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1. US5606437 - Direct drive split pixel structure for active matrix liquid crystal displays

Office United States of America
Application Number 08414894
Application Date 31.03.1995
Publication Number 5606437
Publication Date 25.02.1997
Grant Number 5606437
Grant Date 25.02.1997
Publication Kind A
IPC
G02F 1/1335
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
1333Constructional arrangements
1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
G02F 1/13
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
G02F 1/1362
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
136Liquid crystal cells structurally associated with a semi-conducting layer or substrate, e.g. cells forming part of an integrated circuit
1362Active matrix addressed cells
G09G 3/20
GPHYSICS
09EDUCATING; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
3Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
20for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix
G09G 3/36
GPHYSICS
09EDUCATING; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
3Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
20for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix
34by control of light from an independent source
36using liquid crystals
CPC
G02F 1/136286
GPHYSICS
02OPTICS
FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
1Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
01for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
13based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
136Liquid crystal cells structurally associated with a semi-conducting layer or substrate, e.g. cells forming part of an integrated circuit
1362Active matrix addressed cells
136286Wiring, e.g. gate line, drain line
G09G 3/2011
GPHYSICS
09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
3Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
20for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix ; no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
2007Display of intermediate tones
2011by amplitude modulation
G09G 3/2074
GPHYSICS
09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
3Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
20for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix ; no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
2007Display of intermediate tones
2074using sub-pixels
G09G 3/3648
GPHYSICS
09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
3Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
20for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix ; no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
34by control of light from an independent source
36using liquid crystals
3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
3648using an active matrix
G09G 3/3688
GPHYSICS
09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
3Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
20for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix ; no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
34by control of light from an independent source
36using liquid crystals
3611Control of matrices with row and column drivers
3685Details of drivers for data electrodes
3688suitable for active matrices only
G09G 2300/0443
GPHYSICS
09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
2300Aspects of the constitution of display devices
04Structural and physical details of display devices
0439Pixel structures
0443with several sub-pixels for the same colour in a pixel, not specifically used to display gradations
Applicants Rockwell International
Inventors Mosier Donald E.
Agents Williams Gregory G.
Murrah M. Lee
Montanye George A.
Title
(EN) Direct drive split pixel structure for active matrix liquid crystal displays
Abstract
(EN)

A wide viewing angle liquid crystal display and method of operating the same are disclosed. Each of a plurality of pixel elements of the display have individually driveable first and second pixel sub-elements. A desired average gray scale intensity for a first pixel element is determined. First and second drive voltages are determined as a function of the desired average gray scale intensity for the first pixel element. The first drive voltage is provided to the first pixel sub-element to drive it to a first gray scale intensity. The second drive voltage is provided to the second pixel sub-element to drive it to a second gray scale intensity. The average gray scale intensity for the first pixel element, which is a function of the first and second gray scale intensities, has reduced viewing angle dependence.