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1. WO2020207555 - A HYDRAULIC SYSTEM AND A METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

Claims:

1 . A hydraulic system for driving a rotatable load, the hydraulic system comprising:

a high-pressure line for hydraulic fluid;

a pump configured to supply pressurized hydraulic fluid to the high-pressure line;

a variable displacement hydraulic machine connected by a fluid connection to the high-pressure line for rotationally driving the rotatable load; an electronic control unit;

an energy storing device connected to the high-pressure line and configured to communicate with the high-pressure line by receiving energy from the high-pressure line and/or supplying energy to the high-pressure line; and

a first detector configured to detect the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device and to transmit a signal indicating said amount of energy stored to the electronic control unit;

wherein the electronic control unit is configured to control a volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine dependent on a target output of the variable displacement hydraulic machine and on the detected amount of energy stored in the energy storing device.

2. The hydraulic system according to claim 1 , wherein the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine is controlled by controlling the displacement of the variable displacement hydraulic machine.

3. The hydraulic system according to claim 2, wherein the electronic control unit is configured to control the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine by controlling the displacement of the variable displacement hydraulic machine when the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device is equal to or lower than a predetermined upper control limit.

4. The hydraulic system according to any of the claims 1 to 3,

wherein the pump is configured to supply a predetermined maximum pump volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine; and wherein the electronic control unit is configured to adjust the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine to be, at its highest, equal to a predetermined maximum variable displacement hydraulic machine volume flow which is proportional to said maximum pump volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine.

5. The hydraulic system according to any of the claims 2 to 4, wherein said controlling of the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine comprises controlling the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine to a predetermined maximum variable displacement hydraulic machine volume flow intake and wherein said maximum variable displacement hydraulic machine volume flow intake is the lower, the lower said amount of energy stored in the energy storing device is.

6. The hydraulic system according to any of the claims 2 to 5, wherein said displacement of the variable displacement hydraulic machine is controlled to be the lower, the higher rotational speed of the variable displacement hydraulic machine is.

7. The hydraulic system according to any of the claims 1 to 6, wherein the energy storing device comprises a pressure accumulator, and wherein receiving energy from the high-pressure line comprises receiving pressurized hydraulic fluid from the high-pressure line into the pressure accumulator, and wherein supplying energy to the high-pressure line comprises supplying pressurized hydraulic fluid to the high-pressure line.

8. The hydraulic system according to any of the claims 1 to 7, wherein the system further comprises a valve device configured to control the volume flow of pressurized hydraulic fluid from the high-pressure line to the variable displacement hydraulic machine.

9. The hydraulic system according to any one of the claims 1 to 8, wherein the system further comprises a valve device configured to control the rotational speed of the variable displacement hydraulic machine.

10. The hydraulic system according to any of the claims 1 to 9, wherein the hydraulic system further comprises at least one setting device configured to generate a setting signal and wherein the electronic control unit is configured to determine the target output of the variable displacement hydraulic machine dependent on the setting signal.

1 1 . The hydraulic system according to claim 10, wherein the at least one setting device comprises a control device which is a manually controllable control stick.

12. The hydraulic system according to any of the claims 1 to 1 1 , wherein the first detector comprises a sensor configured to measure the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device indirectly.

13. The hydraulic system according to claim 12, wherein said first detector is a sensor of a type configured to measure the pressure of hydraulic fluid contained in the high-pressure line and is configured to transmit a measure ment signal indicative to said pressure of the hydraulic fluid, to the electronic control unit of the system.

14. The hydraulic system according to any of the claims 1 to 1 1 , wherein the first detector comprises a sensor configured to measure the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device directly.

15. The hydraulic system according to claim 14, wherein the energy storing device comprises a pressure accumulator and wherein said first detector is a sensor of a type connected to the pressure accumulator and configured to measure an amount of hydraulic fluid in the pressure accumulator, and is configured to transmit a measurement signal indicative to said amount of the hydraulic fluid, to the electronic control unit of the system.

16. The hydraulic system according to any of the claims 10 to 15, wherein the at least one setting device comprises a control device connected to the electronic control unit, configured to generate said setting signal, and configured to set a control signal to be indicative of the position of the control device.

17. The hydraulic system according to any of the claims 7 to 16, wherein the energy storing device comprises a pressure accumulator and wherein the electronic control unit is configured to control the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine to a maximum variable displacement hydraulic machine volume flow, which is dependent of both the amount of the pressurized hydraulic fluid in the pressure accumulator and the pressure of the pressurized hydraulic fluid in the pressure accumulator.

18. The hydraulic system according to claim 17, wherein the electronic control unit is configured to control the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine to a maximum variable displacement hydraulic machine volume flow dependent on the amount and pressure of pressurized fluid in the pressure accumulator, and also dependent on the power intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine.

19. The hydraulic system according to any of claims 1 to 17, wherein the electronic control unit is configured to control the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine dependent on the target output of the variable displacement hydraulic machine and on the detected amount of energy stored in the energy storing device in such a manner, that

when the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device exceeds an upper control limit of the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device, the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine is controlled dependent on the target output of the variable displacement hydraulic machine only,

when the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device goes below a lower control limit of the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device, the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine is controlled to be limited to the volume flow supplied by the pump to the variable displacement hydraulic machine, and

when the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device goes below the upper control limit of the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device but exceeds the lower control limit of the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device, the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine is controlled dependent on the target output of the variable displacement hydraulic machine and the detected amount of energy stored in the energy storing device, such that the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine exceeds the volume flow supplied by the pump to the variable displacement hydraulic machine by an amount dependent on the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device.

20. The hydraulic system according to claim 19, wherein a dependency between the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine is monotonically decreasing, when the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device goes below the upper control limit of the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device but exceeds the lower control limit of the amount of energy stored in the energy storing device.

21 . The hydraulic system according to any of claims 1 to 20, wherein

the hydraulic system further comprises a second detector configured to detect the actual output of the variable displacement hydraulic machine, and wherein the electronic control unit is configured to determine the difference between the actual output of the variable displacement hydraulic machine and the target output of the variable displacement hydraulic machine and to control the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine also dependent of the determined difference.

22. The hydraulic system according to any of claims 1 to 21 , wherein the hydraulic system comprises a tank.

23. The hydraulic system according to any of claims 1 to 22, wherein the hydraulic system is configured to operate the rotatable load in a closed circuit.

24. A method for controlling the hydraulic system according to any of claims 1 -23, wherein the volume flow intake of the variable displacement hydraulic machine is controlled dependent on the target output of the variable displacement hydraulic machine and on the detected amount of energy stored in the energy storing device.

25. A hoisting device comprising a boom for hoisting and transferring loads, the boom being configured to be movable by a hydraulic system according to any of the claims 1 to 23.

26. A mobile machine comprising a hydraulic system according to any of the claims 1 to 23.