WO/2016/133464 REGENERABLE DRAW SOLUTE FOR OSMOTICALLY DRIVEN PROCESSES||WO||25.08.2016|
||PCT/SG2016/050083||NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY||HU, Xiao|
Disclosed herein is a use of an inorganic salt to form and regenerate
a draw solute for forward osmosis, wherein the inorganic salt is selected from one or more of the group selected from sodium sulfate, calcium lactate, disodium phosphate, tetrasodium pyrophosphate, and hydrates thereof. Also disclosed herein is a method of forward osmosis using said inorganic salt.
WO/2016/133647 INNER SURFACE FEATUREES FOR CO-CURRENT CONTACTORS||WO||25.08.2016|
||PCT/US2016/014513||EXXONMOBIL UPSTREAM RESEARCH COMPANY||NORTHROP, P., Scott|
A co-current contactor (202a, 202b, 202c, 202d) for separating components in a fluid stream, the co-current contactor comprising a first inlet configured to receive the fluid stream proximate to a first end (208a, 208b, 208c, 208d) of the co-current contactor, a second inlet configured to receive a solvent proximate the first end of the co-current contactor, and a mass transfer section (222) configured to receive the fluid stream and the solvent and to provide a mixed, two-phase flow, wherein the mass transfer section comprises a surface feature along an inner surface of the mass transfer section configured to reduce film flow along an inner wall of the mass transfer section, and wherein the surface feature comprises at least one of a hydrophobic surface, a superhydrophobic surface, a porous wall surface, and a nonlinear surface irregularity extending radially inward or radially outward along the inner surface of the mass transfer section.
WO/2016/131623 PROCESS FOR THE AMMONIA PRODUCTION||WO||25.08.2016|
||PCT/EP2016/051658||CASALE SA||FILIPPI, Ermanno|
Process and plant for the synthesis of ammonia from a hydrocarbon feedstock, comprising: primary reforming with steam and air-fired secondary reforming wherein primary reforming is performed at a temperature and pressure of at least 790 °C and 50 bar, and secondary reforming is carried out substantially in absence of excess air, the so obtained make-up synthesis gas having a H2 to N2 molar ratio in the range 2.5 to 3.
WO/2016/132091 PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF FORMALDEHYDE||WO||25.08.2016|
||PCT/GB2015/054082||JOHNSON MATTHEY PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY||ERLANDSSON, Ola|
A process is described for the production of formaldehyde, comprising (a) subjecting methanol to oxidation with air in a formaldehyde production unit thereby producing a formaldehyde-containing stream; (b) separating said formaldehyde-containing stream into a formaldehyde product stream and a formaldehyde vent gas stream; wherein the vent gas stream, optionally after treatment in a vent gas treatment unit, is passed to one or more stages of: (i) synthesis gas generation, (ii) carbon dioxide
removal, (iii) methanol synthesis or (iv) urea synthesis.
WO/2016/132092 INTEGRATED PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF FORMALDEHYDE-STABILIZED UREA||WO||25.08.2016|
||PCT/GB2015/054083||JOHNSON MATTHEY PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY||ERLANDSSON, Ola|
A process for the production of formaldehyde-stabilised urea is described comprising the steps of: (a) generating a synthesis gas comprising hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide
and steam in a synthesis gas generation unit; (b) recovering carbon dioxide
from the synthesis gas to form a carbon dioxide
-depleted synthesis gas; (c) synthesising methanol from the carbon dioxide
-depleted synthesis gas in a methanol synthesis unit and recovering
the methanol and a methanol synthesis off-gas comprising nitrogen, hydrogen and residual carbon monoxide; (d) subjecting at least a portion of the recovered
methanol to oxidation with air in a formaldehyde production unit; (e) subjecting the methanol synthesis off- gas to methanation in a methanation reactor containing a methanation catalyst to form an ammonia synthesis gas; (f) synthesising ammonia from the ammonia synthesis gas in an ammonia production unit and recovering
the ammonia; (g) reacting a portion of the ammonia and at least a portion of the recovered carbon dioxide
stream in a urea production unit to form a urea stream; and (h) stabilising the urea by mixing the urea stream and a stabiliser prepared using formaldehyde recovered
from the formaldehyde production unit, wherein a source of air is compressed and divided into first and second portions, the first portion is provided to the formaldehyde production unit for the oxidation of methanol and the second portion is further compressed and provided to the synthesis gas generation unit.
WO/2016/134092 THERMAL FRACTIONATION OF PLANT MATERIAL||WO||25.08.2016|
||PCT/US2016/018378||BIOFRACT, LLC||LEVESON, Philip, D.|
A highly controllable thermal distillation reactor system (25) and method (30) allow volatile compounds to be efficiently removed from the plant matter without use of solvents, and can separate compounds with different vapor pressure characteristics. The system has a Thermal Distillation Reactor (TDR) (13) into which the plant material is charged. The TDR provides for high rates of heat transfer coupled with small thermal diffusion length scales to allow substantially all of the plant material to be within a narrow temperature range, which enhances the separation purity cuts. The system provides high removal efficiencies whilst minimizing any impurities resulting from pyrolysis or thermal destruction to the cellulose, hemi-cellulose or lignin within the plant material.
WO/2016/132277 FOOD PRESERVATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR THE USE THEREOF||WO||25.08.2016|
||PCT/IB2016/050800||VILLEGAS OSORIO, Monica Patricia||VILLEGAS OSORIO, Monica Patricia|
The invention relates to a food preservation system and to a method for the use thereof. The system comprises a device for capturing
gases by means of adsorption, intended to form a system for preserving food during the storage
and transport thereof, although it can also be used for other uses that require gases to be captured
in closed containers. In its most general embodiment the device comprises: a plurality of mineral layers that selectively adsorb carbon dioxide
, a plurality of mineral layers that selectively adsorb ethylene gases, a plurality of mineral layers that selectively adsorb oxygen, and a plurality of mineral layers that selectively adsorb moisture.
WO/2016/131930 PROCESS FOR TREATING A HYDROGEN SULPHIDE AND MERCAPTANS COMPRISING GAS||WO||25.08.2016|
||PCT/EP2016/053480||PAQELL B.V.||KLOK, Jan|
A process to treat a gas comprising hydrogen sulphide and mercaptans is described. The following steps are part of this process: (a) contacting the hydrogen sulphide and mercaptans comprising gas (1) with an aqueous solution (3) comprising sulphide-oxidising bacteria thereby obtaining a loaded aqueous solution (5) and a gas (4) having a lower content of hydrogen sulphide and mercaptans, (b) contacting the loaded aqueous solution with mercaptan reducing microorganisms immobilized on a carrier under anaerobic conditions, (c) separating the aqueous solution obtained in step (b) from the mercaptan reducing microorganisms to obtain a first liquid effluent (7), and (d) contacting the first liquid effluent (7) with an oxidant (9) to regenerate
the sulphide-oxidising bacteria to obtain a second liquid effluent (11) comprising regenerated
sulphide-oxidising bacteria. The sulphide-oxidising bacteria as present in step (a) are comprised of regenerated
sulphide-oxidising bacteria obtained in step (d).
20160236137 A multi-compression system and process for capturing carbon dioxide||US||18.08.2016|
||15027384||RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LIMITED||Vinay Amte|
The present disclosure provides a multiple-compression system and a process for capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from a flue gas stream containing CO2 The disclosure also provides a process for regeneration of the carbon dioxide capture media.
20160236170 Stabilization of Amine-Containing CO2 Adsorbents and Related Systems and Methods||US||18.08.2016|
||15068795||Abdelhamid SAYARI||Abdelhamid SAYARI|
The present invention provides (i) a method and system for stabilizing the performance of amine-containing CO2 adsorbents using wet feed gas and/or wet purge gas and (ii) a method for regeneration of deactivated amine-containing CO2 adsorbents via hydrolysis of the urea groups formed during deactivation.