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1. WO1996020886 - SYSTEME DE MONTAGE DE GARNITURES D'ETANCHEITE DE TOITS FLOTTANTS

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

MOUNTING SYSTEM FOR FLOATING ROOF SEALS

Field of the nvention
The present invention relates generally to a sealing system for rim space between a floating roof on a liquid storage tank, and more particularly to a mounting system for a primary and secondary rim seal on a floating roof which permits the removal or replacement of the secondary seal without affecting the primary seal integrity.

Background Art
Petroleum products and hydrocarbon liquids are commonly stored in large cylindrical tanks sealed by roofs which float upon the liquid contained within the tanks to prevent contamination of the liquid and the escape of vapors into the atmosphere. Various sealing arrangements are known in the art and are shown, for example, in U.S. Patent Nos. 4,811,859, 4,353,477, and 5,036,995.
Many of these sealing systems, such as the one disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,811,859, comprise a primary or continuous seal and a secondary seal which are mounted on a rim extending upwardly from the floating roof. Both the primary seal and the secondary seal contact an inner wall surface of the cylindrical storage tank and prevent external contaminants from entering the tank and vapors from escaping the tank. The primary and secondary seals are generally mounted on a rim extending upwardly from the top of the floating roof. It is difficult to remove or replace the secondary seal from the rim without compromising the effectiveness of the primary seal, which may result in harmful vapors escaping from the tank. Therefore, there remains a need for a simple system for mounting the primary seal and the secondary seal to the floating roof which permits the removal or replacement of the secondary seal without affecting the primary seal connection and which does not require additional parts or expense in manufacturing or installation.

Summary of the Invention
In accordance with the present invention, an apparatus for sealing the space between a floating roof and a tank wall in a liquid storage tank includes a primary seal having a first end in sealing arrangement with the tank wall and a second end connectable to a rim extending upwardly from the floating roof; a secondary seal having a first end in sealing contact with the tank wall and a second end connectable to the rim; a bolt insertable through apertures in the rim, the primary seal and the secondary seal for connecting the seals to the rim; and means for releasing the secondary seal from the rim while maintaining the primary seal
connection, including a retainer connectable to the bolt for securing the primary seal to the rim and a nut connectable to the bolt for securing the
secondary seal to the rim.
Also in accordance with the present invention, the rim may extend vertically or horizontally from a top deck of the floating roof. Further, a gasket, such as compressible foam tape, may be attached adjacent the rim. Also, a first washer bar may be interposed between the head of the bolt and the primary seal to maintain sealing contact between the primary seal and the rim and a second washer bar may be interposed between the nut and the secondary seal to maintain sealing contact between the secondary seal and the rim.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a method for mounting a primary seal and a secondary seal on a floating roof for sealing the space between the floating roof and a tank wall in a liquid storage tank comprises aligning an aperture in the primary seal with an aperture in a rim extending upwardly from the roof; inserting a bolt through the primary seal and the rim apertures;
connecting a retainer to the bolt to secure the primary seal to the rim; aligning an aperture in the secondary seal with the bolt; and connecting a nut to the bolt to releasably secure the secondary seal to the rim while maintaining the primary seal connection when the secondary seal is released.

Brief Description of the Drawings
Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a liquid storage tank having a floating roof rim space sealed with primary and secondary seals;
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the
vertical mounting sealing system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is an enlarged, exploded view of the vertical mounting system of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a push nut retainer connected to the bolt utilized in the mounting system of the present invention;
Figs. 5A and 5B are alternative embodiments of the secondary seal apertures included in the
mounting system of the present invention; and Fig. 6 is an enlarged, exploded view of an alternative horizontal mounting system of the present invention.

Detailed Description of the Drawings
Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, a cylindrical liquid storage tank 10 is covered by a roof 12 which floats upon a liquid 14 contained within the tank 10. An outer rim 16 extends vertically upward from a top deck 17 of the floating roof 12. A primary continuous seal 18 seals a space 19 between the floating roof 12 and a primary mechanical shoe 22 which is in close contact with the inner tank wall 20 and prevents harmful vapors produced by the liquid 14 from entering the atmosphere. Further, the primary seal 18 prevents rain, snow, dirt and the like from entering the tank 10 and contaminating the liquid 14 contained therein.
In one embodiment, a first end 21 of the primary seal 18 is connected to the mechanical shoe 22 which contacts the inner tank wall 20. A
plurality of shoe segments are connected around the circumference of the floating roof 12. The shoe 22 is supported by a pantagraph hanger assembly 23 which is secured to a side wall 24 of the floating roof 12 with any suitable connector such as a bolt or weld and which urges the shoe 22 towards the tank wall 20 with a coil spring 25, for example. The shoe 22 extends below the level of the liquid 14 in the tank 10 so that the majority of vapors emitted by the liquid 14 are trapped in the space 19 below the primary seal 18, which is made of a flexible material that is impervious to vapors. A second end 28 of the primary seal 18 is connected to the rim 16 extending from the floating roof 12.
A secondary seal 30 further seals the space 19 between the tank wall 20 and the roof 12 to prevent escape of vapors and contamination of the liquid 14. A first end 32 of the secondary seal 30 is in wiping contact with the inner surface of the tank wall 20 and a second end 34 of the secondary seal 30 is connected to the rim 16 extending upwardly from the floating roof 12. A shunt 35 in resilient contact with the tank wall 20 may optionally be installed above the secondary seal 30 to provide an electrical path for static or lightning induced electricity from the floating roof 12 to the tank wall 20 so that any arcing resulting from the flow of
electricity occurs near the shunt 35 and away from the potentially volatile vapors stored below the seals 18 and 30.
To avoid the use of complicated and duplicative attachments for both the primary seal 18 and the secondary seal 30, the present invention provides a simple, quick, and inexpensive system for mounting the seals 18 and 30 to the rim 16 by using the same bolts 36 to connect both seals to the rim 16, as opposed to separate bolts and rim apertures for each. Further, the mounting system of the present invention eliminates the need for a horizontal rim angle attachment to the roof 12 by allowing for a vertical rim which requires less labor and material.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of the seal mounting detail of Fig. 2. The flexible primary seal 18 defining an aperture 38 is connected adjacent a first side 40 of the rim 16 and is draped outwardly toward a mechanical shoe segment (not illustrated) . The secondary seal 30, defining an aperture 39, is a resilient bent plate extending upward and then outward toward the tank wall. The primary seal aperture 38 is aligned with secondary seal aperture 39 and with an aperture 41 in the rim 16 so that all apertures may receive a single bolt 36. The bolt 36 includes a head 42 and a threaded portion 37, and is oriented so that the bolt head 42 is adjacent the primary seal 18 on the outside of the rim 16 and directed inward such that the threads 37 will extend through the apertures and be accessible from the top deck 17 of the floating roof 12.
The primary seal 18 is secured to the rim 16 by threading a retainer 43 to the threaded portion 37 of the bolt 36 on the second side 46 of the rim 16. The secondary seal 30 is then secured to the rim 16 with a nut 48.
Fig. 4 illustrates the connection of the retainer 43 to the bolt 36. The retainer 43
optimally is a washer-type push nut, such as a
Tinnerman Pushnut®, which is fabricated from thin steel and includes a central bore 44 of suitable diameter to receive the bolt 36. The bore 44 is surrounded by a plurality of teeth 45 which
interlock with the threads 37 on the bolt 36 when the retainer 43 is connected. Thus, the retainer 43 locks onto the bolt 36, firmly securing the primary seal 18 to the rim 16.
Referring back to Fig. 3, gaskets 52 comprising compressible adhesive-backed foam tape (such as Volara® tape manufactured by Foamade Industries of Auburn Hills, Michigan) are applied to the sides 40 may extend along the sides and across the top of the rim 16 in an inverted U-shape (not illustrated) . The foam gasket tape 52 is locally compressed by and envelops the retainer 43 when the retainer 43 is tightened securely on the bolt 36, providing a tight seal and preventing any escape of vapors through the apertures and along the edge of the rim.
A washer bar 54 made of arcuate segments extending horizontally around the circumference of the rim 16 may be interposed between the bolt head 42 and the primary seal 18 to maintain sealing contact between the rim 16 and the seal 18.
Similarly, a second washer bar 56 may be interposed between the nut 48 and the secondary seal 30 to maintain sealing contact between the rim 16 and the secondary seal 30.
In accordance with this mounting system, the secondary seal 30 may be easily installed, removed or repaired without affecting the sealing
arrangement between the primary seal 18 and the tank wall 20. The apertures 39 in the secondary seal 30 may comprise holes (as shown in Fig. 5A) , slots (as shown in Fig. 5B) , or any other configuration sufficient to receive the bolt 36. The secondary seal 30 may be disconnected from the rim 16 by removing the nut 48 and pulling the Fig. 5A
embodiment of the second end 34 of the secondary seal 30 off the bolt 36 or by loosening the nut 48 and sliding the Fig. 5B embodiment of the second end 34 of the secondary seal 30 up and off the bolt 36. With either configuration, the primary seal 18 will stay secured to the rim 16 by the retainer 43 and maintain contact with the mechanical shoe 22.
Maintaining the primary seal connection in this manner prevents escape of dangerous vapors into the atmosphere or contamination of the liquid 14 in the tank 10 during installation or repair of the secondary seal 30 without the need for a separate bolting arrangement that adds parts and labor to the original installation of the seals.
Further, the mounting system of the present invention requires only the vertical rim 16
extending from the floating roof 12. This vertical mount is advantageous because it eliminates the expense of labor and additional materials necessary for a horizontal rim angle.
However, as shown in Fig. 6, the mounting system of the present invention may alternatively be adapted for use with a horizontal rim when present. In the horizontal mounting configuration, the rim 16 extends upwardly from the top deck 17 of the floating roof 12 and is welded or otherwise secured to a rim angle 57 having a horizontal flange 58. The bolt head 42 is adjacent a bottom side 60 of the horizontal flange 58 and the bolt 36 extends
upwardly through a top side 62 of the horizontal flange 58 to provide easy access to the nut 48 and the retainer 43.
The primary seal 18 is connected to the bolt 36 adjacent the top side 62 of the horizontal flange 58 and is secured by the retainer 43. The secondary seal 30 is connected to the bolt 36 atop of the retainer 43 and secured with the nut 48. Thus, the secondary seal 30 may be installed or removed while the primary seal 18 remains secured to the rim 16 by the retainer 43.
The horizontal mounting of Fig. 6 also includes the gasket 52 between the primary seal 18 and the horizontal flange 58. Washer bar 54 may be
interposed between the retainer 43 and the primary seal 18 to enhance the sealing connection of the seal 18 to the rim 16. Likewise, washer bar 56 may be interposed between the nut 48 and the secondary seal 30. Further, the mounting configuration shown in Fig. 6 with the bolt head 42 located on the bottom side 60 of the horizontal flange 58 allows for easy access to the nut 48 and the retainer 43. However, the configuration may be reversed such that the bolt head 42 is adjacent the top side 62 of the horizontal flange 58.
Modifications and alternative embodiments of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art in view of the foregoing description.
Accordingly, this description is to be construed as illustrative only and is for the purpose of teaching those skilled in the art the best mode of carrying out the invention. The details of the structure may be varied substantially without departing from the spirit of the invention, and the exclusive use of all modifications which are within the scope of the appended claims is reserved.