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1. WO2007103671 - CANULE D'EXTRUSION À POUSSIÈRE DE DIAMANT

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

I claim:
1 . An aspirating cannula comprising a proximal end attachable to a handle, a tubular body extending from said proximal end and having a longitudinal internal passage therein, and a tip attached to the distal end of said tubular body, said tip comprising an elastic body made of soft material and having an abrasive coating on the distal end thereof.
2. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 1 , wherein said soft material is medical grade silicone elastomer.
3. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 1 , wherein said abrasive coating comprises a plurality of hard, fine-grained particles fixed on said elastic body.
4. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 3, wherein said finegrained particles are diamond particles.
5. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 3, wherein said finegrained particles are selected from the group consisting essentially of marble, zirconium oxide, zirconia alumina, boron nitride, silicon dioxide, silicon nitride, silicon carbide, silica, alumina, crystal, quartz, sapphire, ruby and ceramic particles.
6. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 3, wherein said finegrained particles are fixed to said elastic body by a silicone-based adhesive.
7. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 3, wherein said finegrained particles comprise grains having a range in diameter from about 2 μm to about 100 μm.
8. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 7, wherein said range is further limited to a range of from about 10 μm to about 40 μm.
9. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 1 , wherein said tubular body is made of metal.

10. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 9, wherein said metal is stainless steel.
1 1 . An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 9, wherein said metal is titanium.
12. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 1 , wherein said proximal end is attachable to a handle by a friction attachment.

13. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 1 , wherein said proximal end is attachable to a handle by a luer-lock.
14. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 3, wherein said elastic body is tubular and extends said longitudinal internal passage of said tubular body, the distal end of said elastic body has a face that is substantially transverse to the longitudinal axis of the tubular body and elastic body, and at least a portion of said fine-grained particles are fixed to said face.
15. An aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 14, wherein a portion of said fine-grained particles are also fixed to the outer surface of said elastic body adjacent said face, thereby forming an abrasive-coated tip on said elastic body.
16. An extrusion cannula comprising an extrusion handle and an aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 1 .
17. An extrusion cannula comprising an extrusion handle and an aspirating cannula in accordance with claim 1 1 .
18. A method for performing ophthalmologic surgery, comprising making a sclerotomy incision in the eye, inserting through said incision an aspirating cannula constructed in accordance with claim 1 , using the abrasive distal end of said cannula to apply frictional force to structures within the eye, and removing fluid from the eye by aspiration through the longitudinal internal passage of said aspirating cannula.
19. A method in accordance with claim 18, for removing matter from the surface of the retina, further comprising sweeping said surface with the abrasive distal end of said cannula, so as to dislodge said matter, and removing said matter by aspiration through the longitudinal internal passage of said aspirating cannula.
20. A method in accordance with claim 18, further comprising using the suction created by removing fluid from the eye through said cannula to increase the friction provided by said abrasive distal end thereof, without increasing the downward force on said cannula.
21 . A method in accordance with claim 20, further comprising using said frictional force, combined with and amplified by said suction, to grasp and slide sections of detached retinal tissue.
22. A method in accordance with claim 20, further comprising using said frictional force, combined with and amplified by said suction, to move structures in the eye during retinal reattachment procedures, and to remove subretinal fluid so as to promote retention of the retina by surface tension.
23. A method in accordance with claim 20, further comprising using said frictional force, combined with and amplified by said suction, and siding the perifoveal macular tissue centrally to reduce the size of macular holes.
24. A method for performing ophthalmologic surgery, comprising making a sclerotomy incision in the eye, inserting through said incision an aspirating cannula constructed in accordance with claim 1 , and injecting fluid through said cannula.
25. A method in accordance with claim 24, wherein said fluid is injected to clear unwanted material from the cannula.
26. A method in accordance with claim 24, wherein said fluid is injected to disengage from intraocular structures.
27. A method in accordance with claim 24, wherein said fluid is injected to blow unwanted material from the surface of the retina.
28. A method in accordance with claim 24, wherein said fluid comprises a drug, a dye, or a marking agent.