WO/2015/072224 SILICON MATERIAL A FOR HYDROGEN GAS PRODUCTION, SILICON MATERIAL B FOR HYDROGEN GAS PRODUCTION, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SILICON MATERIAL A FOR HYDROGEN GAS PRODUCTION, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SILICON MATERIAL B FOR HYDROGEN GAS PRODUCTION, METHOD FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN GAS, AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN GAS||WO||21.05.2015|
||PCT/JP2014/074516||TKX CORPORATION||GUESHI, Tatsuro|
[Problem] In a method for producing
gas by the reaction of silicon particles and an alkaline aqueous solution, to continuously obtain
gas by moderately inhibiting the reaction of the silicon particles and the alkaline aqueous solution. [Solution] This silicon material A for hydrogen
comprises silicon particles and oil. The oil content is 0.1 to 10 weight% of the silicon particles. This method for producing the silicon material A for hydrogen
comprises: a step of preparing silicon waste (108) which includes the silicon particles, oil and water; a step of centrifuging or filtrating the silicon waste (108) to produce a solid (A112) which includes the silicon particles, oil and a small amount of water; a step of drying the solid (A112) to produce a solid (B112) which includes the silicon particles and oil; and a step of mixing water (116) into the solid (B112) to obtain sludge (A117).
WO/2015/070803 QUICK-START SYSTEM FOR PREPARING HYDROGEN VIA AQUEOUS METHANOL, AND HYDROGEN PREPARATION METHOD||WO||21.05.2015|
||PCT/CN2014/091145||SHANGHAI HYDROGEN MOBILE REFRMER INSTRUMENT CO.,LTD||XIANG, Hua|
Disclosed are a quick-start system for preparing hydrogen via aqueous methanol, and hydrogen preparation
method. The system comprises a liquid storage container, a raw material feeding device, a quick-start device, hydrogen preparation
equipment and a membrane separation device; the quick-start device comprises a first start device and a second start device; the first start device comprises a first heating mechanism and a first gasification pipeline, the first gasification pipeline winding around the first heating mechanism; one end of the first gasification pipeline is connected to the liquid storage container, and feeds methanol into the first gasification pipeline via the raw material feeding device, for the first heating mechanism to heat and gasify; the hydrogen preparation
equipment comprises a reforming chamber; the second start device comprises a second gasification pipeline, the main body of the second gasification pipeline being disposed in the reforming chamber; and the methanol outputted by the first gasification pipeline and/or the second gasification pipeline heats the second gasification pipeline while heating the reforming chamber, thus gasifying the methanol in the second gasification pipeline. The present invention can be quickly started, while having less energy consumption and good practicability.
WO/2015/072890 HYDROGEN GAS GENERATOR AND METHOD OF PRODUCING HYDROGEN AND OXYGEN||WO||21.05.2015|
||PCT/RU2014/000846||REVA, Vasiliy Ivanovich||REVA, Vasiliy Ivanovich|
The invention relates to a method for directly decomposing a liquid into hydrogen and oxygen using a thermo-mechanical process for breaking-down the chemical bonds of a liquid using kinetic energy from differently-directed rotation, and also relates to a mechanical hydrogen
. A mechanical hydrogen
for directly producing hydrogen
and oxygen from a liquid contains a stationary housing which, one the side from which liquid is fed, contains a cantilevered shaft with a cup, and, on the side from which the product is obtained, a lid contains a second cantilevered shaft. The cup and the shaft in turn contain rotary discs, which form the walls of chambers and which can rotate in different directions, heating a liquid. The housing contains, along the circumference thereof, splined channels and helical channels, and all of the discs are provided with conical jet-formers which are directed along the path of the liquid. The base of the device contains a hermetic cup, in which are sequentially provided composite configured discs having annular shelves and being capable of rotating between 50 and 600 m/s. The group of inventions is directed at increasing output and decreasing the cost of initial products.
20150132214 MEMBRANE VALVE MODULATED GAS GENERATOR||US||14.05.2015|
||14080571||Steven J. Eickhoff||Steven J. Eickhoff|
A device includes a case having a surface with a perforation and a cavity. A membrane is supported by the case inside the cavity and has an impermeable valve plate positioned proximate the perforation. The membrane is water vapor permeable and gas impermeable and flexes responsive to a difference in pressure between the cavity and outside the cavity to selectively allow water vapor to pass through the perforation into the cavity as a function of the difference in pressure.
20150129431 GAS PERMEABLE ELECTRODE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE||US||14.05.2015|
||14407014||Monash University||Bjorn Winther-Jensen|
A gas permeable or breathable electrode and method of manufacture thereof. In one example there is an electrolytic cell having an electrode comprising a porous material, wherein gas produced at the electrode diffuses out of the cell via the porous material. In operation the gas is produced at the at least one electrode without substantial bubble formation. In another example there is an electrode having a porous conducting material with a hydrophobic layer or coating applied to a side of the porous conducting material. A catalyst may be applied to another side. The gas permeable or breathable electrode can be used in an electrolytic cell, electrochemical cell, battery and/or fuel cell. Gas produced at the electrode diffuses out of a cell via at least part of the electrode, separating the gas from the reaction at the electrode.
20150129806 Process for Producing Ammonia Synthesis Gas and a Method for Revamping a Front-End of an Ammonia Plant||US||14.05.2015|
||14074962||Ammonia Casale SA||Ermanno Filippi|
A process for producing ammonia make-up synthesis gas and a procedure for revamping a front-end of an ammonia plant for producing ammonia make-up synthesis gas are disclosed, wherein the make-up synthesis gas is produced by means of steam reforming of a hydrocarbon gaseous feedstock; said front-end includes a primary reformer, a secondary reformer, a shift conversion section, a CO2 removal section and optionally a methanation section; a shell-and-tube gas-heated reformer is installed after said secondary reformer, and a portion of the available feedstock is reformed in the tubes of said gas-heated reformer, and heat is provided to the shell side of said gas-heated reformer by at least a portion of product gas leaving the secondary reformer, possibly mixed with product gas leaving the tubes of said gas-heated reformer.
20150129805 METHOD FOR PRODUCING CO AND/OR H2 IN AN ALTERNATING OPERATION BETWEEN TWO OPERATING MODES||US||14.05.2015|
||14384460||Bayer Intellectual Property GmbH||Alexander Karpenko|
The invention relates to a method for producing syngas in an alternating operation between two operating modes. The method has the steps of providing a flow reactor; endothermically reacting carbon dioxide with hydrocarbons, water, and/or hydrogen in the flow reactor, at least carbon monoxide being formed as the product, under the effect of heat generated electrically by one or more heating elements (110, 111, 112, 113); and at the same time exothermically reacting hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and/or hydrogen as reactants in the flow reactor. The exothermic reaction releases a heat quantity Q1, the electric heating of the reactor releases a heat quantity Q2, and the exothermic reaction and the electric heating of the reactor are operated such that the sum of Q1 and Q2 is greater than or equal to the heat quantity Q3 which is required for an equilibrium yield Y of the endothermic reaction of ≧90%.
20150132675 REFORMING CHAMBER WITH CONSTANT ELECTRIC DISCHARGE TO GENERATE HYDROGEN||US||14.05.2015|
||14604441||19th Space Energy, LLC||Babak Fahimi|
A circuit applies an electric field to a reforming chamber housing a hydrocarbon-water mixture to cause molecular breakdown and create a feed of hydrogen and carbon and dioxide that can be supplied to fuel cells. The circuit includes a DC-to-DC converter, a DC-to-AC inverter and a transformer to transform available input voltage to a control voltage that can be used to apply the electric field to the mixture in the reforming chamber. The signal supplied to the DC-to-AC inverter is monitored to determine whether enough voltage is supplied to create an electrical discharge in the reforming chamber. If an electrical discharge exists, the variables to the circuit is left alone or decreased until the signal indicates the electrical discharge is no longer present. If no electrical discharge exists, the variable input voltage is increased until an electrical discharge is detected.
WO/2015/069621 REFORMER WITH PEROVSKITE AS STRUCTURAL COMPONENT THEREOF||WO||14.05.2015|
||PCT/US2014/063817||WATT FUEL CELL CORP.||FINNERTY, Caine, M.|
A reformer includes at least one reformer reactor unit having a space-confining wall with external and internal surfaces, at feast a section of the wail and space confined thereby defining a reforming reaction zone, an inlet end and associated inlet for admission of a flow of gaseous reforming reactant to the reforming reaction zone, an outlet end and associated outlet for outflow of hydrogen
-rich reformate produced
in the reforming reaction zone, at least that section of the wall corresponding to the reforming reaction zone comprising perovskite as a structural component thereof, such wall section being gas-permeable to allow gaseous reforming reactant to diffuse therein and hydrogen
to diffuse therefrom.
WO/2015/068161 A METHOD FOR STORAGE AND RELEASE OF HYDROGEN||WO||14.05.2015|
||PCT/IL2014/050965||YISSUM RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT COMPANY OF THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM LTD.||SASSON, Yoel|
The invention provides a process for the production
, comprising catalytically decomposing a concentrated aqueous solution of potassium formate in a reaction vessel to form bicarbonate slurry and hydrogen, discharging the hydrogen from said reaction vessel, and treating a mixture comprising the bicarbonate slurry and the catalyst with an oxidizer, thereby regenerating the catalyst. Pd/C catalysts useful in the process are also described.