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1. WO2020198595 - PROCESS FOR ENRICHMENT OF CAROTENOIDS IN A FATTY ACID COMPOSITION

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A method for producing a carotenoid enriched fatty acid composition, the method

comprising:

reacting an oil comprising free fatty acids and carotenoids with a basic solution;

withdrawing, separately from the oil, an extraction solution comprising at least a portion of the free fatty acids, at least a portion of the carotenoids, and the basic solution; acidifying the extraction solution to produce an aqueous phase and a fatty acid phase, the fatty acid phase comprising the free fatty acids and the carotenoids of the extraction solution; and

separating the fatty acid phase from the aqueous phase.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the acidifying step comprises adding at least one acid selected from the group consisting of phosphoric acid, acetic acid, hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, and citric acid to the caustic phase.

3. The method according to claim 2, wherein the acid comprises phosphoric acid.

4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the separating step comprises centrifuging the acidified extraction solution.

5. The method according to claim 1, wherein a concentration of carotenoids in the oil, based on a total weight of the oil, is from 50 to 5000 ppm.

6. The method according to claim 5, wherein a concentration of carotenoids in the fatty acid phase, based on a total weight of the fatty acid phase, is at least 1.5 times the

concentration of carotenoids in the oil.

7. A method for producing a carotenoid enriched fatty acid composition using a conduit contactor having a plurality of fibers disposed therein, the method comprising:

introducing a first stream comprising a solvent and a caustic reagent into the conduit contactor proximate the plurality of fibers, wherein a downstream end thereof is disposed proximate a collection vessel, and wherein the first stream has a pH of greater than 7;

introducing a second stream containing an oil comprising free fatty acids and carotenoids into the conduit contactor proximate the plurality of fibers;

reacting the first and second streams to produce a caustic phase and a purified oil phase, wherein the caustic phase comprises the solvent, the caustic reagent, and at least a portion of the free fatty acids and at least a portion of the carotenoids from the second stream;

receiving the caustic phase and the purified oil phase in the collection vessel;

withdrawing separately the caustic phase from the collection vessel;

acidifying the caustic phase; and

separating a fatty acid phase from the acidified caustic phase, wherein the fatty acid phase comprises free fatty acids and carotenoids.

8. The method according to claim 7, wherein the acidifying step comprises adding at least one acid selected from the group consisting of phosphoric acid, acetic acid, hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, and citric acid to the caustic phase.

9. The method according to claim 8, wherein the acid comprises phosphoric acid.

10. The method according to claim 7, wherein the separating step comprises centrifuging the acidified caustic phase.

11. The method according to claim 7, wherein the solvent comprises at least one of water or alcohol.

12. The method according to claim 7, wherein a concentration of carotenoids in the second stream, based on a total weight of the second stream, is from 50 to 5000 ppm.

13. The method according to claim 12, wherein a concentration of carotenoids in the fatty acid phase, based on a total weight of the fatty acid phase, is at least 1.5 times the concentration of carotenoids in the second stream.

14. The method according to claim 7, wherein the first stream is constrained to surfaces of the plurality of fibers and the second stream forms a continuous phase in interstitial spaces between the plurality of fibers.

15. The method according to claim 7, wherein the second stream is constrained to surfaces of the plurality of fibers and the first stream forms a continuous phase in interstitial spaces between the plurality of fibers.

16. A system for producing a carotenoid enriched fatty acid composition, the system

comprising:

a fiber conduit contactor comprising:

a conduit having a hollow interior, a first open end, and a second open end

opposite the first open end;

a collection vessel in fluid communication with and proximate the second open end; and

a plurality of fibers disposed within the conduit;

a first stream supply configured to introduce a first stream comprising a basic solution into the conduit and onto the fibers;

a second stream supply configured to introduce a second stream comprising an oil

comprising free fatty acids and carotenoids into the conduit such that the second stream contacts the first stream;

an acidification vessel configured to receive a reaction product of the first and second streams, the reaction product comprising the basic solution, at least a portion of the free fatty acids, and at least a portion of the carotenoids; and

a third stream supply configured to introduce a third stream comprising an acid into the acidification vessel.

17. The system according to claim 16, wherein the acid comprises at least one acid selected from the group consisting of phosphoric acid, acetic acid, hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, and citric acid.

18. The system according to claim 16, wherein the acidification vessel includes an agitation device.

19. The system according to claim 16, wherein the first stream supply is closer to the first open end than the second stream supply.

20. The system according to claim 16, wherein the second stream comprises distiller’s corn oil and has a concentration of carotenoids, based on a total weight of the second stream, of from 50 to 5000 ppm.