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1. WO2020160188 - ÉLÉMENTS OPTIQUES DE COUPLAGE D'ENTRÉE EN LIGNE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED:

1. A display system comprising:

a stack of waveguides comprising:

a first absorptive optical filter transmissive to light of a first range of wavelengths and absorptive to light of wavelengths different from the first range of wavelengths;

a first in-coupling optical element configured to receive light transmitted through the first absorptive optical filter; and

a first waveguide having a first major surface and a second major surface,

wherein the first in-coupling optical element is configured to incouple light of the first range of wavelengths into the first waveguide.

2. The display system of Claim 1, wherein the first in-coupling optical element is on the first major surface of the first waveguide or the second major surface of the first waveguide.

3. The display system of any of Claims 1, further comprising a second absorptive optical filter on one or both of the first or second major surfaces of the first waveguide,

wherein, as seen in a top-down view, the first absorptive optical filter is laterally displaced from the second absorptive optical filter .

4. The display system of any of Claims 1, wherein the first absorptive optical filter comprises a dye.

5. The display system of any of Claims 1, wherein the first in-coupling optical element is configured to transmit light having a range of wavelengths different from the first range of wavelengths.

6. The display system of any of Claims 1, wherein the stack of waveguides further comprises:

a second waveguide having a first major surface and a second major surface; a second in-coupling optical element configured to incouple light, transmitted through the first absorptive optical filter and the first in-coupling optical element and having a second range of wavelengths different from the first range of wavelengths, into the second waveguide.

7. The display system of any of Claims 6, wherein at least a portion of the first in-coupling optical element and at least a portion of the second in-coupling optical element laterally overlap with each other, as seen in a top down view.

8. The display system of any of Claims 6, further comprising:

a third waveguide rearward of the first waveguide, the third waveguide having a first major surface and a second major surface; and

a third in-coupling optical element configured to incouple light, from the incoming beam of light, having a third wavelength range into the third waveguide.

9. The display system of Claim 8, wherein the third in-coupling optical element is on one of the first major surface of the third waveguide or the second major surface of the third waveguide.

10. The display system of any of Claims 8, wherein at least a portion of the third in-coupling optical element laterally overlaps with the first in-coupling optical element and the second in-coupling optical element.

11. The display system of any of Claims 8, further comprising a fourth absorptive optical filter forward of the third in-coupling optical element and between the second waveguide and the third waveguide.

12. The display system of Claim 11, wherein the third optical filter comprises a dye.

13. The display system of Claim 6, wherein the second in-coupling optical element is on the first major surface of the second waveguide or the second major surface of the second waveguide.

14. The display system of any of Claims 13, wherein the second waveguide is forward of the first waveguide, further comprising:

a third absorptive optical filter on a major surface of the second waveguide and laterally displaced from the second in-coupling optical element, the third absorptive optical filter configured to absorb incoupled light having a wavelength different from the second range of wavelengths.

15. The display system of Claim 14, wherein the third absorptive optical filter comprises a dye.

16. A display system comprising:

a stack of waveguide assemblies comprising:

a first waveguide assembly comprising:

a first waveguide having a first major surface and a second major surface; and

a first in-coupling optical element configured to receive a first incoming beam of light;

wherein the first in-coupling optical element is configured to incouple into the first waveguide light, from the incoming beam of light, having a first wavelength range; and

a second waveguide assembly comprising:

a second waveguide having a first major surface and a second major surface; and

a second in-coupling optical element configured to receive a second incoming beam of light;

wherein the second in-coupling optical element is configured to incouple into the second waveguide light, from the second incoming beam of light, having a second wavelength range,

wherein the first in-coupling optical element and the second in coupling optical element are laterally displaced from each other as seen in a top-down view facing major surfaces of the first and second waveguides.

17. The display system of Claim 16, wherein the stack of waveguide assemblies comprises:

a third waveguide assembly comprising:

a third waveguide having a first major surface and a second major surface;

a third in-coupling optical element configured to receive the first incoming beam of light, wherein the third in-coupling optical element is configured to incouple into the third waveguide light, from the incoming beam of light, having a third wavelength range different from the first wavelength range and the second wavelength range; and

an optical filter between the first waveguide and the third waveguide, the optical filter configured to absorb light, from the incoming beam of light, having the first wavelength and transmit light, from the incoming beam of light, having the third wavelength range.

18. The display system of Claim 17, wherein at least a portion of the first in coupling optical element overlaps with a portion of the third incoming optical element, as seen in the top-down view.

19. The display system of any of Claims 17, further comprising a second optical filter on one of the first or second major surfaces of the first waveguide, the second optical filter laterally displaced from the first in-coupling optical element, as seen in the top-down view, wherein the second optical filter configured to absorb incoupled light in the first waveguide having a wavelength range different from the first wavelength range.

20. The display system of any of Claims 17, further comprising a third optical filter on one of the first or second major surfaces of the second waveguide, the third optical filter laterally displaced from the second in-coupling optical element, the third optical filter configured to absorb incoupled light in the second waveguide having a wavelength range different from the second wavelength range.

21. The display system of any of Claims 17, further comprising a fourth optical filter on one of the first or second major surfaces of the third waveguide, wherein the fourth optical filter is between the second waveguide and the third waveguide, the fourth optical filter configured to:

absorb light having the first wavelength range and the second wavelength range and

transmit light having the third wavelength range.

22. A display system comprising:

a projection system for outputting image light for forming a full-color image; a stack of waveguides comprising:

a first waveguide having a first in-coupling optical element configured to receive the image light and to in-couple image light of a first component color; and

a second waveguide underlying the first waveguide, and having a second in-coupling optical element configured to receive the image light and to in-couple image light of a second component color,

wherein the first in-coupling optical element and the second in coupling optical element are laterally displaced relative to one another by 5- 50% of a shortest width of the first and second in-coupling optical elements, as seen in a top-down view.

23. The display system of Claim 22, wherein the first in-coupling optical element and the second in-coupling optical element are laterally displaced relative to one another by 10-25% of the shortest width of the first and second in-coupling optical elements, as seen in a top-down view.

24. The display system of Claim 22, wherein the projection system has a single exit-pupil for outputting the image light.

25. The display system of Claim 22, further comprising a color filter in a light path of the image light, the color filter disposed between the first and second in-coupling optical elements.

26. The display system of Claim 25, wherein the color filter is laterally displaced relative to the first in-coupling optical element by the same amount as the second in-coupling optical element.

27. The display system of Claim 25, wherein the color filter is an absorptive color filter.

28. The display system of Claim 22, further comprising a third waveguide underlying the second waveguide, and having a third in-coupling optical element configured to receive the image light and to in-couple image light of a third component color.

29. The display system of Claim 28, wherein the third in-coupling optical element is laterally displaced relative to the second in-coupling optical element by 5-50% of a shortest width of the second and third in-coupling optical elements, as seen in a top-down view.

30. The display system of Claim 28, wherein the first, second, and third in coupling optical elements constitute a first set of waveguides for forming images on a first depth plane,

further comprising a second set of waveguides for forming images on a second depth plane, wherein the first and second set of waveguides output light with different amounts of wavefront divergence from one another.

31. The display system of Claim 30, wherein the second set of waveguides comprises fourth, fifth, and sixth waveguides, each having respective fourth, fifth, and sixth in-coupling optical elements.

32. The display system of Claim 31, wherein the fourth in-coupling optical element and the fifth in-coupling optical element are laterally displaced relative to one another by 5-50% of a shortest width of the fourth and fifth in-coupling optical elements, as seen in a top-down view.

33. The display system of Claim 32, wherein the fifth in-coupling optical element and the sixth in-coupling optical element are laterally displaced relative to one another by 5-50% of a shortest width of the fifth and sixth in-coupling optical elements, as seen in a top-down view.