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1. US20210119547 - SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING A CONSTANT POWER SOURCE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

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Claims

1. A system for providing a constant power source, comprising a battery management system, a high-voltage battery pack, a timer power supply module, a timer device and a high-voltage power supply module, wherein the battery management system comprises a main control module and a power conversion module, and wherein
the main control module is configured to receive a wake-up time and send the wake-up time to the timer device,
the timer power supply module is configured to supply power to the timer device according to electric energy in the high-voltage battery pack,
the high-voltage power supply module is configured to supply power to the power conversion module according to the electric energy in the high-voltage battery pack,
the timer device is configured to set a wake-up clock according to the wake-up time, start timing when the battery management system enters into sleep, and send a discharge instruction to the high-voltage battery pack when the timing reaches the wake-up time, and
the power conversion module is configured to convert high-voltage electric energy, which is output by the high-voltage battery pack according to the discharge instruction, into low-voltage electric energy, and use the low-voltage electric energy to supply power to the battery management system.
2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the power conversion module comprises a flyback power control module, a first high-voltage transmission module, a resonance control module, a synchronous rectifier module, a voltage-boost control module and a second high-voltage transmission module, and wherein
the timer device is further configured to provide an enable signal to the flyback power control module when the timing reaches the wake-up time, wherein the flyback power control module starts to operate under control of the enable signal,
the flyback power control module is configured to provide a power source for the resonance control module and the synchronous rectifier module via the first high-voltage transmission module,
the resonance control module is configured to control conduction between the voltage-boost control module and the second high-voltage transmission module when detecting that the second high-voltage transmission module outputs a low-voltage power signal,
the voltage-boost control module is configured to perform voltage-boost processing on the electric energy provided by the high-voltage battery pack to obtain high-voltage direct-current electric energy,
the second high-voltage transmission module is configured to convert the high-voltage direct-current electric energy into the low-voltage electric energy, and
the synchronous rectifier module is configured to perform synchronous rectification processing on the low-voltage electric energy, and use the low-voltage electric energy after the synchronous rectification processing to supply power to the battery management system.
3. The system according to claim 2, wherein the timer power supply module comprises a clock power access point, a first voltage-divider resistor network and a first voltage-stabilizer unit, and the timer device comprises a clock power terminal, and wherein
the clock power access point is located at a positive electrode of the high-voltage battery pack, one terminal of the first voltage-divider resistor network is connected to the clock power access point and the other terminal of the first voltage-divider resistor network is connected to the clock power terminal, one terminal of the first voltage-stabilizer unit is connected to the other terminal of the first voltage-divider resistor network and the other terminal of the first voltage-stabilizer unit is connected to a reference voltage terminal.
4. The system according to claim 2, wherein the timer device comprises a real-time clock, a clock power terminal, a clock input terminal and a clock output terminal, and wherein
the timer device is further configured to receive the wake-up time via the clock input terminal, and set the real-time clock according to the wake-up time, and
the real-time clock starts timing when the battery management system enters into sleep, and outputs the enable signal via the clock output terminal when the timing reaches the wake-up time.
5. The system according to claim 2, wherein the high-voltage power supply module comprises a flyback power supply module, a first high-voltage power supply access point and a voltage-boost control power supply module, and wherein
the flyback power supply module is configured to supply power to the flyback power control module according to the electric energy in the high-voltage battery pack,
the first high-voltage power supply access point is configured to provide the electric energy in the high-voltage battery pack to the first high-voltage transmission module, and
the voltage-boost control power supply module is configured to supply power to the voltage-boost control module according to the electric energy in the high-voltage battery pack.
6. The system according to claim 5, wherein the flyback power supply module comprises a flyback control power access point, a second voltage-divider resistor network and a second voltage-stabilizer unit, the flyback power control module comprises an enable terminal and a flyback power terminal, one terminal of the second voltage-stabilizer unit is connected to the other terminal of the second voltage-divider resistor network, and the other terminal of the second voltage-stabilizer unit is connected to a reference voltage terminal, and wherein
the flyback control power access point is located at a positive electrode of the high-voltage battery pack, one terminal of the second voltage-divider resistor network is connected to the flyback control power access point, and the other terminal of the second voltage-divider resistor network is connected to the flyback power terminal, and
the flyback power control module is further configured to receive the enable signal via the enable terminal so as to use the enable signal to enable the flyback power control module to start to operate.
7. The system according to claim 2, wherein the first high-voltage transmission module comprises a first switch device and a first transformer, and the flyback power control module comprises a flyback output terminal, and wherein
the flyback power control module is further configured to control turn-on and turn-off of the first switch device by a pulse width modulation signal output from the flyback output terminal,
when the first switch device is turned on, a first part of a primary winding of the first transformer stores electric energy, and when the first switch device is turned off, the electric energy stored in the first part of the primary winding is coupled to a second part of the primary winding and a secondary winding of the first transformer,
electric energy coupled to the secondary winding of the first transformer is used to provide the power source for the resonance control module and the synchronous rectifier module, and
the electric energy coupled to the second part of the primary winding of the first transformer is used to provide electric energy to the flyback power control module.
8. The system according to claim 7, wherein the power conversion module further comprises a first rectifier and filter unit connected to a resonance control power terminal of the resonance control module and a synchronous rectifier power terminal of the synchronous rectifier module, respectively, and wherein
the first rectifier and filter unit is configured to perform rectification and filter processing on the electric energy coupled to the secondary winding of the first transformer and input the electric energy after the rectification and filter processing to the resonance control power terminal and the synchronous rectifier power terminal.
9. The system according to claim 8, wherein the first rectifier and filter unit comprises a first rectifier diode network and a first filter capacitor network, and wherein
an input terminal of the first rectifier diode network is connected to a dotted terminal of the secondary winding of the first transformer, an output terminal of the first rectifier diode network is connected to one terminal of the first filter capacitor network, and the other terminal of the first filter capacitor network is connected to an un-dotted terminal of the secondary winding of the first transformer and a reference voltage terminal.
10. The system according to claim 2, wherein
the resonance control module further comprises a resonance control power terminal, a pair of resonance control output ports and a low-voltage signal feedback pin,
the system for providing the constant power source further comprises a first isolator device comprising a first pair of isolator input ports and a first pair of isolator output ports, and
the second high-voltage transmission module comprises a second transformer and a second pair of switch devices, and wherein
the resonance control power terminal is connected to an output terminal of the first high-voltage transmission module, the pair of resonance control output ports is connected to the first pair of isolator input ports, the first pair of isolator output ports is connected to the second pair of switch devices, the second pair of switch devices is connected to an output terminal of the voltage-boost control module, and the low-voltage signal feedback pin is connected to an output terminal of the second high-voltage transmission module, and wherein
the resonance control module is configured to start to operate according to the power source provided by the first high-voltage transmission module, and when the low-voltage signal feedback pin detects that the second high-voltage transmission module outputs the low-voltage power signal, control turn-on of the second pair of switch devices via the first isolator device, and
the second high-voltage transmission module is configured to convert the high-voltage direct-current electric energy after the voltage-boost processing by the voltage-boost control module into the low-voltage electric energy when the second pair of switch devices is turned on.
11. The system according to claim 10, wherein
the pair of resonance control output ports comprises a first resonance control output terminal and a second resonance control output terminal, the first pair of isolator input ports comprises a first isolator input terminal and a second isolator input terminal, the first pair of isolator output ports comprises a first isolator output terminal and a second isolator output terminal, and the second pair of switch devices comprises a second switch device and a third switch device, and wherein
the first resonance control output terminal is connected to the first isolator input terminal, the second resonance control output terminal is connected to the second isolator input terminal, the first isolator output terminal is connected to the second switch device, and the second isolator output terminal is connected to the third switch device.
12. The system according to claim 2, wherein the voltage-boost control module comprises a voltage-boost control power terminal, a voltage-boost control output terminal and a high-voltage signal feedback pin, and wherein
the voltage-boost control module is further configured to, when the high-voltage signal feedback pin detects a high-voltage power signal output from the high-voltage battery pack, perform the voltage-boost processing on the electric energy provided by the high-voltage battery pack via the voltage-boost control output terminal to obtain the high-voltage direct-current electric energy.
13. The system according to claim 5, wherein the voltage-boost control power supply module comprises a second high-voltage power supply access point and a third voltage-divider resistor network, and wherein
the second high-voltage power supply access point is located at a positive electrode of the high-voltage battery pack, one terminal of the third voltage-divider resistor network is connected to the second high-voltage power supply access point, and the other terminal of the third voltage-divider resistor network is connected to a voltage-boost control power terminal of the voltage-boost control module.
14. The system according to claim 2, wherein the synchronous rectifier module comprises a synchronous rectifier power terminal and a pair of synchronous rectifier output ports, and the second high-voltage transmission module comprises a third pair of switch devices, and wherein
the synchronous rectifier power terminal is connected to an output terminal of the first high-voltage transmission module, and the pair of synchronous rectifier output ports is connected to the third pair of switch devices, and
the synchronous rectifier module is further configured to detect the low-voltage electric energy output by the second high-voltage transmission module, control turn-on of the third pair of switch devices when the low-voltage electric energy meets a low-voltage threshold condition, and use the low-voltage electric energy to supply power to the battery management system when the third pair of switch devices is turned on.
15. The system according to claim 14, wherein the pair of synchronous rectifier output ports comprises a first synchronous rectifier output terminal and a second synchronous rectifier output terminal, the third pair of switch devices comprises a fourth switch device and a fifth switch device, and the second high-voltage transmission module comprises a second transformer, and wherein
a control terminal of the fourth switch device is connected to the first synchronous rectifier output terminal, and a first load access terminal of the fourth switch device is connected to an un-dotted terminal of a first part of a secondary winding of the second transformer,
a control terminal of the fifth switch device is connected to the second synchronous rectifier output terminal, and a first load access terminal of the fifth switch device is connected to a dotted terminal of a second part of the secondary winding of the second transformer, and a second load access terminal of the fifth switch device is connected to a second load access terminal of the fourth switch device, and
a dotted terminal of the first part of the secondary winding of the second transformer is connected to an un-dotted terminal of the second part of the secondary winding of the second transformer.
16. The system according to claim 2, wherein the power conversion module further comprises a second rectifier and filter unit connected to an output terminal of the second high-voltage transmission module, and wherein
the second rectifier and filter unit is configured to perform rectification and filter processing on the low-voltage electric energy after the synchronous rectification processing and transmit the low-voltage electric energy after the rectification and filter processing to the battery management system.
17. The system according to claim 15, further comprising a second rectifier and filter unit comprising a second filter capacitor network, wherein
one terminal of the second filter capacitor network is connected to a second load access terminal of the fifth switch device and the other terminal of the second filter capacitor network is connected to a reference voltage terminal.
18. The system according to claim 1, further comprising a low-dropout linear regulator module and a second isolator device, wherein
the low-dropout linear regulator module is configured to perform voltage-reduction processing on the low-voltage electric energy to obtain the electric energy after the voltage-reduction processing, and
the main control module is further configured to start to operate according to the electric energy after the voltage-reduction processing and send the wake-up time to the timer device via the second isolator device.
19. A method for providing a constant power source, wherein the method is applied to the system for providing the constant power source according to claim 1 and comprises:
receiving, by the main control module, the wake-up time and sending the wake-up time to the timer device;
supplying, by the timer power supply module, power to the timer device according to the electric energy in the high-voltage battery pack, and supplying, by the high-voltage power supply module, power to the power conversion module according to the electric energy in the high-voltage battery pack;
setting, by the timer device, the wake-up clock according to the wake-up time, starting timing when the battery management system enters into sleep, and sending the discharge instruction to the high-voltage battery pack when the timing reaches the wake-up time; and
converting, by the power conversion module, the high-voltage electric energy, which is output by the high-voltage battery pack according to the discharge instruction, into the low-voltage electric energy, and using the low-voltage electric energy to supply power to the battery management system.
20. The method according to claim 19, further comprising:
after receiving, by the main control module, the wake-up time and sending the wake-up time to the timer device, powering off the battery management system.