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1. WO2020159760 - PROCÉDÉS ET APPAREIL DE DÉCOUPAGE D'UN VERRE MINCE ET SOUPLE EN UNE FORME IRRÉGULIÈRE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

CLAIMS :

1. A method, comprising:

supporting a source glass sheet of 0.3 millimeters (mm) or less in thickness;

scoring the glass sheet at an initiation line using a mechanical scoring device or a laser ablation process;

applying a carbon monoxide (CO) laser beam to the glass sheet starting at the initiation line and continuously moving the laser beam relative to the glass sheet along a cutting line to elevate a temperature of the glass sheet to provide stress at the cutting line sufficient to cut the glass sheet along the cutting line; and

separating waste glass from the glass sheet to obtain a desired shape.

2. The method of claim 1, further comprising applying a cooling fluid simultaneously with the application of the laser beam, such that the cooling fluid at least reduces the temperature of the glass sheet sufficiently to provide stress that propagates a fracture in the glass sheet along the cutting line.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the laser beam emits light energy at a wavelength of from about 4 to about 6 um.

4. The method of any one of claims 1-3, wherein characteristics of the glass sheet and the laser beam are such that at least one of:

(i) an absorption percentage of light energy of the laser beam by the glass sheet is about 80% or less, at least for thicknesses of about 0.1 mm or less;

(ii) a transmission percentage of light energy of the laser beam through the glass sheet is about 20% or more, at least for thicknesses of about 0.1 mm or less;

(iii) an absorption percentage of light energy of the laser beam by the glass sheet is about 90% or less, at least for thicknesses of about 0.2 mm or less;

(iv) a transmission percentage of light energy of the laser beam through the glass sheet is about 10% or more, at least for thicknesses of about 0.2 mm or less;

(v) an absorption percentage of light energy of the laser beam by the glass sheet is about 95% or less, at least for thicknesses of about 0.3 mm or less; and

(vi) a transmission percentage of light energy of the laser beam through the glass sheet is about 5% or more, at least for thicknesses of about 0.3 mm or less.

5. The method of any one of claims 1-3, wherein a speed of movement of the laser beam relative to the glass sheet is at least one of: (i) less than 1 meters per second; (ii) less than about 0.9 meters per second; (iii) less than about 0.8 meters per second; (iv) less than about 0.7 meters per second; (v) less than about 0.6 meters per second; (vi) less than about 0.5 meters per second; (vii) less than about 0.4 meters per second; (viii) less than about 0.3 meters per second; or (ix) less than about 0.2 meters per second.

6. The method of any one of claims 1-3, further comprising maintaining a substantially constant speed of the movement of the laser beam relative to the glass sheet over an entirety of the cutting line, wherein the cutting line comprises one or more straight sections and one or more curved sections comprising radii of less than about 10 mm.

7. The method of any one of claims 1-3, further comprising maintaining a substantially constant power level of the laser beam during the movement of the laser beam relative to the glass sheet and over an entirety of the cutting line, wherein the cutting line comprises one or more straight sections and one or more curved sections comprising radii of less than about 10 mm.

8. An apparatus for cutting a glass sheet into a desired shape, comprising:

a support table operating to support a source glass sheet of 0.3 mm or less in thickness;

a mechanical scoring device or a laser ablation device operating to score the glass sheet at an initiation line;

a laser source operating to apply a carbon monoxide (CO) laser beam to the glass sheet starting at the initiation line and continuously moving the laser beam relative to the glass sheet along a cutting line to elevate a temperature of the glass sheet to provide stress at the cutting line sufficient to cut the glass sheet, such that waste glass may be separated from the glass sheet to obtain a desired shape.

9. The apparatus of claim 8, further comprising a source of cooling fluid operating to apply cooling fluid simultaneously with the application of the laser beam, such that the cooling fluid at least reduces the temperature of the glass sheet sufficiently to provide stress that propagates a fracture in the glass sheet along the cutting line, such that waste glass may be separated from the glass sheet to obtain the desired shape.

10. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein the laser beam emits light energy at a wavelength of from about 4 to about 6 urn.

11. The apparatus of any one of claims 8-10, wherein characteristics of the glass sheet and the laser beam are such that at least one of:

(i) an absorption percentage of light energy of the laser beam by the glass sheet is about 80% or less, at least for thicknesses of about 0.1 mm or less;

(ii) a transmission percentage of light energy of the laser beam through the glass sheet is about 20% or more, at least for thicknesses of about 0.1 mm or less;

(iii) an absorption percentage of light energy of the laser beam by the glass sheet is about 90% or less, at least for thicknesses of about 0.2 mm or less;

(iv) a transmission percentage of light energy of the laser beam through the glass sheet is about 10% or more, at least for thicknesses of about 0.2 mm or less;

(v) an absorption percentage of light energy of the laser beam by the glass sheet is about 95% or less, at least for thicknesses of about 0.3 mm or less; and

(vi) a transmission percentage of light energy of the laser beam through the glass sheet is about 5% or more, at least for thicknesses of about 0.3 mm or less.

12. The apparatus of any one of claims 8-10, wherein a speed of movement of the laser beam relative to the glass sheet is at least one of: (i) less than 1 meters per second; (ii) less than about 0.9 meters per second; (iii) less than about 0.8 meters per second; (iv) less than about 0.7 meters per second; (v) less than about 0.6 meters per second; (vi) less than about 0.5 meters per second; (vii) less than about 0.4 meters per second; (viii) less than about 0.3 meters per second; or(ix) less than about 0.2 meters per second.

13. The apparatus of any one of claims 8-10, wherein a speed of the movement of the laser beam relative to the glass sheet is constant over an entirety of the cutting line, wherein the cutting line comprises one or more straight sections and one or more curved sections comprising radii of less than about 10 mm.

14. The apparatus of any one of claims 8-10, wherein a power level of the laser beam during the movement of the laser beam relative to the glass sheet is substantially constant over an entirety of the cutting line, wherein the cutting line comprises one or more straight sections and one or more curved sections comprising radii of less than about 10 mm.