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1. WO2003021826 - PROCEDE DE MESURE ET DE COMPENSATION DU DESEQUILIBRE DE GAIN ET DE PHASE DANS DES MODULATEURS EN QUADRATURE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS

1. A method for calibrating a quadrature modulator having an I input and a Q input for inputting base-band 1(f) and Q(t) signals, the modulator used to transmit quadrature modulated signals, comprising
a. estimating in sequence values of modulator gain imbalances and of modulator phase imbalances while the modulator is operational, said estimating including:
i. inputting at least one test signal at a base-band frequency ft to the modulator to generate detected output signals having a term at frequency 2ft, first in said gain imbalance estimation, then in said phase imbalance estimation, and
ii. computing said gain and phase imbalances based on said 2ft term of said detected output signals, and
b. in normal transmit operation, compensating first for said gain and then for said phase imbalances to obtain an essentially ideal quadrature modulated signal, said compensating including:
iii. inputting a transmission signal to the modulator, and
iv. based on said computed gain and phase imbalances, applying a pre-distortion transformation on said input transmission signal.

2. The method of claim 1 , wherein said inputting includes:
a. for said gain imbalance, inputting in a first step a cosine waveform at the I input, and a zero waveform at the Q input as given by eqn. 13, and in a second step a zero waveform at the I input and a cosine waveform at the Q input as given by eqn. 15, and,
b. for said phase imbalance, inputting in a first step at the I and Q inputs two sine waveforms of equal amplitude and frequency but shifted by -90° + θ\ as given by eqn. 17, and, optionally, inputting in a second step two sine waveforms of equal amplitude and frequency but shifted by +90° + θ2 as given by eqn. 21.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein said computing of said gain imbalance is based on an iterative operation that includes modifying said test signals and repeating said measurement of said detected output signal terms at frequency 2ft until reaching a reference value of said output signal.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein said computing of said phase imbalances includes computing separately a base-band phase imbalance Δθ and a local oscillator orthogonality phase imbalance Δφ, using said inputting and an iterative operation that includes modifying said test signals and repeating said measurement of said detector output signals until effectively cancelling said detected output signal terms at frequency 2ft.

5. The method of claim 3, wherein said reference value is the result of the first measurement of the detected output amplitude at frequency 2ft as generated by a first test signal.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein said inputting at least one test signal at a base-band frequency ft includes inputting a plurality N of test signals, each at a different base-band frequency ft(N), and wherein said applying a pre-distortion transformation on said input transmission signal includes applying a frequency-dependent pre-distortion transformation.