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1. WO2021061619 - RETENUE DE RACCORD D'EXTRÉMITÉ D'UN RÉCIPIENT SOUS PRESSION

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

What is claimed is:

1. A pressure vessel assembly, comprising:

a pressure element configured to store compressed gas;

a shell configured to enclose the pressure element and capture the compressed gas that permeates from the pressure element;

an end fitting extending into a cavity of the pressure element and from the pressure element through the shell, the end fitting comprising:

a stem that extends out from the shell in one direction and into the cavity of the pressure element in an opposite direction; and

a cap that surrounds the pressure element and the stem at a location external to the pressure element; and

a retention component configured to sustain engagement of the end fitting with at least one of the pressure element or the shell below a predetermined pressure threshold.

2. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 1, wherein the stem comprises:

one or more barbs that lock the stem in a fixed position in relation to the pressure element.

3. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 1, the stem further comprising:

holes extending through a surface of the stem, configured to vent the compressed gas as the stem moves out of the cavity, and configured to reduce pressure on the end fitting.

4. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 1, wherein the retention component is an anchor positioned proximate to an end of the stem and positioned at a location within the cavity of the pressure element, the anchor comprising:

one or more arms configured to prevent removal of the stem from the cavity of the pressure element below the predetermined pressure threshold.

5. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 4, wherein the one or more arms of the anchor include an edge that is flat, blunt, sharp, or any combination thereof, and wherein the edge is configured to puncture the pressure element above the predetermined pressure threshold.

6. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 5, the stem further comprising:

holes extending through the stem and configured to vent the compressed gas to a pressure level below the predetermined pressure threshold as the stem moves out of the cavity and before the edge of the one or more arms punctures the pressure element.

7. The pressure vessel assembly of any one of claims 4-6, the stem further comprising:

a first ridge positioned between the end of the stem and the anchor, the first ridge configured to fail and allow movement of the anchor as the anchor contacts the first ridge; and

a second ridge spaced from the first ridge, the second ridge being closer to the end of the stem than the first ridge, the second ridge configured to stop movement of the anchor as the anchor contacts the second ridge.

8. The pressure vessel assembly of any one of claims 1-3, wherein the retention component is an adhesive plug, and wherein the adhesive plug and the stem are directly coupled at a fixed position within the cavity of the pressure element and configured to prevent end fitting disengagement below the predetermined pressure threshold.

9. The pressure vessel assembly of any one of claims 1-3, wherein the cap is a first cap and wherein the retention component comprises:

a bulkhead assembly, comprising:

a second cap surrounding the pressure element and the stem at a location internal to and abutting an interior surface of the shell;

a third cap surrounding the stem at a location external to and abutting an exterior surface of the shell;

a first collar coupling to the second cap, the first collar configured to distribute pressure applied to the second cap to the shell;

a second collar coupling to the third cap, the second collar configured to clamp the shell between the second collar and the first collar; and

one or more screws tightening or loosening the first and second collars in respect to the shell or in respect to the second or third caps.

10. The pressure vessel assembly according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein the retention component comprises:

a tether with a first end coupled to the stem at a location external to the shell and a second end coupled to a curved portion of another pressure element interior to the shell.

11. A pressure vessel assembly, comprising:

a pressure element defining a cavity with a wide portion and a narrow portion, the pressure element configured to store compressed gas; and

an end fitting extending into the cavity of the pressure element, the end fitting comprising:

a stem extending through the narrow portion and the wide portion; and a cap surrounding the narrow portion of the pressure element and the stem at a location external to the pressure element.

12. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 11, wherein the stem comprises:

one or more barbs that lock the stem in a fixed position in relation to the pressure element.

13. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 12, wherein the narrow portion includes corrugations that are configured to align with the one or more barbs, and

wherein the cap is crimp-able around the narrow portion so that the cap conforms to the corrugations, the one or more barbs, or both.

14. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 13, wherein the cap includes indents positioned to align with the corrugations and the one or more barbs, and

wherein the cap is crimp-able around the narrow portion and the stem so that a tight fit is formed between the corrugations, the one or more barbs, and the indents.

15. The pressure vessel assembly of claims 13 or 14, wherein when the cap is crimped around the stem and the narrow portion at the corrugations, the cap stretches axially so that the tight fit is formed between the pressure element and the stem.

16. A pressure vessel assembly, comprising:

pressure elements configured to store compressed gas;

a shell enclosing the pressure elements, the shell configured to capture the compressed gas that permeates from the pressure elements; and

an end fitting extending through the shell and into a cavity of the pressure elements, the end fitting comprising:

a stem having a first end and a second end, the first end extending into the cavity of the pressure elements, the second end extending out through the shell, and the stem having a hollow portion so that the compressed gas is passable through the stem; and

a tube fixed to the first end of the stem and configured to distribute adhesive that is supplied through the hollow portion of the stem, the distributed adhesive configured to retain the end fitting within the pressure elements.

17. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 16, further comprising:

an adhesive plug formed by the distributed adhesive, positioned between the stem and the pressure elements, and configured to retain the end fitting within the pressure elements.

18. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 17, wherein the stem comprises:

barbs locking the stem in a fixed axial position in relation to the pressure elements so that the adhesive plug forms below a distal end of the tube.

19. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 18, wherein the cavity of the pressure elements includes a narrow portion and a wide portion, the wide portion configured to house the tube and the adhesive plug, the narrow portion including corrugations aligned along the barbs of the stem, the corrugations configured to interface with the barbs of the stem so that the stem is held in a fixed axial position.

20. The pressure vessel assembly of claim 19, further comprising:

a cap crimp-able around the narrow portion of the pressure elements so that the second end of the stem is secured by the cap, the cap and the adhesive plug preventing the end fitting from moving radially relative to the pressure elements.