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1. WO2020205064 - HIGHLY EFFICIENT LINEAR MOTOR

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[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. An apparatus including a linear motor, comprising:

a shaft member having a longitudinal axis and opposing first and second shaft ends;

at least one thruster coil disposed coaxially about and affixed to a portion of said shaft member between said opposing first and second shaft ends;

at least one forcer coil disposed coaxially about another portion of said shaft member and outside an outer periphery of said thruster coil; and

a gap between said thruster coil and said forcer coil.

2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said at least one forcer coil is disposed coaxially about at least a portion of said outer periphery of said thruster coil and defines said gap.

3. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a sleeve member disposed coaxially about at least a portion of said gap, wherein said at least one forcer coil is affixed to an outer periphery of said sleeve member.

4. The apparatus of claim 3, wherein said sleeve member comprises a ferrous sleeve.

5. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a housing, wherein:

at least a portion of an outer periphery of said at least one forcer coil is attached to at least a portion of said housing;

said housing includes opposing first and second housing portions having first and second apertures, respectively, disposed coaxially about said longitudinal axis; and

said first and second shaft ends protrude from said housing via said first and second apertures, respectively.

6 The apparatus of claim 5, wherein said housing comprises a ferrous housing.

7. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising one or more mechanical structures that include:

a first portion to which said forcer coil is fixedly attached; and

a second portion containing an aperture proximate one of said first and second shaft ends and adapted to movably guide longitudinal oscillation of said shaft member.

8. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising:

at least one electrical power source; and

a power controller electrically coupled between said at least one electrical power source and said at least one forcer coil and said at least one thruster coil.

9. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said shaft member comprises a stem of a poppet valve for an internal combustion engine.

10. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a mechanical coupling adapted to mechanically engage said shaft member with a stem of a poppet valve for an internal combustion engine.

11. An apparatus including a linear motor, comprising:

a shaft member having a longitudinal axis and opposing first and second shaft ends;

an open coil support member including

a first support portion disposed coaxially about at least a portion of said shaft member, and

a second support portion attached to said shaft member;

at least one thruster coil disposed coaxially about and affixed to said first support portion; at least one forcer coil disposed coaxially about another portion of said shaft member and at least partially inside at least a portion of an inner periphery of said thruster coil; and

a gap between said thruster coil and said forcer coil.

12. The apparatus of claim 11, further comprising a vessel containing said at least one forcer coil.

13. The apparatus of claim 12, wherein said vessel comprises a ferrous vessel.

14. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein said second support portion is attached to said shaft member between said opposing first and second shaft ends.

15. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein said second support portion is attached to one of said first and second shaft ends.

16. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein, relative to second support portion, said at least one forcer coil comprises a proximal forcer coil portion and a distal forcer coil portion.

17. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein said at least one forcer coil is further disposed at least partially outside at least a portion of an outer periphery of said thruster coil.

18. The apparatus of claim 11, further comprising a housing that includes a portion with an aperture disposed coaxially about said longitudinal axis, wherein one of said first and second shaft ends protrude from said housing via said aperture.

19. The apparatus of claim 11, further comprising one or more mechanical structures that include a portion containing an aperture proximate one of said first and second shaft ends and adapted to movably guide longitudinal oscillation of said shaft member.

20. The apparatus of claim 11, further comprising:

at least one electrical power source; and

a power controller electrically coupled between said at least one electrical power source and said at least one forcer coil and said at least one thruster coil.

21. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein said shaft member comprises a stem of a poppet valve for an internal combustion engine.

22. The apparatus of claim 11, further comprising a mechanical coupling adapted to mechanically engage said shaft member with a stem of a poppet valve for an internal combustion engine.

23. A method for driving a linear motor, comprising:

applying, to at least one forcer coil disposed coaxially about at least a portion of a shaft member having a longitudinal axis and opposing first and second shaft ends, a first signal having one of first mutually opposing polarities to induce a forcer magnetic field; and

applying, to at least one thruster coil disposed coaxially with and between respective portions of said forcer coil and said shaft member, a second signal having one of second mutually opposing polarities to induce a thruster magnetic field, wherein said at least one thruster coil is affixed to a portion of said shaft member between said opposing first and second shaft ends and defines a gap coaxially between said thruster coil and said forcer coil;

wherein

responsive to applying said first and second signals having a combination of said first and second mutually opposing polarities, said forcer and thruster magnetic fields are mutually attractive and urge said shaft member to move more of said thruster coil between respective portions of said forcer coil and said shaft member, and

responsive to applying said first and second signals having a different combination of said first and second mutually opposing polarities, said forcer and thruster magnetic fields are mutually repellant and urge said shaft member to move more of said thruster coil out from between respective portions of said forcer coil and said shaft member.

24. The method of claim 23, further comprising guiding respective portions of said forcer and thruster magnetic fields with a ferrous sleeve member disposed circumferentially about at least a portion of said gap, wherein said at least one forcer coil is affixed to an outer periphery of said ferrous sleeve member.

25. The method of claim 23, further comprising guiding reciprocations of said first and second shaft ends with first and second apertures of opposing first and second portions, respectively, of a housing attached to at least a portion of an outer periphery of said at least one forcer coil.

26. The method of claim 23, further comprising movably guiding longitudinal oscillation of one of said first and second shaft ends with an aperture of one of opposing first and second portions, respectively, of a housing attached to at least a portion of an outer periphery of said at least one forcer coil.

27. The method of claim 23, further comprising causing, with said shaft member, a poppet valve for an internal combustion engine to open and close.

28. The method of claim 23, further comprising mechanically engaging said shaft member with a stem of a poppet valve for an internal combustion engine.

29. A method for driving a linear motor, comprising:

applying, to at least one forcer coil disposed coaxially about at least a portion of a shaft member that includes a longitudinal axis and opposing first and second shaft ends and is attached to a first support portion of an open coil support member, a first signal having one of first mutually opposing polarities to induce a forcer magnetic field; and

applying, to at least one thruster coil disposed coaxially about and affixed to a second support portion of said open coil support member and disposed coaxially about at least another portion of said shaft member, a second signal having one of second mutually opposing polarities to induce a thruster magnetic field, wherein said at least one forcer coil is further disposed at least partially inside at least a portion of an inner periphery of said thruster coil;

wherein

responsive to applying said first and second signals having a combination of said first and second mutually opposing polarities, said forcer and thruster magnetic fields are mutually attractive and urge said shaft member to cause more of said at least one forcer coil to be disposed inside said inner periphery of said thruster coil, and

responsive to applying said first and second signals having a different combination of said first and second mutually opposing polarities, said forcer and thruster magnetic fields are mutually repellant and urge said shaft member to cause less of said at least one forcer coil to be disposed inside said inner periphery of said thruster coil.

30. The method of claim 29, further comprising guiding respective portions of said forcer and thruster magnetic fields with a ferrous vessel containing said at least one forcer coil.

31. The method of claim 29, wherein said first support portion is attached to said shaft member between said opposing first and second shaft ends.

32. The method of claim 29, wherein said first support portion is attached to one of said first and second shaft ends.

33. The method of claim 29, wherein, relative to first support portion, said at least one forcer coil comprises a proximal forcer coil portion and a distal forcer coil portion.

34. The method of claim 29, wherein said at least one forcer coil is further disposed at least partially outside at least a portion of an outer periphery of said thruster coil.

35. The method of claim 29, further comprising movably guiding longitudinal oscillation of one of said first and second shaft ends with an aperture of a housing disposed coaxially about said longitudinal axis.

36. The method of claim 29, further comprising movably guiding longitudinal oscillation of one of said first and second shaft ends with an aperture of a mechanical structure disposed proximate said one of said first and second shaft ends.

37. The method of claim 29, further comprising causing, with said shaft member, a poppet valve for an internal combustion engine to open and close.

38. The method of claim 29, further comprising mechanically engaging said shaft member with a stem of a poppet valve for an internal combustion engine.