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1. WO2008008544 - COMPLÉMENTS ALIMENTAIRES COMPLETS POUR CHEVAUX

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

EQUINE WHOLE FOOD SUPPLEMENTS

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1 Field of the Invention
The invention is directed generally to equine food matrix and process for manufacturing
2 Related Art
Modern society has forged industries to mass produce foods However, the side effects of mass production of foods very often led to poor nutritional quality
Similar problems or deficiencies exist in the production of equine food products where the manufacturing process of grains and feed typically require high heat milling, often over 400° F Nutrients are destroyed at much lower temperatures For example, several important and essential amino acids are destroyed at temperatures as low as 175° F
Other potential or actual problems or deficiencies associated with animal feed include use of non-organic grains which may have been sprayed with pesticides and herbicides Also, the gram may have been grown using genetically modified organisms (GMO), or genetically engineered (GE) organisms, perhaps in soil impregnated with chemical fertilizers, which still has perceived doubts of safety
Typically, processed feed formulas of non-organic grains are then "fortified" to provide basic nutrition Additives such as molasses may also be added in an attempt to cover a multitude of mass production side effects or deficiencies Most tack shops and horse catalogs are filled with supplemental formulas which are purported to be the best supplement to feed one's horse Often one must hope these supplements work for whatever ails a horse or for treating nutritional deficiencies
The advent of multi-vitamin/mineral supplementation for horses mirrors the human supplements market including products of isolated fraction ized nutrients made in a laboratory These products are often formulated with mega potencies and called "natural" because label claims typically are required to provide only ten percent "natural" ingredients
Investment costs are substantial in the horse industry From breeding goals and horse show competitions to horse racing, overall health and maintenance costs are of significant concern. Moreover, the general physiological and psychological health of a horse in competition or show is of major concern to trainers, riders and owners alike. A calm, cooperative, vigorously healthy horse is highly desirable. Improved nutrition tends to lead to better performance and less ailments overall.
Recent human research has shown that nutrients need protein chaperones for delivery and that cells actually send out "requests" alerting protein chaperones to deliver nutrients to cells in need. Human research has shown that nutrients in whole foods, taken in natural form and not as fractionalized nutrients
manufactured in a laboratory, has a higher cellular utilization because at least in part due to the presence of protein chaperones.
Accordingly, there is a need for improved equine food supplements that can provide better nutrition and increased overall general physiological and psychological health for equine animals.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The invention provides a process to manufacture an equine-edible matrix including whole food supplements, and methods of treatment for various equine health conditions or goals to alleviate short comings in supplements described above and not addressed by the prior art.
In one aspect, a solid equine-edible matrix having a discrete shaped form for the delivery of nutrients wherein said solid equine-edible matrix provides nutrients suitable for an equine diet that comprises a compressed mixture of a grain product and nutrients, said matrix having a maximum moisture content of less than 5% by weight, said matrix having been produced by the process of mixing said grain products with said nutrients; and thereafter removing moisture to a level at or below said maximum moisture content by exposure of said shaped object to a prolonged exposure at a temperature not higher than about 145° F., whereby moisture is removed from said shaped object resulting in said solid matrix having a discrete shaped form, whereby said solid matrix having a discrete shaped form contains an enhanced level of nutrients.
In another aspect, a method of equine treatment for treating digestion and absorption, comprising the step of administering an equine supplement over time, the supplement comprising the following ingredients sprouted Quinoa, organic oat bran, sprouted mung beans, sprouted sunflower, papaya and honey
In another aspect, a method of equine treatment for increasing circulation and providing a substrate for nitric oxide production is provided comprising the step of administering an equine supplement over time, the supplement comprising the following ingredients- dried ginger powder, sprouted Quinoa, sprouted Kamut wheat, oat bran, wheat germ, sprouted pumpkin seed, sprouted sesame seed, bananas, oranges, lemon, honey, Ginger extract, and yeast
In another aspect, a method of equine treatment for supporting connective tissue healing and repair is provided comprising the step of administering an equine supplement over time, the supplement comprising the following
ingredients oat bran, wheat germ, sprouted millet, parsley, garlic powder,
wheatgrass, apples, banana, red or Concord grapes, oranges and sprouted flax
In yet another aspect, a method of equine treatment for reducing physical and mental stress is provided comprising the step of administering an equine supplement over time, the supplement comprising the following ingredients
sprouted buckwheat, sprouted mung dal, sprouted pumpkin, oat bran, Sensoril®, apples, orange, bananas and honey
In yet another aspect, a solid equine-edible matrix having a discrete shaped form for the delivery of nutrients wherein said solid equine-edible matrix provides nutrients suitable for an equine diet that comprises a compressed mixture of at least one grain product including at least one of oat bran and wheat germ and one or more nutrients including honey, the matrix having a maximum moisture content of less than 5 % by weight, the matrix having been produced by the process of mixing said grain products with said nutrients, and thereafter removing moisture to a level at or below said maximum moisture content by exposure of said shaped object to a prolonged exposure at a temperature sufficient to achieve the
maximum moisture content without destructive effects to said nutrients, whereby moisture is removed from said shaped object resulting in the solid matrix having a discrete shaped form, whereby said solid matrix having a discrete shaped form contains an enhanced level of nutrients
Additional features, advantages, and embodiments of the invention may be set forth or apparent from consideration of the following detailed description and claims. Moreover, it is to be understood that both the foregoing summary of the invention and the following detailed description are exemplary and intended to provide further explanation without limiting the scope of the invention as claimed.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The embodiments of the invention and the various features and advantageous details thereof are explained more fully with reference to the non-limiting embodiments and examples that are described in the following description. Descriptions of well-known components or processing techniques may be omitted so as to not unnecessarily obscure the embodiments of the invention. The examples used herein are intended merely to facilitate an understanding of ways in which the invention may be practiced and to further enable those of skill in the art to practice the embodiments of the invention. Accordingly, the examples and embodiments herein should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention, which is defined solely by the appended claims and applicable law. The term "Equine" used herein includes all members of the equine family, such as horses, donkeys and zebras. Examples and descriptions presented herein typically refer to horses, but should be understood to include all members of the equine family.
It is understood that the invention is not limited to the particular methodology, protocols, devices, apparatus, materials, applications, etc., described herein, as these may vary. It is also to be understood that the terminology used herein is used for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only, and is not intended to limit the scope of the invention. It must be noted that as used herein and in the appended claims, the singular forms "a," "an," and "the" include plural reference unless the context clearly dictates otherwise.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meanings as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. Preferred methods, devices, and materials are described, although any methods and materials similar or equivalent to those described herein can be used in the practice or testing of the invention.
The invention, in various embodiments described herein, generally provides whole food equine supplements or formulations to promote better overall equine health and processes for making the supplements. Also, methods for treating subject equine animals with the formulations are provided by the invention.
The formulations provide well balanced nutritional supplements including nutrients and vitamins, among other benefits as described herein. In one aspect, the whole food supplements promote better cell utilization instead of cell saturation, which results in increased overall general physiological and psychological health. Various embodiments also provide other or additional benefits as described herein.
Horses are members of the equine family Equidae and are at the center of attention of an ongoing major industry, namely the horse industry. Healthy horses are a basic goal for achieving quality blood lines and achieving reliable performance, whether in the show ring or on the track.
The whole food equine supplements provided by the invention include, in varying combinations, human grade herbals extracts, human grade
nutracceuticals, sprouted organic seeds and grains, which typically are not genetically engineered (GE) and do not use genetically modified organisms (GMO). However, GE or GMO treated ingredients may be used, but is not preferred. The combinations provide improved nutrient delivery and, in select combinations, can be targeted to promote specific responses in horses, or to provide a specific treatment for an ailment and/or provide defense against acquiring an ailment.
Table 1 lists various individual ingredients from which specific ingredients may be selected to form the various whole food horse supplements, as described herein. The list of Table 1 is not meant to be exhaustive, but provides a summation of preferred ingredients (or nutrients) from which various formulations may be selectively based. Other ingredients (or nutrients) may be described elsewhere herein. The Table 1 ingredients and related exemplary characteristic or function(s) may be used in different combinations for specific targeted purposes and include:
TABLE 1
INGREDIENT CONTRIBUTION(S) AND/OR FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTIC(S)







One or more of the ingredients of Table 1 , along with other possible ingredients discussed below, may be combined to form various embodiments of whole food equine products, with different embodiments for differing needs for equine applications The various products comprise three formulation categories Daily Formulas, Target Response and Treats
Daily Formulas may be used as part of a regular ongoing daily diet for horses Daily Formulas include several different formulations, generally known as

Spark Plug Eq this formulation activates feed digestion and absorption and improves the effectiveness of supplements and medications overall
Pre Performance Eq this formulation targets improved stamina in horses

Post Performance Eq this formulation provides super green food and electrolytes for general health of horses This formulation is rich in chlorophyll, vitamins, minerals and amino acids, fiber, enzymes, phytonutπents and alkaline minerals
Whole Horse Spring/Summer Eq this formulation provides whole food antioxidants, purple kculi corn (typically Peruvian) as an anti-oxidant (preferred sprouted and organic) and Quercitin for allergies including inhibiting histamine release
Whole Horse Fall/Winter Eq this formulation provides body-warming nutrients Target Response this category of formulations target particular desired responses from horses Target Response formulas include seven different formulations generally known as
Furnace Eq this formulation increases circulation and provides the substrate for nitric oxide production
Comfort Zone A Eq this formulation supports reduction in pain and inflammation for acute cases of injury and stress, featuring tumeric
Equilibrium Eq this formulation helps reduce physical and mental stress featuring the patented nutraceutical Sensoπl®, derived from asgawanda
Liqatend Eq this formulation supports connective tissue healing and
(
repair
Enerqee Eq increases overall energy of horses and promotes increased athletic ability
True Balance Eq helps reduce the effect of stress on three major body systems digestive/intestinal, liver and immune
Turn-Ease Eq helps reduce the effect of stomach acid production on intestinal mucosa
MACA lmpulsar Eq a high potency formulae to meet high energy performance demands
Treats category of formulations targeting particular ailments and may be used as required and include
Whole Horse Wafers formula is same as Whole Horse Spring/Summer Eq , but half the weight - in this form, it is a "treat "
FORMULATIONS
The ingredients for the various formulations (or matrices) are provided with preferred effective amounts of the selected ingredients from Table 1 to produce desired results and/or effects Although the amounts of each ingredient used in the following formulations are described as the approximate preferred amounts, the amounts by weight (or specification as described) of each ingredient shown in each formulation (or matrix) may vary independently with ranges for any specific ingredient in ranges including about +/-5%, about +/- 10%, and a non-preferred range of about +/- 50% percent, from the amounts described below The total amount or weight of a batch of formulation may also vary within the ranges of +/-5%, +/- 10% or /- 20% The exemplary amounts of each ingredient shown below provide a representative formation (or alternate formulation) and the actual amounts of the formulation ingredients may be scaled as necessary to produce the respective formulation in mass quantities, preferably retaining the described ratio of ingredients, as a skilled artisan would recognize. A first formulation below is given in cups. A second alternate formulation below may be conveyed in ounces. The formulations below may also be expressed as a percentage (or parts) of the total weight and/or volume for any given formulation.
Spark Plug Eq. Formulation (yields about 91 , 1 Vz x 1V2" bars):


Furnace Eq Formulation (yields about 240, 1 Vi x VA" bars):




Enerqee Eq (yields about 70, 1 V2" x 1V-" bars)



Whole Horse Wafers (yields about 308, 1 V-" x 114" bars - typically thinner)




Pre Performance Eq. (yields about 150, 1 V2" x V/z" bars):



Post Performance Eq. (yields about 1 14, 1 Yz x 1V2" bars):



Lipatend Eq. (Yields about 250, 1 V-" x 11/2" bars):


Whole Horse Summer Eq. (yields about 202, 1 Vi" x 1V2" bars):

TRUE BALANCE EQ (yields about 225, 1 V2" x 1 V-" bars):




TUM-EASE EQ (Yields about 215, 1 V-" x 11/." bars)



COMFORT ZONE A EQ (Yields about 300, 1 Vi" x 1 1/2" bars).


MACA IMPULSAR EQ (Yields about 213, 1 Vr" x 1 V," bars)



EQUILIBRIUM EQ (Yields about 125 1 1/." x 1 ΛΛ bars)


WHOLE HORSE WINTER (Yields about 150 1 V* x 1 Vi bars):



EXEMPLARY PROCESS FOR MAKING FORMUATIONS
In order to make the various formulations as described previously, begin with the sprouted raw materials (e.g., frozen or fresh grains, seeds, grasses or vegetables). In varying embodiments, the sprouted material includes grains, seeds, grasses or vegetables that can be fed to livestock or equine animals. They include, but are not limited to, organic, certified organic and non GMO/GE of the following: organic amaranth, organic quinoa, organic kamut, organic oats, organic hull-less oats, organic spelt, organic sesame seeds, organic pumpkin seeds, organic sunflower seeds, organic mung dal, organic mung beans, organic green lentils, organic fenugreek, organic broccoli, organic alfalfa, organic buckwheat, organic hard winter wheat, organic wheat berries, organic flax seeds, organic wheat grass, organic barley, organic millet, organic purple corn, and blueberry phenolic powder.

Combine sprouted material from the oat family (or other basic grains such as wheat or barley) Add organic raw wheat germ and/or organic wheat bran and/or organic oat germ
As required per individual formula add other dry materials such as seeds, grasses, dried herbs and/or dried herbal extracts, yeast, roots, proteins which might include but are not limited to cayenne, Celtic sea salt, dried organic ginger, organic dried flaxseed, organic hemp protein, spouted and organic quiona, organic rolled oats, organic powdered barley grass, organic powdered wheat grass, organic green kamut, bromelein, other dried herbs (such as milk thistle, tumeric, organic cinnamon from Sn Lanka or Vietnam, garlic, boswellia), Brewer's yeast, maca root All dry materials can be organic, certified organic, non GMO/GE treated and can be imported or domestic
In food processor (or other suitable blender, mixer, grinder) combine bananas, and/or papaya, and/or fresh or frozen ground orange peels, and/or fresh or frozen orange pulp, and/or orange juice from concentrate or fresh squeezed, or fresh squeezed /frozen orange juice, and/or mango and/or apple, and/or fresh squeezed lemon, and/or fresh or frozen ground lemon peels, and/or lemon juice concentrate All fruits and vegetables are organic or certified organic, typically non GMO or GE In some embodiments, other fruit and vegetables can be substituted for the above mentioned fruit
Add liquid herbal extracts per specific formula The herbal extracts may include, and not limited to ginger extract, willow bark extract, boswellia extract, bromelein extract, tumeric extract, milk thistle extract All extracts are typically organic or certified organic, and typically non GMO or GE
As needed per formula, add as appropriate raw honey and/or unfiltered honey (all varieties of domestic or imported honey or processed honey can be substituted), agave nectar (either organic or non organic), and/or brown rice syrup Any other suitable organic, certified organic or processed sweetener may be equivalents substituted for the above sweeteners, if necessary
Add as needed per formula (other organic certified organic and non GMO or GE grains, seeds, beans, vegetables or grasses can be substituted for the following) organic sprouted sunflower seeds, and/or organic sprouted pumpkin seeds or soaked pumpkin seeds, and/or organic sprouted fenugreek seeds, and/or organic sprouted sesame seeds, and/or organic sprouted mung beans, and/or organic sprouted mung dal or soaked mung dal, and/or organic sprouted green lentils, and/or organic sprouted flax seeds, or soaked flax seeds, and/or organic sprouted broccoli seeds, and/or organic sprouted alfalfa, and/or organic sprouted wheat grass, and/or organic sprouted green barley
Add as needed per specific formula extra virgin olive oil (or domestic olive oil or any other organic, certified organic non GMO or GE vegetable oil), organic, certified organic apple cider vinegar (or any other organic, certified organic and non GMO or GE fruit vinegar)
Blend batter until thoroughly mixed For example, set a food processor to "1" for 2 minutes, then go to "pulse" until batter is thoroughly mixed If a blender, mixer or other mechanical mixing device is used, these times are changed to achieve the same equivalent results
Add batter to dry material Stir, either by hand or mechanical means, to make sure batter and dry material blend well Adjust beater on mixer and mix for two to five minutes If using mechanical means to combine wet and dry materials the timing of the mixing process will change, as appropriate, to achieve generally uniform mixture
Remove from mixer and pour into Rotary Molder Drum System (or any other machine that can produce cookies and/or bars) Automatic cutting or forming mechanisms is preferred for forming the cookies or bars But, the dough may be also be cut by hand using cookie/biscuit form, or other suitable instrument
Dehydrate the cookies or bars (ι e , matrix) at 145 degrees (F) for approximately three hours, then 108 degrees (F) for approximately 10 hours (+/-20%) For some formulations, the temperature range may vary by as much as 10% (ι e , about 1% -10%), preferably no more than 5% This relatively low temperature prevents damage to the effectiveness of the vaπous ingredients Depending on moisture content, it may be necessary to turn the dehydration trays (or the matrix) 180 degrees, and dehydrate for one to three more hours at 108 degrees (F) Dehydration should be monitored to achieve suitable dehydration depending on total initial moisture content, which can vary depending on the nature of the ingredients being used and/or formulation The degradation process is meant to remove most of the water content, which typically results in a product having water content less than 3% of original water content Preferably, the result is water content is less than 1% of original water content. However, a final water content of less than 4% of original water content would be acceptable.
Generally, dehydration should occur at a temperature to achieve the target water content (typically less than 1%, but may vary as described above) without destroying the biological effectiveness of any nutrient or ingredient.
A total weight reduction of each formulation due to the dehydration step varies from about 21 % to about 42% total weight reduction, depending on the particular product and water content contributions of each ingredient. The variation in total weigh reduction for any given formulation due to dehydration may vary by as much as 10%, but preferably less than 5%, with a more preferred goal of less than 3% variation. Typical dehydration reduction percentage by weight (approximately) for each formulation is shown below in Table titled "Dehydration Reduction."
TABLE: DEHYDRATION REDUCTION


Dehydrators can be set at varying temperatures, therefore dehydrating time for each recipe can be altered/adjusted as to the needs of the material being dried
Remove and package in plastic ziplock bags with moisture reduction packets, or other suitable storage packaging, then place in moisture proof plastic containers Alternative methods of shipping the product might include but is not limited to frozen, flash-frozen, vacuum packed, with or without moisture reducing packets or non-moisture proof plastic container, for shipping a food product for long or short distances

TEST REULTS

Test results of each of the formulations herein have shown to be effective by actual application over time in test equine subjects Many of these formulations herein are now being used by internationally recognized horse trainers and competitive teams, with favorable results for intended purpose of each formulation when administered over time Exemplary results of representative formulations are described below, producing the effects as described Some of these tests are described below
Palatability tests were performed on nineteen test horses All ingredients were tested in test horses with acceptable results, with no negative side-effects Table INGREDIENTS TEST, shows results on acceptance of selected ingredients

TABLE INGREDIENTS TEST



Tests on Spark Plug Formulation
Spark Plug was tested over a six month period on 6 horses, each having two to four bars of Spark Plug per day The only dietary change for the six months was the addition of Spark Plug to the diet These horses were all high performance dressage horses The horses names were Peppie, Imager, Maestro, Solon, Lionheart, and Peter
The horse Lionheart had a long record of recurring lameness's that required joint injections and systemic injections Lionheart showed an immediate improvement after thirty days on Spark Plug
The amount of commercial feed given per day to Maestro was reduced after one month on Spark Plug, leading to the probable conclusion that Spark Plug helped this horse utilize his feed better, and so the owner could reduce the amount of commercial feed given
The horse Peppie showed a noticeable change in behavior after two months on Spark Plug His groom during the test period noted that he was less cranky and irritable
The horse Imager, who had a history of being picky and choosey about his feed, was noticeably less finicky after two months on Spark Plug This stallion had a propensity to stop eating his commercial feed after several months, and the owner would have to switch to a different brand or type of feed This pattern had been consistent with this horse for two years Since Imager has been on Spark Plug, beyond the two months, the owner has not had to switch brands of feed
The horse Peter showed no obvious changes on Spark Plug during the test period, but the owner did observe that after several months during the test, she thought the horse looked better than he ever had However, how much this related to Spark Plug and how much to the horse's training is not clear
The horse Solon, the youngest of the test horses (age 5), showed an improved attitude in his daily training sessions after three months testing on Spark Plug
After six months total test period, five of the horses (Peppie, Maestro, Solon, Imager, Lionheart) showed a "glow" in their appearance as compared to the other fourteen horses not included in the Spark Plug test, at this particular barn The horse Peter is not stabled at the same facility, and so was not compared At the request of the test horses' owners, following the conclusion of the Spark Plug test/study, the test horses were continued on Spark Plug

Tests on Furnace Formulation
Furnace was tested over an eight month period with three horses The horses were Peppie, Chamberlain and Lionheart All three horses had long histories of problems relating to the hoof All three horses had periodic injections of the coffin joint and clinical veterinarian diagnosis of "inflammation of the bursa " It had been recommended by the United States Equestrian Team (USET) veterinarian, that the horse Lionheart be ' nerved" (ι e , nerves in the foot cut surgically to reduce his pain) The horse Peppie dropped out of this study after two weeks, because he refused to eat it, in general The two remaining horses were on four bars of Furnace per day Improvement in Lionheart was noted in two weeks The same USET veterinarian, after seeing the horse 10 weeks after being on Furnace pronounced, "this product has done what none of my veterinary drugs could do " The USET veterinarian concluded that the horse did not have to be surgically nerved
Foot improvement in the horse Chamberlain (also under the USET veterinarian s care) was noticed after ten days of being on the product After the eight months, Lionheart had maintained his soundness without further injections of the coffin joint After eight months, Chamberlain had maintained his foot soundness without further injections of the coffin joint Both horses continued with testing on the product, at the request of the owners Chamberlain has increased his daily intake to 8 bars per day due to a heavy showing season and maintains his soundness

Tests on Furnace with Spark Plug for USET Veterinarian
The USET veterinarian requested one month's supply of Spark Plug and

Furnace for a Grand Prix jumper in Florida competing on the big winter Florida circuit The Grand Prix jumper had shut down in competition, for which there was no apparent reason This horse showed moderate discomfort in the feet but did not respond to coffin joint injection After the one month test on Spark Plug and Furnace, the USET veterinarian observed that horse "was happy with himself " The Grand Prix jumper went back to competition and stayed sound, without additional Spark Plug or Furnace

Tests of Furnace for Severe Navicular Horse
Furnace was tested for two weeks on a Quarter horse with severe Navicular Syndrome This horse, of Richmond, Virginia, did not respond at all to four bars of Furnace per day It was concluded that four bars of Furnace was not enough to produce efficacy in this severe foot problem

Tests on Energee
The first test on Energee was conducted at the Regional Dressage
Championships in Lexington, Virginia Two horses were initially tested the stallion Neostan, and the mare Rowena The stallion Neostan had a history of lethargy in competition
Two bars of Energee were given to Neostan two hours before his Finals class, on a Friday Another two bars were given thirty minutes before the class The rider remarked that the horse had never felt so energetic Neostan won the Finals class at the International level
The second day Neostan was given four bars two hours before Finals class on Saturday night, and another two bars thirty minutes before the class Rider remarked that Neostan had too much energy, and only finished in 6th place Sunday, the third day, two bars were given two hours before the class and two bars thirty minutes before the class, and the rider remarked that the Neostan felt wonderful Neostan won that Finals class
The mare, Rowena, has a history of running out of steam at a show after the first class Rowena was given two bars of Energee one hour before the second class, and owner remarked that the horse had plenty of power and energy to compete This was repeated on the second day, and Rowena won both her classes
Another this test was conducted for one month with the stallion Imager Imager is a lazy stallion, and two bars of Energee was given to him one hour before his daily training session Results were felt by owner immediately Horse had more energy throughout daily training session
Yet another test was conducted for one month on gelding Peter Two bars one hour before work were given, and no noticeable results were found Dosage was increased to four bars and only a slight improvement noted This horse had previously been on small doses of anabolic steroids and had no noticeable results from that treatment either

Test results on PrePerformance
Six horses were tested on Pre Performance for three months Those horses were Lionheart, Rowena, Peppie, Maestro, Imager, and Kostolan No other dietary changes were given to the horses Horses were given two bars forty-five minutes to two hours before training All six horses showed improvement in stamina as measured by their riders All six horses developed increased muscle in their hindquarters The systematic training of these horses combined with the formula can explain the increase in muscle mass

Test Results on Post Performance
Four horses were tested on Post Performance for two months Those horses were Kostolan, Imager, Denny, Lionheart Horses were given two bars immediately following workouts
All four horses showed noticeable improvement in respiration and recovery after hard physical training The horse Denny, with the least stamina and the greatest fatigue prior to the testing, showed improvement after three days (as measured by respiration and heartbeat) The stallion Imager, went from a recovery time of thirty minutes, to a recovery time of fifteen minutes after one month on the formula Kostolan, decreased his recovery time from forty five minutes to thirty minutes after one month on the formula The horse Lionheart decreased his recovery time from twenty five minutes to twenty minutes after one month Lionheart is the oldest horse in the test group (age 17) and it is surmised that his age contributed to a slower percentage of improvement in minutes of recovery time It should be noted that Lionheart was also the most fit horse in the study with the lowest recovery time to start with
A second test was conducted at two dressage competitions The Regional Dressage Championships in Lexington Virginia, and the Williamston Dressage Competition in Williamston, North Carolina At the Regional Dressage Championships, two horses were tested over three days of competition They were Gossamer and Rowena Respiration and heart beat were not taken in this test, but instead relied on basic physical signs of recovery from stress (the horses' eyes, measurement of hydration by pinching the skin, inspection of the gums for signs of dehydration and stress) Water consumption and feces evaluation were conducted throughout the three days Each horse was given two bars immediately following their competition class
The horse Gossamer became noticeably more relaxed throughout the show Whether this was due to the ingestion of the formula was not confirmed during this test His water consumption increased (lack of sufficient hydration is a real danger to horses) No noticeable change in feces
The horse Rowena demonstrated a remarkable response after the second day of ingesting the product Water consumption increased, her feces showed increased systemic hydration, horse sweated evenly around neck, shoulders and under the saddle
Test at the Williamsburg Dressage show with four horses Rowena, BIu, Magic, and Kostolan This test was a follow up to the Lexington dressage test, to see how Post Performance worked on an "as needed" basis Only one of these horses (Rowena) had been on the product on a daily basis Two bars were given immediately following competition class
Rowena maintained her recovery time (thirty minutes) as she had been on the product for a month The stress of the show did not affect her recovery time
BIu responded after his first serving with an increase in water consumption throughout the day and night Rider reported that by the second day the horse felt better than he normally did on the second day of a show Magic responded by eating more hay than usual after his first serving This horse has a tendency to back off his feed and hay when competing Kostolan demonstrated far less fatigue, according to his rider, on the second day of the competition No change in water consumption or in feces consistency was shown Test Results on Whole Horse Winter
Test number one (Henderson, Kentucky) this test of the Whole Horse formulation palatability was conducted over two days in Henderson, Kentucky on a variety of ten horses of various breeds including Arabian, Quarter horse,

Warmblood, and Morgan Two of the ten horses would not eat the bars Of the remaining 8, one refused a second bar when offered The remaining seven each consumed six bars over two days
Test number two this Whole Horse formulation test was conducted on five horses Imager, Peppie, Solon, Maestro, and Lionheart Although no obvious changes were noted in these horses, this formulation was not designed to produce obvious "therapeutic" affects, since this product is more general, similar to a multi vitamin Four of the five horses were given two bars per day, and one horse was given four The bars were given after the horses had cooled out after training and were ready to go back to their stalls One horse, Peppie, loved the bars so much that if the groom did not give him the bars fast enough he would paw and stamp his feet until he got a bar in his mouth Peppie has been a test horse for several formulas, but this is the first formula about which he became very demanding
Test number three (San Antonio, Texas) this was another Whole Horse formulation palatability test on 15 horses of various breeds including Warmblood, Andulusian, Thoroughbred, Mustang, and Quarter horse Only one horse refused to eat the pro-offered bars The remaining horses found the bars to be very palatable It should be noted that the owners/riders of all the test horses asked to keep their horses on the various formulas One owner remarked quite seriously "I can't possibly train and compete without these formulas "

Test Results on Whole Horse Summer
Test number one two Warmblood geldings (Denny, Ramses) and one Thoroughbred gelding (Nitro) All three horses suffer from skin allergies in the summer (itchy skin, allergic reaction to insect bites)
All three horses were given two bars twice a day At the end of one month, Denny and Nitro were not itching and scratching Ramses still had some skin allergy hypersensitivity, but improvement overall Ramses also suffers from Cushings Disease, so the adrenal stress may be too much for Whole Horse Summer to help balance
Test number two one Warmblood gelding (Pi) with an acute case of hives all over his body Horse was given a shot of Dexamethasone (steroid) to combat the hives, then shipped ten hours in a trailer
Hives were still active after three days USET vet examined Pi and recommended vinegar rinses The vet conveyed that it would take two weeks for the bumps to go away, since the horse did not respond to Dexamethasone Thereafter, Pi was given four bars of Whole Horse Summer twice a day By day four, most of the hives had disappeared, with the exception of bumps still on his hindquarters After three more days all the hives had gone Pi was not rinsed daily with vinegar during the efficacy test of Whole Horse Summer
Test number three one Warmblood gelding (Eastie) and one Quarterhorse (TK) Both aged horses, Eastie being 23 and TK age 26 Both horses were sensitive to pollens, which result in nasal discharge and runny eyes Eastie was given four bars twice a day for two weeks, then two bars twice a day for another two weeks After the initial two week period, the nasal discharge was barely detectable, although there was still some clear fluid running from both eyes At the end of thirty days, the eyes were still running, but there was no nasal discharge at all Eastie continued for another thirty days on Whole Horse Summer (two bars twice a day) and by the middle of the second month, there was no discharge from his eyes
TK started on four bars twice a day for two weeks, and showed minimum reduction in nasal discharge He continued for another two weeks on four bars twice a day with no improvement We concluded that this lack of response was due to the fact that TK, like Ramses, suffers from Equine Cushings Disease

Test Results for Turn Ease
Test number one one Warmblood gelding (Lionhart) who has a long history of being treated for intestinal ulcers This horse demonstrates classic ulcer symptoms when he is stressed he goes off his feed, is cranky and irritable, and refuses treats Normal treatment of his ulcers has been with the drug Omeprazole (Gastro Guard) Lionheart was given two bars of Turn Ease before each grain meal, and in twelve days the horse returned to eating with gusto, and eating his treats The owner reported that he had a "happy" look in his eyes again
Test number two two Warmblood geldings (Pi and Corinthian) Both exhibited ulcer symptoms while under saddle (teeth grinding, girthiness while being saddled, reluctance to work) Both horses were given two Turn Ease before tacking up, and two Turn Ease after being ridden The rider of Pi reported that in five days the horse was much more settled and did not grind his teeth at all Rider of Corinthian reported that after seven days Corinthian was no longer girthy and sensitive Both horses continue to train on Turn Ease and neither horse has had to be put on the expensive ulcer drug Omeprazole
Test number three three Warmblood geldings (Chamberlain, Peppie and Mo), and one Warmblood stallion (Imager) Test to see effectiveness of Turn Ease in a competition environment, which produces increased stomach acid in horses, due to stress All four horses normally are given Omeprazole every day during competition At the end of the three days of competition, Chamberlain and Peppie exhibited ulcer symptoms, while Mo and Imager did not
Test number four two Warmblood horses (Chamberlain and Peppie) were given two bars of Turn Ease before getting on the trailer to go to a competition, and two bars when they arrived This was repeated when the horses were shipped home Owners reported both horses shipped better than before, and, in fact, Peppie, who is a chronic trailer kicker, hardly kicked the entire trip
Test number five two Warmblood horses (Chamberlain and Peppie) were given half a tube of Omeprazole before going to a competition During the competition they were give two bars of Turn Ease before being ridden and immediately after being ridden The horses were then given Omeprazole when they returned from the two-day show Both riders reported their horses exhibited no ulcer signs the entire weekend Normally these two horses would be given Omeprazole every day of the competition (half a tube) The cost of Omeprazole ($39 00 per tube) makes this drug especially expensive for many horse owners The riders were very pleased that they didn't have to use so much Omeprazole to help their horses through the stress of competition
Test number six six year old Arabian mare in San Diego, California Exhibits classic ulcer symptoms when being ridden Owner used two bars of Turn Ease before riding, and two bars of Turn Ease after riding The owner reported significant improvement in mare's attitude under saddle within three days

Test Results for True Balance
Test number one three Warmblood geldings (Pi, Granusch and Denny) All horses had been treated for ulcers a year before with Omeprazole Pi refused to eat the bars Granusch and Denny, however gobbled up the bars Granusch and Denny were given two bars twice a day for thirty days Groom reported that Denny and Granusch were not nearly as fussy with their hay and feed after the full month on True Balance The owners of Denny and Granusch reported that their horses' coats had improved, and in Granusch's case, the quality of his hooves had improved This was also confirmed by the farrier The riders reported that both horses were less grumpy under saddle
Test number two two Andulusian horses in Arkansas (Baria and Cubby) Baria has a history of laminitic episodes, and gas colics Cubby is quite aged (32) and suffers from years of NSAIDS (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory) therapy Cubby also is an extremely fussy eater, and needs to gam weight Both horses were put on two bars twice a day for thirty days Baria showed no obvious signs of improvement until week three, when her owner reported that the horse was much more eager to eat her hay and grain and had no gas colic episodes Cubby showed noticeable improvement by week two as evidenced by galloping around his pasture - something he hadn't done in a year At the owner's request, both horses continued on True Balance for an additional thirty days, in which time Baria had no colic episodes and the owner was able to increase Cubby's hay and grain consumption
Test number three one Warmblood gelding (Eastie) and one thoroughbred gelding (Nitro) Eastie is a former ulcer horse, but has exhibited no symptoms in four years However, he suffered a severe trauma to his left front flexor tendon so it was decided to test True Balance on him Nitro is a chronic gastric ulcer horse, who has been on calcium carbonate for a year to buffer his stomach acid Both horses were given two bars twice a day Eastie's urine production increased within five days on True Balance This is likely due to the liver support of the mushrooms in True Balance which help detoxify the liver Since Eastie was on high antibiotic therapy for the infection in his tendon, it was concluded that True Balance assisted his body in processing and getting πd of toxins Eastie also consumed more water during the thirty day test Since Eastie has had impaction colic episodes, the veterinarian was pleased to see an increase in water consumption.
Nitro had been taken off calcium carbonate for thirty days prior to testing of

True Balance After thirty days, his owner reported that the horse's coat quality had improved, and that he was eating all his grain and hay (where previously he would leave some of his grain and a lot of his hay)

Test Results on Ligatend
Test number one a Warmblood gelding (Solon) diagnosed through ultrasound with a strained right hind suspensory Diagnosis' two months stall rest, then three months of walk and trot under saddle
Started horse on two bars twice a day as soon as diagnoses was confirmed with ultrasound The vet re-ultrasounded Solon after thirty days and pronounced the suspensory ligament healed Horse could start back walking after only thirty days stall rest Results confirmed by ultrasound Solon continued on Ligatend for another thirty days
Test number two' a Warmblood gelding (Mo) diagnosed with a weak right hind suspensory. Treatment was icing twice a day, light work, and minimum turn out Mo was given Ligatend (two bars twice a day) and vet rechecked horse in thirty days. The vet told owner that the ligament never felt better. The vet recommended that the horse stay on Ligatend
Test number three. Warmblood mare (Rowena) diagnosed with torn collateral ligament. The horse proceeded to get severe attack of laminitis, and was shipped to vet clinic in North Carolina The equine podiatrist and the attending vet gave poor prognosis for the mare's recovery to full work. Rowena was given Ligatend (two bars twice a day) with two bars of Furnace twice a day for four months After four months at the vet hospital, the horse was sound and able to start back in work Podiatrist and vet never expected this horse to recover full soundness. Horse is scheduled to begin competing again

Test Results on Maca lmpulsar Two tests were performed on Maca lmpulsar The first test was on two imported Dutch Friesan geldings (one age 11 , the other age 12) Both horses suffer from heat and humidity in the summer, resulting in lack of the necessary energy to train and compete in Dressage
The eleven year old was given two bars two hours before exercise After four days, the rider reported the horse showed no change Dosage was increased to four bars and after two days, the rider reported the horse had much improved energy levels
The twelve year old Friesan horse was also given two bars two hours before exercise and the rider reported that by day four the horse was much more energetic
Test number two was given to three German Warmblood stallions, all competing in Dressage Two bars were given two hours before training All three riders reported an improvement after day two
A possible conclusion might be made that the Friesan horses with much colder blood lines (no Thoroughbred or Arabian bloodlines) took longer to gain the benefits of the Peruvian plant, Maca The Warmblood stallions, all of whom have Thoroughbred or Anglo/Thoroughbred ancestry, were able to utilize Maca more efficiently in a shorter amount of time

Test Results on Equilibrium EQ
Test number one a total of 24 horses were tested over a period of four months on Equilibrium EQ Twenty-three of the 24 horses were all European Warmblood horses One horse was a thoroughbred
Of the 24 total test horses, 20 were tested for a reduction of stress and anxiety in competition and training environments Of the 20 horses tested, only two refused to eat Equilibrium EQ The remaining 18 were given two bars before being ridden Ten of these horses showed a noticeable improvement (as described by the riders) in being able to focus more on their work The other eight horses were then given two bars twice a day Seven of these horses
demonstrated a reduction in nervousness and stress, and greater concentration and less spookiness than before One horse did not respond to two bars twice a day and was subsequently given four bars twice a day which produced a noticeably calmer animal The remaining four horses were tested for Equilibrium's use in lay-up situations where horses are confined to their stalls for weeks or months at a time for medical reasons Two of the four horses stayed calm and unstressed during their eight-week stall confinement on two bars twice a day One horse had to be given three bars three times a day to stay calm and unstressed The fourth horse ate the bars well for the first week, showed noticeable improvement in the reduction of stress, then refused to eat the bars anymore
Test number two six Warmblood geldings were tested for the reduction of stress in trailering and/or monthly farrier work Three of these geldings were given two bars two hours before trailering Two of these horses are chronic trailer kickers, whose stress levels include kicking repeatedly in the trailer On
Equilibrium, the kicking was reduced in one horse, and the other did not kick at all The third gelding had to be given four bars prior to trailering for the stress levels to be reduced
The two Warmblood geldings tested for farrier work have a long history of being unable to stand quietly while their feet are being trimmed The owners often tranquilize these horses for the safety of the horse and the blacksmith
One of the geldings needed four bars of Equilibrium (two bars an hour before the blacksmith arrived and an additional two bars halfway through the trimming)
The second gelding was given four bars before the blacksmith arrived and stood quietly the entire session The blacksmith reported that neither gelding had ever been so good to shoe, except on a pharmaceutical tranquilizer
Possible conclusion on Equilibrium EQ Equilibrium clearly supports the reduction of stress for horses confined due to illness, and helps reduce anxiety in specific anxiety-producing situations
While the invention has been described in terms of exemplary
embodiments, those skilled in the art will recognize that the invention can be practiced with modifications in the spirit and scope of the appended claims These examples given above are merely illustrative and are not meant to be an exhaustive list of all possible designs, embodiments, applications or modifications of the invention