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1. US20200397924 - PREPARATION METHOD OF INTERMEDIATE OF GADOLINIUM-BASED IONIC CONTRAST AGENT AND USE THEREOF

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Claims

1. A preparation method of an intermediate of gadolinium-based ionic contrast agent, wherein, the reaction equation for the preparation method is as follows:

(MOL) (CDX)
the preparation method comprises the following step:
allowing a substance represented by the general formula (II) to react with a substance represented by the general formula (III) or a substance represented by the general formula (IV) in the presence of a basic catalyst to generate an intermediate of gadolinium-based ionic contrast agent having the structure represented by the general formula (I) or the general formula (V);
wherein, R represents C 1-C 5 alkyl, benzyl or benzyl derivative, R 1 represents —H or —CH 2OH, and R 2 represents —CH 2OH, —CH 3 or —OH.
2. The preparation method of an intermediate of gadolinium-based ionic contrast agent according to claim 1, wherein R represents C 1-C 5 alkyl, R 1 represents —H or —CH 2OH, and R 2 represents —CH 2OH, —CH 3 or —OH.
3. The preparation method of an intermediate of gadolinium-based ionic contrast agent according to claim 1, wherein R represents tert-butyl, R 1 represents —H, and R 2 represents —CH 3, or R represents tert-butyl, R 1 represents —CH 2OH, and R 2 Represents —CH 2OH.
4. The preparation method according to claim 1, wherein the basic catalyst is an inorganic basic catalyst or an organic basic catalyst; the inorganic basic catalyst is one or more selected from potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate, lithium carbonate, potassium bicarbonate, sodium bicarbonate and lithium bicarbonate; the organic basic catalyst is an organic amine catalyst, and the organic amine catalyst is one or more selected from trimethylamine, tripropylamine, tributylamine, dimethylaniline, diethylaniline, pyridine, pyridine derivative and compounds similar to the above-mentioned structures.
5. The preparation method according to claim 1, wherein the mass ratio of the substance represented by the general formula (II), the substance represented by the general formula (III) or the general formula (IV), and the basic catalyst is (10-100):(1-10):1.
6. The preparation method according to claim 1, wherein the reaction temperature is 40 to 180° C. and the reaction time is 6 to 18 h.
7. The preparation method according to claim 1, wherein toluene or isopropanol is used as a solvent in the reaction.
8. An intermediate of gadolinium-based ionic contrast agent, wherein, the intermediate has a structure represented by the general formula (V):
9. Use of the preparation method according to claim 1 in the preparation of a gadolinium-based ionic contrast agent, wherein the intermediate of gadolinium-based ionic contrast agent is subjected to hydrolysis and prepared into salt to obtain the gadolinium-based ionic contrast agent.
10. The use according to claim 9, wherein the hydrolysis specifically comprises: hydrolyzing the intermediate of gadolinium-based ionic contrast agent in the presence of a catalyst; wherein
the preparation method of the catalyst comprises the following steps: subjecting zirconia and titanium tetrachloride to reaction in the presence of sulfuric acid and water at 60° C. to 90° C. until solids are dissolved, adding silica to perform reaction for 1 to 5 h, filtering to obtain solids, washing and calcining the solids.
11. The preparation method according to claim 2, wherein the mass ratio of the substance represented by the general formula (II), the substance represented by the general formula (III) or the general formula (IV), and the basic catalyst is (10-100):(1-10): 1.
12. The preparation method according to claim 3, wherein the mass ratio of the substance represented by the general formula (II), the substance represented by the general formula (III) or the general formula (IV), and the basic catalyst is (10-100):(1-10): 1.
13. The preparation method according to claim 4, wherein the mass ratio of the substance represented by the general formula (II), the substance represented by the general formula (III) or the general formula (IV), and the basic catalyst is (10-100):(1-10): 1.
14. The preparation method according to claim 2, wherein the reaction temperature is 40 to 180° C. and the reaction time is 6 to 18 h.
15. The preparation method according to claim 3, wherein the reaction temperature is 40 to 180° C. and the reaction time is 6 to 18 h.
16. The preparation method according to claim 4, wherein the reaction temperature is 40 to 180° C. and the reaction time is 6 to 18 h.
17. The preparation method according to claim 5, wherein the reaction temperature is 40 to 180° C. and the reaction time is 6 to 18 h.
18. The preparation method according to claim 2, wherein toluene or isopropanol is used as a solvent in the reaction.
19. The preparation method according to claim 3, wherein toluene or isopropanol is used as a solvent in the reaction.
20. The preparation method according to claim 4, wherein toluene or isopropanol is used as a solvent in the reaction.