WO/2014/172768 METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A TECHNICAL UNIT AND DEVICE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION THEREOF||WO||30.10.2014|
||PCT/BY2013/000005||THE STATE SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTION "THE JOINT INSTITUTE OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF BELARUS"||DZIUZHAU, Andrei Anisimavich|
The invention relates to a method and system for controlling a technical unit. The method includes organizing a system for controlling a technical unit by initializing, identifying and profiling unified profileable peripheral controllers and programming the current structure of the control system using a master controller, and also subsequently processing transducer signals and generating control signals by means of actuating devices, and exchanging data via a data communication channel between the unified profileable peripheral controllers and the master controller in standard working mode. The system comprises a master controller, a data communication channel and unified profileable peripheral controllers with an identical structure and the same software, the number of said controllers corresponding to the number of transducers and actuating devices connected thereto. The invention provides greater functional capabilities with respect to the control of a technical unit, reduced system production costs and increased serviceability by including a process for the organization of a control system and by using in the system unified profileable peripheral controllers which have an identical structure and software.
WO/2014/169368 PISTON SEAL||WO||23.10.2014|
||PCT/BY2014/000003||SEMENOV, Andrei||SEMENOV, Andrei|
The device relates to general mechanical engineering, and in particular to seals and pistons, and can be used for sealing pistons in cylinders of piston engines, preferably in internal combustion engines. The problem addressed by the proposed invention consists in improving the technical characteristics of piston engines. This problem is solved by forming a cavity in the lateral surface of the piston and arranging a separator for separating flows of working medium in said cavity. Furthermore, a bypass cavity is formed between the separator for separating the flows of working medium and the piston. Moreover, an inlet slot and an outlet slot are formed in the lateral surface of the piston. When the working medium enters the gap between the piston and the cylinder, for example during the working stroke of the internal combustion engine, part of the working medium passes into the inlet slot, passes along the bypass cavity and is ejected through the outlet slot, thereby exerting pressure on that part of the flow of working medium which is moving in the gap between the piston and the cylinder, and thereby reducing the energy of this flow. As a result, the working medium has less energy for breaching, for example, the casing of the internal combustion engine. This makes it possible to reduce the pressure of piston rings on the mirror of the cylinder and/or to reduce the quantity of said piston rings, which results in an increase in the mechanical efficiency of the piston engine and a reduction in the amount of wear to which the parts thereof are subjected.
WO/2014/121365 METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN OBJECT||WO||14.08.2014|
||PCT/BY2013/000006||MYTNIK, Vyacheslav Georgievich||MYTNIK, Vyacheslav Georgievich|
The invention relates to general-purpose control systems and specifically to self-adjusting control systems which utilize models. The technical problem which the present invention aims to solve consists in developing a method for optimally controlling an object. The technical result achieved by means of implementing the invention consists in determining an optimal course of action for an object. Said technical result from implementing the invention is achieved in that a virtual model or image of an object is created, then a virtual model or image of the space surrounding the object is created, then, with the help of the virtual model or image of the object and the virtual model or image of the space surrounding the object, the optimal or adequate course of action or actions is determined and the object is made to repeat said optimal or adequate course of action or actions.
WO/2014/100886 FOAM METAL HEAT-EMITTING ELEMENT FOR ELECTROTECHNICAL SYSTEMS||WO||03.07.2014|
||PCT/BY2013/000009||PARTNOU, Yauheni Viktorovich||PARTNOU, Yauheni Viktorovich|
The invention relates to the field of power engineering and electrochemistry and is intended for use in electrical devices for heating liquid or gas in various branches of industry and in the agricultural and public utilities sectors. The technical result is a significant increase in the rate of electrical heating of a liquid or a gas, an increase in the conversion factor for converting electrical energy into heat energy, and also broader possibilities for the synthesis of substances, particularly hydrogen. The use of a foam-metal material having an open-pore structure as a heat-emitting element for electrotechnical systems having a passive resistive component or an active inductive component.
WO/2014/100887 METHOD FOR PRODUCING FUEL AND HEAT ENERGY THEREFROM||WO||03.07.2014|
||PCT/BY2013/000011||PARTNOV, Yauheni Viktorovich||PARTNOV, Yauheni Viktorovich|
The invention relates to the field of energy conservation, and more specifically to techniques for producing fuel gas and heat energy, and can be used in various branches of industry, in agriculture, in vehicles, etc. The method for producing fuel and heat energy therefrom includes starting and carrying out a process under normal conditions by supplying a hydrocarbon component and water separately to a process device, igniting a flame, heating the water and transforming it into a spray by atomization, thus generating water vapour, introducing the hydrocarbon component into a reaction zone and mixing it with the water vapour, heating the vapour-hydrocarbon mixture to a temperature at which a hydrogen-containing fuel is formed, and subsequently burning said fuel. The fuel production process is carried out under autocatalytic conditions in the presence of a complex catalyst, which is comprised of the plasma of the flame produced by the burning of the hydrogen-containing fuel and an oxygen-carrier metal in the form of an oxide selected from Αl2O3 or ТhO2 or ТhO2 or WO3 or β-NiO, at a temperature of 800-1000 °С. The concentration of the hydrocarbon component is maintained within a range of 1.46-1.62%, and the residual amount of unreacted hydrocarbon component contained in the reaction products is 0.25-0.40%. For the vapour-hydrocarbon mixture, the excess of water vapour relative to the stoichiometric amount thereof is set in a range of 80:1-95:1. The invention provides a reduction in harmful emissions and an increase in the energy efficiency of the process.
WO/2014/089663 METHOD OF MANUFACTURING BUILDING BLOCKS AND A MOLD FOR MANUFACTURING ROW BUILDING BLOCKS OR CORNER BUILDING BLOCKS||WO||19.06.2014|
||PCT/BY2012/000006||TECHNOPARK LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY||KONDRATIUK, Oleksii Mikhailovich|
Usage: in manufacture of building products from semidry mixtures. Essence of invention: the method includes preparation of molding sand, its loading in a mold, performance of pressing with creation of hollows in building blocks, removal of an as- formed block and transportation according to the manufacturing route. The mold includes an array (1) made in sections, a punch (11) installed opposite to the array (1) and an interchangeable pallet (2), which makes it possible to extrude a formed product without use of the pressing- out mechanism, which makes the mold construction and method of manufacturing building blocks simpler and cheaper.
WO/2014/008570 DENTAL IMPLANT||WO||16.01.2014|
||PCT/BY2013/000003||JOINT STOCK COMPANY "ALTIMED"||DOSTA, Anatoli D.|
The invention refers to dentistry, in particular, to the group of dental implants intended for the two-step implantation in the alveolar process. The aim of the invention claimed is to protect reliably the implantation area from ingress of the infection from the oral cavity due to the tight connection of the precervical side of the implant with the periodontal tissue. The set aim is achieved in the dental implant with the support to fix the dental prosthesis and the screw part for installation in the bone tissue, as well as with the ring head located between the dental prosthesis support and the screw part, made from the porous three-dimensional structure of the polymeric material and intended for ingrowth of the gum tissues, by means of the fact that the mentioned ring head is equipped with the reinforcing element made as a hollow body of revolution with apertures and located over the ring head.
WO/2013/181732 DISK SCISSORS FOR CUTTING SHEET MATERIAL||WO||12.12.2013|
||PCT/BY2013/000004||UTEKHIN, Sergej Ivanovich||UTEKHIN, Sergej Ivanovich|
The invention relates to equipment for cutting and processing materials using pressure and can be used as hand-held scissors for cutting sheet metal, non-metal sheet materials, wire, branches, etc., and enables the straight cutting of not-necessarily rigid sheet materials of any length, as well as the cutting of curved lines, by virtue of a design for disk scissors which use the edge of any table as a guide. To this end the body has two walls, one of which is situated in the plane of a side surface of one disk blade and the other being in a plane close to a plane tangential to the cutting edge of a second disk blade, wherein both of these walls form a spacial internal angle. During the process of cutting, one of the blades rolls along the table and the sheet material lying on the table while the side surface of the second blade slides along the surface of the edge of the table. Sheet material is thereby cut exactly along the edge of the table.
WO/2013/166577 METHOD FOR THE RENEWAL OF BIOLOGICAL TISSUES AND DEVICE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION THEREOF (EMBODIMENTS)||WO||14.11.2013|
||PCT/BY2012/000002||KHOMCHANKA, Uladzimir Valiantinavich||KHOMCHANKA, Uladzimir Valiantinavich|
The invention relates to medicine and can be used in surgery, including cosmetic surgery, for example for treating trophic and persistent ulcers, pressure sores, burns, scars, etc., and also for the purpose of rejuvenating biological tissues, inter alia skin, in different locations. Proposed is a method for the renewal of biological tissues with the restoration of the functional properties, characteristics and structure thereof, in which the tissues are subjected to a predetermined degree of mechanical traumatization through the creation, in given areas, of at least one region of interference between acoustic waves emanating from at least two sources and propagating in the tissues which are to be renewed, with the possibility of the subsequent natural regeneration of the biological tissues concerned in the aforesaid areas. Also proposed are various embodiments of a device for the implementation of the above method. In order to achieve the result of the renewal of different biological tissues situated at different depths, areas of micro trauma are created without thermal effects, i.e. without the evaporation or coagulation of all of the overlying tissues, i.e. the regeneration of the tissues occurs without the growth of fibrotic cells, thus making it possible to speak of actual, rather than merely visible, rejuvenation.
WO/2013/142941 GAS-TURBINE ENGINE||WO||03.10.2013|
||PCT/BY2013/000002||BELOUS, Vladimir Iosifovich||BELOUS, Vladimir Iosifovich|
The invention relates to continuous-combustion open-layout gas-turbine engines, and can be used in transport plants, for example, in aviation plants and in power-generating plants, and also as a drive in gas-pumping units. An at least two-shaft engine (Figure 2) comprises a high-pressure combustion chamber (29) and a low-pressure combustion chamber (30). A bypass channel (31) is constructed, along which some of the flow of working fluid can freely flow from the output of a low-pressure compressor (26) to the input of a turbine stage of corresponding low pressure. In contrast to known engines, the bypass channel (31) is provided with automatically acting flaps (32) and (33) which allow passage of the flow of working fluid only in one direction - from the compressor to the turbine. This makes it possible, in operating conditions when only one high-pressure combustion chamber (29) is in operation, for the entire flow of working fluid to pass through said combustion chamber. This results in a high level of economy in said conditions.