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1. WO2011058298 - ADSORPTION DE CONTAMINANTS ISSUS DE LA RÉGÉNÉRATION LIQUIDE ET ÉLECTROCHIMIQUE D'UN ADSORBANT

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. A method for the treatment of a liquid comprising contacting the liquid within a treatment zone with an adsorbent material, passing the adsorbent material to a regeneration zone after contact with said liquid and electrochemically regenerating the adsorbent material within the regeneration zone, wherein a disinfectant precursor species is provided in the regeneration zone, subjected to electrochemical conversion to generate a disinfectant species within the regeneration zone and adsorbent material and/or liquid within the regeneration zone contacted by said disinfectant species.

2. A method according to claim 1 , wherein liquid within the treatment zone is contacted by disinfectant species.

3. A method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the disinfectant species is generated within the regeneration zone at a first higher concentration and then passed to the treatment zone where it disperses in the liquid to be treated so as to be present in said liquid at a second lower concentration.

4. A method according to claim 1 , 2 or 3, wherein said electrochemical conversion comprises electrochemical oxidation of said disinfectant precursor species.

5. A method according to claim 1 , 2, 3 or 4, wherein the disinfectant precursor species comprises chloride ions.

6. A method according to claim 1 , 2, 3 or 4, wherein the disinfectant precursor species is a chloride salt.

7. A method according to claim 1 , 2, 3 or 4, wherein the disinfectant precursor species is sodium chloride.

8. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein the disinfectant species is chlorine or other oxidised chloride species including hypochlorite and hypochlorous acid.

9. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein the concentration of disinfectant species available to contact liquid is monitored and further disinfectant generated in response to said monitoring detecting that the concentration of available disinfectant species is below a threshold level.

10. A method according to claim 9, wherein the further disinfectant is generated by providing further disinfectant precursor species in the regeneration zone and subjecting said further precursor species to electrochemical oxidation.

11. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein contacting of the liquid with the adsorbent material and disinfectant species occurs during passage of the liquid through the treatment zone.

12. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein adsorbent material that has already contacted liquid is recycled through the regeneration zone prior to contacting further liquid; an electric current being passed through the adsorbent material as the adsorbent material passes through the regeneration zone to regenerate the adsorbent material.

13. A method according to claim 12, wherein a current of 0.05 to 1 A is employed, more preferably a current of 0.25 to 0.75 A is employed, and most preferably a current of around 0.5 A is employed.

14. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein electrochemical oxidation of the disinfectant precursor species is effected by passage of an electric current through a quantity of disinfectant precursor species within the regeneration zone.

15. A method according to claim 14, wherein a current of 0.05 to 1 A is employed, more preferably a current of 0.25 to 0.75 A is employed, and most preferably a current of around 0.5 A is employed.

16. A method according to claim 14 or 15, wherein the current employed to effect regeneration of the adsorbent material has substantially the same magnitude as the current used to oxidise the disinfectant precursor species.

17. A method according to claim 14, 15 or 16, wherein regeneration of the adsorbent material is effected simultaneously with oxidation of the disinfectant precursor species.

18. A method according to claim any one of claims 14 to 17, wherein said quantity of disinfectant precursor species is admitted to the regeneration zone for electrochemical oxidation at a rate that is controllable to generate the disinfectant species at a desired rate.

19. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein the adsorbent material is physically agitated within the treatment zone to assist distribution of the adsorbent material in the liquid and dispersion of disinfectant species throughout the liquid.

20. A method according to claim 19, wherein the physical agitation is provided by delivery to the treatment zone of a pressurised fluid and/or liquid in need of decontamination and/or disinfection.

21. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein the adsorbent material comprises a particulate electrically conductive adsorbent material.

22. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein the adsorbent material comprises unexpanded intercalated graphite.

23. A method according to any preceding claim, wherein the adsorbent material comprises activated carbon.

24. Apparatus for the treatment of a liquid comprising a treatment reservoir for liquid to be contacted by an adsorbent material; and a regeneration chamber defined between two electrodes which are controllable to electrochemically regenerate said adsorbent material following contact with said liquid and electrochemically convert a disinfectant precursor species to generate a disinfectant species within the regeneration zone which can then contact adsorbent material and/or liquid within the regeneration zone.

25. Apparatus according to claim 24, wherein said regeneration chamber is within said treatment reservoir.

26. A method for the combined decontamination and disinfection of a liquid substantially as hereinbefore described.

27. Apparatus for the combined decontamination and disinfection of a liquid substantially as hereinbefore described.