Traitement en cours

Veuillez attendre...

Paramétrages

Paramétrages

Aller à Demande

1. WO2007109017 - CHAMBRE DE COMBUSTION DYNAMIQUE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A system (10) for converting potential energy into heat comprising:
a tower (1 10) configured to be oriented vertically when in an operating mode at an intended site of use, the tower (110) further configured to contain a first fluid (101) in a sealable manner therein and to permit the formation of a substantially nitrogen-free combustion chamber (130) at a pressure less than the ambient pressure proximate to the tower (1 10) at the intended site of use when in the operating mode, the combustion chamber (130) dynamically defined by walls of a first end (170) of the vertically-oriented tower (110) and the top surface (132) of the first fluid (101) contained in the tower (110) during use;
a first tower outlet (120) proximate to a second end (172) of the tower (110), the second end (172) defining the lower portion of the tower (110) when in the operating mode;
a first valve (220) in fluid communication with the first tower outlet (120), the first valve (220) configured to regulate a flow of the first fluid (101) out of the tower (110);
an oxygen source (310) configured to supply a flow of oxygen from the oxygen source (310) to the resulting combustion chamber (130) in the tower (110) when in use through an oxygen inlet (140) in fluid communication with the tower (110) and the oxygen source (310);
an oxygen valve (312) in fluid communication with the oxygen source (310) and the oxygen inlet (140), the oxygen valve (312) configured to regulate the flow of oxygen out of the oxygen source (310) into the tower (110) through the oxygen inlet (140);
a combustible fuel source (320) configured to supply a flow of fuel comprising hydrogen from the combustible fuel source (320) to the combustion chamber (130) through a fuel inlet (150) in fluid communication with the tower (110) and the combustible fuel source (320);

a fuel valve (322) in fluid communication with the combustible fuel source (320) and the fuel inlet (150) configured to regulate the flow of fuel out of the combustible fuel source (320) into the tower (1 10) through the fuel inlet (150); and
an ignition source (138) positioned proximate to the first end (170) of the tower so that it resides within the combustion chamber (138) and configured to initiate an exothermic reaction between the flow of oxygen and the flow of fuel so as to produce H2O when in the operating mode.
2. The system of Claim 1, wherein the length of the tower is designed to be greater than the ratio of the ambient pressure at the intended site of use to the density of the first fluid.
3. The system of Claim 2, wherein the first valve is configured to regulate the flow of the first fluid out of the tower when the height of the first fluid in the tower exceeds the ratio of the ambient pressure at the intended site of use to the density of the first fluid.
4. The system of Claim 1, wherein the first valve is configured to regulate the flow of the first fluid out of the tower when a pump in fluid communication with the first tower outlet pumps the first fluid out of the tower.
5. The system of Claim 1, wherein the combustible fuel comprises hydrogen gas.

6. The system of Claim 1, wherein the combustible fuel consists essentially of hydrogen gas.
7. The system of Claim 1 , wherein the combustible fuel consists of hydrogen gas.

8. The system of Claim 1 , wherein the ambient pressure is atmospheric pressure.

9. The system of Claim 1, wherein the first tower outlet is located in an end of the tower.
10. The system of Claim 1 , wherein the oxygen inlet and the fuel inlet are located in an end of the tower.
11. The system of Claim 1, wherein the system is configured such that at least some of the H2O is in the form of steam.
12. The system of Claim 1, wherein the system is configured such that the reaction produces substantially no NOx.

13. The system of Claim 2, further comprising a first fluid reservoir in fluid communication with the first tower outlet.
14. The system of Claim 13, wherein the first valve is configured to regulate a flow of the first fluid out of the tower into the first fluid reservoir when the height of the first fluid in the tower exceeds the ratio of the ambient pressure at the intended site of use to the density of the first fluid.
15. The system of Claim 13, wherein the bottom of the first fluid reservoir is at a lower altitude than the second end of the tower in the operating mode.
16. The system of Claim 13, wherein the first fluid reservoir has a volume at least greater than the volume of the combustion chamber.
17. The system of Claim 1, further comprising a second tower outlet proximate to the first end of the tower, the second tower outlet configured to permit a flow of steam out of the tower when the tower is in the operating mode.
18. The system of Claim 17, further comprising a second valve in fluid communication with the second tower outlet and configured to direct the flow of steam.
19. The system of Claim 18, wherein the second valve regulates the pressure in the combustion chamber when the tower is in the operating mode.
20. The system of Claim 18, wherein the second valve is configured to cause EbO within the tower to form superheated steam.
21. The system of Claim 18, wherein the second valve directs the flow of steam to a steam turbine, the steam turbine configured to generate electricity when steam flows out of the second tower outlet when the tower is in the operating mode.
22. The system of Claim 18, wherein the second valve directs the flow of steam to a heating system.
23. The system of Claim 18, wherein the second valve directs the flow of steam to a cooling system.
24. The system of Claim 18, wherein the second valve directs the flow of steam to a cooking system.

25. The system of Claim 17, further comprising a steam condenser in fluid communication with the second tower outlet and configured to condense at least a portion of the steam when steam flows out of the second tower outlet.
26. The system of Claim 1, further comprising a fluid circulating loop for absorbing energy generated in the tower when the tower is in use, the loop comprising:
a second fluid contained within the loop for circulation therethrough;
a second fluid reservoir configured to contain at least some of the second fluid;
a heat exchanger in fluid communication with and downstream of the second fluid reservoir and in thermal communication with the tower, the heat exchanger configured to transfer heat resulting from the reaction in the combustion chamber to the second fluid circulating through the heat exchanger so that at least a portion of the second fluid is vaporized; and
a turbine in fluid communication with and downstream of the heat exchanger and configured to generate electricity from the passage therethrough of the vaporized second fluid.
27. The system of Claim 26, further comprising a second fluid valve in fluid communication with the heat exchanger and the second fluid reservoir and configured to regulate a flow of the second fluid out of the second fluid reservoir and through the heat exchanger.
28. The system of Claim 26, further comprising a condenser in fluid communication with and downstream of the turbine and in fluid communication with and upstream of the second fluid reservoir, the condenser configured to condense at least a portion of the vaporized second fluid and to permit the passage therethrough of the second fluid to the second fluid reservoir.
29. The system of Claim 1, further comprising at least one reactant turbine in fluid communication with either the oxygen inlet or the fuel inlet, the at least one reactant turbine configured to generate electricity from the pressurized flow of oxygen or fuel, respectively, therethrough.

30. The system of Claim 1, further comprising a first fluid turbine in fluid communication with the first tower outlet and configured to generate electricity when the first fluid flows out of the first tower outlet.
31. A method of generating heat from an exothermic reaction of oxygen with a combustible fuel, the reaction products comprising minimal impurities, the method comprising:
providing a combustion chamber (130) substantially free of nitrogen and at a pressure less than an ambient pressure outside and proximate to the combustion chamber (130);
directing a flow of oxygen into the chamber through an oxygen inlet (140) in fluid communication with the combustion chamber (130);
directing a flow of the combustible fuel into the chamber through a fuel inlet (150) in fluid communication with the combustion chamber (130); and
igniting the reaction between the oxygen and the combustible fuel, thereby generating heat.
32. The method of Claim 31, wherein the step of generating heat comprises generating a quantity of heat sufficiently to at least partially vaporize a fluid in a heat exchanger in thermal communication with the combustion chamber, and the method further comprising directing the vaporized fluid through a turbine.
33. The method of Claim 32, wherein directing the vaporized fluid through a turbine comprises generating electricity.
34. The method of Claim 31 , wherein the combustible fuel comprises hydrogen and wherein the reaction products comprise H2O.
35. The method of Claim 34, wherein at least some of the H2O produced in the reaction comprises steam.
36. The method of Claim 35, further comprising directing the steam through a turbine.
37. The method of Claim 36, wherein directing the steam through the turbine comprises generating electricity.

38. The method of Claim 31, wherein the combustion chamber is defined by the enclosed end of a tower and the top surface of a fluid contained in the tower.
39. The method of Claim 38, wherein the fluid comprises water and wherein at least some of the heat generated by the reaction at least partially vaporizes the water, thereby generating steam.
40. The method of Claim 39, further comprising directing the steam through a turbine.
41. The method of Claim 40, wherein directing the steam through the turbine comprises generating electricity.
42. A method of creating a dynamic combustion chamber (130) substantially free of nitrogen and at a pressure less than an ambient pressure outside and proximate to the chamber (130), the chamber (130) adapted to house a combustion reaction between oxygen and a fuel comprising hydrogen that produces heat and reduced impurities, the method comprising:
providing a sealable vertically-oriented tower (110) comprising combustion reactant inlets (140,150) deliverable to an enclosed top end (172) of the tower (110), the tower height (lχ) being greater than the ratio of the ambient pressure to the density of a fluid (101) adapted to absorb the reaction products;
completely filling the tower (1 10) with the fluid (101); and
opening an outlet (120) proximate to the bottom (172) of the tower (1 10) and in fluid communication with the tower (110) so as to allow the fluid (101) to flow out of the tower (110), thereby creating the dynamic combustion chamber (130) defined by the enclosed top end (172) of the tower (110) and the top surface (132) of the fluid (101) remaining in the tower (110).
43. A method of generating electricity while producing minimal impurities, the method comprising:
obtaining hydrogen produced at least in part from either an uncertain power source or a pollution producing power source, the power source at a first location;
directing oxygen and the hydrogen into a combustion chamber (130) at a second location, the combustion chamber (130) substantially free of nitrogen and at a pressure less than an ambient pressure outside and proximate to the combustion chamber (130);
igniting a reaction between the oxygen and the hydrogen within the combustion chamber (130), thereby generating heat and steam; and
utilizing at least one of the heat and the steam to generate electricity at the second location.
44. The method of Claim 43, wherein the pollution producing power source comprises a coal, oil, or natural gas power plant.
45. The method of Claim 43, wherein the pollution producing power source comprises a nuclear power plant.
46. The method of Claim 43, wherein the uncertain power source comprises a solar, wind, or wave power plant.
47. The method of Claim 43, wherein the first location is remote from the second location.
48. The method of Claim 43, wherein the hydrogen is stored in a tank.
49. The method of Claim 43, wherein the hydrogen is transported to the second location along a pipeline.
50. The method of Claim 43, wherein utilizing at least one of the heat and the steam to generate electricity comprises directing steam through a turbine.
51. The method of Claim 43, wherein utilizing at least one of the heat and the steam to generate electricity comprises:
at least partially vaporizing a fluid in a heat exchanger in thermal communication with the combustion chamber; and
directing the vaporized fluid through a turbine.