapted for permanent coupling to the vehicle.

27. A device as recited in claim 26, wherein the housing is integrated into a portion of the vehicle.

28. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the supplemental power source generates electricity from light.

29. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the supplemental power source generates electricity from thermal energy.

30. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the supplemental power source generates electricity from kinetic energy.

31. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the control circuitry draws power from the supplemental power source when the supplemental power source is generating electricity.

32. A device as recited in claim 31, wherein the control circuitry remains in an active state when drawing power from the supplemental power source.

33. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the memory stores information selected from a group consisting of a vehicle identification number, a license plate number associated with the vehicle, a name of the owner of the vehicle, and a
government-issued registration number associated with the vehicle.

34. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the memory stores a vehicle
identification number, a license plate number associated with the vehicle, a name of the owner of the vehicle, and a government-issued registration number
associated with the vehicle.

35. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the memory stores information relating to an insurance policy associated with the vehicle.

36. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the memory stores information relating to a service history of the vehicle.

37. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein access to portions of the information stored in the memory is selectively allowed or denied based on information
received from an inquiring entity.

38. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the memory stores information relating to a toll payment account associated with the at least one of the vehicle and the owner.

39. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the device is permanently coupled to the vehicle by a manufacturer of the vehicle.

40. A device as recited in claim 25, wherein the device is permanently coupled to the vehicle by a dealer of the vehicle.

41. A device as recited in claim 25, further comprising a display device, the display device displaying at least a portion of the information relating to the at least one of the vehicle and the owner.

42. A Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system, comprising:
a plurality of RFED devices as recited in claim 25; and
an RFID reader in communication with the RFID devices.

43. A method for tracking ownership of a moveable object, the method comprising: coupling a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag to the object, the RFH) tag comprising:
control circuitry;
- a rechargeable solid state battery for providing power to the control
circuitry;
a power source for recharging the battery; and
a memory for storing information relating to the object; and
adding information about at least one of an owner of the object, a location of the object, and a sensor reading to the memory in anticipation of or in
response to moving the object from one location to another location.

44. A method as recited in claim 43, wherein the object is a vehicle.

45. A method as recited in claim 43, wherein the object is a transportation container.

46. A method as recited in claim 43, wherein the object is an animal.

47. A method as recited in claim 43, wherein the object is an article of manufacture.

48. A method as recited in claim 43, wherein the object is a container for articles of manufacture.

49. A method as recited in claim 43, wherein the tag is coupled to the object at about a point of manufacture of the obj ect.

50. A method for retrieving information about a vehicle, the method comprising:
transmitting a query to a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag coupled to
the vehicle, the query containing a security code, the RFID tag
comprising:
control circuitry;
a rechargeable solid state battery for providing power to the control
circuitry;
a supplemental power source for recharging the battery; and
a memory for storing information relating to at least one of the vehicle and
an owner of the vehicle;
receiving information relating to the vehicle or the owner, the information
received depending on the security code.

51. An article of manufacture, comprising:
an object, and Frequency Identification (RFID) tag coupled to the object, the RFID tag comprising:
control circuitry;
a rechargeable solid state battery for providing power to the control circuitry;
a supplemental power source for recharging the rechargeable solid state battery; and
a memory.