WO/2015/090477 METHOD FOR PRODUCTION OF A FUEL GAS FROM CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL||WO||25.06.2015|
||PCT/EP2013/077832||JACOBSEN, Jørn||JACOBSEN, Jørn|
A method and plant for thermal treatment and chemical transformation of waste comprising natural and synthetic carbonaceous materials for generation of a fuel gas for further use is described. Pyrolysis gas and solid waste from a thermolysis and pyrolysis reactor (40), is further processed to produce a fuel gas having a substantially stable WOBBE index.
WO/2015/089554 PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR CLEANING RAW PRODUCT GAS||WO||25.06.2015|
||PCT/AU2014/001135||RENERGI PTY LTD||LI, Chun-Zhu|
The present disclosure provides a process for cleaning raw product gas. The process comprises contacting the raw product gas with a flow of catalyst to reform organic contaminants and inorganic contaminants in the raw product gas and to remove particulates. Further, the process comprises cooling the resulting product gas via heat exchange with a heat exchange medium in the presence of char or a solid adsorbent medium to condense remaining organic contaminants and inorganic contaminants on the char or solid adsorbent medium and to filter out fine particulates.
WO/2015/093184 HYDROGEN-GENERATING AGENT AND HYDROGEN GENERATION METHOD||WO||25.06.2015|
||PCT/JP2014/079689||OTA Teruo||OTA Teruo|
Provided are: a hydrogen
agent which has, formed on the surface thereof, a specific water content controlling layer, and therefore can generate a predetermined amount of hydrogen rapidly and can effectively prevent the elution of an alkaline component such as magnesium and calcium when the hydrogen
agent is added to a liquid material placed in a container; and a hydrogen addition method using the hydrogen
agent for adding hydrogen to a liquid material placed in a container; and a hydrogen generation
method using the hydrogen
agent. The hydrogen
agent is characterized in that magnesium is contained, as a hydrogen
component, in an amount of 1 to 40% by weight relative to the whole amount of the hydrogen
agent, the average particle diameter of the hydrogen
agent ranges from 1 μm to 20 mm, and a water content controlling layer for controlling the content of water permeating from the outside is provided on the whole area or a part of the surface of a core material of the hydrogen
WO/2015/093547 METHOD FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN AND HYDROGEN GENERATOR||WO||25.06.2015|
||PCT/JP2014/083464||HIROSHIMA UNIVERSITY||KOJIMA Yoshitsugu|
This method for generating hydrogen
comprises: a first hydrogen generation
step for generating an alkali metal oxide and hydrogen molecules by reacting an alkali metal with an alkali metal hydroxide; a reduction step for generating an alkali metal and oxygen molecules by decomposing the alkali metal oxide generated in the first hydrogen generation
step; and a second hydrogen generation
step for generating an alkali metal hydroxide and hydrogen molecules by reacting water with the alkali metal generated in the reduction step. The first hydrogen generation
step, the reduction step and the second hydrogen generation
step are carried out in this order.
WO/2015/091430 PROCESS FOR PRODUCING AMMONIA SYNTHESIS GAS||WO||25.06.2015|
||PCT/EP2014/077882||CASALE SA||FILIPPI, Ermanno|
A process and a related equipment for producing ammonia synthesis gas from a hydrocarbon-containing feedstock (20), the process comprising the steps of: primary reforming with steam (21), secondary reforming with an oxidant stream (23), and purification of the effluent of said secondary reforming, said purification comprising a step of shift conversion (13) of carbon monoxide, wherein the synthesis gas (25) produced by said secondary reforming is subject to a medium-temperature shift over a copper-based catalyst, and the global steam to carbon ratio of the process is not greater than 2.
WO/2015/092816 FUNCTIONALIZED ZINC OXIDE NANOPARTICLES FOR PHOTOCATALYTIC WATER SPLITTING||WO||25.06.2015|
||PCT/IN2014/000780||COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH||DEVI, Radhamonyamma Nandini|
The present invention relates to a photocatalyst composition having visible light activity for hydrogen production
through water splitting. More particularly, the present invention discloses a photocatalyst composition comprising a zinc oxide nanoparticles and a conjugated organic moiety selected from the group consisting of oligothiophenes, azo dyes, and perylenes.
WO/2015/088337 HYDROGEN SULPHIDE CONVERSION||WO||18.06.2015|
||PCT/NL2014/050844||NEDERLANDSE ORGANISATIE VOOR TOEGEPAST-NATUURWETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK TNO||VAN DER HAM, Leonardus Volkert|
The invention relates to a process for treating a feed stream comprising hydrogen
sulphide to produce hydrogen
and sulphur. The process comprises a) contacting said feed stream with a liquid phase comprising a diatomic halogen compound dissolved in an organic solvent and reacting hydrogen sulphide with said diatomic halogen compound thereby producing hydrogen
halide and sulphur in a fluid stream comprising said organic solvent, b) reacting produced hydrogen
halide to provide hydrogen and a diatomic halogen compound, c) collecting hydrogen
, and d) separating sulphur from a process stream comprising sulphur and organic solvent, and collecting sulphur as product.
WO/2015/085363 ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL WITHOUT AN ELECTROLYTE-IMPERMEABLE BARRIER||WO||18.06.2015|
||PCT/AU2014/050408||AQUAHYDREX PTY LTD||SWIEGERS, Gerhard Frederick|
In one aspect there is provided an electrochemical cell without an electrolyte- impermeable barrier. In another aspect there is provided an electrochemical cell comprising a liquid electrolyte, a cathode and at least one cathode product able to be produced at the cathode, and an anode and at least one anode product able to be produced at the anode. The at least one anode product and the at least one cathode product are substantially separated, and the cell is without an electrolyte-impermeable barrier positioned between the cathode and the anode.. There is a relatively low ratio of electrolyte volume to electrode geometric surface area of the cathode or the anode (electrolyte volume (m3) / electrode surface area (m2)). The cell can be operated at a relatively low current density. Optionally, an electrolyte-permeable separator may be employed.
WO/2015/085981 STORAGE POWER PLANT FUEL CELL||WO||18.06.2015|
||PCT/DE2014/000618||DIETRICH, Karl, Werner||DIETRICH, Karl, Werner|
Hydrogen is a secondary energy carrier for renewable energies. Hydrogen
is usually produced
by electrolysis of water to store electrical energy. In a fuel cell, the hydrogen can be converted back into electrical energy. The natural gas network is suitable for storing hydrogen. Owing to the great physical and combustive differences between natural gas and hydrogen, the accommodation of the latter in the gas network is very restricted. The invention relates to a method by which hydrogen originating from electrolysis is reacted with synthesis gas to form methane, and the methane is introduced into the gas network. The introduced methane or the equivalent thereof in natural gas is withdrawn from the gas network and converted back into hydrogen and carbon dioxide in a reformer. To form 1 mole of methane, 2 mol of hydrogen from the electrolysis must be added to the synthesis gas. When the methane is decomposed again, twice the amount of hydrogen, 4 mol, is obtained. The synthesis gas can be obtained from biomass, e.g. wood, coal, or carbon compounds. A preferred method is to react the carbon dioxide that is formed in the reformer
with an equimolar amount of fresh methane/natural gas. This produces a particularly economical and pure synthesis gas. The carbon dioxide is circulated and does not pass into the environment. The secondary energy carrier, hydrogen, is stored and distributed in the natural gas network as methane, similar to natural gas, is doubled in quantity when withdrawn, and is supplied as hydrogen to fuel cells for conversion back into electricity.
WO/2015/089257 NATURAL GAS VEHICLE POWERTRAIN WITH ONBOARD CATALYTIC REFORMER||WO||18.06.2015|
||PCT/US2014/069679||EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY||BRODY, John, F.|
Catalyst compositions and methods for use of such catalyst composition in the exhaust gas recycle stream of an internal combustion engine for reforming of a methane-containing fuel are provided. A reformer incorporating such a catalyst for use in an exhaust gas recycle portion of an internal combustion engine powertrain is described. A powertrain incorporating such a reformer, a method of increasing the octane rating of an exhaust gas recycle stream, and a method of operating an internal combustion engine for methane combustion are also described.