20160207765 HYDROGEN GENERATOR, AND HYDROGEN GENERATION CONTAINER||US||21.07.2016|
||15006830||Takashi TAKEHARA||Takashi TAKEHARA|
Disclosed is a hydrogen water generator that is capable of preventing an increase in pH so as to prevent alkalinization of water while generating water containing plenty of hydrogen gas. A hydrogen water generator 20 includes a container 21 having water 22 and magnesium particles 23, capable of reacting with the water 22 to generate hydrogen gas, encapsulated therein, wherein the container 21 is made of an air-permeable and water-impermeable material, which allows the hydrogen gas to pass from the inside to the outside of the container and prevents the water from passing from the inside to the outside of the container. At least one kind of thermoplastic resin selected from a group consisting of (A) polyvinylidene chloride, (B) polyvinyl chloride, and (C) polyacrylonitrile may be used as the air-permeable and water-impermeable material.
20160207766 PROCESS AND PLANT FOR THE PRODUCTION OF AMMONIA MAKE-UP GAS INCLUDING PRODUCTION OF A HYDROGEN GAS BY STEAM REFORMING||US||21.07.2016|
||14915061||Casale SA||Ermanno FILIPPI|
A process and plant for producing a makeup synthesis gas (20) for the synthesis of ammonia, comprising: reforming of a hydrocarbon feedstock (10) in a steam reformer (SMR), purification of said gas product obtaining a hydrogen synthesis gas, addition of a suitable amount of nitrogen (19) to said hydrogen synthesis gas, wherein said purification includes separation of hydrogen in a main separation unit (S1), which produces a hydrogen current (14) and a tail gas (15), and wherein further hydrogen is recovered from the said tail gas (15) in an additional separation unit (S2); some embodiments provides that an amount of gas product (24) is also fed to said additional separation unit; a corresponding method for the revamping of a front-end of an ammonia plant is also disclosed.
20160208290 INTEGRATED HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PROCESS||US||21.07.2016|
||14848878||IOGEN CORPORATION||Patrick J. Foody|
The present invention provides an integrated process for producing a fermentation product from fossil carbon and hydrogen present in a purge gas stream resulting from a hydrogen production process. According to one embodiment of the invention, a purge gas stream obtained from a hydrogen production process is fermented with microorganisms in one or more bioreactors to produce the fermentation product. A fermentation exhaust gas stream from the one or more bioreactors comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide and/or methane is then obtained and heat is generated therefrom to provide energy for the hydrogen production process.
20160207866 Process For The Sustainable Production Of Acrylic Acid||US||21.07.2016|
||14948206||Dioxide Materials, Inc.||Richard I. Masel|
A process for the production of organic acids having at least three carbon atoms comprises the steps of forming an amount of carbon monoxide and reacting the amount of carbon monoxide with an amount of an unsaturated hydrocarbon. The reaction is preferably carried out in the presence of a supported palladium catalyst, a strong acid, and a phosphine. In some embodiments, the unsaturated hydrocarbon is one of acetylene and methylacetylene, and the organic acid is one of acrylic acid and methyl acrylic acid. The reacting step is preferably performed with carbon monoxide produced from carbon dioxide.
WO/2016/114306 BUTADIENE PRODUCTION SYSTEM AND BUTADIENE PRODUCTION METHOD||WO||21.07.2016|
||PCT/JP2016/050844||SEKISUI CHEMICAL CO., LTD.||KOMA Satoshi|
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a butadiene production system and butadiene production method which make high-yield butadiene production possible. A butadiene production system (1) equipped with: a gas preparation device (10) for heating a starting material and preparing a gas mixture containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide; an ethanol production device (12) for obtaining ethanol by contacting a first catalyst and the gas mixture containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide with one another, and provided after the gas preparation device (10); a butadiene production device (16) for obtaining butadiene by contacting the ethanol and a second catalyst with one another, and provided after the ethanol production device (12); and a return means (18) for returning hydrogen produced
as a byproduct by the butadiene production device (16) to the ethanol production device (12). Also, a butadiene production method using the butadiene production system (1).
3045425 MANUFACTURING DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR HYDROGEN AND SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS||EP||20.07.2016|
||14842447||CHIYODA CORP||IKEDA OSAMU|
To improve the heat efficiency of a system for production
and synthetic natural gas, the system (1) comprises a synthetic natural gas production unit (2) for producing synthetic natural gas from hydrogen and carbon dioxide by a reverse shift reaction and a methanation reaction, and a hydrogen production
unit (3) for producing hydrogen
from a hydrogenated aromatic compound by a dehydrogenation reaction, wherein heat is supplied from the synthetic natural gas production unit to the hydrogen production
unit so that a reaction heat of the methanation reaction which is an exothermic reaction is used for the dehydrogenation reaction which is an endothermic reaction.
20160200571 HYDROGEN PRODUCTION APPARATUS, HYDROGEN PRODUCTION METHOD, SILICON FINE PARTICLES FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION, AND PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SILICON FINE PARTICLES FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION||US||14.07.2016|
||14916650||Hikaru KOBAYASHI||Hikaru KOBAYASHI|
An exemplary hydrogen production apparatus 100 according to the present invention includes a grinding unit 10 configured to grind a silicon chip or a silicon grinding scrap 1 to form silicon fine particles 2, and a hydrogen generator 70 configured to generate hydrogen by causing the silicon fine particles 2 to contact with as well as disperse in, or to contact with or dispersed in water or an aqueous solution. The hydrogen production apparatus 100 can achieve reliable production of a practically adequate amount of hydrogen from a start material of silicon chips or silicon grinding scraps that are ordinarily regarded as waste. The hydrogen production apparatus thus effectively utilizes the silicon chips or the silicon grinding scraps so as to contribute to environmental protection as well as to significant reduction in cost for production of hydrogen that is utilized as an energy source in the next generation.
20160199807 SYNTHESIS GAS AND NANOCARBON PRODUCTION METHOD AND PRODUCTION SYSTEM||US||14.07.2016|
||15078745||THE JAPAN STEEL WORKS, LTD.||Satoru NAKAMURA|
A synthesis gas and nanocarbon production method has a lower hydrocarbon decomposition step for decomposing lower hydrocarbon to produce hydrogen and nanocarbon, a carbon dioxide reduction step for reacting a part of the nanocarbon produced with carbon dioxide to produce carbon monoxide, and a mixing step for mixing the hydrogen and carbon monoxide produced in a predetermined ratio, thereby nanocarbon and a synthesis gas having a desired gas ratio can be simultaneously produced easily.
20160201206 Conducting Carbon Cloth Electrode for Hydrogen Generation and Dye Sensitized Solar Cells||US||14.07.2016|
||14905668||Council of Scientic & Industrial Research||Mandakini BISWAL|
Disclosed herein is functional conducting carbon cloth with permeability and turbostratic disorder, and process for preparation of the same. Further it describes use of said carbon cloth as anode in alkaline water electrolysis for generation of hydrogen at sub-threshold potential (<1.23V) and generation of carbon quantum dots (CQDs) at super-threshold potential (>1.23V). The invention also relates to the efficient use of the said carbon cloth as counter electrode in Dye Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs).
20160201218 METHOD FOR FABRICATING SINGLE-CRYSTALLINE NIOBIUM OXYNITRIDE FILM AND METHOD FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN USING SINGLE-CRYSTALLINE NIOBIUM OXYNITRIDE FILM||US||14.07.2016|
||15075226||Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.||RYOSUKE KIKUCHI|
The present invention provides a method for fabricating a single-crystalline niobium oxynitride film suitable for a hydrogen generation device. The present invention provides a method for fabricating a single-crystalline niobium oxynitride film formed of a niobium oxynitride represented by the chemical formula NbON; the method comprising: (a) epitaxially growing the single-crystalline niobium oxynitride film on one substrate selected from the group consisting of a yttria-stabilized zirconia substrate, a titanium oxide substrate, and a yttrium-aluminum complex oxide substrate.