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1. WO2019108332 - GUIDE DE FILAMENT

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus for additive manufacturing with a filament, the apparatus comprising:

a filament drive configured to feed the filament;

a deposition head body;

a roller that is rotatably coupled to the deposition head body and configured to press the filament to a surface at a deposition point;

a filament guide comprising:

(a) a first member having an anterior surface into which a first groove is formed, wherein the first groove is configured to guide the filament in a direction of travel from a first end to a second end of the first groove, wherein the first end is configured to receive the filament from the filament drive, and wherein the second end is configured to provide the filament for deposition, the first member also having a posterior surface into which a cavity is formed, wherein the roller, while pressing the filament, is at least partially situated within at least a portion of the cavity, and

(b) a second member that is transparent to electromagnetic radiation and

disposed on the anterior surface of the first member, wherein the second member covers at least part of the first groove and provides anterior support for the filament; and

a heat source configured to heat the filament through the second member with the electromagnetic radiation such that the filament becomes pliable.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the second member is a plate comprising fused quartz.

3. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the heat source comprises a laser configured to emit the electromagnetic radiation in the form of infrared light.

4. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the dimension of the second member along the direction of travel of the filament is determined based on a feed velocity of the filament.

5. The apparatus of claim 1 further comprising a conduit connected to the filament guide, wherein the conduit is configured to provide a gas to the filament guide, and wherein the filament guide is further configured to provide the gas to the first groove via a second groove.

6. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the first member also has a notch that is in alignment with the first groove and extending from a bottom edge of the anterior surface toward the second end of the first groove, wherein the notch is configured to guide the filament from the second end of the first groove through the cavity and toward the deposition point.

7. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein at least one point on the first member extends past an initial point of contact of the filament with the roller, toward the deposition point.

8. An apparatus for additive manufacturing with a filament, the apparatus comprising:

a roller configured to press the filament, when heated by electromagnetic radiation, to a surface at a deposition point;

a first member having an anterior surface into which a first groove is formed, wherein the first groove is configured to guide the filament in a direction of travel from a first end to a second end of the first groove, wherein the first end is configured to receive the filament from a source, the first member also having a posterior surface into which a cavity is formed, wherein the roller, while pressing the filament, is at least partially situated within at least a portion of the cavity, and the first member also having a notch that is in alignment with the first groove and extending from a bottom edge of the anterior surface toward the second end of the first groove, wherein the notch is configured to guide the filament from the second end of the first groove through the cavity and toward the deposition point; and

a second member that is transparent to the electromagnetic radiation and disposed on the anterior surface of the first member, wherein the second member covers at least part of the first groove and provides anterior support for the filament.

9. The apparatus of claim 8, further comprising a heat source, wherein the second member is transparent to at least electromagnetic radiation that is emitted by the heat source, and wherein the heat source comprises a laser configured to emit the

electromagnetic radiation in the form of infrared light.

10. The apparatus of claim 9 wherein the second member is a plate comprising fused quartz.

11. The apparatus of claim 8 wherein the heat source emits the electromagnetic radiation sufficient to heat thermoplastic in a portion of the filament prior to the portion reaching the deposition point, such that the thermoplastic is made pliable.

12. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein the first member, the second member, and the roller are part of a deposition head comprising a body, wherein the roller is rotatably coupled to the body, and wherein the deposition head presses the heated filament, via the roller, to the surface at the deposition point.

13. The apparatus of claim 8 wherein the dimension of the second member along the direction of travel of the filament is determined based on a feed velocity of the filament.

14. The apparatus of claim 8 wherein the first member also has a second groove configured to provide a gas to the first groove.

15. The apparatus of claim 8 wherein at least one point on the first member extends past an initial point of contact of the filament with the roller, toward the deposition point.

16. A guide for providing a filament to a deposition point, comprising:

a first member having an anterior surface into which a first groove is formed, wherein the first groove is configured to guide the filament in a direction of travel from a first end to a second end of the first groove, wherein the first end is configured to receive the filament from a source, the first member also having a posterior surface into which a cavity is formed, wherein the cavity is shaped to accommodate a roller such that the roller, while pressing the filament at the deposition point, is at least partially situated within at least a portion of the cavity, and the first member also having a notch that is adjacent to the cavity and that is in alignment with the first groove and extending from a bottom edge of the anterior surface toward the second end of the first groove, wherein the notch is configured to guide the filament from the second end of the first groove, through at least a portion of the cavity, and toward the deposition point;

a second member that is transparent to electromagnetic radiation and disposed on the anterior surface of the first member, wherein the second member covers a downstream portion of the first groove in relation to the direction of travel and provides anterior support for the filament; and

a third member disposed on the anterior surface of the first member upstream from the second member in relation the direction of travel, wherein the third member covers an upstream portion the first groove and provides anterior support for the filament.

17. The guide of claim 16 wherein the second member is a plate comprising fused quartz.

18. The guide of claim 16, wherein the first member has a beveled edge at the second end of the first groove, wherein the beveled edge conforms to a surface proximal to the deposition point.

19. The guide of claim 16 wherein the first groove has a square-shaped cross-section.

20. The guide of claim 16 wherein the first groove has a triangle-shaped cross-section.

21. The guide of claim 16 wherein the first member also has a second groove configured to provide a gas to the first groove.