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1. WO1991006797 - VANNE A BOISSEAU SPHERIQUE ET PROCEDE DE FABRICATION

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

A valve according to the invention comprises a
spherical plug coupled to a control stem, a pair of tubular coupling members at opposite sides of the
spherical plug and sealing rings placed between the control stem and the spherical plug and between the spherical plug and the tubular coupling members, and is characterized in that it also comprises a casing of a plastic material which forms the valve body and encloses therein said spherical plug, at least a portion of said tubular coupling members, a portion of said control stem adjacent to the spherical plug and said sealing rings, thereby maintaining said enclosed valve members in position and forcing the same against each other with a predetermined pressure to ensure sealing without impairing the plug movements.
A method according to the invention for manufacturing a valve as described above comprises the steps of placing the valve members, arranged in the relative positions which they are intended to have in the finished valve, on valve member bearing means of a die of a press for
injection molding plastic materials, which comprises two separate portions and has a cavity having an overall shape complementary to the external shape of the valve and a size to leave a gap between the cavity walls and the exposed surface of the valve members; closing the die;
injecting a moldable plastic material into said gap to fill entirely said gap; and hardening said plastic
material; the hardened ' plastic material forming a valve "A SPHERICAL PLUG VALVE AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAKE"

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
This invention relates to valves for fluid distribution systems and, more particularly, to a spherical plug valve and a method for manufacturing the same.
A conventional spherical plug valve comprises a
metallic body, which includes a sear for -he plug, a control stem coupled to the plug and a pat.:: of metallic sleeves which are threaded to the body for holding the plug in its seat. Sealing rings of a low friction
material, typically Teflon, are located between the sleeves and the plug and between the plug and the control stem. For assembling the valve, it is necessary to provide threads in the portions of the body and the sleeves to be mutually engaged and then screw the sleeves onto the body after inserting the corresponding sealing rings. This procedure is rather time-consuming and requires a high accuracy to avoid that the sleeves are either
overtightened, so that the plug is locked, or
undertightenec, thereby failing to obtain a perfect valve sealing.
It is an object of this invention to provi e a valve and a manufacturing method wherein the pressure between the valve members is automatically obtained and the manufacturing time is substantially shortened in
comparison with the prior art.

body enclosing said valve members.
A detailed description of a preferred emoodiment of the invention is described in the following in connection with the enclosed drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a section view of a valve according to the invention and
Figs. 2 and 3 are simplified section views of a die used to implement the -method according to the invention, with a valve in its cavity.
As shown in Fig. 1, a valve according to the invention comprises a spherical plug 1 and two tubular members 2 and 3 adjacent to the plug. The tubular members 2 and 3 are shaped as metal sleeves which have their internal surfaces threaded for onnection with respective pipes (not shown). The plug 1 has a notch receiving a corresponding key of a control stem 4, operable by a control lever (not shown). Sealing rings 5 and 6 are received into corresponding seats provided in the end sides of the sleeves 2 and 3 adjacent to the spherical plug 1. Another sealing ring 7 is provided between the control stem 4 and the plug 1.
These valve members are of a conventional kind.
The sleeves, plug and control stem can be made, for example, of brass or steel and the sealing rings are preferably of polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon).
The sleeves 2 and 3, the spherical plug 1, the control stem 4 (except its end portion to be engaged by the control lever) and the sealing rings 5, 6 and 7 are enclosed into a casing 8 of a plastic material and are - Δ - pressed against each other by the casing itself with such a pressure to ensure sealing without impairing the plug operation. This casing is the body of the valve. A
suitable plastic has proved to be glass filled nylon.
To manufacture the valve, a press for injection molding of plastic articles can be used, having a die as shown diagrammatically in Figs. 2 and 3. For the sake of
clarity, the ducts for injecting fluid plastic material into the die are not shown.
As shown in Fig. 2, the die has a movable portion δ and a fixed portion 9 formed each with a cavity (in the axial direction) 10 and 11, respectively, accomodating a half of the valve and having a combined shape which is
substantially complementary to the outside surface of the valve. A stud 12 is provided in the movable portion 8 to hold the valve members in the positions that they are intended to take in the finished, valve, with the sealing rings 5, 6 and 7 contacting the spherical plug 1. An alignment stud 13 projects from the bottom wall of the cavity 11 to engage the end portion of the sleeve .3 when the die is closed (Fig. 3).
As shown in Fig. 3, the cavities 10 and 11 are so dimensioned that a gap 14 is left between the cavity walls and the exposed surfaces of the valve members. When the die is closed, the sleeves and the control stem are subjected to a certain pressure against the corresponding sealing rings.
After closing the die, plastic material is injected into the die to fill the gap 14. Then the plastic is hardened, or set, to form a valve body 8. During setting, the plastic material shrinks, thereby forcing even more the sleeves and the control stem against the sealing rings, which are pressed in turn against the plug to ensure sealing of the valve. Now the die can be opened and the finished valve can be removed therefrom.
Obviously, the injection temperature and pressure will depend on the type of the selected plastic material.
Similarly, the degree of compression on the valve members caused by the shrinkage will depend on the selected material and the injection condi>.ions. A person skilled in the art of molding plastic mater±als can easily determine in each case the required operation parameters.
As appears clearly from the drawings, a liquid or a gas flowing through the valve does not get into contact anywhere with the plastic body, so that there is no corrosion problems.
The method according to the invention avoids any requirement of machining any valve members for the
assembly of the same, so that finished valves can be obtained much more rapidly than the known valves.
Furthermore, the metallic body forming a seat for the plug and a connection member to which the sleeves are threaded is eliminated, thereby saving metallic material. It is also important to point out that a plastic valve body provides the additional advantage of a longer valve life because the play caused by wear of the sealing rings, which in the prior art valves jeopardizes the valve sealing after a given operation time, are compensated by the resilience of the plastic material. Furthermore, since no clearances exist between the valve seat and the valve plug because the valve seat has been formed directly on the plug, no deposits of foreign materials can form inside the valve and the problems associated therewith are avoided. As known, according to the kind of the foreign materials, these deposits can stiffen the valve operation, cause corrosion phenomena, contaminate the fluid flowing through the valve, etc.
While only one embodiment of the invention has been shown and described, it is obvious that many changes can be made without departing from the scope of the invention. For example, according to an embodiment still simpler and cheaper of the described one, the metallic coupling sleeves can be eliminated by shaping the valve plastic casing to form the plastic body with shoulders for holding the plug in position and suitable coupling means, such as threads, for connecting the valve to external pipes. In this case, the valve member bearing studs of the die should be shaped to have surfaces complementary to the surfaces of the tubular members to be formed in the plastic body. According to another modification, by appropriately shaping the die, the plastic casing which includes the valve body extend beyond either one or both the tubular members to form a member different from a sleeve, such as a cock, a hydrant coupling, or the like.