WO/2015/127815 SMALL-SCALE EQUIPMENT FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN BY USING METHANOL WATER, AND HYDROGEN PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF||WO||03.09.2015|
||PCT/CN2014/094981||SHANGHAI HYDROGEN MOBILREFRMER INSTRUMENT CO., LTD||XIANG, Hua|
Disclosed are small-scale equipment for producing hydrogen
by using methanol water, and a hydrogen production
method thereof. The hydrogen production
equipment comprises a liquid storage container, a raw material conveying device, a hydrogen production
device, a membrane separation device, and a hydrogen conveying pipeline. Hydrogen produced
by the hydrogen production
device is separated by using the membrane separation device, and is conveyed through the hydrogen conveying pipeline. The hydrogen conveying pipeline is provided with a mechanical safety valve. The mechanical safety valve comprises a valve main body, an elastic mechanism, and an upspringing end. The upspringing end is disposed close to a switch of the raw material conveying device, and when the upspringing end is sprung up, the switch of the raw material conveying device and/or the switch of the hydrogen production
device can be disconnected. In the small-scale equipment for producing hydrogen
by using methanol water and the hydrogen production
method thereof provided in the present invention, a mechanical safety valve is disposed on the hydrogen conveying pipeline, and when the pressure reaches a set value, the mechanical safety valve is open, and a raw material conveying device can be controlled to stop conveying raw materials. Therefore, the operating safety of the equipment can be improved, and leakage and explosion of hydrogen can be prevented.
WO/2015/130764 METHOD FOR OPTIMIZING DOWN FIRED REFORMING FURNACES||WO||03.09.2015|
||PCT/US2015/017492||HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.||MARTIN, Richard Ray|
A method of optimizing steam methane reforming in a multiple cell, down-fired furnace. The method includes the steps of introducing hydrocarbons and steam to a plurality of catalyst filled process tubes, combusting gases through a plurality of center cell down-fired burners at a burner discharge velocity of V m/s, and a mass flow rate of 1 kg/s, combusting gases through outer cell down-fired burners at a burner discharge velocity of 1.5V - 2V m/s and a mass flow rate of 0.5 - 0.65 kg/s, and finally discharging combustion products from the outer cell down-fired burners and the center cell down-fired burners at a substantially uniform momentum.
WO/2015/128485 FUEL CRACKING IN A FLUIDIZED BED SYSTEM||WO||03.09.2015|
||PCT/EP2015/054185||HALDOR TOPSØE A/S||CHIRON, François-Xavier|
A process for thermally cracking a fuel, said process comprising the steps of - on a solid carrier in a first reaction cracking fuel thereby producing Hydrogen
and Carbon species - in a second reaction combusting said Carbon on the solid carrier wherein the first and second reaction is carried out in at least one fluidized bed.
WO/2015/128395 PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNTHESIS GAS||WO||03.09.2015|
||PCT/EP2015/053968||HALDOR TOPSØE A/S||DYBKJÆR, Ib|
The invention relates to a process for the production of liquid hydrocarbons by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in which the reforming section of the plant comprises a process line comprising autothermal reforming (ATR) (5) or catalytic partial oxidation (CPO), and a separate process line comprising steam methane reforming (SMR) (8).
WO/2015/130820 AN ELECTROLYSIS REACTOR SYSTEM||WO||03.09.2015|
||PCT/US2015/017572||GORDON, Frank||GORDON, Frank|
This application relates to the production, storage, and controlled release of hydrogen for use in the hydrogen economy. More specifically, it relates to a novel electrolysis system design that utilizes electrolysis of ionized vapors and gasses to produce
and store hydrogen
in a hydrogen host material and the capability to reverse the electrolysis potential to provide safe, controlled hydrogen release.
WO/2015/125981 HIGH ENERGY EFFICIENCY APPARATUS FOR GENERATING THE GAS MIXTURE OF HYDROGEN AND OXYGEN BY WATER ELECTROLYSIS||WO||27.08.2015|
||PCT/KP2014/000034||KIM, Kil Son||KIM, Kil Son|
An apparatus for generating the gas mixture (Brown gas) of hydrogen and oxygen by water electrolysis, particularly the Brown gas generator which enhances energy efficiency for water electrolysis by applying MHD (Magnetohydrodynamics) effects and catalytic effects to water electrolysis in magnetic field. In order to overcome the limitations of the prior art, said apparatus causes asymmetric pulse current to pass through electrolytic solution by applying 50-300 Hz of asymmetric pulse voltage to the electrode plates, and it applies the 3000-15000 Gs of magnetic field perpendicular to electrolytic current throughout the electrolysis space, whereby causes asymmetric pulse vibration of water molecules and MHD propulsive power in the electrolytic solution, through the interaction between asymmetric pulse current and magnetic field, i.e. MHD effect.
WO/2015/120524 HYDROGEN PRODUCTION METHOD, ENERGY PRODUCTION METHOD IN A HYBRID VEHICLE, ENERGY PRODUCTION SYSTEM IN A HYBRID VEHICLE, AND HYBRID VEHICLE||WO||20.08.2015|
||PCT/BR2014/000366||UNIVERSIDADE DE SÃO PAULO - USP||TICIANELLI, Edson Antonio|
The present invention pertains to the electric energy industry, more specifically to an ethanol dehydrogenation system which converts ethanol into a more energy-rich fuel for use in combustion engines, at the same time as producing hydrogen
without carbon monoxide, which is led to a fuel cell for producing electric energy for the subsequent electric and/or hybrid propulsion of motor vehicles. The present invention preferably relates to a method for producing energy in a hybrid vehicle, comprising the following steps: (a) providing a catalytic reactor (5); (b) feeding the catalytic reactor (5) with a stream of evaporated fuel; (c) leading the evaporated reagents to the catalytic reactor (5); (d) performing liquid fuel dehydrogenation reactions in the catalytic reactor (5); (e) cooling the output stream so as to separate the gaseous stream (9) from the liquid fuel stream; (f) supplying the liquid stream to an internal combustion engine (8) to generate energy, or returning the liquid stream to the catalytic reactor (5); (g) capturing an air stream (11); and (h) leading the gaseous stream (9) to the anode of the fuel cell (10) and the air stream (11) to the cathode of the fuel cell (10) to generate electric energy. In addition, the present invention describes a system for producing energy in a hybrid vehicle and a hybrid vehicle which use this method.
WO/2015/120983 METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING BIOMETHANE||WO||20.08.2015|
||PCT/EP2015/000297||NIEDERBACHER, Michael||NIEDERBACHER, Michael|
The invention relates to a method and to a system for producing biomethane, comprising a methanation unit (4) in which carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and hydrogen are converted into methane and water. Furthermore, according to the invention, there is an electrolysis apparatus (14) in which water supplied to the electrolysis apparatus (14) is split by electrical current into hydrogen and oxygen, wherein the hydrogen produced
by means of the electrolysis apparatus (14) is at least partially supplied to the methanation unit (4). The invention further relates to a biogas plant (7) in which a biogas containing at least methane and carbon dioxide is produced in at least one fermenter of the biogas plant (7) by fermentation of fermentable substances and is at least partially supplied to the methanation unit (4). The invention further relates to a gasification apparatus (2) in which a synthetic gas containing at least carbon monoxide, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and methane is produced by means of a gasification means and/or oxidation means in at least one reactor of the gasification apparatus (2) by gasification of gasifiable substances and which is at least partially supplied to the methanation unit (4), wherein the biomethane formed in the methanation unit (4) is supplied to a recovery and/or storage apparatus, in particular a gas storage tank and/or a gas network.
WO/2015/123388 METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR PHOTO-ACTIVATED HYDROGEN GENERATION||WO||20.08.2015|
||PCT/US2015/015560||BOMAX HYDROGEN LLC||MAXWELL, Deborah B.|
Systems and methods for providing alternative fuel, in particular hydrogen
by a system comprising photoactive nanoparticles and a nitrogenase cofactor are provided. In one aspect, the system includes a water soluble cadmium selenide nanoparticle (CdSe) surface capped with mercaptosuccinate (CdSe-MSA); and a NafY•FeMo-co complex comprising a NafY protein and an iron-molybdenum cofactor (FeMo-co); wherein the CdSe-MSA and the NafY•FeMo-co complex are present in about 1:1 molar ratio in a CdSe-MSA•NafY•FeMo-co system. In various embodiments, when illuminated, the CdSe-MSA•NafY•FeMo-co system is capable of photocatalytically producing hydrogen
gas for an extended period of, e.g., at least 5 hours, at least 10 hours, or at least 90 hours. Methods for making and using the same are also provided.
WO/2015/121636 FUEL SOURCE, FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND ASSOCIATED METHOD||WO||20.08.2015|
||PCT/GB2015/050370||INTELLIGENT ENERGY LIMITED||EDGAR, David|
A fuel source (100), a fluid gauge adapter (300), a fuel cell system (200) and an associated method. The fuel source (100) has a gauge (104) comprising an electronic multi-stable display (106). The fuel cell system (200) and method relate to receiving fuel from the fuel source (100), determining (212) a fuel consumption of the fuel cell system (200), calculating (214) a substance level of the fuel source in accordance with the fuel consumption and updating (216) an electronic multi-stable display of the fluid gauge of the fuel source in accordance with the substance level.