Parte del contenido de esta aplicación no está disponible en este momento.
Si esta situación persiste, contáctenos aComentarios y contacto
1. (WO2019026075) METHODS OF DETECTING MODIFIED AND UNMODIFIED DNA
Nota: Texto obtenido mediante procedimiento automático de reconocimiento óptico de caracteres.
Solo tiene valor jurídico la versión en formato PDF

1. A method of detecting the presence of at least one target modified or unmodified DNA sequence in a DNA molecule, the method comprising:

a. contacting said DNA molecule with at least one DNA methyltransferase enzyme (MTase) in the presence of a synthetic cofactor of said MTase, wherein said enzyme differentially binds and deposits at least a detectable moiety from said synthetic cofactor on said target sequence depending on the presence of said modification,

b. passing said contacted DNA molecule through a nanopore of an apparatus comprising a nanopore, and an electrical sensor, wherein said electrical sensor is configured to detect ion flow through said nanopore, and wherein said detectable moiety is detectable as it passes through said nanopore; and

c. detecting said DNA molecule as it passes through said nanopore and detecting if said detectable moiety is present as said DNA molecule passes through said nanopore, wherein said enzyme binds and deposits on modified DNA and said presence of said detectable moiety indicates the presence of said target modified DNA sequence or said enzyme binds and deposits on unmodified DNA and said presence of said detectable moiety indicates the presence of said target unmodified DNA sequence;

thereby detecting the presence of at least one target DNA sequence with or without a modification.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein said synthetic cofactor is a steric S-adenosyl-L- methionine (AdoMet) analog.

3. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein said synthetic cofactor comprises a bulky group.

4. The method of claim 3, wherein said bulky group is gamma cyclodextrin.

5. The method of claim 1 or 2, wherein said synthetic cofactor comprises a fluorophore, and said apparatus comprises an optical sensor, wherein said optical sensor is configured to detect fluorescence at said nanopore.

019/026075 mod of claim 5? wherein said fiuorophore is selected ?£Τ ¾2ίϋ5¾¾1ιθΓε, an orange fluorophore, a green fluorophore and a blue fluorophore.

7. The method of claim 5 or 6, wherein said detecting if said detectable moiety is present comprises determining the fluorescence per base pair of the molecule.

8. The method of any one of claims 5 to 7, wherein said detecting if said detectable moiety is present comprises detecting fluorescence before said molecule translocates through said nanopore, after said molecule translocates through said nanopore or both, and removing background fluorescence from fluorescence measured as said molecule translocates through said nanopore.

9. The method of any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein said DNA modification is DNA methylation.

10. The method of claim 9, wherein said DNA methylation is selected from 5- methylcytosine and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine.

11. The method of any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein said enzyme binds to and transfers said detectable moiety to only modified or only unmodified target sequence.

12. The method of any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein said enzyme binds to a target sequence comprising a cytosine-guanine dinucleotide (CpG).

13. The method of any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein said enzyme is selected from M.TaqI, M.SssI, M.BscCI, M.EcoDam, M.Hhal, and Mpel.

14. In method of claim 13, wherein said MTase is M.TaqI and said method detects unmethylated target sequence.

15. The method of any one of claims 1 to 14, for detecting a modified or unmodified target sequence, wherein said target sequence is within 5 base pairs of a differently modified target sequence.

16. The method of any one of claims 1 to 15, wherein said depositing comprising covalent linkage of said detectable moiety to said DNA molecule.

019/p26075cthod of any one of claims i to
fluid reservoir and a second fluid reservoir and wherein said first and second fluid reservoirs are in electrical contact with each other via said nanopore.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein said passing comprises running electrical current from said first reservoir to said second reservoir via said nanopore and wherein said first and second reservoirs contain fluid suitable for transferring said DNA molecule through said nanopore via said electrical current.

19. The method of claim 17 or 18, wherein said DNA molecule is within a solution, and wherein said passing comprises placing said solution in said first reservoir.

20. The method of claim 19, further comprising removing from said solution synthetic cofactor that is not deposited on DNA before said placing.

21. A kit comprising:

a. at least one DNA methyltransferase enzyme (MTase);

b. at least one synthetic cofactor of the MTase comprising a detectable moiety; and

c. a nanopore apparatus comprising a nanopore, and an electrical sensor, wherein said electrical sensor is configured to detect ion flow through said nanopore;

wherein said detectable moiety is detectable as it translocates through said nanopore.

22. The kit of claim 21, wherein said nanopore apparatus further comprises an optical sensor configured to detect fluorescence at said nanopore