20150202609 Catalysts based on Amino-Sulfide Ligands for Hydrogenation and Dehydrogenation Processes||US||23.07.2015|
||14426049||Dmitri GOUSSEV||Dmitri Goussev|
The present application discloses novel amino-sulfide metal catalysts for organic chemical syntheses including hydrogenation (reduction) of unsaturated compounds or dehydrogenation of substrates. The range of hydrogenation substrate compounds includes esters, lactones, oils and fats, resulting in alcohols, diols, and triols as reaction products. The catalysts of current application can be used to catalyze a hydrogenation reaction under solvent free conditions. The present catalysts also allow the hydrogenation to proceed without added base, and it can be used in place of the conventional reduction methods employing hydrides of the main-group elements. Furthermore, the catalysts of the present application can catalyze a dehydrogenation reaction under homogenous and/or acceptorless conditions. As such, the catalysts provided herein can be useful in substantially reducing cost and improving the environmental profile of manufacturing processes for a variety of chemicals.
20150202589 REFORMING DEVICE AND REFORMING METHOD, AND DEVICE FOR MANUFACTURING CHEMICAL PRODUCTS EQUIPPED WITH REFORMING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CHEMICAL PRODUCTS||US||23.07.2015|
||14423637||MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.||Mikiya Sakurai|
A reforming device according to the present invention has a compressor, a first heat exchanger, a desulfurization device, a reformer, a raw material gas branching line that extracts a compressed natural gas from a downstream side of the desulfurization device with respect to the flow direction of the natural gas and supplies the natural gas to the reformer, and a flue gas discharging line that discharges a flue gas generated in the reformer, wherein the first heat exchanger is provided in the flue gas discharging line, and the flue gas is used as a heating medium of the compressed natural gas.
20150203353 FUEL UNIT, GAS GENERATOR AND SYSTEM||US||23.07.2015|
||14676393||Intelligent Energy Inc.||Allison M. Fisher|
Disclosed is a fuel unit for a gas generator such as a hydrogen gas generator that can supply gas to a gas consuming system such as a fuel cell system. The fuel unit includes a housing containing a solid fuel composition and a heat producing material. The fuel composition contains gas releasing solid material that reacts to release gas when heated. The heat producing material reacts exothermically to produce heat. A plurality of quantities of the heat producing material are in thermal communication with corresponding portions of an unsegregated quantity the fuel composition such that, following initiation of a reaction of each quantity of the heat producing material, the quantity of heat producing material will heat the corresponding portion of the unsegregated quantity of the fuel composition, and the corresponding portion of the unsegregated quantity of the fuel composition will react to release a quantity of the gas.
20150203976 BIPOLAR ALKALINE WATER ELECTROLYSIS UNIT AND ELECTROLYTIC CELL||US||23.07.2015|
||14408834||ASAHI KASEI KABUSHIKI KAISHA||Yasuhide Noaki|
A bipolar alkaline water electrolysis unit incorporated in an electrolytic cell for electrolyzing an electrolytic solution of alkaline water to obtain oxygen and hydrogen, the bipolar alkaline water electrolysis unit including an oxygen generating anode, a hydrogen generating cathode, a conductive partition wall that separates the anode and the cathode from each other, and an outer frame that surrounds the conductive partition wall, wherein a gas and electrolytic solution passage is provided at an upper portion of the conductive partition wall and/or the outer frame, and an electrolytic solution passage is provided at a lower part of the conductive partition wall and/or the outer frame.
20150207162 HYDROGEN GENERATING APPARATUS, FUEL CELL SYSTEM, AND METHODS OF OPERATING THEM||US||23.07.2015|
||14583149||Panasonic Corporation||JUNJI MORITA|
A hydrogen generating apparatus includes a reformer generating hydrogen-containing gas through a reforming reaction, a raw material supplier supplying a raw material to the reformer, a reaction gas supplier supplying reaction gas other than the raw material to the reformer, a hydro-desulfurizer removing a sulfur compound in the raw material supplied to the reformer, a recycle flow passage through which part of the hydrogen-containing gas generated by the reformer is supplied to the hydro-desulfurizer, a closing device that closes the recycle flow passage, and a controller that, when stopping operation, closes the closing device and controls the raw material supplier and the reaction gas supplier such that the raw material and the reaction gas are supplied to the reformer, before a temperature of the reformer drops down to a temperature at which deposition of carbon from the raw material on a reformation catalyst disposed inside the reformer is suppressed.
20150207161 Hydrogen Generator System With Liquid Interface||US||23.07.2015|
||14639080||INTELLIGENT ENERGY INC.||Russell H. BARTON|
A hydrogen generator system and a fuel cell system including the hydrogen generator system are disclosed. The hydrogen generator system includes a replaceable cartridge that is removably contained within the system, and an external pump disposed outside the cartridge housing and configured to pump a fluid. The cartridge includes a cartridge housing, a liquid reservoir disposed within the cartridge housing and configured to contain a liquid including a reactant, a reaction area disposed within the cartridge housing and within which the reactant reacts to produce hydrogen gas, a liquid flow path disposed within the cartridge housing and through which the reactant liquid can flow from the liquid reservoir to the reaction area, and an internal pump disposed within the cartridge housing that can be operated by the external pump and is configured to transport the reactant liquid through the liquid flow path.
20150207160 Fuel Cell Apparatus, Composition and Hydrogen Generator||US||23.07.2015|
||14415043||Prometheus Wireless Limited||Francesco Masetti-Placci|
A fuel cell apparatus comprises fuel cells, hydrogen generators and a control unit. A fuel cell array comprises a plurality of membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) each having a major planar surface; the MEAs are arranged such that a first surface of a first MEA which is not a major planar surface of the first MEA faces a second surface of a second MEA which is not a major planar surface of the second MEA. A plurality of fuel cells, for example arranged in an array, are included in a blade, which is connected externally to the control unit. The apparatus can accommodate a plurality of blades. A closed reactor for the generation of hydrogen gas from a chemical hydride comprises a reaction vessel; at least one entry port; and an outlet port for outputting hydrogen gas. A unit form of a composition comprises a chemical hydride; the unit form has a volume of at least 0.01 cm3.
2896452 Steam reformer||EP||22.07.2015|
||15155293||GREEN VISION HOLDING B V||SCHOLTEN ANTON|
Apparatus for converting a feed gas comprising organic compounds and water vapour into a product gas substantially comprising carbon dioxide and hydrogen
- a reformer
part with at least one reaction chamber which is provided with an inlet opening for feed gas and an outlet opening for product gas and which is bounded by the inner wall of an outer tube closed at one outer end and the outer wall of an inner tube received coaxially in this outer tube and open at both its outer ends, and
- a furnace part for heating the reaction chamber, wherein the inlet opening is provided by the open outer end of the inner tube distally of the closed outer end of the outer tube, and the outlet opening is provided by the open outer end of the outer tube.
2896598 System and process for producing ammonia using an ion transport membrane, gasifier, and ammonia synthesis unit||EP||22.07.2015|
||14151625||AIR PROD & CHEM||NATARAJ SHANKAR|
System for producing ammonia wherein a gasifier is used to make synthesis gas to provide hydrogen to an ammonia reactor. An ion transport membrane assembly and a cryogenic air separation are used to provide oxygen for a gasifier. The ion transport membrane assembly also provides high pressure nitrogen for use in the ammonia reactor.
2895631 METHOD FOR PRODUCING STEEL WITH REGENERATIVE ENERGY||EP||22.07.2015|
||13765312||VOESTALPINE STAHL GMBH||SCHWAB PETER|
The invention relates to a method for producing steel, wherein iron ore is reduced with hydrogen and the thus obtained intermediate product of reduced iron ore and optional accompanying substances is metallurgically processed, the hydrogen
by the electrolysis of water and the electrical energy required for electrolysis being regenerative energy, which stems from water power and/or wind power and/or photovoltaic power or other regenerative energy forms. The hydrogen and/or the intermediate product is produced independently of the current demand whenever sufficient regeneratively generated electrical energy is available. Any quantity of intermediate product not demanded is stored until demanded/used so that the regenerative energy accumulated therein is also stored. The invention also relates to a method for storing discontinuously generated energy, the discontinuously generated energy being supplied, when available or once it has been generated, to a process in which a storable intermediate product is produced from a starting material and the storable intermediate product is stored until it is required or demanded for production of a final product.