WO/2015/175571 HYDROGENATION OF OXYGENATED MOLECULES FROM BIOMASS REFINING||WO||19.11.2015|
||PCT/US2015/030431||VIRDIA, INC. ||JANSEN, Robert |
The present disclosure relates to methods, processes, and systems for utilizing the dehydrogenation of 2-butanol for hydrogen consuming reactions of biomass or biomass-derived molecules. The present invention relates to methods, processes, and systems for utilizing the dehydrogenation of 2-butanol for hydrogen consuming hydrogenation, hydrogenolysis, or hydrodeoxygenation reactions of biomass or biomass-derived molecules.
WO/2015/173290 PROCESS FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN FROM A FISCHER-TROPSCH OFF-GAS||WO||19.11.2015|
||PCT/EP2015/060565||L'AIR LIQUIDE, SOCIETE ANONYME POUR L'ETUDE ET L'EXPLOITATION DES PROCEDES GEORGES CLAUDE ||CHAMBRON, Nicolas |
A process for generating Fischer-Tropsch liquid hydrocarbons and for generating H2 and CO2 from a Fischer-Tropsch off-gas, comprising the steps of: • (i) production of liquid hydrocarbons by Fischer-Tropsch, said Fischer-Tropsch producing an off-gas, • (ii) production of a mixture comprising CO and H2 from said Fischer- Tropsch off-gas, • (iii) conversion of CO from said mixture by a shift reaction, so as to produce a mixture enriched in H2, and • (iv) purification of H 2 from the enriched mixture, by generating a H2 product stream and an H2-off gas stream, and • (v) production of CO2 from said H2-off-gas stream and said mixture enriched in H2 in a single cryogenic unit.
WO/2015/173352 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING H2-RICH SYNTHESIS GAS||WO||19.11.2015|
||PCT/EP2015/060687||CCP TECHNOLOGY GMBH ||KÜHL, Dr. Olaf |
A method for producing ¾-rich synthesis gas comprises the following steps: decomposing a hydrocarbon- containing fluid into an H2/C-aerosol in a first hydrocarbon converter by supplying energy which is at least partly provided in the form of heat; introducing at least a first stream of the H2/C-aerosol into a first sub-process which comprises the following steps: directing at least a part of the H2/C-aerosol from the first hydrocarbon converter into a first C-converter; introducing CO2 into the first C-converter and mixing the CO2 with the H2/C-aerosol introduced into the first C-converter; converting the mixture of H2/C-aerosol and CO2 into a synthesis gas at a temperature of 800 to 1700°C; mixing additional H2 with the synthesis gas for the production of H2-rich synthesis gas. In a second sub-process running in parallel with the first sub-process, hydrogen H2 and carbon dioxide CO2 are produced from a hydrocarbon-containing fluid, wherein at least a portion of the CO2 produced in the second sub-process is introduced into the first C-converter; and wherein at least a portion of the H2 produced in the second sub-process is mixed with the synthesis gas from the first C-converter. The CO2 which is needed for the conversion of C in the first C-converter can thereby be provided independently of an external source, and the entire operational sequence is easily controllable.
WO/2015/173880 HYDROGEN-GENERATING CATALYST, AND EXHAUST GAS PURIFICATION CATALYST||WO||19.11.2015|
||PCT/JP2014/062666||NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD. ||ITO, Junji |
catalyst comprises a noble metal, and an oxide for supporting the noble metal. The oxide includes: lanthanum (La); zirconium (Zr); and at least one additional element selected from the group consisting of neodymium (Nd), samarium (Sm), europium (Eu), magnesium (Mg), and calcium (Ca).
WO/2015/173881 HYDROGEN-GENERATING CATALYST, AND EXHAUST GAS PURIFICATION CATALYST||WO||19.11.2015|
||PCT/JP2014/062667||NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD. ||ITO, Junji |
catalyst comprises: a noble metal; an oxide which supports the noble metal, and which includes lanthanum (La) and zirconium (Zr); and an oxygen occlusion/release material. This exhaust gas purification catalyst includes: a first catalyst unit comprising a noble metal, and an oxide which supports the noble metal, and which includes lanthanum (La) and zirconium (Zr); a second catalyst unit comprising the oxygen occlusion/release material; and a holding material which holds the first catalyst unit and the second catalyst unit in a state of being separated from each other.
WO/2015/174102 EXHAUST GAS PURIFICATION CATALYST||WO||19.11.2015|
||PCT/JP2015/051126||NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD. ||ITO, Junji |
This exhaust gas purification catalyst includes: a first catalyst unit comprising a hydrogen
catalyst comprising a noble metal and an oxide which supports the noble metal, and which includes lanthanum, zirconium, and an additional element such as neodymium; a second catalyst unit comprising an oxygen occlusion/release material, and a perovskite oxide which is provided in contact with the oxygen occlusion/release material, and which is represented by general formula (1), namely LaxM11-xM2O3-δ (in general formula (1), La represents lanthanum, M1 represents at least one element selected from the group consisting of barium, strontium, and calcium, M2 represents at least one element selected from the group consisting of iron, cobalt, and manganese, x satisfies 0
20150321155 FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATING A POWER GENERATION SYSTEM||US||12.11.2015|
A fuel delivery system is provided. The system includes a natural gas reformer configured to receive a flow of natural gas and a flow of air. The natural gas reformer combines the natural gas and the air in a reaction to produce a flow of reformate gas. The system also includes a mixing device coupled downstream from the natural gas reformer. The mixing device is configured to selectively mix amounts of the reformate gas, vaporized liquid fuel, and natural gas to produce a flow of mixed product fuel having predetermined operating parameters.
20150321158 NOVEL MATERIAL FOR USE IN SOLAR REACTOR||US||12.11.2015|
Disclosed herein is a composite particle comprising a first non-metallic particle in which is dispersed a second non-metallic particle, where the first non-metallic particle and the second non-metallic particle are inorganic; and where a chemical composition of the first non-metallic particle is different from a chemical composition of the second non-metallic particle; and where the first non-metallic particle and the second non-metallic particle are metal oxides, metal carbides, metal nitrides, metal borides, metal silicides, metal oxycarbides, metal oxynitrides, metal boronitrides, metal carbonitrides, metal borocarbides, or a combination thereof.
20150321912 METHOD FOR PERFORMING ENDOTHERMIC PROCESSES||US||12.11.2015|
The invention relates to a method of carrying out heat-consuming processes, wherein the total energy required averaged over a year for the heat-consuming process originates from at least two different energy sources, where one of the energy sources is an electric energy source whose power varies in the range from 0 to 100% of the total power required, and three different energy modes can individually provide the total power required for the heat-consuming process: (i) exclusively electric energy, (ii) a mixture of electric energy and at least one further nonelectric energy source or (iii) exclusively nonelectric energy, where the changeover time in which the change from one energy mode to another energy mode is completed is not more than 30 minutes.
20150321911 SILICON POWDER COMPOSITION, METHOD, REACTOR AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN||US||12.11.2015|
A silicon powder composition, method, reactor and device for producing hydrogen. Silicon powder composition includes silicon powder, precipitation agent and alkaline substance; wherein alkaline substance is a weak acid salt of alkali metal; mass ratio of alkaline substance to silicon powder is greater than or equal to 0.06:1 and less than or equal to 4:1; silicon powder is a silicon powder with average particle diameter of less than or equal to 1 mm; molar stoichiometric ratio of precipitation agent to silicon in the silicon powder is greater than or equal to 0.12:1 and less than or equal to 4:1. Also presented is a method and reactor for producing hydrogen, and reaction device for producing hydrogen. Silicon powder composition of invention is an optimized formulation which needs no pre-treatment, contains no highly corrosive alkalis, and does not easily burn or explode. Reactor structure and device of invention have relatively high practicability.