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1. AU2002211230 - Myogenic cell transfer catheter and method

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[ EN ]
I Claim:
1.           A method of delivering myogenic cells into a degenerative or weak muscle in a host, comprising the steps of
placing a catheter within the host, the catheter comprising a sensor on its tip to detect contact with degenerative or weak muscle tissue; and
expelling the myogenic cells through a needle in the tip of the catheter into and/or around the degenerative or weak muscle upon sensing contact with degenerative or weak muscle tissue.
2.          A method according to claim 1, including the steps of:
providing a catheter having a distal end adapted for detecting contact by electric measurement between at least 3 electrodes;
guiding the catheter into the interior of a patient's heart;
disposing the distal end against an endocardial wall of the heart for sensing a degenerative or weak portion of the heart; and
implanting the myogenic cells into the myocardial tissue.
3.          A method according to claim 1, further including the step of
delivering sequentially a plurality of cell suspensions totaling over one billion myogenic cells to a heart, wherein each delivered cell suspension comprises between 0.25ml and 0.7ml volume, each volume comprises between 25 million and 100 million cells, and each volume is expelled in a time interval of between 0.05 and 1 seconds.
4.          A method according to claim 1, including the step of
steering said catheter through the femoral artery and into the heart.
A method according to claim 1, including the step of
penetrating said distal end of said catheter through said endocardial wall, for delivering said therapeutic agent into said myocardial tissue.
6.          A method according to claim 1, including the step of
endoscopically delivering said myogenic cells to the inner surface of the heart.
7.          A catheter for injection of myogenic cells into a target portion of a heart comprising:
a flexible needle within the catheter having a bore of eighteen to twenty eight gauge;
a tip on the catheter that is tapered to allow close contact with the inside wall of the
heart and that contains at least one electrode to monitor an electrical signal of the
heart muscle portion that it contacts;
a tip on the needle that protrudes from the catheter tip no more than millimeters to
prevent perforation of the heart;
a needle fluidically connected to a source of myogenic cells;
and an electrical control circuit that monitors the electrical signal from the catheter tip and automatically injects the myogenic cells into a target heart material within less than a second upon detection of a suitable muscle material indicated by one or more electrical signals.
8. A catheter as described in claim 7 wherein target portion of the heart is selected from the group consisting of heart muscle adjacent to scar tissue, scar tissue and electrically abnormal heart muscle inner surface.
9. A catheter as described in claim 7 further comprising a control circuit that controls multiple injections of cells from the source of myogenic cells.
10. A method of manufacturing a flexible needle for a catheter used in injecting cells into heart muscle, the method comprising the step of passing a tungsten wire through the flexible needle multiple times.
11.          A method for treating angina pectoris in a patient with a catheter having a reservoir, and a tip, the tip comprising two or more electrodes and at least one needle for delivering myogenic cells, comprising the steps of:
a. providing myogenic cells for use with the catheter;
b. placing the myogenic cells with the reservoir and placing the catheter inside the patient in
proximity to the heart of the patient;
c. detecting one or more degenerated portions on the surface of the heart tissue; and d. automatically injecting myogenic cells from the needle into the portion of the heart tissue
identified from step c.
12.        A method according to claim 11, wherein the heart is accessed transendocardially.
13. A method according to claim 11, wherein the heart is accessed transepicardially.
14. A catheter for detecting and treating local areas of muscle degeneration and weakness in a patient, comprising:
a. a long body that can be inserted into the patient;
b. a tip at the end of the long body;
c. at least three electrodes on the tip; and
d. a needle for injecting cells into the muscle, the needle having a point;
wherein
the three electrodes form a flat surface on the end of the tip, the long axis of the needle is positioned between the three electrodes and is perpendicular to the flat surface.
A catheter as described in claim 14, wherein the needle point remains inside the catheter during insertion of the long body of the catheter into the patient and is thrust out through the plane of the three electrodes after detection of a local area of muscle degeneration and weakness.
16. A controller useful for treating heart disease that monitors portions of a heart for damaged portions and that controls delivery of a therapeutic material to a damaged portion via a catheter having electrodes in its tip and a needle for injecting the therapeutic mateiral comprising:
two or more electrical circuits that monitor signals produced from electrodes in the catheter tip;
a comparator that comprises hardware circuitry, a computer or both, that analyzes the signals obtained from step and
an activator for injecting the therapeutic material through the needle and into a damaged portion of the heart;
wherein the comparator of step activates the activator of within 50 milliseconds of receiving signals from the circuits of indicating the proximity of a damaged portion of the heart.
17. A controller as described in claim 16, wherein comprises at least 3 circuits from electrodes in which the electrode surfaces form a planar surface on the catheter tip.
18. A controller as described in claim 16, wherein the therapeutic material is a cell suspension.
19. A catheter for detecting and treating at least one local area of heart muscle degeneration and weakness in a patient by delivering myogenic cells from a reservoir to the local area, comprising:
a. a long body that can be inserted into the patient;
b. a tip at the end of the long body;
c.  at  least  two  electrodes  on  the tip;  d. a needle in the tip for injecting cells into the muscle, the needle having a point and being fluidically connected to the reservoir of myogenic cells; and
e. an actuator for pushing myogenic cells out of the needle;
wherein the actuator pushes myogenic cells out the needle in response to signals obtained from the electrodes.
A catheter as described in claim 19, wherein the needle is recessed in the tip and is pushed out of the recess by an actuator in response to signals obtained from the electrodes.
21.         A system for treating a body tissue by implantation of cells into selected parts of an organ of a patient in vivo comprising:
a. a catheter comprising a retracted needle and at least two electrodes in its tip;
b. a reservoir of cells to be implanted;
c. an actuator for moving the needle fi-om the catheter and into a selected part of the organ;
d. an actuator for forcibly expelling cells through the needle and into the selected part of the organ; and
e. a controller that activates the actuators of and wherein
the controller monitors electrical signals obtained by the electrodes, compares those signals with stored or calculated information and activates needle movement and cell movement upon detection of proximity of the selected part of the organ to the catheter.
22.         A system as described in claim 21, wherein the cells are myogenic cells and the organ comprises muscle tissue.
23.         A system as described in claim 21, wherein the electrical signals obtained by the electrodes are produced using a signal generator and electrical resistance is monitored to determine contact of the catheter with a surface.