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1. WO2016099593 - SYSTÈME ET PROCÉDÉ DE LOCALISATION DE SOURCE D'INTERMODULATION PASSIVE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

We Claim:

1. A method for localizing a source of passive intermodulation distortion, the method comprising the steps of:

(a) injecting a signal into a transmit path of an antenna system in a radio frequency system;

(b) monitoring a plurality of receive paths of said antenna system, wherein a first of the receive paths shares an electrical component with the transmit path, and wherein a second of the receive paths does not share any electrical component with the transmit path;

(c) detecting a passive intermodulation distortion product signal on at least one of the plurality of receive paths; and

(d) localizing a source of passive intermodulation distortion as being internal or external to the radio frequency system based on the detection of at least one passive intermodulation distortion product signal on the at least one of the plurality of receive paths.

2. The method of Claim 1 wherein the step of localizing a source of passive intermodulation distortion includes determining that the source of passive

intermodulation distortion is internal to the radio frequency system for the condition where the passive intermodulation distortion product signal is detected only on the first receive path.

3. The method of Claim 1 wherein the step of localizing a source of passive intermodulation distortion includes determining that the source of passive

intermodulation distortion is external to the radio frequency system for the condition where the passive intermodulation distortion product signal is detected on both the first and the second receive paths.

4. The method of Claim 3 wherein a signal level of the passive

intermodulation distortion product signal detected on the first receive path is comparable to a signal level of the passive intermodulation distortion product signal detected on the second receive path.

5. The method of Claim 1 wherein the signal is selected from the group consisting of: a tone, a passive intermodulation distortion test signal, a downlink signal for the radio frequency system, a signal representative of a receive noise floor for the radio frequency system, and combinations thereof.

6. The method of Claim 1 wherein said antenna system includes a remote radio head.

7. The method of Claim 1 wherein the signal is injected into a fiber optic cable or a coaxial cable.

8. The method of Claim 1 wherein said radio frequency system is a wireless communication system.

9. The method of Claim 1 wherein the step of monitoring a plurality of receive paths includes connecting a monitoring device to a fiber optic cable or a coaxial cable in one of the plurality of receive paths.

10. The method of Claim 1 wherein the step of detecting a passive intermodulation distortion product signal includes a determination of a parameter selected from the group consisting of: a peak signal level, a noise floor evaluation, a spectral shape comparison, an error vector magnitude degradation, a signal-to-noise ratio, cyclostationary signal property detection, and a quality of service metric.

11. The method of Claim 1 wherein a frequency for the passive

intermodulation distortion product signal is determined from the equation:


where: f and f2 are frequencies of a first and second test tone, which together comprise the signal injected into the transmit path, where fx < f2,

n is an intermodulation order, and

fn is the frequency of the passive intermodulation distortion product signal.

12. The method of Claim 1 wherein the internal source of passive

intermodulation distortion is selected from the group consisting of: a component in the transmit path, a connector in the transmit path, a cabling run of the transmit path, a transmit antenna of the antenna system, and a radio transceiver in the transmit path.

13. The method of Claim 1 wherein the external source of passive

intermodulation distortion is selected from the group consisting of: a tower supporting the antenna system, mounting hardware for the tower, a metallic guy wire supporting the tower, a structure located in proximity to the tower, and a piece of metallic equipment located in proximity to the tower.

14. A method for localizing a source of passive intermodulation distortion, the method comprising the steps of:

(a) injecting a signal into a first transmit path of an antenna system in a radio frequency system, wherein said radio frequency system includes a first transmit/receive path comprising the first transmit path and a first receive path which each share a first electrical component, and a second transmit/receive path comprising a second transmit path and a second receive path which each share a second electrical component, and wherein the first and second transmit/receive paths do not share any electrical

components between them;

(b) monitoring the first and second receive paths;

(c) detecting a passive intermodulation distortion product signal on at least one of the first and second receive paths; and

(d) localizing a source of passive intermodulation distortion as being internal or external to the radio frequency system based on the detection of a passive

intermodulation distortion product signal on at least one of the first and second receive paths.

15. The method of Claim 14 wherein the step of localizing the source of passive intermodulation distortion includes determining that the source of passive intermodulation distortion is on the first transmit/receive path for the condition where the passive intermodulation distortion product signal is detected only on the first receive path.

16. The method of Claim 14 wherein the step of localizing a source of passive intermodulation distortion includes determining that the source of passive

intermodulation distortion is external to the radio frequency system for the condition where the passive intermodulation distortion product signal is detected on both the first and second receive paths.

17. The method of Claim 16 wherein a signal level of the passive

intermodulation distortion product signal detected on the first receive path is comparable to a signal level of the passive intermodulation distortion product signal detected on the second receive path.

18. The method of Claim 14 wherein the signal is selected from the group consisting of: a tone, a passive intermodulation distortion test signal, a downlink signal for the radio frequency system, a signal representative of a receive noise floor for the radio frequency system, and combinations thereof.

19. The method of Claim 14 wherein said antenna system includes a remote radio head.

20. The method of Claim 14 wherein the signal is injected into a fiber optic cable or a coaxial cable.

21. The method of Claim 14 wherein said radio frequency system is a wireless communication system.

22. The method of Claim 14 wherein the step of monitoring the first and second receive paths includes connecting a monitoring device to a fiber optic cable or a coaxial cable in the first receive path.

23. The method of Claim 14 wherein the step of detecting a passive intermodulation distortion product signal includes a determination of a parameter selected from the group consisting of: a peak signal level, a noise floor evaluation, a spectral shape comparison, an error vector magnitude degradation, a signal-to-noise ratio, cyclostationary signal property detection, and a quality of service metric.

24. The method of Claim 14 wherein a frequency for the passive

intermodulation distortion product signal is determined from the equation:


where: ! and f2 are frequencies of a first and second test tone, which together comprise the signal injected into the transmit path, where fx < f2, n is an intermodulation order, and

fn is the frequency of the passive intermodulation distortion product signal.

25. The method of Claim 14 wherein the internal source of passive

intermodulation distortion is selected from the group consisting of: a component in the transmit path, a connector in the transmit path, a cabling run of the transmit path, a transmit antenna of the antenna system, and a radio transceiver in the transmit path.

26. The method of Claim 14 wherein the external source of passive

intermodulation distortion is selected from the group consisting of: a tower supporting the antenna system, mounting hardware for the tower, a metallic guy wire supporting the tower, a structure located in proximity to the tower, and a piece of metallic equipment located in proximity to the tower.

27. A non-transitory machine-readable medium having stored thereon a plurality of executable instructions, the plurality of instructions comprising instructions to:

(a) inject a signal into a transmit path of an antenna system in a radio frequency system;

(b) monitor a plurality of receive paths of said antenna system, wherein a first of the receive paths shares an electrical component with the transmit path, and wherein a second of the receive paths does not share any electrical component with the transmit path;

(c) detect a passive intermodulation distortion product signal on at least one of the plurality of receive paths; and

(d) localize a source of passive intermodulation distortion as being internal or external to the radio frequency system based on the detection of at least one passive intermodulation distortion product signal on the at least one of the plurality of receive paths.

28. A non-transitory machine-readable medium having stored thereon a plurality of executable instructions, the plurality of instructions comprising instructions to:

(a) inject a signal into a first transmit path of an antenna system in a radio frequency system, wherein said radio frequency system includes a first transmit/receive path comprising the first transmit path and a first receive path which each share a first electrical component, and a second transmit/receive path comprising a second transmit path and a second receive path which each share a second electrical component, and wherein the first and second transmit/receive paths do not share any electrical

components between them;

(b) monitor the first and second receive paths;

(c) detect a passive intermodulation distortion product signal on at least one of the first and second receive paths; and

(d) localize a source of passive intermodulation distortion as being internal or external to the radio frequency system based on the detection of a passive

intermodulation distortion product signal on at least one of the first and second receive paths.