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Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]


The present invention refers to a method and a mechanism destined to engaging great amounts of the aeolian energy existing in abundance throughout the Hellenic State.

To date there is only one mechanism or method engaging the aeolian energy, that is the mechanism of the
windmills the structure of which, despite the passage of the time, has not altered too much nor has is given encouraging results; this is mainly due to the small amounts of aeolian energy it engages but also to the lack of any further developments in this field. In fact, it is the very method and mechanism used in times passed-by in making small amounts of wheat into flour or pumping water to irrigate a small orchard. This mechanism is currently named wind generator.

Engagement of generous amounts of aeolian energy and subsequent transformation thereof into exploitable, uninterrupted, high voltage electric power has not yet been achieved. This would be made possible only if the machine to be used for this purpose met the following requirements:
a. to have a great frontal area and the reception of wind to be somewhat unceasing regardless of the direction it is generated.
b. to be able to enhance technically any wind velocity, and
c. to be so manufactured as to receive and continuously exploit any aeolian energy within the Beaufort scale. Wind generators made by European companies have failed to meet the three requirements mentioned above; it is for this reason that aeolian energy has not yet reached a satisfactory exploitation level.

The frontal area in currently operating wind generators does not exceed 3 m2 whereas, upon exceeding some of the first numbers of the Beaufort scale, the receiving is withheld by brakes in order for likely damages to the wind generator to be avoided. Moreover, the technical enhancement of the wind velocity is far removed from being carried out, not to mention the inability to exploit wind speeds that would not range between 2-5 in the Beaufort scale.

The advantage of the present invention is that, thanks to the disclosed method and the technical field thereof, a low cost mechanism is offered towards engaging great amounts of aeolian energy in areas having winds of a certain direction and transforming it into electric energy.

As results from the description, the claims, and the drawings of the present invention, the three above-stated requirements are fully met; more specifically:
1. the frontal area of the surface ranges from 20 m2 to some hundreds of square meters and the reception of wind is unceasing regardless of direction due to the capacity of the machine to change direction by rotation at 360°. 2. any wind speed is technically enhanced on a constant basis.
3. any aeolian energy in the Beaufort scale, even the highest numbers thereof, is received and continuously exploited.

In accordance with the present invention, a horizontal, rotating, tubular iron shaft of several meters in length is mounted in its middle by means of ball bearings on a vertical tubular iron machine and at its ends, also by means of ball bearings, on two vertical, tubular iron columns (fig. 1) . The said shaft has all along it four rows of rectangular frames made of worked iron 5 cm in thickness vertically attached with respect to its center; the rows are distant from each other by 90° (fig. 2) .
The frames are covered either with canvas or nylon sheets or again with very thin aluminium sheets. The two extremities of the shaft are supplied with wheels
connected respectively to electric power generators.

The method for engaging the aeolian energy and the transformation thereof into electric energy in accordance with the present invention is as follows: a worksite is set up preferably on an island of the Hellenic territory and at a site mostly affected by the winds. After being brought to level, the site is covered with a layer of 20 cm-thick reinforced concrete. At the center of this layer a reinforced-concrete base is constructed of about 3 X 3 m in dimensions (fig. 3) . At the center of the base, there seats the base of the vertical tubular machine by means of a great number of bolts. The said machine consists of an iron base of 1.5-2.5 X 1.5-2.5 m in dimensions and 3-5 cm thick. This base has as many holes as the number of bolts planted in the reinforced concrete; it also comprises an external tubular iron casing of 40-60 cm in diameter and of 6-10 meters in height fixed to the iron base of an area about 1.5-2.5 X 1.5-2.5. It finally comprises an internal rotating iron pipe sealed at its base of 39.5-59.5 cm or more in diameter and of about 7-11 m in height; the base thereof rests and rotates slowly on big and well greased balls located in three circular grooves positioned in the circular section of the base (of area 1.5-2.5 X 1.5-2.5) housed inside the machine. 70% of the diameter of the said balls is positioned inside the grooves whereas the remaining 30% above the surface of the grooves (fig. 4) .

The tubular shaft, which is 6-20 m long and has a
diameter varying from 16-50 cm, is mounted horizontally on the top of the slowly rotating vertical tube of the machine. This shaft rests, by means of bearings, exactly in its middle on the top of the slowly rotating vertical tube so as to perform a wide horizontal rotary motion. At about a meter before the end of both sides, the two ends of the horizontal shaft rest, also by means of bearings, on two vertical iron columns, which are 7-11 m high and have a diameter varying from 20-40 cm (fig. 1) . These two iron columns on which rest the ends of the horizontal shaft are not fixed on the ground. Two immobile horizontal shafts placed on their lower ends are supplied with four wheels of a slightly tilted arch-like shape in order to follow without causing friction the circular iron rails of 360° on which move these two iron columns (fig. 5) .

By this system, the big horizontal shaft can change orientation in circular sense by 360° . The big
horizontal shaft has throughout its length and in the section between the two iron columns, except for a small section of 40-50 cm at the point it rests on the top of the internal rotating iron tube of the machine, four rows of rectangular frames made of worked iron, 5 cm in thickness at four points of its periphery which are distant from each other by 90°. These frames, fixed to the horizontal shaft, are not one-piece but divided into smaller pieces for better and more secure support; the dimensions of these frames vary form 6-10 m in height and are of 2 m in width. They are made of worked iron with dimensions of 5 X 5 cm at the top and 5 X 50 cm at the base (fig. 6) .

The big horizontal shaft is a cylinder 6-20 m long and 16-50 cm in diameter. Four points of its periphery, distant by 90° between each other, are the ones used as support for the base of each of the four frames (fig. 9) .

These frames are positioned in a linear manner on one of the four sides of the shaft, each side being distant from the other by 90° (fig. 2) and varies in length and height.

In order for each frame to be more stably fastened to the horizontal shaft and more easily placed thereto, it is divided into smaller frames of about 2 m. Three or four rows of the said smaller frames are placed on the right of the top of the vertical machine whereas another group of equal rows on the left of the vertical machine; the height of the frames varies between 6-10 m (fig. 7) .

Each frame is fastened as follows:
- the base of the frame is reinforced underneath with a blade equal in length and width with those of the frame (about 2 m and 5 cm respectively) ; the said blade bears a smaller blade of 30 cm in length and 5 cm in width attached to three points thereof. This smaller blade is attached in an upright position to the blade of 2 m thus forming with it a T-shaped construction (fig. 8) . Three slots of 32 cm in length on the horizontal shaft are meant for the insertion therein of a 5 cm part of the smaller blade; there follows fixing by welding of the whole frame base against the horizontal shaft.
- the first fastening is reinforced by an additional one carried out by four joints, each having a semi-circular and two end straight sections (fig. 9) . The semicircular section of the joint rests on the horizontal shaft whereas the end straight sections embrace each side of the two frame bases and are of about 50 cm in length; then they are fixed by screws to the base of the frames which is also of about 50 cm in length (fig. 10) . The fixing of the four joints to the bases of the four frames forms a hoop welded against the horizontal shaft and the frame bases. In this way, the horizontal shaft along with the bases of the four frames and the four joints are made a solid body (fig. 11); such a hoop is to be placed at about every 50 cm on the horizontal shaft.

There is a third fastening carried out as follows:
- the four rows of frames are joined to each other by means of guy wires thus forming a fixed, rectangular square frame preventing the ends of the frames from moving. Similar square frames made of guy wires are placed at three points of the frames (fig. 12) .

One to four wheels of variable radius are attached to the ends of the horizontal shaft, specifically 30 cm and more beyond each tubular iron column (fig. 13) . At the outer side of each tubular iron column at a distance of 30 cm and more, there are two to four parallel circular rails 360° fixed to the ground. A low open small car destined to carry the generators moves on these rails, which car is furnished with four wheels identical to those of the iron columns, i.e. they are of a slightly tilted circular form (fig. 18) . The two small cars are firmly fixed by means of multiple supports to the vertical tubular iron columns. The cars with the generators follow the course of the rotation of the vertical tubular iron columns.

It was mentioned above that the horizontal shaft is furnished with wheels at its ends; each wheel is
connected to the central shaft of each generator
transferring in this way the rotary motion of the
horizontal shaft to that which finally transforms it into electric power.

The disclosed part of the invention concerns the
engagement of the aeolian energy with the use of a big rotating horizontal shaft mounted by its center on a slowly rotating tubular machine whereas by its two ends it is seated on tubular iron columns slowly moving on wheels following a circular path of 360°. The horizontal shaft, except for a small section by its center, bears on its four sides by 90° four rows of frames by 1/2 or 2/3 of their length and specifically at the section by the periphery of the frame, which frames are covered with canvas, nylon or thin aluminium sheets (fig. 17) . The four rows of frames, two of which are located over and two under the horizontal shaft, receive the aeolian energy (fig. 2) .

The method described below discloses the way of carrying out the invention in order to obtain full exploitation of the aeolian energy received by the upper two rows of frames on the horizontal shaft and to eliminate fully the aeolian energy received by the lower two rows of frames on the horizontal shaft. The aeolian energy received by the lower two rows of frames on the horizontal shaft is exploited in the following method:

The amount of aeolian energy received by both rows of frames on the horizontal shaft is almost equal, with only a slight difference over the upper row on the horizontal shaft due to its more elevated position with respect to the ground. This difference provides only a small amount of positive rotating motion to the horizontal shaft. In order to compare the amount of aeolian energy received by the upper and the lower rows of frames on the horizontal shaft, the following grading takes place: assume that the value 100 is the amount of the aeolian energy received by the two upper rows of frames; this aeolian energy results positive because it makes the horizontal shaft rotate. The value 90 is assumed for the lower rows of frames on the horizontal shaft. This grading is correct due to the height difference with respect to the ground. This second amount of aeolian energy results negative because it eliminates the amount of the aeolian energy received by the upper two rows of frames on the horizontal shaft. The derived value 10 (100 - 90 = 10) is the only positive aeolian energy engaged and eventually transformed into motion.

In order to overbalance the above fact, the invention presents a method entirely eliminating the negative aeolian energy and transforming a percentage of 20-30% thereof into positive energy. In accordance with the present method, the amount of aeolian energy received by the two upper frames on the horizontal shaft is the only one, positive, and by 20-30% greater than the normal. The said method is as follows:

Parallel to the horizontal rotating shaft and at a distance equal to the length of the blades, a row of l~I-shaped iron or worked iron columns is positioned in linear arrangement; the length of the row is equal or almost equal to that of the horizontal shaft. The columns will be distant from the rotating tubular machine of the center and the two tubular iron columns outwards at half the horizontal shaft slightly increasing. These columns are joined to each other by horizontal iron beams and Pl-shaped or worked-iron supports. A second row of columns identical to the first one is positioned at a relative distance form the first; this second-row columns are shorter than those of the first row. Then a third row is positioned at a relative distance from the second; the columns of this row are shorter than those of the second row. The last row is seated on a horizontal beam placed slightly over the ground (fig. 15, 16) . The purpose of this arrangement is the formation of an inclined surface in front of the horizontal rotating shaft; the base of this surface is located slightly over the ground whereas its top is the horizontal beam joining the tops of the first-row columns. The columns of this inclined surface are not firmly fixed on the ground but each column row is supplied with wheels moving on iron rails by 360° having as their center the vertical rotating machine.

The 360° rotation follows the motion of the horizontal shaft and is transferred by it and by the two vertical rotating iron columns by means of multiple supports and a motor (fig. 15, 16) . The inclined surface is covered either with nylon or thin aluminium sheets. The aeolian energy affecting the inclined surface is the one that would be received by the lower rows of frames on the horizontal shaft. The inclined surface not only does not absolutely hinder the aeolian energy from affecting the lower frames on the horizontal shaft but also drives the aeolian energy with enhanced power against the upper rows of frames on the horizontal shaft.

Two windscreens are also placed; a section thereof is rotary and seats on the outer divergent sides of the inclined surface whereas the other section thereof is fixed on the ground with its open and large side towards the direction of the proper winds. These windscreens are made of iron, are variable in length, and 1-2 m higher than the height of two blades. The windscreen surface is covered with nylon or thin aluminium sheets (fig. 15, 16) . The windscreens are meant to collect the aeolian energy flowing within the space between them and direct it towards the upper rows of frames on the horizontal shaft. The aeolian energy received by the upper rows of frames is much greater than that normal whereas the velocity of the wind is higher. It is easily understood that the produced electric energy is greater as well.

It has been mentioned before that on the horizontal rotating shaft there are four rows of blades distant by 90° between each other. Each row is divided into two sections, one located on the left and the other on the right of the vertical shaft; The surface of these sections is flat and half of it, the part towards the top, is covered with nylon or aluminium sheets whereas the other half thereof remains uncovered (fig. 17) .
A smaller blade, with length equal to half the width of the blade and height more than 20 cm, is placed on the worked iron surfaces of the two vertical external sections and the horizontal upper section of each row (fig. 17) . This additional blade are also covered with either aluminium or nylon sheets and have a direction towards the direction of the air (fig. 17) .

It has been also mentioned that the horizontal rotating shaft is furnished at its ends with wheels connected to the generator shafts; the generators are placed in series on two small open cars. Of these generators only the first is firmly connected to the first wheel of the shaft whereas the second, the third, and, probably, the fourth generator are connected respectively to the wheels of the horizontal shaft as the case may be and equally
disconnected. This is regulated automatically and depends on the velocity of the wind received by the blades (fig. 18) . The automatic connection and
disconnection of the other generators is occasional as they perform double task; for example, if the wind received by the blades is 3-5 in the Beaufort scale, only the first generator needs to operate. If the wind is stronger, the second generator is automatically set in operation in this way not allowing the horizontal
rotating shaft to exceed a certain number of rotations; if the wind gets even stronger, then the third or
possibly the fourth generator is automatically set in operation. If the opposite happens, i.e. the velocity of the wind decreases, then the lastly activated generator is brought to disconnection so that the velocity of the wind remains steady and effective.

There are two reasons for the presence of more than one generators: the first concerns the exploitation of any velocity of the wind transforming it into electric energy; the second affects directly the horizontal rotating shaft to which is acts as a brake in order to keep it moving at a steady number of rotations. This is also achieved with the generators of the Public
Electricity Company; the difference is that in order to brake the rotating shaft they consume ready electric power, a fact that results in the exploitation of light winds only, varying from 3-5 in the Beaufort scale.
Unlike this method, the present invention with the system of multiple generators and the connection or
disconnection thereof depending on the needs, exploits all kinds of winds, natural or artificial, transforming them into large amounts of electric energy. In case of a system breakdown the operating generators serve as a brake to the horizontal rotating shaft.

Another way of carrying out the invention is that of the horizontal shaft being fixed and not rotating vertically mounted by bearings on supports seated on a concrete base; fixed would also be the inclined surface and the two windscreens which would be placed with a direction towards that of the stronger winds.

The description of the invention is based, on an
indicative way of carrying it out and any change or modification to drawings, sizes, materials used in the construction and assembly of the invention, if they do not constitute an inventive step fall within the scope and purposes of the present invention.