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1. (US20160097879) Method of electronically mapping underground utility infrastructures from the surface

Office : United States of America
Application Number: 14970575 Application Date: 16.12.2015
Publication Number: 20160097879 Publication Date: 07.04.2016
Grant Number: 09541641 Grant Date: 10.01.2017
Publication Kind : B2
IPC:
G01V 3/00
G01V 3/10
G01S 13/88
H04W 4/04
G01S 13/86
G01S 13/89
G01V 3/12
G01S 7/41
H01Q 1/32
H01Q 1/52
H01Q 21/06
G01V 3/17
G01S 7/02
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
V
GEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS
3
Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination or deviation
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
V
GEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS
3
Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination or deviation
08
operating with magnetic or electric fields produced or modified by objects or geological structures or by detecting devices
10
using induction coils
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
S
RADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
13
Systems using the reflection or reradiation of radio waves, e.g. radar systems; Analogous systems using reflection or reradiation of waves whose nature or wavelength is irrelevant or unspecified
88
Radar or analogous systems, specially adapted for specific applications
H ELECTRICITY
04
ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
W
WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
4
Services or facilities specially adapted for wireless communication networks
02
Services making use of the location of users or terminals
04
in a dedicated environment, e.g. buildings or vehicles
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
S
RADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
13
Systems using the reflection or reradiation of radio waves, e.g. radar systems; Analogous systems using reflection or reradiation of waves whose nature or wavelength is irrelevant or unspecified
86
Combinations of radar systems with non-radar systems, e.g. sonar, direction finder
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
S
RADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
13
Systems using the reflection or reradiation of radio waves, e.g. radar systems; Analogous systems using reflection or reradiation of waves whose nature or wavelength is irrelevant or unspecified
88
Radar or analogous systems, specially adapted for specific applications
89
for mapping or imaging
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
V
GEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS
3
Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination or deviation
12
operating with electromagnetic waves
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
S
RADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
7
Details of systems according to groups G01S13/, G01S15/, G01S17/127
02
of systems according to group G01S13/58
41
using analysis of echo signal for target characterisation; Target signature; Target cross-section
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
Q
AERIALS
1
Details of, or arrangements associated with, aerials
27
Adaptation for use in or on movable bodies
32
Adaptation for use in or on road or rail vehicles
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
Q
AERIALS
1
Details of, or arrangements associated with, aerials
52
Means for reducing coupling between aerials; Means for reducing coupling between an aerial and another structure
H ELECTRICITY
01
BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
Q
AERIALS
21
Aerial arrays or systems
06
Arrays of individually energised aerial units similarly polarised and spaced apart
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
V
GEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS
3
Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination or deviation
15
specially adapted for use during transport, e.g. by a person, vehicle or boat
17
operating with electromagnetic waves
G PHYSICS
01
MEASURING; TESTING
S
RADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
7
Details of systems according to groups G01S13/, G01S15/, G01S17/127
02
of systems according to group G01S13/58
Applicants: Gerald L. Stolarczyk
Stolar, Inc.
Larry G. Stolarczyk
Igor Bausov
Inventors: Gerald L. Stolarczyk
Larry G. Stolarczyk
Igor Bausov
Agents: Richard B. Main
Main Law Cafe
Priority Data:
Title: (EN) Method of electronically mapping underground utility infrastructures from the surface
Abstract: front page image
(EN)

A non-invasive method of buried-utility-mapping includes using a long wavelength gradiometric ground penetrating radar to “see” patches of conductive material below ground and buried pipes and electrical conductors that are all constantly radio-illuminated by local AM radio broadcasts. The underground infrastructure of entire cities can be surveyed this way, point-by-point over time. A short wavelength part of the gradiometric ground penetrating radar operates shoulder-to-shoulder with the magnetic part and is able to improve shallow object resolution, map moisture build-ups under roads, and spot contaminated soils. Two gradiometric ground penetrating radar technologies, cameras, and navigation receivers can be mounted on city vehicles and a daily collection of their data batch transformed by digital processing algorithms into detailed and automatically updating false-color maps of the underground utilities of the whole city and other buried infrastructures.