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1. WO2020193608 - EXTRUDER HEAD, EXTRUDER SYSTEM AND USE OF AN EXTRUDER HEAD AND/OR AN EXTRUDER SYSTEM

Publication Number WO/2020/193608
Publication Date 01.10.2020
International Application No. PCT/EP2020/058307
International Filing Date 25.03.2020
IPC
B28B 1/00 2006.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS, SLAG OR MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
1Producing shaped articles from the material
B28B 3/26 2006.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS, SLAG OR MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
3Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
20wherein the material is extruded
26Extrusion dies
B29C 48/30 2019.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
48Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
30Extrusion nozzles or dies
B33Y 30/00 2015.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
30Apparatus for additive manufacturing; Details thereof or accessories therefor
E04G 21/04 2006.01
EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
04BUILDING
GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
21Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
02Conveying or working-up concrete or similar masses able to be heaped or cast
04Devices for both conveying and distributing
B29C 64/209 2017.01
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
64Additive manufacturing, i.e. manufacturing of three-dimensional objects by additive deposition, additive agglomeration or additive layering, e.g. by 3D printing, stereolithography or selective laser sintering
20Apparatus for additive manufacturing; Details thereof or accessories therefor
205Means for applying layers
209Heads; Nozzles
CPC
B28B 1/001
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS, SLAG, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
1Producing shaped ; prefabricated; articles from the material
001Rapid manufacturing of 3D objects by additive depositing, agglomerating or laminating of material
B28B 3/2681
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS, SLAG, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
3Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses
20wherein the material is extruded
26Extrusion dies
2681Adjustable dies, e.g. for altering the shape of the product
B29C 48/302
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
48Extrusion moulding, i.e. expressing the moulding material through a die or nozzle which imparts the desired form; Apparatus therefor
25Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
30Extrusion nozzles or dies
302being adjustable, i.e. having adjustable exit sections
B29C 64/209
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
64Additive manufacturing, i.e. manufacturing of three-dimensional [3D] objects by additive deposition, additive agglomeration or additive layering, e.g. by 3D printing, stereolithography or selective laser sintering
20Apparatus for additive manufacturing; Details thereof or accessories therefor
205Means for applying layers
209Heads; Nozzles
B33Y 30/00
BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
30Apparatus for additive manufacturing; Details thereof or accessories therefor
E04G 21/0463
EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
04BUILDING
GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
21Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
02Conveying or working-up concrete or similar masses able to be heaped or cast
04Devices for both conveying and distributing
0418with distribution hose
0445with booms
0463with boom control mechanisms, e.g. to automate concrete distribution
Applicants
  • PUTZMEISTER ENGINEERING GMBH [DE]/[DE]
Inventors
  • HUTH, Tobias
  • KASTEN, Knut
  • TAUSCH, Werner
Agents
  • PATENTANWÄLTE RUFF, WILHELM, BEIER, DAUSTER & PARTNER MBB
Priority Data
10 2019 204 236.827.03.2019DE
Publication Language German (DE)
Filing Language German (DE)
Designated States
Title
(DE) EXTRUDERKOPF, EXTRUDERSYSTEM UND VERWENDUNG EINES EXTRUDERKOPFS UND/ODER EINES EXTRUDERSYSTEMS
(EN) EXTRUDER HEAD, EXTRUDER SYSTEM AND USE OF AN EXTRUDER HEAD AND/OR AN EXTRUDER SYSTEM
(FR) TÊTE D'EXTRUDEUSE, SYSTÈME D'EXTRUSION ET UTILISATION D'UNE TÊTE D'EXTRUDEUSE ET/OU D'UN SYSTÈME D'EXTRUSION
Abstract
(DE)
Extruderkopf (1) zur Extrusion von einem Strang (ST) von Baustoff (BS) zum 3D-Druck von einem Bauwerksteil (BWT), wobei der Extruderkopf (1) aufweist: - eine Extruderdüse (5), wobei die Extruderdüse (5) eine Austrittsöffnung (2) zum Austritt des Strangs (ST) von Baustoff (BS) aus dem Extruderkopf (1) heraus in einer Austrittsrichtung (x) aufweist, - mindestens ein Vorgabeelement (7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 30a, 30b), wobei das mindestens eine Vorgabeelement (7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 30a, 30b) zur variablen einstellbaren Vorgabe mindestens eines Teils (4A, 4I) eines Strangquerschnitts (4) des austretenden Strangs (ST) von Baustoff (BS) variabel einstellbar ausgebildet ist, und - mindestens eine Einstellvorrichtung (213, 217a, 217b, 218a, 218b), wobei die mindestens eine Einstellvorrichtung (213, 217a, 217b, 218a, 218b) zur variablen Einstellung des mindestens einen Vorgabeelements (7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 30a, 30b) ausgebildet ist und derart ausgebildet und angeordnet ist, dass der Extruderkopf (1) sich in einer von der Austrittsrichtung (x) verschiedenen ersten Erstreckungsrichtung (-z) unterhalb der Austrittsöffnung (2) bei maximaler Öffnungshöhe (HO) maximal um die maximale Öffnungshöhe (HO) erstreckt und/oder in mindestens einer von der Austrittsrichtung (x) verschiedenen zweiten Erstreckungsrichtung (-y, y) seitlich der Austrittsöffnung (2) bei maximaler Öffnungsbreite (BO) maximal um die maximale Öffnungsbreite (BO) erstreckt.
(EN)
The invention relates to an extruder head (1) for extruding a strand (ST) of construction material (BS) for 3D printing a structure part (BWT), wherein the extruder head (1) comprises: an extruder nozzle (5) wherein the extruder nozzle (5) has an outlet opening (2) for discharging the strand (ST) of construction material (BS) out of the extruder head (1) in an outlet direction (x); at least one specification element (7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 30a, 30b), wherein the at least one specification element (7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 30a, 30b) is variably adjustably designed for variably adjustably specifying at least one part (4A, 4I) of a strand cross-section (4) of the exiting strand (ST) of construction material (BS); and at least one adjusting device (213, 217a, 217b, 218a, 218b), wherein the at least one adjusting device (213, 217a, 217b, 218a, 218b) is designed for variably adjusting the at least one specification element (7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 30a, 30b), as well as being designed and arranged in such a way that, at the maximum opening height (HO), the maximum extension of the extruder head (1) below the outlet opening (2) in a first extension direction (-z) that is different from the outlet direction (x) is to the maximum opening height (HO) and/or at the maximum opening width (BO), the maximum extension of the extruder head laterally to the outlet opening (2) in at least one second extension direction (-y, y) that is different from the outlet direction (x) is the maximum opening width (BO).
(FR)
La présente invention concerne une tête d'extrudeuse (1) pour l'extrusion d'un boudin (ST) de composant (BS) pour l'impression 3D d'une pièce d'ouvrage (BWT), la tête d'extrudeuse (1) présentant : - une buse d'extrudeuse (5), ladite buse d'extrudeuse (5) présentant une ouverture de sortie (2) pour la sortie du boudin (ST) de composant (BS) depuis la tête d'extrudeuse (1) dans une direction de sortie (x), - au moins un élément de spécification (7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 30a, 30b), ledit ou lesdits éléments de spécification (7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 30a, 30b) étant conçus pour être réglables de manière variable pour la spécification variable réglable d'au moins une partie (4A, 4I) d'une section transversale de boudin (4) du boudin (ST) sortant de composant (BS), et - au moins un dispositif de réglage (213, 217a, 217b, 218a, 218b), ledit ou lesdits dispositifs de réglage (213, 217a, 217b, 218a, 218b) étant conçus pour le réglage variable du ou des éléments de spécification (7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 30a, 30b) et formés et agencés de sorte que la tête d'extrudeuse (1) s'étende dans une première direction d'extension (-z) différente de la direction de sortie (x), en dessous de l'ouverture de sortie (2) pour une hauteur d'ouverture maximale (HO) au maximum autour de la hauteur d'ouverture maximale (HO) et/ou dans au moins une deuxième direction d'extension (-y, y) différente de la direction de sortie (x) latéralement à l'ouverture de sortie (2) pour une largeur d'ouverture maximale (BO) au maximum autour de la largeur d'ouverture maximale (BO).
Also published as
Latest bibliographic data on file with the International Bureau