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1. (WO2018081196) METHOD FOR ARCHIVING A MICROBIOME
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CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A method for archiving a microbiome, the method comprising:

collecting a sample including a microbial community defining the microbiome;

expanding the microbial community in the sample;

preserving the sample to provide a preserved sample; and

packaging the preserved sample to archive the microbiome.

2. The method of claim 1 , wherein expanding the microbial community in the sample includes providing a microbiome modulator to the sample.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein providing the microbiome modulator to the sample occurs prior to preserving the sample.

4. The method of claim 2, wherein the microbiome modulator comprises a prebiotic that encourages growth of a desired bacteria in the microbial community.

5. The method of claim 4, wherein the microbiome modulator further comprises at least one of a

bacteriophage and a predatory bacteria that discourage growth of a non-desired bacteria in the microbial community.

6. The method of claim 1 , wherein the sample is preserved by lyophilization.

7. The method of claim 2, wherein packaging the preserved sample includes providing a reconstitution fluid along with the preserved sample, wherein the reconstitution fluid is separate from the preserved sample.

8. The method of claim 7, wherein the microbiome modulator is provided in the reconstitution fluid.

9. The method of claim 7, wherein the packaging is a dual chambered ampoule including a first

chamber and a second chamber, the first chamber of the ampoule includes the preserved sample, the second chamber of the ampoule includes the reconstitution fluid.

10. A method for archiving a microbiome, the method comprising:

collecting a sample including a microbial community defining the microbiome;

providing a microbiome modulator to the sample;

preserving the sample to provide a preserved sample; and

packaging the preserved sample to archive the microbiome.

11 . The method of claim 10, wherein providing the microbiome modulator to the sample occurs prior to preserving the sample.

12. The method of claim 10, wherein the microbiome modulator comprises a prebiotic that encourages growth of a desired bacteria in the microbial community.

13. The method of claim 10, wherein the microbiome modulator comprises at least one of a bacteriophage and a predatory bacteria that discourage growth of a non-desired bacteria in the microbial community.

14. The method of claim 10, wherein the sample is preserved by lyophilization.

15. The method of claim 10, wherein packaging the preserved sample includes providing a reconstitution fluid along with the preserved sample, wherein the reconstitution fluid is separate from the preserved sample.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein the microbiome modulator is provided in the reconstitution fluid.

17. The method of claim 15, wherein the packaging is a dual chambered ampoule including a first chamber and a second chamber, the first chamber of the ampoule includes the preserved sample, the second chamber of the ampoule includes the reconstitution fluid.

18. A method of recreating a microbiome, the method comprising:

archiving the microbiome according to the method for archiving a microbiome of claim 10; and reconstituting the preserved sample to recreate the microbiome.

19. A method for archiving a microbiome, the method comprising:

collecting a sample including a microbial community defining the microbiome, the microbial community being selected from the group consisting of: nasal, vaginal, skin, oral, bladder, placenta, breast, scalp, ear, eye, kidney, lungs, and nails;

preserving the sample by lyophilization to provide a preserved sample; and

packaging the preserved sample to archive the microbiome.

20. The method of claim 19, further comprising:

providing a microbiome modulator to the sample, the microbiome modulator comprising at least one of a prebiotic, a bacteriophage, and a predatory bacteria, wherein the prebiotic is configured to encourage growth of a desired bacteria in the microbial community, and wherein the bacteriophage and the predatory bacteria are configured to discourage growth of a non-desired bacteria in the microbial community.