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1. WO2022029423 - ELECTROACTIVE MATERIALS FOR METAL-ION BATTERIES

Publication Number WO/2022/029423
Publication Date 10.02.2022
International Application No. PCT/GB2021/052005
International Filing Date 03.08.2021
IPC
H01M 4/1393 2010.1
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
13Electrodes for accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte, e.g. for lithium-accumulators; Processes of manufacture thereof
139Processes of manufacture
1393of electrodes based on carbonaceous material, e.g. graphite-intercalation compounds or CFx
H01M 4/1395 2010.1
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
13Electrodes for accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte, e.g. for lithium-accumulators; Processes of manufacture thereof
139Processes of manufacture
1395of electrodes based on metals, Si or alloys
H01M 4/36 2006.1
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
H01M 4/38 2006.1
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
38of elements or alloys
H01M 4/587 2010.1
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
58of inorganic compounds other than oxides or hydroxides, e.g. sulfides, selenides, tellurides, halogenides or LiCoFy; of polyanionic structures, e.g. phosphates, silicates or borates
583Carbonaceous material, e.g. graphite-intercalation compounds or CFx
587for inserting or intercalating light metals
H01M 4/02 2006.1
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of, or comprising, active material
CPC
H01M 10/0525
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
10Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
05Accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte
052Li-accumulators
0525Rocking-chair batteries, i.e. batteries with lithium insertion or intercalation in both electrodes; Lithium-ion batteries
H01M 2004/027
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
026characterised by the polarity
027Negative electrodes
H01M 4/1393
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
13Electrodes for accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte, e.g. for lithium-accumulators; Processes of manufacture thereof
139Processes of manufacture
1393of electrodes based on carbonaceous material, e.g. graphite-intercalation compounds or CFx
H01M 4/1395
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
13Electrodes for accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte, e.g. for lithium-accumulators; Processes of manufacture thereof
139Processes of manufacture
1395of electrodes based on metals, Si or alloys
H01M 4/362
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
362Composites
H01M 4/364
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
4Electrodes
02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
362Composites
364as mixtures
Applicants
  • NEXEON LIMITED
Inventors
  • MASON, Charles
  • KATOK, Kseniia
  • FRIEND, Christopher
Agents
  • GILL JENNINGS & EVERY LLP
Priority Data
17/024,40217.09.2020US
2012061.403.08.2020GB
2104460.729.03.2021GB
Publication Language English (en)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) ELECTROACTIVE MATERIALS FOR METAL-ION BATTERIES
(FR) MATÉRIAUX ÉLECTROACTIFS DE BATTERIES À IONS MÉTALLIQUES
Abstract
(EN) This invention relates to particulate electroactive materials consisting of a plurality of composite particles, wherein the composite particles comprise: (a) a porous carbon framework including micropores and mesopores having a total volume of 0.5 to 1.5 cm3/g; and (b) silicon located at least within the micropores of the porous carbon framework. The porous carbon framework is an activated carbon material obtained by the pyrolysis of a plant source comprising at least 25 wt% lignin on a dry weight basis followed by activation with steam or carbon dioxide.
(FR) La présente invention concerne des matériaux électroactifs particulaires constitués d'une pluralité de particules composites, les particules composites comprenant : (a) une structure de carbone poreux comprenant des micropores et des mésopores ayant un volume total de 0,5 à 1,5 cm3/g ; et (b) du silicium situé au moins à l'intérieur des micropores de la structure de carbone poreux. Le structure de carbone poreux est un matériau de carbone activé obtenu par la pyrolyse d'une source végétale comprenant au moins 25 % en poids de lignine sur une base de poids sec suivie par une activation par de la vapeur ou du dioxyde de carbone.
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