WO/2017/024410 WATER OXIDATION REACTION CATALYSTS||WO||16.02.2017|
||PCT/CA2016/050948||THE GOVERNORS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA||BERGENS, Steven H.|
A water oxidation reduction catalyst in nanoparticle form includes mixed iridium oxide and nickel oxide. The nanoparticles may be formed as a colloidal suspension by mixing an iridium salt with a nickel salt and a hydroxide in the presence of oxygen. The nanoparticles may be used to form or coat an electrode, which may be used in the electrolysis of water.
WO/2017/025591 AN APPARATUS FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN||WO||16.02.2017|
||PCT/EP2016/069111||IHOD LIMITED||COLLINS, Mark|
The invention provides an apparatus for generating hydrogen
: the apparatus comprising: (a) a reactor vessel; (b) first and second reactant containers linked to the reactor vessel, the first and second reactant containers containing, respectively, first and second reactants which, when mixed, react to form hydrogen gas; (c) one or more pumps for pumping the first and second reactants from the reactant containers to the reactor vessel so that the reactants mix and react to form hydrogen gas, the pumps being selected or set to provide a maximum pumping pressure in the range from 0.1 bar to 10 bar; (d) a buffer tank for receiving hydrogen gas from the reactor vessel; (e) a pressure sensor for measuring pressure of hydrogen gas within the apparatus; and (f) electronic control means for controlling operation of the apparatus, the electronic control means being in communication with the one or more pumps and the pressure sensor and being programmed to control the flow of reactants to the reactor vessel so as to maintain the pressure of hydrogen gas within the apparatus at a value of no more than 10 bar (10 x 105 Pa).
WO/2017/025880 METHODS FOR REFORMATION OF GASEOUS HYDROCARBONS USING ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE||WO||16.02.2017|
||PCT/IB2016/054745||KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY||CHA, Min Suk|
Methods for the reformation of gaseous hydrocarbons are provided. The methods can include forming a bubble containing the gaseous hydrocarbon in a liquid. The bubble can be generated to pass in a gap between a pair of electrodes, whereby an electrical discharge is generated in the bubble at the gap between the electrodes. The electrodes can be a metal or metal alloy with a high melting point so they can sustain high voltages of up to about 200 kilovolts. The gaseous hydrocarbon can be combined with an additive gas such as molecular oxygen or carbon dioxide. The reformation of the gaseous hydrocarbon can produce mixtures containing one or more of H2, CO, H2O, CO2, and a lower hydrocarbon such as ethane or ethylene. The reformation of the gaseous hydrocarbon can produce low amounts of CO2 and H2O, e.g. about 15 mol-% or less.
WO/2017/025882 PLASMA DEVICES FOR HYDROCARBON REFORMATION||WO||16.02.2017|
||PCT/IB2016/054749||KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY||CHA, Min Suk|
Plasma devices for hydrocarbon reformation are provided. Methods of using the devices for hydrocarbon reformation are also provided. The devices can include a liquid container to receive a hydrocarbon source, and a plasma torch configured to be submerged in the liquid. The plasma plume from the plasma torch can cause reformation of the hydrocarbon. The device can use a variety of plasma torches that can be arranged in a variety of positions in the liquid container. The devices can be used for the reformation of gaseous hydrocarbons and/or liquid hydrocarbons. The reformation can produce methane, lower hydrocarbons, higher hydrocarbons, hydrogen gas, water, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, or a combination thereof.
WO/2017/026259 METHOD FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN CHLORIDE||WO||16.02.2017|
||PCT/JP2016/071744||SHOWA DENKO K.K.||TANIMOTO Yosuke|
Provided is a method for producing hydrogen
chloride that makes it possible to produce hydrogen
chloride efficiently using simple equipment. Hydrogen
chloride is produced
using a method that comprises: an electrolysis step in which chlorine and hydrogen
by electrolyzing an inorganic chloride aqueous solution having a pH of 3-5, inclusive; a reaction step in which crude hydrogen
by reacting the chlorine and hydrogen obtained
in the electrolysis step at 1000-1500 °C, inclusive, using an excessive quantity of hydrogen in terms of molar ratio relative to chlorine; a dehydration step in which the crude hydrogen obtained
in the reaction step is dehydrated; and a distillation step in which the dehydrated crude hydrogen obtained
in the dehydration step is compressed and liquefied and the liquid crude hydrogen is refined through distillation.
WO/2017/026702 POWER CONTROL DEVICE FOR ELECTROLYZING WATER AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SAME||WO||16.02.2017|
||PCT/KR2016/008194||DAUM ENERGY CO., LTD.||LEE, Tae-Hyung|
The present invention relates to a device for controlling power supplied to a device for generating hydrogen
and oxygen by electrolyzing water, and a method for controlling the same. The device for controlling power comprises: a hydrogen
for generating hydrogen
and oxygen using a direct current power applied from a battery; a remote controller for remotely generating a signal for controlling all operations of the hydrogen
; a control unit for calculating and determining the signal received from the remote controller to output a configured control signal; a voltage comparator for comparing an output voltage of the battery that supplies the direct current power and an output voltage of a power generator that supplies a charging power to the battery to determine a difference therebetween, and outputting a level signal when only the voltage of the battery is input; an AND circuit for performing a logic calculation on the control signal input from the control unit and the level signal input from the voltage comparator, and outputting a level signal; and a power controller that is switched by the level signal of the AND circuit so as to supply the direct current power of the battery to the hydrogen
through a current control by pulse width modulation (PWM). The present invention can apply both a program control and a physical control to the power supplied to a device for electrolyzing water. Therefore, the present invention can prevent a malfunction caused by the program control, resolve inconvenience generated by the physical control due to re-operation of an electrolytic device, and provide convenience to enable a remote control of the device for electrolyzing water.
WO/2017/026914 METHOD OF LOW-TEMPERATURE DECOMPOSITION OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE WITH DERIVATION OF HYDROGEN AND SULFUR||WO||16.02.2017|
||PCT/RU2015/000865||PUBLICHNOE AKTSIONERNOE OBSCHESTVO "GAZPROM"||ANDREEV, Oleg Petrovich|
The invention relates to gas and oil refining, in particular to methods of decomposition and disposal of hydrogen sulfide, and may be used for production
and sulfur from hydrogen sulfide. The method of low-temperature decomposition of hydrogen sulfide includes running of hydrogen sulfide through catalyst and sulfur sorbent layers loaded into sequentially installed modules at the temperature of 0-35°C. Stainless steel chips with thickness of 0.1-0.2 mm and length of 1.5-5.5 mm is used as catalyst, and the number of modules with catalyst and sulfur sorbent is 6-12 pcs. Gas mixture generated in the last module is run through ethanolamine solution for purification of hydrogen from hydrogen sulfide residues with further desorption of hydrogen sulfide from ethanolamine solution. Desorption of sulfur from sulfur sorbent is performed with nitrogen at the temperature of 140-160°C. The claimed invention ensures increase of hydrogen sulfide conversion degree and prevention of catalyst contamination.
WO/2017/027061 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR AUTOTHERMAL REFORMATION OF CABONACEOUS MATERIALS SUCH AS HYDROCARBONS||WO||16.02.2017|
||PCT/US2016/000066||KNIGHT, Clifton T.||KNIGHT, Clifton T.|
A method and apparatus for reforming carbonaceous material into syngas containing hydrogen and CO gases is disclosed. In one embodiment, a hydrogen torch reactor is provided for defining a reaction zone proximate to an oxy-hydrogen flame. One input of the reactor receives a input stream comprising a mixture of super- heated steam and carbonaceous material to be reformed. The reactor is further provided with an input for receiving an oxygen or air source for facilitating partial oxidation of carbonaceous material in the input stream. The reactor produces an output stream containing reformed material including syngas comprises of gaseous hydrogen and CO. In one embodiment, hydrogen
in the reformed
syngas is fed back to fuel the oxy-hydrogen flame in the reactor.
WO/2017/027755 SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FACILITATING DISSOCIATION OF METHANE UTILIZING A REACTOR DESIGNED TO GENERATE SHOCKWAVES IN A SUPERSONIC GASEOUS VORTEX||WO||16.02.2017|
||PCT/US2016/046641||LLT INTERNATIONAL (IRELAND) LTD.||LANSELL, Peter|
Methane may be dissociated at low temperatures and/or pressures utilizing a reactor designed to generate shockwaves in a supersonic gaseous vortex. Within a preprocessing chamber, the methane may be pressurized to a pressure of 700 kPa or more, and heated to a temperature below a dissociation temperature of methane. The methane may be introduced as a gas stream substantially tangentially to an inner surface of a chamber of the reactor to effectuate a gaseous vortex rotating about a longitudinal axis within the chamber. The gas stream may be introduced using a nozzle that accelerates the gas stream to a supersonic velocity. A frequency of shockwaves emitted from the nozzle into the gaseous vortex may be controlled. Product gas and carbon byproduct may be emitted from the chamber of the reactor. The carbon byproduct may be separated out from the product gas using a gas/solid separator.
3130565 HYDROGEN GENERATION UNIT||EP||15.02.2017|
||15777218||ECOMO INT CO LTD||FUKUOKA KAZUHISA|
Provided is a hydrogen generation
unit which can produce
containing liquid more conveniently compared to a conventional hydrogen adding instrument. The hydrogen generation
unit is configured such that a hydrogen generating
agent which generates hydrogen
by being impregnated with water, the water, and a non-flowout state maintaining unit which maintains the water in a non-flowout state where the water does not react with the hydrogen generating
agent are accommodated in an accommodating body having a discharge unit for discharging a hydrogen gas, and the non-flowout state maintaining unit is configured to change the water in the non-flowout state into a flowout state where the water is reactable with the hydrogen generating
agent by applying a predetermined amount of energy to the accommodating body from outside the accommodating body, whereby the water brought into the flowout state is made to react with the hydrogen generating
agent by being triggered by application of the energy and hydrogen generated
in the accommodating body is discharged through the discharge unit, and the hydrogen-containing liquid is produced without permeation of the liquid into the hydrogen generation