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1. WO1985002683 - PROCEDE ET DISPOSITIF DE DETECTION DE GOUTTELETTES D'AGENTS CHIMIQUES

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

I CLAIM:
1. Means for adapting a chemical agent vapor detection and alarm device to respond to liquid droplets of a chemical agent, comprising:
liquid droplet collection means adapted to be disposed in an attitude generally perpendicular to the path of falling droplets, said collection means including a sheet member permeable to air and adapted to enhance the vaporization of liquid droplets falling thereupon;
housing means disposed about the lower side of said sheet member to form a chamber, and
conduit means communicating between the interior of said chamber and a sample inlet port of said detection and alarm device.
2. The means of claim 1 wherein said sheet member is of substantially uniform porosity and permeability over its entire area.
3. The means of claim 2 including heating means to adapted to maintain said sheet member at a temperature above ambient.
4. The means of claim 3 wherein said heating means include electrical resistance filaments disposed within said chamber and arranged to direct radiant energy onto said sheet member.
5. The means of claim 2 wherein said sheet member includes chemical reactants or catalytic materials adapted to convert said chemical agent to a more volatile species.
6. The means of claim 5 wherein said chemical reactants include silver nitrate and potassium fluoride and are adapted to convert V-type nerve agents to GB-type nerve agents.
7. The means of claim 2 wherein said sheet member is wettable by said chemical agent and is adapted to cause a substantial increase in liquid surface area upon contact of a liquid droplet therewith.

8. The means of claim 7 wherein said sheet member comprises finely woven screen or fabric having openings substantially smaller than 50 microns.
9. The means of claim 7 wherein said sheet member comprises a metal fibril mat.
10. The means of claim 9 wherein said metal fibrils are stainless steel, wherein said mat thickness is in the range of about 0.01 to 0.02 inches and wherein the nominal pore size is about 02 microns.
11. The means of claim 2 wherein a pair of said collection means are disposed at a location above said detection and alarm device.
12. The means of claim 11 wherein said pair of said collection means is pivotable from a generally horizontal to a generally vertical position.
13. The means of claim 2 wherein said sheet member is canted at an angle to the horizontal, is pivoted to rotate about a vertical axis, and is adapted to face into the prevailing wind.
14. The means of claim 2 wherein said sheet member has a surface area in the range of 5 to 50 square inches.
15. A method for detecting falling liquid droplets of a chemical agent comprising:
intercepting at least one of said falling droplets;
causing said intercepted droplets to vaporize; pneumatically transporting the droplet vapor in a constant volume air stream to a detector;
passing said air stream and said vapor through the detector, and
producing a signal responsive to the presence of chemical agent in said detector.
16. The method of claim 15 wherein droplets are intercepted upon a sheet member which is permeable to air and is adapted to enhance the vaporization of liquid thereon.

17. The method of claim 16 wherein said constant volume air stream is drawn through said sheet member.
18. The method of claim 17 wherein said sheet member comprises a metal fibril mat.
19. The method of claim 17 wherein said chemical agent comprises a chemical warfare agent.
20. The method of claim 17 wherein said chemical agent comprises a pesticide or herbicide.
21. A device for detecting falling liquid droplets of a chemical agent comprising:
droplet collecting means disposed to intercept falling liquid droplets, said collecting means including a sheet member permeable to air and adapted to vaporize said liquid droplets;
housing means enclosing a chamber disposed about the bottom side of said sheet member;
detector means adapted to produce a signal upon passage of chemical agent vapor therethrough;
conduit means communicating between said chamber and said detector means, and
means for drawing an air stream through said collecting means, conduit means and detector.
22. The device of claim 21 wherein said sheet member has a surface area greater than about 5 square inches and is of substantially uniform porosity and permeability.
23. The device of claim 22 wherein said sheet member is wettable by said chemical agent and is adapted to cause a substantial increase in liquid surface area upon contact of a liquid droplet therewith.
24. The device of claim 23 wherein said sheet member comprises finely woven screen or fabric having openings smaller than about 50 microns.
25. The device of claim 23 wherein said sheet member comprises a metal fibril mat.

26. The device of claim 25 wherein said metal fibrils are stainless steel and wherein said mat thickness is in the range of about 0.01 to 0.02 inches.

27. The device of claim 21 wherein said detector comprises an ionization cell employing a radioactive source.
28. The device of claim 21 wherein said droplet collection means is canted at an angle to the horizontal, is rotatable about a vertical axis, and is adapted to face into the prevailing wind.
29. The means for intercepting and vaporizing falling liquid droplets of a chemical agent comprising: collecting means having an upper surface disposed transversely across the path of said falling droplets, said collecting means comprising an air permeable member adapted to cause vaporization of said droplets upon impact;
chamber means formed about a lower surface of said collecting means, and
means to draw air through said permeable member.
30. The means of claim 29 wherein said air permeable member is wettable by said chemical agent and is adapted to cause a substantial increase in liquid surface area upon contact of a liquid droplet therewith.