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1. WO2020232405 - LASER-ENABLED LAB ON SKIN

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A lab-on-skin biosensor comprising:

a microfluidics layer;

a moisture resistant layer;

a multimodal sensing layer comprising an electrode; and

a logic circuit comprising a processor and a non-transitory memory with computer executable instructions embedded thereon;

wherein the microfluidics layer comprises multiple microchannels transversely oriented to channel a biological sample from a first surface of the microfluidics layer to a second surface of the microfluidics layer, the biological sample comprising a target molecule; the moisture resistant layer couples to the first surface of the microfluidics layer and comprises an aperture to enable the biological sample to enter the microchannels of the microfluidics layer;

the multimodal sensing layer is fluidically coupled to the second surface of the microfluidics layer to receive the biological sample from the microchannels;

the electrode configured to detect a measurement of an electrical property

corresponding to a target molecule being present in the biological sample; and

the logic circuit is electrically coupled to the electrode and the computer executable instructions cause the processor to identify the electrical property detected with the electrode when the target molecule is present in the biological sample.

2. The lab-on-skin biosensor of claim 1, wherein the multimodal sensing layer comprises polyimide film.

3. The lab-on-skin biosensor of claim 1, wherein the electrode comprises a catalytically active substrate.

4. The lab-on-skin biosensor of claim 3, wherein the catalytically active substrate is graphene.

5. The lab-on-skin biosensor of claim 1, wherein the electrical property is an electrical current.

6. The lab-on-skin biosensor of claim 1, wherein the electrical property is an electrical voltage.

7. The lab-on-skin biosensor of claim 1, wherein the electrical property is an electrical impedance.

8. The lab-on-skin biosensor of claim 1, wherein the computer executable instructions cause the processor to generate an indication identifying the presence of the target molecule based on the electrical property detected with the electrode.

9. The lab-on-skin biosensor of claim 8, further comprising a display, wherein the computer executable instructions further cause the processor to output the indication identifying the presence of the target molecule to the display.

10. The lab-on-skin biosensor of claim 10, wherein the moisture resistant layer comprises polyethylene terephthalate.

11. A method for manufacturing a lab-on-skin biosensor comprising a microfluidics layer, a moisture resistant layer, a multimodal sensing layer comprising an electrode, and a logic circuit, the method comprising:

shaping the microfluidics layer to channel a biological sample from a first surface of the microfluidics layer to a second surface of the microfluidics layer; and

laser scribing the electrode on a surface of a multimodal sensing layer;

the electrode configured to detect a measurement of an electrical property corresponding to a target molecule being present in the biological sample.

12. The method of claim 11, wherein shaping the microfluidics layer to channel a biological sample comprises laser engraving multiple microchannels.

13. The method of claim 11, further comprising electrodepositing a conductive substance onto a surface of the electrode.

14. The method of claim 11, further comprising engraving an aperture onto a surface of a moisture resistant layer.

15. The method of claim 11, wherein the multimodal sensing layer comprises polyimide film.

16. The method of claim 11, wherein the electrode comprises graphene.

17. A method for detecting a target molecule in a biological sample using a lab-on-skin biosensor comprised of a microfluidics layer comprising multiple microchannels transversely oriented to channel a biological sample from a first surface of the microfluidics layer to a second surface of the microfluidics layer, a moisture resistant layer, a multimodal sensing layer comprising an electrode and fluidically coupled to the microfluidics layer, and a logic circuit, the method comprising:

receiving, on a first surface of the microfluidics layer, a biological sample comprising the target molecule, such that the biological sample can be channeled from a first surface of the microfluidics layer to a second surface of the microfluidics layer;

obtaining, with the electrode, a measurement of an electrical property of the target molecule; and

generating, with the logic circuit, an indication that the target molecule is present in the biological sample based on the measurement of the electrical property.

18. The method of claim 18, further comprising sweeping the electrode to regenerate the multimodal sensing layer in-situ.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein the biological sample comprises one or more of sweat, tears, blood, urine, and saliva.

20. The method of claim 18, wherein the target molecule is a monoclonal antibody against an epitope of SARS-CoV-2.