WO/2015/109380 SHOCK ABSORBER||WO||30.07.2015|
||PCT/BY2014/000010||SHUMSKI, Mikalai||SHUMSKI, Mikalai|
The invention relates to the field of mechanical engineering and is used primarily in railway transport. A shock absorber (1) (fig. 1) comprises a housing (2) filled with a compressible liquid elastomer (3) having immersed therein a rod (4) with a piston (5). The interior cavity of the housing is tightly closed at one end by a cap (6), and at the other end by a cap (7) with a lip seal (8). A piston guide (9) provided with through channels (10) is mounted inside the housing, and a part (11) of the rod (4) passes through said piston guide (9). A movable annular valve (14) and a stop (15) for limiting the movement thereof are also provided. Conical through channels (16) are provided in the piston. A face of cap (7) is configured with a shoulder (17). Part (11) of the rod is provided with slits (18). The piston is provided with depressions (19) in the form of an annular cavity with a conical surface. The shoulder (17) forms a similar depression (20) in the same region. The shock absorber is designed such that the volume of liquid elastomer (3) in a part (12) can be adjusted and set when the rod is in an initial position by means of cap (6) abutting against the follower of a cushioning device.
WO/2015/103683 DEVICE FOR MAINTAINING ILLUMINATION LEVEL IN A ROOM AND SYSTEM FOR ADJUSTING ILLUMINATION LEVEL IN A ROOM||WO||16.07.2015|
||PCT/BY2014/000004||ZHUKOVSKI, Yuri Vladimirovich||ZHUKOVSKI, Yuri Vladimirovich|
The utility model relates to room illumination adjustment systems which utilize shielding devices for protecting against sunlight, comprised of light-shielding element(s) and of a means for controlling the position of the light-shielding element(s), the outer surface of which elements is provided with a plurality of photoelectric cells and the inner surface of which elements is provided with a plurality of light sources. Proposed is a device for maintaining an illumination level in a room, based on a light-shielding device, in which a system for controlling the mutual conversion of light energy and electrical energy is capable of controlling, in at least one mode selected from a group including, at least, controlling in an automatic mode in accordance with a program set by a controller, controlling in a semi-automatic mode with direct access to a controller, controlling in a semi-automatic mode with remote access to a controller by means of wired communications networks, and controlling in a semi-automatic mode with remote access to a controller by means of wireless communications networks. Additionally proposed is a system for adjusting the illumination level in a room, including at least two of the devices mentioned above, which are interconnected so as to form a local network, by means of a common central system for controlling the mutual conversion of light energy and electrical energy with a central controller, and a means for storing electrical energy is configured in the form of a shared battery having a voltage regulator.
WO/2015/100480 METHOD FOR FORMING THIN CIGS FILMS FOR SOLAR CELLS AND DEVICE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION THEREOF||WO||09.07.2015|
||PCT/BY2013/000013||SHIRIPOV, Vladimir Jakovlevich||SHIRIPOV, Vladimir Jakovlevich|
The invention relates to a technique for forming thin semiconducting CIGS films for solar cells on sheet glass substrates, and to vacuum deposition devices for implementing said technique under industrial mass production conditions. The present invention solves the problem of creating a method for forming thin-film CIGS layers for solar cells on large-scale substrates which makes it possible, under mass production conditions, to obtain an optimum integral composition of the material, to ensure the efficient conversion of solar energy into electricity, and to provide a technique which can be reliably reproduced in mass production on large substrates, while at the same time reducing production costs. This problem is solved in that in a known method for forming thin CIGS films, material is applied in successive layers by reactive sputtering in elemental selenium vapour using consecutively arranged magnetron sputtering stations, wherein for the cathodes of the magnetron stations in the positions for the formation of odd-numbered layers, an alloy of Cu-In-Ga is used in which the atomic concentration ratios of Cu/(In+Ga) [Cu/III] and Ga/(In+Ga) [Ga/III] are selected in the ranges of [Cu/III] = 0.47 - 0.51 and [Ga/III] = 0.25 - 0.3, and for the cathodes of the magnetron stations in the positions for the formation of even-numbered layers, an alloy of Cu-Ga is used in which the atomic concentration ratios of Cu/Ga = 2.5 - 2.8. The method and the device also differ in other ways from the prior art.
WO/2015/095948 METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY DELIVERING GOODS USING UNMANNED FLYING APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR IMPLEMENTING SAME||WO||02.07.2015|
||PCT/BY2013/000012||DAVYDOFF, Vladimir Aleksandrovich||DAVYDOFF, Vladimir Aleksandrovich|
The invention relates to the field of delivering goods, and more specifically to methods and systems for automatically delivering goods using an unmanned flying apparatus, including stowing goods on an unmanned flying apparatus, entering coordinates of a delivery location into a control unit of the unmanned flying apparatus, the unmanned flying apparatus flying to the delivery location, automatically disconnecting the goods at the delivery location, and the unmanned flying apparatus returning to the location of departure, and can be used for automatically delivering goods using unmanned flying apparatuses to individual customers and residents of private and multi-family homes. According to the invention, at least one radio-frequency identification (RFID) tag is installed at the location where the goods are to be delivered, the coordinates of said tag being known in advance. An RFID tag-based navigation system is installed on the unmanned flying apparatus, thus allowing for the landing of the unmanned flying apparatus. The system is provided for carrying out the method. The achieved technical result consists in broadening the functional capabilities of a system for automatically delivering goods, and in increasing the accuracy of goods delivery.
WO/2015/089618 RESILIENT DAMPER WHICH RECEIVES IMPACT LOADS AND APPARATUS WHICH ABSORBS IMPACT ENERGY USING SAME||WO||25.06.2015|
||PCT/BY2014/000009||HALAVACH, Aleh Nicolaevich||HALAVACH, Aleh Nicolaevich|
The invention relates to products which receive impact loads: dampers, absorbing apparatuses, and vibration suppressors. The aim of the invention consists in achieving the following technical results: in regard to a resilient damper, increasing the stroke thereof during the compression thereof, and increasing the durability thereof; in regard to an apparatus which absorbs impact energy, increasing the working stroke thereof. The aim of the first device is achieved in that a resilient damper which receives impact loads is made of an elastic material and in that, along the perimeter of the outer surface of such a damper, at least one channel is provided, said at least one channel having shelves which are inclined towards one another, and having the following distinguishing feature: the place where said shelves converge most closely is extended by forming an additional channel in the body of the damper. The aim of the second device is achieved in that an apparatus which absorbs impact energy contains a housing in which a pressing assembly is positioned so as to be in contact with a compressed packet of resilient dampers and has the distinguishing feature that at least one resilient damper in the compressed packet is carried out in accordance with any of the variants described above.
WO/2015/051434 HAND-HELD COMBINED MULTIFUNCTIONAL TOOL||WO||16.04.2015|
||PCT/BY2014/000006||KOZYREVICH, Igor||KOZYREVICH, Igor|
The invention relates to hand-held multifunctional tools. On the cutting edges of the jaws of two levers there are provided one or a number of recesses with cutting edges. The edges of the recesses have sharpness angles that are greater than the sharpness angles of the cutting edges of the jaws. In the cheeks of both levers there are provided cylindrical openings, which fully or partially coincide once the levers are brought together. The surfaces of the tool assume the shape of connection assemblies for interchangeable heads. A slot in the shape of the shank of interchangeable inserts is provided in the cheek of a lever, said slot being equipped with a ratchet mechanism. The technical result is an increase in the functionalities of the tool.
WO/2015/035491 METHOD FOR CONDUCTING MEASUREMENTS AND ANALOG/DIGITAL SYSTEM FOR IMPLEMENTING SAME||WO||19.03.2015|
||PCT/BY2013/000008||OBSHCHESTVO S OGRANICHENNOY OTVETSTVENNOSTYU "ALTHAVEN TECHNOLOGY"||ERMISHIN, Sergey|
The claimed technical solutions, which are united by a single inventive concept, relate to metrology and specifically to digital measurements which are combined with mathematically processing the results of said measurements, and can be used in a wide variety of technical fields. The goal of the proposed method and device is to achieve a high level of measurement accuracy. A method for conducting measurements of a physical quantity includes using two measurement means for registering the value of the same physical quantity in the form of analog signals, converting said signals into a digital form, mathematically processing the results, and subsequently converting the digital signals into analog signals. An analog/digital system for conducting measurements of a physical quantity (a quantum transducer or quantum converter) includes two measurement means, at least one converter of an analog signal into a digital form, a means for conducting computations, and at least one converter of the digital form into an analog form, the means for conducting computations being comprised of four functional units.
WO/2015/031972 BICYCLE STEERING DEVICE||WO||12.03.2015|
||PCT/BY2013/000007||HUBEIKA, Aliaksandr Fedaravich||HUBEIKA, Aliaksandr Fedaravich|
The claimed invention relates to constructions of transport vehicles, namely to constructions of bicycle steering devices. The object of the present invention is to increase the degree of rigidity and reliability of the system « treadles - handlebar - wheels» and, thus, to gain cycling speed and to improve cyclist stability on motion and safety. Concurrently, the problem of the handlebar turn extent limitation is solved which also makes cycling more safe. The task in hand is completed by dint of the development of the bicycle steering device comprising a rudder pintle of front fork mounted inside the head tube in such a way as to allow its rotation as well as a handlebar stem attached to the upper end of rudder pintle and a steering tube fixed inside the handlebai- stem, said steering device additionally comprising two struts positioned symmetrically about the rudder pintle and rigidly fastened on their upper parts to the steering tube and on their bottom ones to the fork by means of clamps or welding.
WO/2014/172768 METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A TECHNICAL UNIT AND DEVICE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION THEREOF||WO||30.10.2014|
||PCT/BY2013/000005||THE STATE SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTION "THE JOINT INSTITUTE OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF BELARUS"||DZIUZHAU, Andrei Anisimavich|
The invention relates to a method and system for controlling a technical unit. The method includes organizing a system for controlling a technical unit by initializing, identifying and profiling unified profileable peripheral controllers and programming the current structure of the control system using a master controller, and also subsequently processing transducer signals and generating control signals by means of actuating devices, and exchanging data via a data communication channel between the unified profileable peripheral controllers and the master controller in standard working mode. The system comprises a master controller, a data communication channel and unified profileable peripheral controllers with an identical structure and the same software, the number of said controllers corresponding to the number of transducers and actuating devices connected thereto. The invention provides greater functional capabilities with respect to the control of a technical unit, reduced system production costs and increased serviceability by including a process for the organization of a control system and by using in the system unified profileable peripheral controllers which have an identical structure and software.
WO/2014/169368 PISTON SEAL||WO||23.10.2014|
||PCT/BY2014/000003||SEMENOV, Andrei||SEMENOV, Andrei|
The device relates to general mechanical engineering, and in particular to seals and pistons, and can be used for sealing pistons in cylinders of piston engines, preferably in internal combustion engines. The problem addressed by the proposed invention consists in improving the technical characteristics of piston engines. This problem is solved by forming a cavity in the lateral surface of the piston and arranging a separator for separating flows of working medium in said cavity. Furthermore, a bypass cavity is formed between the separator for separating the flows of working medium and the piston. Moreover, an inlet slot and an outlet slot are formed in the lateral surface of the piston. When the working medium enters the gap between the piston and the cylinder, for example during the working stroke of the internal combustion engine, part of the working medium passes into the inlet slot, passes along the bypass cavity and is ejected through the outlet slot, thereby exerting pressure on that part of the flow of working medium which is moving in the gap between the piston and the cylinder, and thereby reducing the energy of this flow. As a result, the working medium has less energy for breaching, for example, the casing of the internal combustion engine. This makes it possible to reduce the pressure of piston rings on the mirror of the cylinder and/or to reduce the quantity of said piston rings, which results in an increase in the mechanical efficiency of the piston engine and a reduction in the amount of wear to which the parts thereof are subjected.