WO/2015/057041 IN-LINE CAVITATION ASSEMBLY||WO||23.04.2015|
||PCT/KZ2014/000018||SUSANOV, Uriy||SUSANOV, Uriy|
An in-line cavitation assembly is intended for treating heavy and viscous crude oil for the purpose of breaking down high molecular weight compounds into smaller, simpler compounds, thus bringing about an up to tenfold reduction in the viscosity of the oil and an up to 70 percent increase in light oil yield. The assembly consists of a constant-level tank with a float valve for maintaining the level in the tank, to which crude oil is supplied from a temporary storage tank. The oil, pumped through a vertical siphon tube, begins to "boil" as a result of reduced pressure, releasing bubbles of gas (gasoline) in the body of the flow as a result of the saturation of the vapours, at a set vacuum and temperature. When they enter the pump, which raises the pressure, the bubbles begin to collapse, breaking down high molecular weight compounds as a result of hydraulic impacts. In order to prevent siphon failure due to an accumulation of bubbles, an air valve is installed at the top of the siphon tube, from which valve a vacuum pump pumps out gasoline vapours, which pass through the evaporator of a refrigerating machine and are condensed and collected in a tank for use as appropriate.
WO/2015/057042 MASS SPECTROMETER AND ELEMENTS THEREOF||WO||23.04.2015|
||PCT/KZ2014/000021||SAPARGALIYEV, Aldan Asanovich||SAPARGALIYEV, Aldan Asanovich|
The invention relates to electronic analysis technology for determining the composition and structure of substances, and more particularly relates to the field of analyzers comprising at least one mass spectrometer (MS). The invention can be used, for example, in medicine, biology, the oil and gas industry, metallurgy, power engineering, geochemistry, hydrology and ecology. The main aim of the present invention is to increase the resolving power of an MS. Proposed are devices for forming and introducing into an analysis IB unit of an MS a plurality of small cross-section ion paths, thus increasing the resolving power of the MS. The invention additionally provides an increase in the sensitivity, accuracy and speed with which the composition and structure of substances are measured, while also expanding the functional capabilities of an MS. A further aim achieved by the proposed invention is that of increasing the range of means available. In the invention for mass spectrometry, ion optical elements with a central plane are proposed, which make it possible to carry out simultaneous or successive substance analysis on different paths and channels.
WO/2015/057040 SOLAR CELL||WO||23.04.2015|
||PCT/KZ2014/000017||SUSANOV, Yury||SUSANOV, Yury|
The "YURASUS" solar cell relates to renewable energy sources. Polymer film solar cells have become widespread today because they are environmentally-friendly to produce and use, they are twice as cheap in terms of specific capacity and significantly lighter by comparison with crystalline silicon-on-glass cells, and they do not heat up when generating electric power. The proposed solar cell device is characterized in that the substrate is made from a polymer film methacrylate side-emitting optical fibre, which makes it possible to create units by gluing together sheets, thus immeasurably increasing current collection per square metre of a unit. With a film thickness of 0.2 mm, a unit of 50 sheets, having a thickness of 10 mm, is capable of generating 2.5 kWh per square metre. Polymer solar cells in unit form can be used in place of tiles in residential and industrial buildings, and also in electric motor vehicles, airplanes and electric trains and even in spacecraft, in the the form of a cladding for the body thereof in place of the currently used "parasols", which are vulnerable in space.
WO/2015/047060 INDEPENDENT COOLER||WO||02.04.2015|
||PCT/KZ2014/000012||MASLENNIKOV, Nikolai Nikolaevich||MASLENNIKOV, Nikolai Nikolaevich|
Изобретение относится к энергетике. При работе устройства путём испарения в жидкостном веществе, происходит разделение температуры вещества на холодное и горячее состояние. При односторонней передаче тепловой энергии в ступенях, каждая ступень нагревается от нижерасположенной ступени, и передаёт тепло к вышерасположенной ступени. Независимый охладитель отличается тем, что состоит из множества ступеней с жидкостными и газовыми слоями. Верхняя ступень закрыта и жидкость не имеет возможности испарения в атмосферу. Задачей изобретения является разделение, накопление и концентрация холодного и горячего состояния вещества, использование тепловой энергии окружающей среды. Независимый охладитель используется в качестве холодильника или нагревателя. Для работы независимого охладителя не требуется постороннее топливо.
WO/2015/041509 UNIVERSAL FILTER ELEMENT||WO||26.03.2015|
||PCT/KZ2014/000016||RUZUDDINOV, Saurbek||RUZUDDINOV, Saurbek|
The invention relates to universal filter elements of valve-free, gas-proof respirators intended for protecting the respiratory organs from harmful substances found in the air of manufacturing facilities of aluminium and phosphorus plants, mineral fertilizers and nonferrous metallurgy. A known universal filter element composition comprising: 17.0 - 25.0% by mass of potassium carbonate; 0.7 - 1.0% by mass of sodium hydroxide; 9.0 - 12.5% by mass of sodium silicate; 9.0 - 12.5% by mass of glycerin; 5.9 - 7.4% by mass of water; with the remainder being cotton cloth, does not provide effective protection against sulphur dioxide in excess of 15 MAC. Owing to the fact that the proposed composition additionally comprises calcium oxide and manganese sulphate in the following ratio of components: 22.0 - 32.0% by mass of potassium carbonate; 0.8 - 1.1% by mass of calcium oxide; 1.0 - 1.5% by mass of sodium hydroxide; 10.0 - 14.0% by mass of sodium silicate; 9.0 - 13.0% by mass of glycerin; 0.07 - 0.12% by mass of manganese sulphate; 12.0 - 16.0% by mass of water; with the remainder being cotton cloth, it is possible to increase the absorption capacity of the filter, the degree of protection against sulphur dioxide and additional retention of hydrogen sulphide, thus making it possible to effectively use the filter for protecting the respiratory organs in manufacturing facilities where the content of sulphur dioxide exceeds 15 MAC, that of hydrogen sulphide exceeds 15 MAC, and the content of hydrogen fluoride reaches 30 MAC.
||PCT/KZ2013/000012||BYCHKOV, Dmitriy Anatol'evich||BYCHKOV, Dmitriy Anatol'evich|
The present invention relates to a tampon suitable for feminine hygiene and having a horizontally elongated body made from a compressed absorbent fibrous material with an insertion end and a withdrawal end, and a string for removing the tampon, which is secured by one end in the body of the tampon. The tampon has a truncated conical shape with a sloping base and at least one transverse groove configured in a circle on the surface of the tampon, and further has a string situated at an angle in the body of the tampon, said string protruding from the elongated side at the edge of the surface of the withdrawal end which is at an angle to the axis of the tampon. The transverse groove is configured with and without raised elements in the form of ridges and letters. The proposed tampon design in the shape of a truncated cone with an angled base (a sloping withdrawal end) and a transverse groove(s) passing across the surface of the tampon, as well as an inclined string and a domed insertion end simplifies the processes of insertion and removal, protects against drying of the vaginal walls, a side effect inherent in all previously known tampons, and also prevents accidental passage of the tampon from the vagina into the uterus.
WO/2015/023168 AQUEOUS LITHIUM-ION BATTERY||WO||19.02.2015|
||PCT/KZ2014/000001||CHASTNOE UCHREZHDENIE "NAZARBAYEV UNIVERSITY RESEARCH AND INNOVATION SYSTEM"||BAKENOV, Zhumabay|
The invention relates to the electrochemical industry, and more particularly to aqueous lithium-ion batteries. Aim of the invention: to create low-cost, environmentally-friendly rechargeable batteries which function reliably and have a high capacity and a long service life. The technical result of the invention is an improvement in the operating characteristics of a battery, particularly a reduction in the corrosive properties of the electrolyte, thus providing reliability, an increased service life and environmental safety. This technical result is achieved in that the invention makes use of an intercalation cathode and a metallic and/or electrically conductive inert anode, which are separated by a separator with a weakly acidic electrolyte solution having a рН of 4-5 and containing at least two types of electrochemically active cations, and is comprised of a combination of one or a plurality of electrochemical cells, each of which includes: a metallic anode made from zinc, aluminium or a different metal from among the transition metals, or an inert anode made from stainless steel, carbon, nickel or copper; and a cathode made from oxides and salts of lithium, sodium, magnesium or other alkali or alkaline earth metals with manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel and other transition metals, for example: LiCoPO4, LiMnPO4, LiFePO4, LiMm2O4, LiCoO2, LiMn1/3Ni1/3O4 and/or combinations thereof.
WO/2015/020509 TRAVEL SUITCASE||WO||12.02.2015|
||PCT/KZ2013/000017||DYUSSEMBAYEV, Kuantay Kuandykovich||DYUSSEMBAYEV, Kuantay Kuandykovich|
The invention relates to suitcases for travelers and can be used for transporting luggage, and also for resting and for eating meals. The technical result consists in creating comfortable conditions during extended travel and providing for good rest while awaiting a flight, and is achieved in that the travel suitcase comprises a housing, including side walls, an outer wall, a rear wall, an upper wall and a lower wall, a handle and support elements, the travel suitcase additionally being provided with an inflatable mattress and with a compartment for storing same.
WO/2015/016692 PLATFORM ROBOT MANIPULATOR||WO||05.02.2015|
||PCT/KZ2013/000010||REPUBLICAN STATE ENTERPRISE FOUNDED ON THE RIGHT OF ECONOMIC COMPETENCE OF THE MINISTERY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZHASTAN (KZ) "KAZAKH NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY AFTER K.I. SATPAEV"||SHOLANOV, Korganbai Sagnaevich|
The utility model can be applied to mechanical engineering, to instrument engineering, and to transport engineering. The primary field of application is areas where it is necessary to control the precise orientation and displacement of objects in space in the presence of large load masses, and also when playing the role of supports. The design of the manipulator, in which one platform has six controllable degrees of freedom relative to another, involves novel design elements in the form of three-link and four-link spherical joints. Said design elements allow for carrying out the functional capabilities of the manipulator, namely so that: the displacements carried out with the help of drives are independent of one another; a specific configuration of the manipulator corresponds to each movement of a drive; a specific totality of generalized coordinates (of displacements carried out by the drives) specifically corresponds to each configuration of the manipulator. The drives may take various forms. The functional possibilities of multi-link spherical joints and of a manipulator are confirmed by examples of existing designs thereof.
WO/2015/016693 THERMAL HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANT||WO||05.02.2015|
||PCT/KZ2013/000015||TSAY, Igor Arturovich||TSAY, Igor Arturovich|
The invention relates to the field of power engineering and can be used for producing environmentally clean energy without consuming fuel resources and creating structures which have a harmful ecological impact on the environment. The technical result of increasing the reliability of the apparatus and the operating safety thereof by eliminating the use of toxic components is achieved in that, according to the invention, a thermal hydroelectric power plant, comprising a steam pipe (2), a condenser (3) connected to the steam pipe (2), a hydraulic turbine (5), a condensate pipe (4) and a steam-generating chamber (1), is equipped with a pipeline (6) for supplying liquid from the hydraulic turbine (5) to the steam-generating chamber (1), which is connected to a heat source (7), and the hydraulic turbine (5) is mounted in the condensate pipe (4) such that the blades of said hydraulic turbine can be rotated with liquid formed from the steam in the condenser (3).