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1. WO2020160389 - IMAGERIE À PLAGE DYNAMIQUE ÉLEVÉE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

What is claimed is:

1. An imaging system comprising:

a light source configured to generate successive light pulses of diminishing intensity having a pulse interval; and

a microscopy system configured to image a sample and to process signals detected from the sample based on intensities of the successive light pulses.

2. The imaging system of claim 1, wherein the light source comprises:

a pulse laser (110) configured to generate light pulses having a repetition interval; a first beam splitter (122) configured to receive a light pulse and to direct a first percentage of the light pulse onto a delay loop and output a second percentage of the light pulse to the microscopy system;

wherein the delay loop is configured to direct the first percentage of light pulse back to the first beam splitter (122) with a time delay; and

wherein the system is configured to, by having continued looping of a light pulse in the delay loop, output successive light pulses of diminishing intensity with the pulse interval being equal to the time delay.

3. The imaging system of claim 2, wherein the delay loop comprises a path that traverses:

the first beam splitter (122);

a first mirror (124);

a second mirror (126);

a half-wave plate (128); and

a second beam splitter (120);

wherein the first and second mirrors (124, 126) are configured to direct the first percentage of the light pulse through the half-wave plate (128) to the second beam splitter (120), the half-wave plate changing the polarization state of the light pulse;

wherein the second beam splitter (120) is a polarizing beam splitter configured to receive the first percentage of the light pulse from the half-wave plate and reflect the first percentage of the light pulse having a second polarization state to the first beam splitter (122); and

wherein the second beam splitter (120) is further configured to receive the light pulse from the pulse laser (110) and transmit the light pulse having a first polarization state to the first beam splitter (122).

4. The imaging system of claim 2, wherein the time delay introduced by the delay loop is shorter than the repetition interval.

5. The imaging system of claim 2, wherein the time delay in the delay loop is configurable.

6. The imaging system of claim 2, wherein the first and second percentages are configurable.

7. The imaging system of claim 1, wherein the microscopy system comprises:

a sample objective (150);

a detector (180); and

one or more optical elements (130, 140) configured to direct the successive light pulses to the sample objective;

wherein the sample objective is configured to focus the successive light pulses at a focal plane (170) within the sample (160);

wherein the detector (180) is configured to detect light emitted from the focal plane (170) within the sample (160) in response to the focused successive light pulses.

8. The imaging system of claim 7, wherein the detector (180) comprises temporal buffers configured to store detected light signals from the sample for each of the successive light pulses; and the microscope system further comprising a processor (190) configured to process data in a buffer that corresponds to one of the successive light pulses in which the detected light signal does not saturate the buffer.

9. The imaging system of claim 8, wherein, for each imaging spot, the processor is further configured to select the data in the buffer that corresponds to the highest intensity pulse among those pulses that do not cause buffer saturation.

10. The imaging system of claim 7, wherein the one or more optical elements comprises a scan unit configured to scan the focused light pulses within the focal plane.

11. The imaging system of claim 7, wherein each of the light pulses provides excitation light to the sample such that the detected emitted light is fluorescence emission light in response to the focused excitation light.

12. The imaging system of claim 11, wherein a wavelength of the excitation light is two times as long as a wavelength of the fluorescence emission light, which is generated in response to a two-photon excitation process.

13. The imaging system of claim 11, wherein the pulse interval is longer than the duration of the fluorescence emission.

14. An imaging method comprising:

generating, by a light source, successive light pulses of diminishing intensity having a pulse interval;

imaging a sample and processing signals detected from the sample based on intensities of the successive light pulses.

15. The imaging method of claim 14, wherein the generating the successive light pulses of diminishing intensity having a pulse interval comprises:

generating, by a pulse laser (110), light pulses having a repetition interval;

receiving, by a first beam splitter (122), a light pulse and directing a first percentage of the light pulse onto a delay loop and outputting a second percentage of the light pulse for imaging the sample;

directing, by the delay loop, the first percentage of light pulse back to the first beam splitter (122) with a time delay; and

by having continued looping of a light pulse in the delay loop, outputting successive light pulses of diminishing intensity with the pulse interval being equal to the time delay.

16. The imaging method of claim 15, wherein the delay loop comprises a path that traverses:

the first beam splitter (122);

a first mirror (124);

a second mirror (126);

a half-wave plate (128); and

a second beam splitter (120);

wherein the first and second mirrors (124, 126) are configured to direct the first percentage of the light pulse through the half-wave plate (128) to the second beam splitter (120), the half-wave plate changing the polarization state of the light pulse;

wherein the second beam splitter (120) is a polarizing beam splitter configured to receive the first percentage of the light pulse from the half-wave plate and reflect the first percentage of the light pulse having a second polarization state to the first beam splitter (122); and

wherein the second beam splitter (120) is further configured to receive the light pulse from the pulse laser (110) and transmit the light pulse having a first polarization state to the first beam splitter (122).

17. The imaging method of claim 15, wherein the time delay introduced by the delay loop is shorter than the repetition interval.

18. The imaging method of claim 15, wherein the time delay in the delay loop is configurable.

19. The imaging method of claim 15, wherein the first and second percentages are configurable.

20. The imaging method of claim 14, further comprising:

directing, by one or more optical elements (130, 140), the successive light pulses to a sample objective (150);

focusing, by the sample objective (150), the successive light pulses at a focal plane (170) within the sample (160);

detecting, by a detector (180), light emitted from the focal plane (170) within the sample (160) in response to the focused successive light pulses.

21. The imaging method of claim 20, further comprising storing detected light signals from the sample for each of the successive light pulses in temporal buffers of the

detector, and processing data in a buffer that corresponds to one of the successive light pulses in which the detected light signal does not saturate the buffer.

22. The imaging method of claim 20, further comprising, for each imaging spot, selecting the data in the buffer that corresponds to the highest intensity pulse among those pulses that do not cause buffer saturation.

23. The imaging method of claim 20, wherein the one or more optical elements comprises a scan unit, and the method further comprises scanning the focused light pulses within the focal plane.

24. The imaging method of claim 20, wherein each of the light pulses provides excitation light to the sample such that the detected emitted light is fluorescence emission light in response to the focused excitation light.

25. The imaging method of claim 24, wherein a wavelength of the excitation light is two times as long as a wavelength of the fluorescence emission light, which is generated in response to a two-photon excitation process.

26. The imaging method of claim 24, wherein the pulse interval is longer than the duration of the fluorescence emission.

27. The imaging system of claim 1, wherein the light source comprises:

a pulse laser configured to generate light pulses; and

a synchronous electro-optic modulator (SEOM) with a delay loop;

wherein the SEOM comprises:

a quarter wave plate (510);

a first polarizing beam splitter or polarizer (520);

an electro-optic modulator (EOM) (530);

circuitry (540) configured to drive the SEOM with a drive waveform, the drive waveform being a phase-coherent sinusoidal waveform at a period equal to a time delay in the delay loop; and

a second polarizing beam splitter (550);

wherein the SEOM is arranged to direct the laser pulses from the laser source through the half wave plate, the first polarizing beam splitter, the EOM, and then to the second polarizing beam splitter;

wherein the second polarizing beam splitter is configured to split the light pulses from the EOM into an output pulse train having a first polarization state and a loop-back pulse train into the delay loop having a second polarization state.