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1. WO2021062350 - ÉCHANGEUR À ÉCOULEMENT TOURBILLONNAIRE À ÉLECTRO-PULVÉRISATION

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. An air conditioning device comprising:

a body comprising:

an inlet plenum portion configured to receive input air including vapor molecules; a spray chamber portion operatively connected with the inlet plenum portion and configured to receive the input air therefrom, wherein the received input air is rigorously mixed within the spray chamber;

a sprayer portion configured to charge at least one of a plurality of liquid droplets generating at least one charged liquid droplet, wherein the sprayer portion is operatively connected with the spray chamber portion and is configured to release the charged liquid droplet into the rigorously mixed air to cause the charged liquid droplet to attract at least one vapor molecule, such that the at least one vapor molecule attaches to the charged liquid droplet and separates from the input air;

a separation chamber portion operatively coupled to the spray chamber portion and an outlet plenum portion, wherein the separation chamber portion causes the liquid droplet with the attached vapor molecule to separate from the rigorously mixed air and to condense and collect as liquid within the outlet plenum; and

an air outlet portion operatively coupled to the separation chamber and configured to direct output air away from the air conditioning device, wherein the output air includes air remaining following the separation, from the rigorously mixed air, of the liquid droplet with the attached vapor molecule, and wherein a first humidity of the output air is less than a second humidity of the input air.

2. The device of claim 1, wherein rigorously mixing the input air comprises generating a vortical flow of the input air.

3. The device of claim 1, wherein the liquid droplet includes water, and wherein the sprayer portion includes a high-voltage electrode configured to charge the liquid droplet.

4. The device of claim 1, wherein the outlet plenum portion is configured to drain the collected liquid, and wherein the liquid is recirculated to the sprayer portion to be charged and released into the rigorously mixed air.

5. The device of claim 1, wherein each of the spray chamber portion, the separation chamber portion, and the air outlet portion comprise a hollow cylinder, and wherein the air outlet portion is disposed within and concentrically with the spray chamber portion and the separation chamber portion interconnected with one another.

6. The device of claim 5, wherein respective sidewalls of the air outlet portion and the spray chamber portion define a passage therebetween, and wherein rigorous mixing of the input air causes the received input air to move within the passage.

7. A method for operating an air conditioning device, the method comprising: receiving input air including vapor molecules and moving the received input air in an air rotating vortex;

charging at least one of a plurality of liquid droplets to generate at least one charged liquid droplet;

releasing the charged liquid droplet into the air rotating vortex to cause the charged liquid droplet to attract at least one vapor molecule, such that the at least one vapor molecule attaches to the charged liquid droplet and separates from the input air;

causing the liquid droplet with the attached vapor molecule to separate from the air rotating vortex and to condense and collect within an outlet plenum; and

directing output air away from the air conditioning device, wherein the output air includes air remaining following the separation, from the air rotating vortex, of the liquid droplet with the attached vapor molecule, and wherein a first humidity of the output air is less than a second humidity of the input air.

8. The method of claim 7, wherein a first temperature of the output air is less than a second temperature of the input air.

9. The method of claim 7, wherein the liquid droplets include water, and wherein charging of the liquid droplet is performed using a high-voltage electrode.

10. The method of claim 7, further comprising draining the collected liquid, and recirculating the drained liquid to be charged and released into the air rotating vortex.

11. The method of claim 7, wherein the air rotating vortex moves the received input air within a passage.

12. An air conditioning device comprising:

a spray chamber configured to receive input air including vapor molecules, wherein an air rotating vortex within the spray chamber moves the received input air;

an electrospray configured to charge liquid droplets and release the charged liquid droplets into the air rotating vortex causing the charged liquid droplet to attract at least one vapor molecule, such that the at least one vapor molecule attaches to the charged liquid droplet;

a separation chamber configured to cause the liquid droplet with the attached vapor molecule to separate from the air rotating vortex and to condense and collect as liquid within an outlet plenum; and

an air outlet configured to direct output air away from the air conditioning device, wherein the output air includes air remaining following the separation, and wherein at least one of (i) a first humidity of the output air is less than a second humidity of the input air and (ii) a first temperature of the output air is less than a second temperature of the input air.

13. The air conditioning device of claim 12, wherein the charged liquid droplets are charged to a Rayleigh limit.

14. The air conditioning device of claim 12, wherein sidewalls of the spray chamber define a plurality of apertures, each aperture configured to receive a spray nozzle that protrudes into the spray chamber, and wherein the sprayer releases the charged liquid droplet into the air rotating vortex within the spray chamber using the spray nozzles.

15. The air conditioning device of claim 12, wherein the charged liquid droplet generates a gradient electric field, and wherein the charged liquid droplet attracts the at least one vapor molecule when the at least one vapor molecule is within the gradient electric field.

16. The air conditioning device of claim 15, wherein the attracting of the at least one vapor molecule causes the at least one vapor molecule to move toward a surface of the charged liquid droplet generating a gradient of vapor concentration surrounding the charged liquid droplet.

17. The air conditioning device of claim 16, wherein a nucleation occurs in response to a density of the vapor concentration being greater than a predefined saturation.

18. The air conditioning device of claim 17, wherein the nucleation is caused by additional electrical energy transferred to the charged droplets by the electrospray, and wherein the nucleation comprises a net condensation of the vapor molecules in the air rotating vortex within the spray chamber.

19. The air conditioning device of claim 17, wherein the nucleation and growth of the charged liquid droplet deplete a vapor phase near that charged liquid droplet causing an equilibrium to shift toward condensation.

20. The air conditioning device of claim 12, wherein the collected liquid is recirculated to the electrospray to be charged and released into the air rotating vortex.