20150056130 CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION METHOD OF HYDROGEN||US||26.02.2015|
||14387644||Hitachi Zosen Corporation||Hikazudani Susumu|
The present invention provides a continuous production method of hydrogen which is able to produce hydrogen, which is clean energy, simply and continuously without using ammonia. The invention of the continuous production method of hydrogen includes a hydrogen production step comprising introducing mayenite (Ca12Al14O33) and calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] into water and allowing them to react with water, thereby generating hydrogen and also forming katoite [Ca3Al2(OH)12]; a regeneration step comprising baking the formed katoite to regenerate mayenite and calcium hydroxide; and a circulation step comprising returning the regenerated mayenite and calcium hydroxide into the hydrogen production step. It is preferable that a temperature of water in the hydrogen production step is from 50 to 100° C., and a molar ratio of mayenite to calcium hydroxide is 1/9. In addition, it is preferable that a baking temperature of katoite in the regeneration step is from 300 to 500° C.
WO/2015/026292 PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN||WO||26.02.2015|
||PCT/SG2014/000104||HORIZON FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PTE. LTD.||GU, Zhijun|
For generating hydrogen
particularly for feeding a fuel cell, liquid solutions (4, 5) of a chemical hydride and of a accelerator or pre-accelerator are fed to a reaction site (11, 12, 13) via a peristaltic pump (9) and thereby commingled at a constant mutual ratio and so that the control of the reaction that leads to the release of the hydrogen can be conveniently performed by varying the pump speed and the duty cycle of a start and stop operation of the pump, while also regulating the temperature and the pressure at the reaction site.
20150047988 ELECTROLYSIS CELL WITH MULTIPLE MEMBRANES FOR CuCI/HCI ELECTROLYSIS IN HYDROGEN PRODUCTION||US||19.02.2015|
||14388424||ATOMIC ENERGY OF CANADA LIMITED||Kettner Andrew|
An electrochemical cell for producing hydrogen gas and cupric chloride. The cell comprises: an anode compartment comprising an anode for disposition in an anolyte, wherein the anolyte is cuprous chloride in hydrochloric acid; a cathode compartment comprising a cathode, wherein the cathode comprises an electrocatalyst; a plurality of ion exchange membranes disposed between the anode compartment and the cathode compartment; and at least one center compartment defined by a pair of said ion exchange membranes and comprising at least one element for removal or sequestering of copper ions that cross at least one of said membranes from the anode compartment. Also described is a method for CuCl/HCl electrolysis in the production of hydrogen using the electrochemical cell.
WO/2015/023113 SEPARATION MEMBRANE, HYDROGEN SEPARATION MEMBRANE INCLUDING SEPARATION MEMBRANE, AND DEVICE INCLUDING HYDROGEN SEPARATION MEMBRANE||WO||19.02.2015|
||PCT/KR2014/007497||SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.||KIM, Kwang Hee|
Disclosed are a separation membrane including a metal layer including at least one kind of Group 5 element, a non-porous metal oxide layer that is stacked on the surface of the metal layer and including at least one selected from Al2O3, SiO2, HfO2, ZrO2, TiO2, and a combination thereof, and a metal catalyst layer that is stacked on the non-porous metal oxide layer and has hydrogen dissociation performance, a hydrogen separation membrane including the separation membrane, a method of manufacturing
separation membrane, and a hydrogen separation device including the hydrogen separation membrane.
WO/2015/022912 ELECTROCHEMICAL REACTOR, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE FROM CARBON MONOXIDE AND WATER VAPOR USING SAME||WO||19.02.2015|
||PCT/JP2014/070991||KAGOSHIMA UNIVERSITY||HIRATA, Yoshihiro|
An electrochemical reactor (20) is equipped with: an anode electrode (21) which contains iron and gadolinium-doped ceria; a cathode electrode (22) which contains cobalt and gadolinium-doped ceria; and a porous electrolyte film (23) which is arranged between the anode electrode (21) and the cathode electrode (22) and contains gadolinium-doped ceria.
2837595 FUEL PROCESSING DEVICE||EP||18.02.2015|
||13810773||PANASONIC IP MAN CO LTD||MITA YUKI|
The present invention is provided with: an evaporation unit which evaporates water for reforming; a first shift-conversion unit which is disposed adjacent to the evaporation unit via a partition, and in which a gas to be processed passes through a catalyst; and a gas passage which feeds the gas from a reforming unit to the first shift-conversion unit, and which is disposed in the vicinity of the evaporation unit such that heat can be released to the evaporation unit. The gas passage has an intermediate passage which is provided to a location where the first shift-conversion unit and the evaporation unit face each other, and through which the gas passes. A downstream end of the intermediate passage is connected to an upstream end of the first shift-conversion unit.
2837594 METHOD FOR OPERATING HYDROGEN GENERATION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING FUEL CELL SYSTEM||EP||18.02.2015|
||13775050||PANASONIC IP MAN CO LTD||HARADA CHIE|
A method of operating a hydrogen generator
includes: a step (a) of generating
-containing gas by a hydrogen generation
unit by using a raw material in the hydrogen generation
unit; a step (b) of removing a sulfur compound from the raw material by a hydrodesulfurizer which is heated by heat transferred from the hydrogen generation
unit; and a step (c) of performing an operation of supplying the raw material to the hydrogen generation
unit after stopping the generating
of the hydrogen
-containing gas by the hydrogen generation
unit. The step (c) is not performed unless, at least, a temperature of the hydrodesulfurizer is such a temperature at which carbon deposition from the raw material is suppressed.
2837673 Method for treating gas from an oil shale rock process||EP||18.02.2015|
||14179469||LINDE AG||MAIER ALEXANDER|
In order to overcome problems that earlier methods of treating gas from a shale oil processing facility have experienced, the following steps are proposed:
- treating oil shale (OS) in an oil shale retort (RT) process to produce shale oil (SO) and retort-off gas (RG) streams;
- treating (GS) the retort-off gas (RG) stream to remove impurities and to produce a treated retort-off gas (TG) stream;
- feeding the treated retort-off gas (TG) stream to a stream reformer (SR) to produce hydrogen
- feeding the hydrogen (HY) to a shale oil refining and upgrading (RU) process; and
- treating the shale oil (SO) stream from the oil shale retort (RT) process in the shale oil refining and upgrading (RU) process to convert the shale oil (SO) to at least one fuel (F) and/or to at least one chemical (C).
08956587 Hydrogen production process with high export steam||US||17.02.2015|
||14061377||Air Products and Chemicals Inc.||Peng Xiang-Dong|
A catalytic steam-hydrocarbon reforming process for producing a hydrogen-containing product and export steam where a first stream of make-up water is heated by flue gases from the reformer and a second stream of make-up water is heated by reformate from the reformer prior to being introduced into a deaerator.
20150044102 HYDROGEN GENERATION APPARATUS||US||12.02.2015|
||14346649||PANASONIC CORPORATION||Kimura Yoichi|
A hydrogen generation apparatus is configured to be supplied with a raw material containing a hydrocarbon component and generate a hydrogen-containing fuel gas. The hydrogen generation apparatus includes: a reformer configured to cause a reforming reaction of a mixed gas of the raw material and steam; a combustor configured to combust a combustible gas to heat the reformer; a hydrodesulfurizer configured to be supplied with heat from the reformer, and cause a reaction between sulfur in the raw material that is to be supplied to the reformer and hydrogen to remove the sulfur from the raw material; a first heat insulating material disposed between the hydrodesulfurizer and the reformer; and a heat equalizing plate disposed between the hydrodesulfurizer and the first heat insulating material.