Traitement en cours

Veuillez attendre...

Paramétrages

Paramétrages

Aller à Demande

1. WO2020162877 - PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION DE PHÉNOL ET DE XYLÈNES

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

What is claimed is:

1. A process for producing one or more of phenol, and xylenes comprising:

introducing a phenols containing feed stream into a feed separation zone;

separating the phenols containing feed stream in the feed separation zone into at least a phenol stream comprising phenol, and an alkylphenol stream comprising alkylphenols;

transalkylating the alkylphenol stream and a reactant stream comprising one or more of benzene or toluene in a transalkylation reaction zone under transalkylation reaction conditions to produce a transalkylation effluent stream comprising phenols, and alkylbenzenes;

separating the transalkylation effluent stream in a phenol separation zone into a phenol recycle stream comprising phenols, and an aromatic stream comprising benzene, toluene, xylenes, and heavy alkylbenzenes;

separating the aromatic stream in an aromatic separation zone into at least a recycle stream comprising one or more of benzene or toluene, a heavy alkylbenzene stream comprising heavy alkylbenzenes, and a mixed xylene stream comprising mixed xylenes;

separating the mixed xylene stream in a xylene separation zone into a second xylene stream comprising o-xylene and m- xylene, and a p-xylene stream comprising p-xylene;

isomerizing the second xylene stream in an isomerization reaction zone under isomerization reaction conditions to form an isomerization effluent stream comprising mixed xylenes; and

recovering one or more of the phenol stream and the p-xylene stream.

2. The process of claim 1 wherein separating the aromatic stream in the aromatic separation zone into at least the recycle stream comprising one or more of benzene or toluene, the heavy alkylbenzene stream comprising heavy

alkylbenzenes, and the mixed xylene stream comprising mixed xylenes comprises separating the aromatic stream in the aromatic separation zone into at least the benzene stream comprising benzene, the heavy alkylbenzene stream comprising heavy alkylbenzenes, the mixed xylene stream comprising mixed xylenes, and a toluene stream comprising toluene, and further comprising one or more of:

disproportionating the toluene stream in a disproportionation reaction zone under disproportionation reaction conditions to form a disproportionation effluent stream comprising xylenes, and recycling the disproportionation effluent stream to the aromatic separation zone;

or

recycling the toluene stream to the transalkylation reaction zone.

3. The process of any one of claims 1-2 further comprising:

dealkylating the heavy alkylbenzene stream in a dealkylation reaction zone under dealkylation reaction conditions to form a dealkylation effluent stream comprising benzene, toluene, xylenes, heavy aromatics, hydrogen and light hydrocarbons.

4. The process of claim 3 further comprising:

separating the dealkylation effluent stream in a dealkylation separation zone into a light gas stream comprising hydrogen and light hydrocarbons, and a second aromatic stream comprising benzene, toluene, xylenes, and heavy

alkylbenzenes; and

recycling the second aromatic stream to the aromatic separation zone.

5. The process of claim 4 further comprising:

separating the light gas stream in a gas separation zone into hydrogen stream comprising hydrogen and a light hydrocarbon gas stream comprising C2-C4 hydrocarbons; and

recycling the hydrogen stream to the dealkylation reaction zone.

6. The process of claim 3 further comprising:

introducing a fresh hydrogen stream into the dealkylation reaction zone.

7. The process of any one of claims 1-6 further comprising one or more of:

recycling the recycle stream to the transalkylation reaction zone;

or

recycling the isomerization effluent stream to the aromatic separation zone.

8. The process of any one of claims 1-7 wherein the reactant stream comprises one or more of fresh benzene, recycled benzene, fresh toluene, or recycled toluene.

9. The process of any one of claims 1-8 wherein separating the phenols containing feed stream comprises extracting a first fraction of the phenols containing feed stream into an extracted phenol stream comprising phenol and alkylphenols and a hydrocarbon stream.

10. The process of claim 9 further comprising:

fractionating the phenols containing feed stream into the first fraction and a second fraction comprising naphthols; and

recovering the naphthols from the second fraction.

11. The process of any one of claims 9-10 further comprising:

fractionating the extracted phenol stream into at least the alkylphenol stream and the phenol stream.

12. The process of any one of claims 1-11 further comprising purifying the phenol stream.

13. The process of any one of claims 1-12 wherein the phenols containing feed stream comprises coal tar.

14. A process for producing one or more of phenol, and xylenes comprising:

introducing a phenols containing feed stream into a feed separation zone;

separating the phenols containing feed stream in the feed separation zone into at least a phenol stream comprising phenol and an alkylphenol stream comprising alkylphenols;

transalkylating the alkylphenol stream and a reactant stream comprising one or more of benzene or toluene in a transalkylation reaction zone under transalkylation reaction conditions to produce a transalkylation effluent stream comprising phenols, and alkylbenzenes;

separating the transalkylation effluent stream in a phenol separation zone into a phenol recycle stream comprising phenol, and an aromatic stream comprising benzene, toluene, xylenes, and heavy alkylbenzenes;

separating the aromatic stream in an aromatic separation zone into at least a recycle stream comprising benzene, a toluene stream comprising toluene, a mixed xylene stream comprising mixed xylenes, and a heavy alkylbenzene stream comprising heavy alkylbenzenes;

disproportionating the toluene stream in a disproportionation reaction zone under disproportionation reaction conditions to form a disproportionation effluent stream comprising xylenes;

separating the mixed xylene stream in a xylene separation zone into a second xylene stream comprising o-xylene and m-xylene, and a p-xylene stream comprising p-xylene;

isomerizing the second xylene stream in an isomerization reaction zone under isomerization reaction conditions to form an isomerization effluent stream comprising mixed xylenes;

dealkylating the heavy alkylbenzene stream in a dealkylation reaction zone under dealkylation reaction conditions to form a dealkylation effluent stream comprising benzene, toluene, xylenes, heavy aromatics, hydrogen and light hydrocarbons; and

recovering one or more of the phenol stream and the p-xylene stream.

15. The process of claim 14 further comprising one or more of: recycling the recycle stream to the transalkylation reaction zone;

recycling the disproportionation effluent stream to the aromatic separation zone; or

recycling the isomerized xylene stream to the aromatic separation zone.

16. The process of any one of claims 14-15 further comprising: separating the dealkylation effluent stream in a dealkylation separation zone into a light gas stream comprising hydrogen and light hydrocarbons, and a second aromatic stream comprising benzene, toluene, xylenes, and heavy aromatics; and

recycling the second aromatic stream to the aromatic separation zone.

17. The process of claim 16 further comprising:

separating the light gas stream in a gas separation zone into hydrogen stream comprising hydrogen and a light hydrocarbon gas stream comprising C2-C4 hydrocarbon stream; and

recycling the hydrogen stream to the dealkylation reaction zone.

18. The process of any one of claims 14-17 wherein separating the phenols containing feed stream comprises extracting a first fraction of the phenols containing feed stream into an extracted phenol stream comprising phenol and alkylphenols and a hydrocarbon stream.

19. The process of claim 18 further comprising:

fractionating the phenols containing feed stream into the first fraction and a second fraction comprising naphthols; and

recovering the naphthols from the second fraction.

20. The process of any one of claims 18-19 further comprising: fractionating the extracted phenol stream into at least the alkylphenol stream and the phenol stream.