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1. WO2020118267 - APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TO IMPART SPECIFIED CHARACTERISTICS TO THE PRINT MATERIAL AND THE PRINTED OUTPUT

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A three-dimensional molding, produced via a layer-by-layer process in which regions of respective layers of pulverant are selectively melted via introduction of electromagnetic energy, comprising:

the layers of the pulverant comprising at least thermoplastic polyurethane polymer (TPU) that provide a hardness of 40 - 100 Shore A; a tensile strength of 5 to 50 MPa; an elongation at break of 2 to 700%; a compression set of 5 to 90 %; and a density of 0.25 to 3.0 g/cc.

2. The molding of claim 1, wherein the molding comprises one selected from the group consisting of sporting goods, medical devices, footwear, inflatable rafts, and outer cases for mobile devices.

3. The molding of claim 1, wherein the electromagnetic energy comprises one of selective laser sintering (SLS), high speed sintering (HSS) and Multijet Fusion (MJF).

4. The molding of claim 1, the layers of the pulverant further comprising one or more fillers.

5. The molding of claim 4, wherein the one or more fillers comprise at least one of glass beads, glass fibers, carbon fibers, carbon black, metal oxides, copper metals, flame retardants, antioxidants, pigments, and flow aids.

6. The molding of claim 4, wherein the fillers are mixed into the TPU to form the pulverant.

7. The molding of claim 4, wherein the fillers are coated onto or by the TPU material to form the pulverant.

8. The molding of claim 7, wherein the coating is produced by one of spray drying, paddle drying, belt drying, screen drying, conversion, and a fluidized bed.

9. The molding of claim 4, wherein the fillers and the TPU form a foam layer via the layer-by layer process.

10. A pulverant suitable to provide a three-dimensional molding by use of the pulverant in a layer-by-layer additive manufacturing process in which regions of respective layers of pulverant are selectively melted via introduction of electromagnetic energy, comprising: a thermoplastic polyurethane polymer (TPU) having a thermal processing window for the layer-by-layer additive manufacturing process in a given temperature range; a peak melting point in a range of 165 to 175 degrees C; and a peak crystallization temperature of 102 to 105.

11. The pulverant of claim 10, wherein the TPU comprises a melting point in a range of 150 °C to 200 °C.

12. The pulverant of claim 10, wherein the TPU comprises a crystallization temperature in a range of 87 °C to 117 °C.

13. The pulverant of claim 10, wherein the TPU comprises a thermal operating window of about 117 °C to 155 °C.

14. The pulverant of claim 10, wherein the TPU comprises a sphericity of 0.5 to 0.9.

15. The pulverant of claim 10, wherein the pulverant comprises a bulk density of 0.2 to

1.3 g/cc.

16. The pulverant of claim 10, wherein the layer-by-layer additive manufacturing process comprises one of selective laser sintering (SLS) and selective laser melting (SLM).

17. The pulverant of claim 10, further comprising one or more fillers.

18. The pulverant of claim 17, wherein the fillers are mixed into the TPU to form the pulverant.

19. The pulverant of claim 17, wherein the fillers are coated onto or by the TPU material to form the pulverant.

20. The pulverant of claim 17, wherein the fillers and the TPU form a foam layer via the layer-by layer process.