WO/2015/152759 TUBULAR SECTIONAL SOLID OXIDE THIN-FILM HIGH-TEMPERATURE FUEL CELL||WO||08.10.2015|
||PCT/RU2014/000248||CLOSED JOINT-STOCK COMPANY "ENERGY FACTOR"||SEVASTYANOV, Vladimir Vladimirovich|
The invention relates to high-temperature electrochemical devices with a solid oxide electrolyte, and can be used for manufacturing a high-temperature fuel cell
and an electrochemical current generator based on same. A tubular high-temperature fuel cell
including a bearing ceramic cathode, a sectional electrolyte, an interface layer positioned between the electrolyte and the ceramic cathode, anodes with anode current collectors, and cathode current collectors. A protective film is positioned on the outer surface of the ceramic cathode in gaps between neighboring sections of electrolyte, onto which protective film a metal film is applied. The cathode current collectors are connected to the metal film, with the formation of an electrical contact. The proposed design of the tubular high-temperature fuel cell
displays high operational reliability and an extended service life, and allows for increasing the fuel utilization factor and for reducing Ohmic losses.
WO/2015/151578 METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CORE-SHELL CATALYST||WO||08.10.2015|
||PCT/JP2015/053234||TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA||KIMURA, Hiroko|
Provided is a method for manufacturing a core-shell catalyst with high specific activity. The method for manufacturing a core-shell catalyst provided with a core that includes palladium and with a shell which includes platinum and covers the core is characterized by comprising: a step of preparing grains containing palladium which have a peak at 2θ = 40° ±1° in the results of x-ray diffraction measurement and which have a crystal grain size found from the half width at the peak at 2θ = 40° ±1° by the Scherrer method of 5 to 8.5 nm; a copper precipitation step of applying an electric potential more noble than the oxidation-reduction potential of copper to the grains containing palladium in an electrolyte containing copper ions to thereby precipitate copper on the surface of the grains containing palladium; and a substitution step of bringing a platinum-ion-containing solution into contact with the copper precipitated on the surface of the grains containing palladium after the copper precipitation step to thereby substitute platinum for the copper precipitated on the surface of the grains containing palladium and thereby form a shell.
WO/2015/151588 ELECTRIC VEHICLE CONTROL DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD||WO||08.10.2015|
||PCT/JP2015/053628||TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA||IMANISHI, Masahiro|
In order to reliably discharge a fuel cell
stack when a vehicle collides, an electric vehicle comprises: a fuel cell
stack that generates power by an electrochemical reaction between a fuel gas and an oxidation gas and supplies the generated power to a vehicle drive electric motor; a first discharge electric resistor (81) electrically connected through an electrically controlled discharge switch (82) to the fuel cell
stack; a discharge control circuit (90) for controlling the turning on and off of the discharge switch; and a collision detector for detecting a vehicle collision and outputting a collision signal to the discharge control circuit. The discharge control circuit turns on the discharge switch when the collision signal is input to electrically connect the fuel cell
stack to the first discharge electric resistor, thereby allowing the fuel cell
stack to be discharged. The power for the discharge control circuit is supplied from the fuel cell
WO/2015/151645 POROUS COLLECTOR AND FUEL CELL||WO||08.10.2015|
||PCT/JP2015/054978||SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES,LTD.||HIGASHINO, Takahiro|
Provided is a porous collector for fuel electrodes, which has a high gas reforming function and high durability. A porous collector (9) which is arranged adjacent to a fuel electrode (4) of a fuel cell
(101) that is provided with a solid electrolyte layer (2), the fuel electrode (4), which is provided on one surface of the solid electrolyte layer, and an air electrode (3) that is provided on the other surface of the solid electrolyte layer. The porous collector comprises a metal porous body (1) and a first catalyst (20), and the metal porous body comprises an alloy layer (12a) at least on the surface thereof. The alloy layer contains nickel (Ni) and tin (Sn). The first catalyst is a particulate catalyst which is supported by the surface of the alloy layer, said surface facing the pores of the metal porous body, and which is capable of processing a carbon component contained in a fuel gas that flows inside the pores.
WO/2015/150795 A FUEL CELL SYSTEM WITH FUEL GAS PRESSURE REGULATOR||WO||08.10.2015|
||PCT/GB2015/051001||INTELLIGENT ENERGY LIMITED||HARRIS, Sophie Charlotte|
A fuel cell
system (100) comprising a fuel cell
(102) having an anode inlet port (104) and a cathode fluid communication port (108) and an anode pressure regulator (112). The anode pressure regulator (112) comprising a cathode chamber (114) with a cathode chamber inlet port (116); an anode chamber (118) with an anode chamber outlet port (120) and an anode chamber inlet port (122); a diaphragm (124) between the cathode chamber (114) and the anode chamber (118); and a variable restriction element (126) configured to control the flow of fluid into the anode chamber (118) through the anode chamber inlet port (122) in accordance with the position of the diaphragm (124). The cathode chamber inlet port (116) is in fluid communication with the cathode fluid communication port (108) of the fuel cell
(102). The anode chamber outlet port (120) is in fluid communication with the anode inlet port (104) of the fuel cell
(102). The anode chamber inlet port (122) is configured to be in fluid communication with a fuel source for the fuel cell
WO/2015/151828 COLLECTOR FOR FUEL CELLS, AND FUEL CELL||WO||08.10.2015|
||PCT/JP2015/058202||SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD.||OKUNO, Kazuki|
Collectors (8, 9) which are used in a fuel cell
that is configured to comprise: a membrane electrode assembly (5) that has a solid polymer electrolyte layer (2) and a pair of electrode layers (3, 4) which are formed so as to sandwich the solid polymer electrolyte layer (2); the collectors (8, 9) which are respectively laminated on the electrode layers (3, 4); and gas channels (10, 11) for respectively supplying a gas to the electrode layers (3, 4). The collectors (8, 9) respectively comprises metal porous bodies (6a, 7a) that are respectively laminated on the electrode layers (3, 4) and supply a flowing gas to the electrode layers (3, 4), while being electrically connected to the electrode layers (3, 4). The metal porous bodies (6a, 7a) are respectively configured to comprise conductive layers on at least the sides of the electrode layers (3, 4), said conductive layers containing conductive particles affixed to a resin having corrosion resistance and water repellency.
WO/2015/151714 MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND SOLID POLYMER FUEL CELL IN WHICH SAME IS USED||WO||08.10.2015|
||PCT/JP2015/056522||MITSUI MINING & SMELTING CO., LTD.||TANIGUCHI, Koji|
In the present invention, a membrane electrode assembly is obtained by forming a catalyst layer on at least one surface of a solid polymer electrolyte film, the catalyst layer containing a catalyst-supporting carrier, in which a catalyst is supported on a carrier comprising an inorganic oxide, and a highly hydrophobic substance that is more hydrophobic than the inorganic oxide. Taking the degree of hydrophobicity are the methanol concentration (vol%) corresponding to an 80% rate of light transmission in a liquid dispersion obtained by dispersing the highly hydrophobic substance in a water-ethanol mixture, the degree of hydrophobicity of the highly hydrophobic substance is preferably 0.5% by volume to 45% by volume at 25°C.
WO/2015/150652 FUEL CELL WITH OPTIMIZED OPERATION||WO||08.10.2015|
||PCT/FR2015/050532||COMMISSARIAT À L'ÉNERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ÉNERGIES ALTERNATIVES||GERARD, Mathias|
The invention relates to a fuel cell
, comprising: - first and second electrochemical cells; - a two-pole plate arranged between the first and second electrochemical cells, comprising a conductor support (102) delimiting a first flow channel (106) facing the first electrochemical cell and extending between an air inlet (125) and a water outlet (126), and comprising a first conductive coating (141) attached to the conductor support at the air inlet of the first flow channel and comprising a second conductive coating (142) fastened to the conductor support at the middle part of the first flow channel, the second conductor coating having an electrical surface resistance greater than that of the first conductive coating.
WO/2015/150271 SEPARATION DEVICE FOR LIQUIDS||WO||08.10.2015|
Liquid separation device for the separation of liquid or liquid mist from a gas, with at least one pair of basic carriers consisting in a first and a second plate‐shaped basic carrier, where in each of the first and the second basic carrier, at least two separator elements are formed, where the separator elements each comprise a passage pipe with a gas inlet and a gas outlet, which are arranged at opposite sides of the respective plate‐shaped basic carrier in such a way that the passage pipe extends through the respective plate‐shaped basic carrier, characterized in that the first and the second basic carrier being arranged one next to the other in flow direction of the gas, and that each two separator elements in both basic carriers, respectively, which separator elements are arranged adjacent to each other, with their passage pipes form continuous flow paths for the gas, where at least in the transition area of a flow path from an upstream passage pipe to an adjacent downstream passage pipe, the inner diameter of the downstream passage pipe is larger than the inner diameter of the adjacent upstream passage pipe.
WO/2015/153729 HIGH CAPACITY POLYMER CATHODE AND HIGH ENERGY DENSITY RECHARGEABLE CELL COMPRISING THE CATHODE||WO||08.10.2015|
||PCT/US2015/023825||ZIMMERMAN, Michael, A.||ZIMMERMAN, Michael, A.|
The invention features a rechargeable cathode and a battery comprising the cathode. The cathode includes a solid, ionically conducting polymer material and electroactive sulfur. The battery contains a lithium anode; the cathode; and an electrolyte; wherein at least one of anode, the cathode and the electrolyte, include the solid, ionically conducting polymer material.