20160118653 ANODE ELEMENT FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL REACTIONS||US||28.04.2016|
||14757538||Michael BRENER||Michael BRENER|
Anode element for a fuel and electrical power generator unit, the anode element being formed as a massive metal body made from at least one of magnesium, zinc, or aluminum, or an alloy of at least one of these and comprising a porous activated surface layer.
20160115048 WATER/WASTEWATER RECYCLE AND REUSE WITH PLASMA, ACTIVATED CARBON AND ENERGY SYSTEM||US||28.04.2016|
||14987066||Foret Plasma Labs, LLC||Todd Foret|
The present invention provides a system that includes a glow discharge cell and a plasma arc torch. A first valve is connected to a wastewater source. An eductor has a first inlet, a second inlet and an outlet, wherein the first inlet is connected to the outlet of the electrically conductive cylindrical vessel, the second inlet is connected to the first valve, and the outlet is connected to the tangential inlet of the plasma arc torch. A second valve is connected between the tangential outlet of the plasma arc torch and the inlet of the glow discharge cell, such that the plasma arc torch provides the electrically conductive fluid to the glow discharge cell and the glow discharge cell provides a treated water via the outlet centered in the closed second end.
20160115604 Electrolysis Cell and Electrode||US||28.04.2016|
||14894873||WATER FUEL ENGINEERING LIMITED||Dragomir Ivanov Ivanov|
The present proposals relate to electrolysis cells, electrodes for such cells and methods of using them. In particular the electrodes comprise a planar electrically conductive plate with at least part of one face of the plate is covered with a plurality of electrically conductive wires each of which is in electrically conductive contact with the surface of the plate along at least part of its length. The methods of the proposals relate to methods of generating oxyhydrogen gas using an electrolytic cell incorporating these electrodes.
20160115606 MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY FOR WATER ELECTROLYSIS||US||28.04.2016|
||14720776||YUAN ZE UNIVERSITY||CHI-YUAN LEE|
A membrane-electrode assembly for water electrolysis including a proton-exchange membrane, a first catalyst layer, a second catalyst layer, a first gas diffusion layer, a second gas diffusion layer and a first sensor chip. The proton-exchange membrane is disposed between an inner side of the first catalyst layer and an inner side of the second catalyst layer. The first gas diffusion layer is disposed on an outer side of the first catalyst layer. The second gas diffusion layer is disposed on an outer side of the second catalyst layer. The first sensor chip is sandwiched between the first catalyst layer and the first gas diffusion layer to sense an environmental change where water electrolysis takes place.
20160115018 OBTAINING A SOLID FORM CONTAINING HEAT-STABILIZED BORAZANE, SAID SOLID FORM, AND THE USE THEREOF FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN||US||28.04.2016|
||14894646||CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE||Hélène BLANCHARD|
A process for obtaining a solid form containing heat-stabilized borazane is described. The solid form is capable of generating hydrogen by thermal decomposition or by a self-maintained combustion reaction. Within the solid form containing borazane, the borazane is heat-stabilized. It has thus been heat-stabilized by making an oxidized layer at its surface.
20160115019 Integrated Micro-Channel Reformer and Purifier in a Heat Pipe Enclosure for Extracting Ultra-Pure Hydrogen Gas from a Hydrocarbon Fuel||US||28.04.2016|
||14925944||Power & Energy, Inc.||Peter R. Bossard|
The present invention is a system and method of heating a reaction cell that produces hydrogen from a mixture of hydrocarbon fuel and steam. The reaction cell contains a first tube of hydrogen permeable material and a second tube of hydrogen impermeable material. The first tube and the second tube are concentrically positioned so that a gap space exists between the two tubes. A heat pipe structure is utilized to heat the gap space. The heat pipe structure defines an enclosed vapor chamber. A volume of a multi-phase material is disposed within the vapor chamber. The multi-phase material changes phase between a liquid and gas within an operating temperature range. A heating element is used to heat the vapor chamber to the operating temperature range. The vapor chamber transfers heat along its length in the same manner as a heat pipe.
20160115021 METHOD FOR STARTING UP A PRE-REFORMING STAGE||US||28.04.2016|
||14890702||L'AIR LIQUIDE, SOCIÉTÉ ANONYME POUR L'ETUDE ET L'EXPLOITATION DES PROCÉDÉS GEORGES CLAUDE||Veronika GRONEMANN|
There is proposed a method for starting up a pre-reforming stage in an integrated reforming plant in which a hydrocarbonaceous feed stream, in particular natural gas, is converted into a reformation product containing carbon oxides, hydrogen and hydrocarbons. Before carrying out the start-up method, the catalyst contained in the pre-reforming stage is in an oxidized or passivated state. For its activation, the pre-reforming catalyst is charged with a methanol/steam mixture, from which by steam reformation of methanol in situ the hydrogen required for the activation of the catalyst is produced. Excess hydrogen is used for the hydrogen supply of the desulfurization stage arranged upstream of the pre-reforming stage.
20160115022 METHOD FOR REFINING HYDROGEN||US||28.04.2016|
||14873380||Japan Pionics Co., LTD.||Yoshinao KOMIYA|
The present invention is to provide a method for refining hydrogen with a hydrogen refining device in which the inside of a cell is divided into a primary side space and a secondary side space by palladium alloy capillaries each having one end being closed and a tube sheet supporting the open end of the palladium alloy capillaries, in which impurity-containing hydrogen is introduced from the primary side space to allow hydrogen to permeate the palladium alloy capillaries so as to collect pure hydrogen from the secondary side space. The method for refining hydrogen has a capability of decreasing the removed amount of gas containing impurities and efficiently collecting pure hydrogen from the secondary side space. From hydrogen with 1000 ppm or less of impurities as raw material hydrogen, gas containing impurities that does not penetrate the palladium alloy capillaries is removed from the primary side space at the flow rate of 10% or less of the introduction flow rate of the raw material hydrogen. Furthermore, gas containing impurities that does not penetrate the palladium alloy capillaries is removed from the primary side space at a flow rate based on the content of impurities contained in raw material hydrogen.
20160115023 RECOVERY OF HYDROGEN FROM FRACTIONATION ZONE OFFGAS||US||28.04.2016|
||14521251||UOP LLC||Richard K. Hoehn|
Methods and apparatus for increasing the recovery of hydrogen from fractionation section offgas are described. The methods include reducing the pressure of a liquid effluent from a high-pressure reaction zone, and introducing the effluent into a flash drum forming a low pressure liquid effluent. The low pressure effluent is introduced into a low-pressure stripper column, and separated into an overhead vapor stream and at least one additional stream. The stripper column overhead vapor stream is compressed in a one cylinder of a compressor, which has at least one additional cylinder, to an intermediate pressure. The compressed overhead stream is introduced to an intermediate pressure knockout drum forming a gas stream and a liquid stream. The gas stream is introduced into a pressure swing adsorption zone to produce a hydrogen rich gas stream at an intermediate pressure.
20160115024 METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR REFORMING OF HYDROCARBONS INCLUDING RECOVERY OF PRODUCTS USING A RECOVERY ZONE, AN ABSORPTION ZONE AND A PRESSURE SWING ADSORPTION ZONE||US||28.04.2016|
||14524291||UOP LLC||Robert Edison Tsai|
Embodiments of apparatuses and methods for reforming of hydrocarbons including recovery of products are provided. In one example, a method comprises separating a reforming-zone effluent into a net gas phase stream and a liquid phase hydrocarbon stream. The net gas phase stream is separated for forming an H2-rich stream and a first intermediate liquid phase hydrocarbon stream. The H2-rich stream is contacted with an adsorbent to form an H2-ultra rich stream and a PSA tail gas stream. The PSA tail gas stream and at least a portion of the liquid phase hydrocarbon stream are cooled and contacted with each other to form a H2, C2− hydrocarbons-containing gas stream and a cooled second intermediate liquid phase hydrocarbon stream.