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1. US20100225307 - Rotational angle detector and rotational angle detector incorporated bearing assembly

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

Claims

1. A rotational angle detecting device which comprises:
a magnet mounted on a rotating member and having an anisotropy in a circumferential direction about the axis of rotation;
a magnetic sensor arranged on a stationary member so as to confront the magnet in a direction along an axis of rotation of the rotating member and having a plurality of magnetic sensor elements arranged in a plane;
an angle calculating unit for measuring an intensity of magnetic field of the magnet from an output of each of the magnetic sensor elements and for detecting the angle of rotation of the rotating member based on the measured value; and
a delay time correcting unit for correcting a delay time occurring between the detection of the magnetic field of the magnet by means of the magnetic sensor elements and an output of a detected angle from the angle calculating unit.
2. The rotational angle detecting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the magnet is arranged in a rotary shaft end of the rotating member and has a pair of magnetic poles formed therein.
3. The rotational angle detecting device as claimed in claim 1, further comprising an interpolation unit for interpolating an interval of sampling of magnetic fields conducted by the magnetic sensor to calculate an amount of change of an angle and an output unit for outputting a rotational angle which has been corrected as to a delay time by the delay time correcting unit and interpolated by the interpolation unit.
4. The rotational angle detecting device as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a pulse generating circuit for generating a rotation pulse signal from an output of the magnetic sensor, and wherein the output unit outputs the output of the rotational angle in a form of a pulse signal.
5. The rotational angle detecting device as claimed in claim 4, wherein the pulse signal is made up of two rotation pulse signals that are displaced 90° in phase from each other, or made up of a rotation pulse signal and a rotational direction signal.
6. The rotational angle detecting device as claimed in claim 4, further comprising an index signal generating section for outputting from the output of the magnetic sensor, an index signal for each complete rotation of the rotating member.
7. The rotational angle detecting device as claimed in claim 6, further comprising a storage section for storing an angle value for outputting the index signal and an angle value setting section for setting the angle value for outputting the index signal.
8. The rotational angle detecting device as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a function ON/OFF unit for selectively switching a function of each of the delay time correcting unit and the interpolation unit on or off.
9. The rotational angle detecting device as claimed in claim 8, further comprising an automatic switching section for switching the delay time correcting unit on or off in dependence on whether or not the rotational speed of the rotating member is equal to or higher than a predetermined speed, such that when the rotational speed of the rotating member is not higher than the predetermined rotational speed, the delay time correcting unit is switched off.
10. The rotational angle detecting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the delay time correcting unit comprises a rotational speed calculating section for calculating the rotational speed from a time dependent change of the rotational speed detected by the angle calculating unit, and an angle time delay correcting section for correcting a time delay of the rotational angle between detection of the magnetic field by the magnetic sensor and an output of the rotational angle from the angle calculating unit, in reference to the rotational speed calculated by this rotational speed calculating section.
11. The rotational angle detecting device as claimed in claim 10, further comprising a rotational angle conjecturing unit for obtaining the rotational angle, which has been corrected by the angle time delay correcting section, at intervals of a predetermined time and for conjecturing the rotational angle of the rotary shaft at any arbitrarily chosen time based on a rotational angle information at the intervals of the predetermined time and information on the rotational angle calculated by the rotational speed calculating section.
12. The rotational angle detecting device as claimed in claim 10, further comprising a large scale integrated circuit forming the magnetic sensor, and wherein the angle calculating unit, the rotational speed calculating section and the angle time delay correcting section are all integrated on such large scale integrated circuit.
13. A rotational angle detecting device incorporated bearing assembly comprising a rotational angle detecting device as defined in claim 1 incorporated in a bearing assembly including rolling elements interposed between a rotating member and a stationary member.
14. A motor rotation control device which comprises a rotation angle detecting device as defined in claim 1 and a control circuit for controlling in response to an output of the rotational angle detecting device and indicative of a rotational angle to control an energizing current and an energizing timing for a motor.