Processing

Please wait...

Settings

Settings

Goto Application

1. WO2020117686 - SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE PERFORMING ROW HAMMER REFRESH OPERATION

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE PERFORMING ROW HAMMER REFRESH

OPERATION

BACKGROUND

[0001]

If accesses are concentrated to the same word line in a semiconductor device such as a DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory), infonnation storage characteristics of memory cells coupled to word lines adjacent to that word line may be decreased. To solve this problem, a refresh operation for the memory cells coupled to the adjacent word fines is sometimes performed in addition to the normal refresh operation to prevent loss of information of the relevant memory cells. This additional refresh operation is called "row hammer refresh".

[0002]

Generally, the row hammer refresh operation is performed so as to interrupt the normal refresh operation. Accordingly, if the frequency of the row hammer refresh operations is increased, it leads to a problem that the number of the normal refresh operations is reduced and the refresh cycle becomes longer.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0003]

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a semiconductor device according to a first embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0004]

FIG. 2 is a diagram indicating a memory mat.

[0005]

FIG. 3 is a block diagram indicating apart of the control logic circuit shown in FIG. 1.

[0006]

FIG. 4 is a block diagram indicating a part of the bank row logic circuit shown in FIG. 1.

[0007]

FIG. 5 is a circuit diagram indicating die address decoder shown in FIG. 5.

[0008]

FIG. 6 is a timing chart for explaining an operation of die semiconductor device according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0009]

FIG. 7A is a schematic diagram for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure responsive to the first occurrence of the row active signal.

[0010]

FIG. 7B is a schematic diagram for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure responsive to the second occurrence of the row active signal.

[0011]

FIG. 8 is a block diagram of a semiconductor device according to a second embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0012]

FIG. 9 is a timing chart for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device according to the second embodiment of the present disclosur e.

[0013]

FIG. 10A is a schematic diagram for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device according to the second embodiment of the present disclosure responsive to the first occurrence of the row active signal.

[0014]

FIG. lOB is a schematic diagram for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device according to the second embodiment of the present disclosure responsi ve to the second occurrence of the row active signal.

[0015]

FIG. 11 is a block diagram of a semiconductor device according to a third embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0016]

FIG. 12A is a schematic diagram for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device according to the third embodiment of the present disclosure responsive to the first occurrence of the row active signal.

[0017]

FIG. 12B is a schematic diagram for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device according to the third embodiment of the present disclosure responsive to the second occurrence of the row active signal.

[0018]

FIG. I3Ais atiming chart for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure in a case where the temperature is middle.

[0019]

FIG. 13B is a timing chart for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure in a case where the temperature is low.

[0020]

FIG. 13C is a timing chart for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device according to the first embodiment of the present disclosure in a case where the temperature is high.

[0021]

FIGs. 14A and I4B are timing charts for explaining an operation when an all-bank refresh command is issued.

[0022]

FIG. 15 is a timing chart for explaining another operation when an all-bank refresh command is issued.

[0023]

FIGs. 16A to 16D are timing charts for explaining still another operation when an all-bank refresh command is issued.

[0024]

FIG. 17 is a diagram of a circuit for generating timing signals.

[0025]

FIG. 18 is a block diagram of bank control circuits.

SUMMARY

[0026]

Example apparatuses and methods for performing row hammer refresh operation are disclosed herein. In an embodiment of the disclosure, an apparatus includes a memory cell array including a plurality of word lines each coupled to a plurality of memory cells, and a contr ol circuit configured to activate first and second internal signals in a time-division manner in response to a first external command. A first number of the plurality of word lines are selected in response to the first internal signal. A second number of the plurality of word fines are selected in response to the second internal signal, the second number is smaller than the first number.

[0027]

Additionally or alternatively, further included is a first address storing circuit storing an address signal updated in response to the first internal signal, a second address storing circuit storing an addr ess signal updated in response to an access history of the memory’ cell array, and a row logic circuit configured to select the first number of the plurality of word fines corresponding to the address signal supplied from the first address storing circuit in response to the first internal signal, and to select the second number of the plurality of word fines corresponding to the address signal supplied from the second address storing circuit in response to the second internal signal.

[0028]

Additionally or alternatively, the memory’ cell array is divided into a plurality of memory

mats, the row logic circuit is configured to simultaneously select the first number of word lines each belonging to a respective one of the plurality of memory mats in response to the first internal signal, and the row logic circuit is configured to select one of the word lines belonging to one of the plurality of memory mats in response to the second internal signal.

[0029]

Additionally or alternatively, the first number of the plurality of word lines are selected during a first time period, the second number of the plurality of word lines are selected during a second time period, and the first and second time periods do not overlap with each other.

[0030]

Additionally or alternatively, the second number of another word line of the plurality of word lines corresponding to the address signal supplied from the second address storing circuit is selected in response to the first internal signal during the first time period.

[0031]

Additionally or alternatively, the first number of other word lines of the plurality of word lines corresponding to the address signal supplied from the first address storing circuit are selected in response to the second internal signal during the second time period.

[0032]

Additionally or alternatively, when a control signal is in a first state, the control circuit is configured to activate the fust and second internal signals in a time-division manner in response to a first occurrence of the first external command, and is configured to activate the second internal signal twice without activating the first internal signal in response to a second occurrence of the first external command.

[0033]

Additionally or alternatively, when a control signal is in a second state, the control circuit is configured to activate the first and second internal signals in a time-division manner in response to a first occurrence of the first external command, and is configured to activate the first internal signal once without activating the second internal signal in response to a second occurrence of the first

external command.

[0034]

Additionally or alternatively, the first external command is a per-bank refresh command.

[0035]

Additionally or alternatively, the memory cell array is divided into a plurality of memory banks including first and second memory banks, the control circuit is configured to activate the first and second internal signals in a time-division manner and to activate third and fourth internal signals in a time-division manner in response to a second external command, the first number of the plurality of word lines in the first memory bank are selected in response to the first internal signal, the second number of the plurality of w'ord lines in the first memory bank are selected in response to the second internal signal, the first number of the plurality' of word lines in the second memory' bank are selected in response to the third internal signal, and the second number of the plurality of word lines in the second memory bank are selected in response to the fourth internal signal.

[0036]

Additionally or alternatively, the first number of the plurality of word lines in the first memory' bank are selected during a first time period, the second number of the plurality' of word lines in the fu st memory' bank are selected during a second time period, the fir st number of the plurality of 'ord lines in the second memory' bank are selected during a third time period, the second number of the plurality' of word lines in the second memory bank are selected dining a fourth time period, the first and second time periods do not overlap with each other, and the third and fourth time periods do not overlap with each other.

[0037]

Additionally or alternatively, the second and third time periods partially overlap with each other.

[0038]

Additionally or alternatively, the second and fourth time periods are identical with each other.

[0039]

Additionally or alternatively, the second external command is an all-bank refresh command.

[0040]

In another aspect of the disclosure, an apparatus includes a memory ceil array including a plurality of word lines each coupled to a plurality of memory cells, and a control circuit configured to activate a first internal signal in response to a first external command. The memory cell array is divided into first and second groups. A first number of the plurality of word lines in the first group are selected in response to the first internal signal. A second number of the plurality of word lines in the second group are selected in response to the first internal signal. The second number is smaller than the first number.

[0041]

Additionally or alternatively, the first number of the plurality of word lines in the first group and the second number of the plurality of word lines in the second group are simultaneously selected in response to the first internal signal.

[0042]

Additionally or alternatively, the control circuit is configured to activate a second internal signal after activating the first internal signal in response to the first external command, the first number of the plurality of word lines in the second group are selected in response to the second internal signal, and the second number of the plurality' of word lines in the first group are selected in response to the second internal signal.

[0043]

In another aspect of the disclosure, an apparatus includes a memory cell array including a plurality of word lines each coupled to a plurality of memory cells, and a control circuit configured to activate first and second internal signals in a time-division manner in response to a first external command. The apparatus further includes a first address storing circuit storing an address signal that is updated in response to the first internal signal, a second address storing circuit storing an address

signal that is updated in response to an access history of the memory cell array, and a row logic circuit.

The ro logic circuit is configured to select one or more 'ord lines corresponding to the address signal supplied from the first address storing circuit in response to the first internal signal, and to select one or more word fines corresponding to the address signal supplied from the second address storing circuit in response to the second internal signal.

[0044]

Additionally or alternatively; when a control signal is in a first state, the control circuit is configured to activate the first and second internal signals in a time-division manner in response to a first occurrence of the first external command, and is configured to activate the second internal signal twice without activating the first internal signal in response to a second occurrence of the first external command.

[0045]

Additionally or alternatively, when a control signal is in a second state, the control circuit is configured to activate the first and second internal signals in a time-division manner in response to a first occurrence of the first external command, and is configured to activate the first internal signal once without activating the second internal signal in response to a second occurrence of the first external command.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0046]

Various embodiments of the present invention will be explained below in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. The following detailed description refers to the accompanying drawings that show, byway of illustration, specific aspects and embodiments in which the present invention may be practiced. These embodiments are described in sufficient detail to enable those skilled in the art to practice the present invention. Other embodiments may be utilized, and structural, logical and electrical changes may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention. The various embodiments disclosed herein are not necessary mutually exclusive, as some disclosed embodiments can be combined with one or more other disclosed embodiments to

form new embodiments.

[0047]

A semiconductor device 1 according to a first embodiment shown in FIG. 1 is a DRAM and includes eight memory banks BANKO to BANK7, bank row logic circuits 12 respectively allocated to the memory banks BANKO to BANK7, a control logic circuit 14 that controls the entire operation of the semiconductor device 1 , and a plurality' of external tenninals 16. Die memory' banks BANKO to BANK7 are arrayed in an x direction. Each of the memory banks BANKO to BANK? is divided into eight memory mats MATO to MAT7 arranged in a y direction. The external tenninals 16 include external tenninals to which clock signals CK and CKB, an external command COM, an external address signal ADD, and a data mask signal DM are respectively input, and an external terminal that performs input/output of read data/write data DQ.

[0048]

As shoyvn in FIG. 2, each memory mat has a memory cell array 20 including a plurality of word lines WL extending in the x direction, a plurality of bit lines BL extending in the y direction, and a plurality of memory cells MC respectively placed at intersections between the word lines WL and the bit lines BL. In an example shown in FIG. 2, the memory cell array 20 is divided into two parts in the x direction and a royv decoder 22 that selects a yvord fine WL is placed between the two memory cell arrays 20. Column decoders 24 that respectively select bit lines BL are placed on both ends of the memory cell arrays 20 in the y direction. The memory cells MC are DRAM cells each including a cell transistor and a cell capacitor connected in series. Because the DRAM ceils are volatile ceils, data stored in the DRAM cells needs to be held by a periodic refresh operation. If accesses are concentrated to the same yvord line WL, information storage characteristics of memory' ceils MC coupled to word lines WL adjacent to that word line WL may be decreased. Accordingly, the row hammer refresh operation should be performed in addition to the nonnai refresh operation to prevent loss of information in the memory' cells MC coupled to the word lines WL adjacent to the w ord line WL to w'hich accesses are concentrated.

[0049]

FIG. 3 is a block diagram indicating a configuration of relevant parts of the control logic circuit 14 shown in FIG. 1. As shown in FIG. 3, the control logic circuit 14 has an address buffer 31 to which the external address signal ADD is input, and a command decoder 32 to which the external command signal COM is input. The command decoder 32 activates an active signal ACT w hen the external command signal COM indicates an active command, activates a read/write signal RW w hen the external command COM indicates a read command or a write command, and activates a refresh signal AREF when the external command signal COM indicates a refresh command. The address buffer 31 outputs the external address signal ADD as a row- address XADD w hen the active signal ACT is activated, and outputs the external address signals ADD as a column address YADD w hen the read/write signal RW is activated. The row address XADD is used for selection of a word line WL using the row decoder 22 and the column address YADD is used for selection of a bit line BL using the column decoder 24. Die external address signal ADD includes also a bank address that designates one of the memory banks BANKO to BANK7.

[0050]

The refresh signal AREF is supplied to a state control circuit 33. The state control circuit

33 activates internal signals REF, CBR, and RHR in a predetermined order wdien the refresh signal

AREF is activated. The state control circuit 33 can be configured to receive a temperature signal

TEMP set in a mode register 34 and switch the operation mode on the basis of the temperature signal

TEMP. The internal signal CBR generated by the state control circuit 33 is a signal for performing a nonrtai refresh operation. The internal signal CBR is supplied to a refresh counter 35. The refresh counter 35 holds an address CBRADD of a word line WL being a target of refresh operation.

The value of the address CBRADD held in the refresh counter 35 is incremented or decremented each time the internal signal CBR is activated. In the present embodiment, upper three bits of the address

CBRADD held in the refresh counter 35 are degenerated and therefore there are eight word lines WL corresponding to one address CBRADD. Meanwhile, the internal signal RHR is a signal for perforating a row' hammer refresh operation. The internal signal RHR is supplied to a row' hammer address storing circuit 36. The row' hammer address storing circuit 36 stores therein the address of a word line WL being a target of the row hammer refresh operation, or an address related thereto. For example, the address stored in the row hammer address storing circuit 36 may be the address itself of a word line WL to which accesses are concentrated, or may be the address of a word line WL adjacent to die word line WL to which accesses are concentrated. A plurality of addresses (four addresses, for example) are stored in the row hammer address storing circuit 36, and an output address RHRADD is switched each time the internal signal RHR is activated.

[0051]

The address stored in the row hammer address storing circuit 36 is provided by a sampling circuit 37. The sampling circuit 37 samples the row' address XADD at a timing when a sampling signal SAMP generated by an arm sample generator 38 is activated, and overwrites the sampled row' address XADD in the row hammer address storing circuit 36. The arm sample generator 38 may activate the sampling signal SAMP at a timing when the active signal ACT has been activated a predetermined number of times. Accordingly, the addr ess of the w'ord line WL to w'hich accesses are concentrated is stored in the row' hammer address storing circuit 36.

[0052]

The internal signals REF, CBR, and RHR, the active signal ACT, and the address signals

XADD, CBRADD, and RHRADD generated by the control logic circuit 14 are supplied to the bank row' logic circuit 12 allocated to a designated memory bank. As shown in FIG.4, the bank row' logic circuit 12 has a multiplexer 41 , a selector 42, and an address decoder 43. The multiplexer 41 receives the respective lower bits of the address signals XADD and RHRADD and the address signal

CBRADD and selects one of the respective lower bits of the address signals XADD and RHRADD and the address signal CBRADD as a row' address RADD on the basis of the active signal ACT and the internal signals CBR and RHR. That is, the bank row logic circuit 12 selects the lower bits of the address signal XADD as the row address RADD when the active signal ACT is activated, selects the address signal CBRADD as the row address RADD when the internal signal CBR is activated, and selects the lower bits of the address signal RHRADD as the row' address RADD when the internal signal RHR is activated. The row' address RADD output from the multiplexer 41 is supplied to the

row decoder 22 shown in FIG. 2. The row decoder 22 selects a word line WL indicated by the row address RADD.

[0053]

Meanwhile, respective upper bits (three bits in the present embodiment) of the address signals XADD and RHRADD are supplied to the selector 42. The selector 42 supplies bit data BO to B2 being the upper bits of either the address signal XADD or the address signal RHRADD to the address decoder 43 on the basis of the active signal ACT and the internal signal RHR. The address decoder 43 decodes the bit data BO to B2 to generate a selection signal SEL used for mat selection.

[0054]

As show n in FIG. 5, the address decoder 43 has an AND gate circuit group 51 that decodes the bit signals B0 to B2 being the upper bits of the address signal XADD or RHRADD. and an OR gate circuit group 52 connected at the subsequent stage of the AND gate circuit group 51. Ones of input nodes of OR gate circuits constituting the OR gate circuit group 52 are respectively supplied with outputs of the corresponding AND gate circuits, and the internal signal REF is input in common to the other input nodes. The internal signal CBR can be used instead of the internal signal REF to be supplied to the OR gate circuit group 52. With this configuration, during a period in w hich the internal signal REF is not activated, that is, at a time of the normal row access or the row' hammer refresh operation, one of selection signals SEL0 to SEL7 is activated on the basis of the bit signals B0 to B2. The selection signals SEL0 to SEL7 correspond to the memory' mats MATO to MAT7, respectively. Accordingly, at a time of the nonnal row access or the row' hammer refresh operation, one of the memory mats MATO to MAT7 is selected and the remaining seven memory mats are in a non-selected state. In contrast thereto, during a period in which the internal signal REF is activated, that is, at a time of the normal refresh operation, the bit signals B0 to B2 are invalidated and the selection signals SELO to SEL7 are all activated. Therefore, the eight memory mats MATO to MAT7 are all selected at a time of the normal refresh operation.

[0055]

FIG. 6 is a timing chart for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device 1 according to the present embodiment when a per-bank refresh command REFpb is issued thereto. In the present embodiment, when the per-bank refresh command REFpb is issued from outside, a row active signal is generated twice consecutively in the state control circuit 33 as shown in FIG. 6. The internal signals REF and CBR are activated synchronously with the first activation of the row active signal and the internal signal RHR is activated synchronously with the second activation of the row active signal. Accordingly, the normal refresh operation is performed in response to the first activation of the row active signal and the row hammer refresh operation is performed in response to the second activation of the row active signal . That is, the nonnal refresh operation and the row hammer refresh operation are perfonned sequentially in response to one per-bank refresh command REFpb.

[0056]

As shown in FIG. 7A, for example, when the per-bank refresh command REFpb designates the memory bank BANKO, the memory mats MATO to MAT7 of the memory bank BANKO are all selected in response to the first activation of the row' active signal, and eight word lines WL to WL7 indicated by the address signal CBRADD input from the refresh counter 35 are selected simultaneously. These word lines WLO to WL7 belong to the memory mats MATO to MAT7, respectively. As shown in FIG. 7B, one word line WLa which is indicated by the address signal RHRADD output from the row hammer address storing circuit 36 among the word lines WL included in tlie memory bank BANKO is then selected in response to the second activation of the row active signal. A memory mat (MAT2 in an example shown in FIG. 7B) to which the word fine WLa belongs is designated by the bit signals BO to B2 being the upper bits of he address signal RHRADD. Selection of the word line WLa in he relevant memory mat MAT2 is perfonned on the basis of he lower bits of the address signal RHRADD.

[0057]

In the present embodiment, both the normal refresh operation and he row' hammer refresh operation are thus perfonned sequentially in response to one per-bank refresh command REFpb and therefore he number of he nonnal refresh operations does not decrease. Accordingly, he refresh

cycle is not elongated due to the row hammer refresh operation. Furthermore, because the row hammer refresh operation is performed each time the per-bank refresh command REFpb is issued, the execution frequency of the row hammer refresh operations is also increased. At the time of the row hammer refresh operation, only one word line WL is selected. Accordingly, increase in current consumption and noise occurring due to execution of the row hammer refresh operation can be minimized hr the example described above, die normal refresh operation and the row hammer refresh operation are performed in this order in response to the per-bank refresh command REFpb. However, the present invention is not limited thereto. Therefore, die row hammer refresh operation and the normal refresh operation can be performed in this order in response to the per-bank refresh command REFpb. The length of a word-line selection time (a sensing time in a sense amplifier) at a time when die internal signal CBR is activated can be longer than the length of a word-line selection time at a time when the internal signal RHR is activated considering that eight word lines are selected at die time of an activation of die internal signal CBR in the example described above and one word line is selected at the time of an activation of the internal signal RHR. This is because, when the internal signal CBR is activated, eight word lines are selected and it is therefore supposed that load is larger than that at a time of selection of one word tine and that relatively7 long time is required. This control can be realized by delaying a timing of a control signal for deactivating the w7ord lines in response to the internal signal CBR, for example, using a delay circuit.

[0058]

In a semiconductor device 2 according to a second embodiment shown in FIG. 8, the memory mats MATO to MAT7 included in each of the memory banks BANKO to BANK7 are divided into two groups GU and GL and the bank row logic circuit 12 is provided for each of the groups GU and GL. The rest of the fundamental configuration is the same as that of the semiconductor device 1 according to the first embodiment shown in FIG. 1.

[0059]

FIG. 9 is a timing chart for explaining an operation of the semiconductor device 2 according to the present embodiment w'hen the per-bank refresh command REFpb is issued thereto. In the

present embodiment, the internal signals REF, CBR, and RHR are allocated to each of the groups GU and GL as shown in FIG. 9. That is, internal signals REFU, CBRU, and RHRU are allocated to the group GU and internal signals REFL, CBRL, and RHRL are allocated to the group GL.

[0060]

When the per-bank refresh command REFpb is issued, the row active signal is generated twice consecutively in the state control circuit 33. The internal signals REFU, CBRU, and RHRL are activated synchronously with the first activation of the row active signal, and the internal signals REFL, CBRL, and RHRU are activated synchronously with die second activation of the row active signal. Accordingly, the normal refresh operation is performed to the group GU and the row hammer refresh operation is performed to the group GL in response to the first activation of the row active signal. In response to the second activation of the row active signal, die normal refresh operation is perfomied to the group GL and the row' hammer refresh operation is performed to the group GU.

[0061]

For example, when the per-bank refresh command REFpb designates the memory bank

BANK0, the mats MATO to MAT3 of the memory bank BANK0 are all selected in response to the first activation of the row active signal, and the word lines WL0 to WL3 indicated by the address signal CBRADD output from the refresh counter 35 are simultaneously selected and a word line WLa which is indicated by the address signal RHRADD output from the row' hammer address storing circuit 36 is selected from among die word lines WL included in the mats MAT4 to MAT7 as shown in FIG. 10A. A memory mat (MAT5 in an example shown in FIG. 10A) to which the word line

WLa belongs is designated by the bit signals B0 to B2 being the upper bits of the address signal

RHRADD. As shown in FIG. 10B, the mats MAT4 to MAT7 of the memory bank BANK0 are all selected in response to the second activation of the row active signal, and the word lines WL4 to WL7 indicated by the address signal CBRADD output from the refresh counter 35 are simultaneously selected and a word line WLb indicated by the address signal RHRADD output from die row hammer address storing circuit 36 is selected from among the word lines WL included in the mats MATO to

MAT3. A memory mat (MAT3 in an example shown in FIG. 10B) to which the word line WLb

belongs is designated by the bit signals BO to B2 being the upper bits of the address signal RHRADD.

[0062]

As described above, in the present embodiment, the normal refresh operation of selecting four word lines WL and the row hammer refresh operation of selecting one word line WL are simultaneously performed and the above operations are performed twice consecutively. Therefore, the number of word lines WL selected by one operation is reduced, which can suppress the peak current. Furthermore, because the row hammer refresh operation is performed twice in response to one per-bank refresh command REFpb, the execution frequency of the row hammer refresh operations is doubled as compared to that in the semiconductor device 1 according to the first embodiment.

[0063]

hi a semiconductor device 3 according to a third embodiment shown in FIG. 11 , the memory mats MATO to MAT7 included in each of the memory banks BANK0 to BANK7 are divided into two groups GU and GL and the bank row logic circuit 12 is provided for each of the groups GU and GL similarly in the semiconductor device 2 according to the second embodiment shown in FIG. 8. The semiconductor device 3 according to the third embodiment is different from the semiconductor device 2 according to the second embodiment shown in FIG. 8 in that the group GU and the group GL are arrayed in the x direction and the ro decoder 22 is placed therebetween. The rest of the fundamental configuration is the same as that of the semiconductor device 2 according to the second embodiment shown in FIG. 8.

[0064]

In the present embodiment, the operation performed when the per-bank refresh command REFpb is issued is the same as the operation explained with reference to FIG. 9. That is, the normal refresh operation is performed to the group GU and the row hammer refresh operation is perfonned to the group GL in response to the first activation of the row active signal, and the normal refresh operation is performed to the group GL and the row hammer refresh operation is performed to the group GU in response to the second activation of the rowr active signal.

[0065]

For example, when the per-bank refresh command REFpb designates the memory bank BANKO, the mats MATO to MAT3 of the memory bank BANKO are all selected in response to the first activation of the row active signal, and the word lines WLO to WL3 indicated by the address signal CBRADD output from the refresh counter 35 are simultaneously selected and a w ord line WLa indicated by the address signal RHRADD output from the row hammer address storing circuit 36 is selected from among the word lines WL included in die mats MAT4 to MAT7 as shown in FIG. 12A. A memory' mat (MAT5 in an example shown in FIG. 12A) to which the word line WLa belongs is designated by the bit signals BO to B2 being the upper bits of the address signal RHRADD. The mats MAT4 to MAT7 of the memory bank BANKO are then all selected in response to the second activation of the row' active signal, and the word lines WL4 to WL7 indicated by the address signal CBRADD output from the refresh counter 35 are simultaneously selected and a word line WLb indicated by the address signal RHRADD output from the row- hammer address storing circuit 36 is selected from among the w ord lines WL included in the mats MATO to MAT3 as shown in FIG. 12B. A memory mat (MAT3 in an example shown in FIG. 12B) to which the w ord line WLb belongs is designated by the bit signals BO to B2 being the upper bits of the address signal RHRADD.

[0066]

The operation mode of the refresh operation in response to the per-bank refresh command

REFpb can be changed by the temperature signal TEMP shown in FIG. 3. For example, when the temperature signal TEMP indicates a normal temperature state, the internal signals CBR and RHR are successively activated each time the per-bank refresh command REFpb is issued as shown in FIG.

13A, whereby the normal refresh operation and the row- hammer refresh operation are sequentially perforated. When the temperature signal TEMP indicates a low temperature state, the internal signals CBR and RHR are successively activated in principle each time the per-bank refresh command

REFpb is issued while the internal signal RHR is activated twice consecutively without activating the internal signal CBR once ever predetermined number of the per-bank refresh commands REFpb as shown in FIG. 13B (once every three per-bank refresh commands REFpb in an example shown in

FIG. 13B). This increases the frequency of the row hammer refresh operations and therefore a

sufficient number of the row hammer refresh operations per unit time is ensured even if the issuance period of the per-bank refresh command REFpb becomes longer due to the low temperature state. On the other hand, when the temperature signal TEMP indicates a high temperature state, the internal signals CBR and RHR are successively activated in principle each time the per-bank refresh command REFpb is issued while the internal signal CBR is activated only once without activating the internal signal RHR once every predetennined number of the per-bank refresh commands REFpb as shown in FIG. 13C (once every three per-bank refresh commands REFpb in an example shown in FIG. 13C). Because the row hammer refresh operation is thus skipped periodically, increase in the current consumption caused by execution of the row hammer refresh operation more than necessary can be suppressed even if the issuance period of the per-bank refresh command REFpb becomes shorter due to the high temperature state.

[0067]

FIGs. 14A and 14B are timing charts for explaining an operation when an all-bank refresh command REFab is issued from outside. In an example shown in FIG. 14A, when the all-bank refresh command REFab is issued, the normal refresh operation is performed to four word lines WL included in each of the memory banks BANKO to B ANK7 (word lines WL respectively included in the memory' mats MATO to MAT3, for example) at times tlO to t!7, and the normal refresh operation is performed to different four word lines WL included in each of the memory banks BANKO to

BANK7 ( w ord lines WL respectively included in the memory mats MAT4 to MAT7, for example) at times t20 to t27, respectively. Accordingly, a total of eight word lines WL is refreshed in each of all the memory banks BANKO to BANK7. hi contrast thereto, in an example shown in FIG. I4B, w hen the all-bank refresh command REFab is issued, the nonnal refresh operation is performed to eight 'ord lines WL included in each of the memory banks BANKO to BANK7 (word lines WL respectively included in the memory mats MATO to MAT7, for example) at the times tlO to tl 7, and the row' hammer refresh operation is performed to one word line WL included in each of the memory banks BANKO to BANK7 at the times t!5 to tl 7 and times t33 to t37, respectively. Accordingly, in response to one all-bank refresh command REFab, the row hammer refresh operation for all the

memory banks BANKO to BANK7 can be performed . Besides, the normal refresh operation for the memory bank BANK5 and the row hammer refresh operation for the memory bank BANKO are simultaneously started, the nonnai refresh operation for the memory' bank BANK6 and the row hammer refresh operation for the memory bank BANK1 are simultaneously started, and the nonnai refresh operation for the memory' bank BANK7 and the row hammer refresh operation for the memory bank BANK2 are simultaneously stalled. Therefore, a time tRFCab required for a series of operations can be shortened. Furthermore, the maximum number of word lines simultaneously refreshed is suppressed to nine, which minimizes occurrence of noise of a power supply and the like.

[0068]

FIG. 15 is a tuning chart for explaining an operation according to a modification when the all-bank refresh command REFab is issued from outside hi an example shown in FIG. 15, when the all-bank refresh command REFab is issued, the normal refresh operation is performed to eight word lines WL included in each of the memory banks BANKO to BANK7 at the times tlO to tl 7 and the row hammer refresh operation is performed to one word line WL included in each of the memory' banks BANKO to BANK7 at the times tlO to tI2, tl 5 to tl7, t33, and t34, respectively. Accordingly, similarly to the example shown in FIG. 14B, the row' hammer refresh operations for all the memory banks BANKO to BANK7 can be performed in response to one all-bank refresh command REFab. Besides, the time tRFCab required for a series of operations can be further shortened as compared to the case shown in FIG. 14B because the normal refresh operations for the memory banks BANKO to BANK2 and BANK5 to BANK7 and the row hammer refresh operations for the memory' banks BANK5 to BANK7 and BANKO to BANK2 are simultaneously started, respectively.

[0069]

FIGs. 16A to 16D are timing charts for explaining an operation according to another modification w hen the all-bank refresh command REFab is issued from outside. First, when the first all-bank refresh command REFab is issued, the normal refresh operations for the memory banks

BANKO to BANK5 are sequentially' performed and the row hammer refresh operation is perfonned

to the memory banks BANK6 and BANK7 twice, respectively, as shown in FIG. 16A. Next, when the second all-bank refresh command REFab is issued, the normal refresh operations for the memory banks BANK6, BANK7, and BANKO to BANK3 are sequentially performed and the row hammer refresh operation is performed to the memory banks BANK4 and BANKA twice, respectively, as shown in FIG. I6B. When the third all-bank refresh command REFab is issued, the normal refresh operations for the memory banks BANK4 to BANK7, BANKO, and BANK1 are sequentially performed and the row hammer refresh operation is perfonned to the memory banks BANK2 and BANK3 tw ice, respectively, as shown in FIG. I6C. When the fourth all-bank refresh command REFab is issued, the normal refresh operations for the memory banks BANK3 to BANK7 are sequentially performed and the row hammer refresh operation is perfonned to the memory- banks BANKO and BANK1 twice, respectively, as shown in FIG. 16D. Accordingly, when the all-bank refresh command REFab is issued four times in total, the nonnal refresh operation is performed three times to each of all the memory banks BANKO to BANK7 and the row hammer refresh operation is perfonned twice to each of all the memory' banks BANKO to BANK7. This can shorten the time tRFCab required for a series of the operations more than in the example shown in FIG. 15.

[0070]

The operations shown in FIGs. 16A to 16D can be easily realized using a circuit shown in

FIGs. 17 and 18. FIG. 17 show's a circuit for generating timing signals TO to T5. In an example shown in FIG. 17, a plurality of delay circuits D1 to D5 are cascade connected and a refresh signal

AREFab is input to the first delay circuit Dl. The refresh signal AREFab is an internal signal activated each time die all-bank refresh command REFab is issued. With this configuration, when the all-bank refresh command REFab is issued, the delay circuits Dl to D5 are sequentially activated.

The timing signals TO to T5 are supplied to bank control circuits 60 to 67 shown in FIG. 18. Among these bank control circuits, the bank control circuits 60, 62, 64, and 66 corresponding to the memory banks BANKO, BANK2, BANK4, and BANK6 are supplied with the timing signals TO, T2, T4, and

T5, and the bank control circuits 61, 63, 65, and 67 corresponding to the memory banks BANK1,

BANK3, BANKA, and BANK? are supplied with the timing signals TO, Tl, T3, and T5. A state

signal S is supplied from a 2-bit counter 70 to the bank control circuits 60 to 67 in common. The state signal S is a signal indicating which of the operations shown in FIGs. 16A to 16D is requested by a current all-bank refresh command REFab and is incremented each time the refresh signal AREFab is activated.

[0071]

The bank control circuits 60 to 67 activate the internal signal CBR or RHR in response to the timing signals TO to T5. As an example, when the state signal S indicates the operation shown in FIG. 16A, the bank control circuits 60 to 65 activate the internal signal CBR synchronously with the timing signals TO to T5, respectively, and the bank control circuits 66 and 67 activate the internal signal RHR synchronously with the timing signals TO and T5. Accordingly, the normal refresh operation is performed in the memory banks BANK0 to B ANK5 synchronously with the times tO to t5 shown in FIG. 16A, respectively, and the row hammer refresh operation is performed in the memory banks BANK6 and BANK7 synchronously with the times tO and t5. Similarly, when the state signal S indicates the operation shown in FIG. 16B, the bank control circuits 66, 67, and 60 to 63 activate the internal signal CBR synchronously with the timing signals TO to T5, respectively, and the bank control circuits 64 and 65 activate the internal signal RHR synchronously with the timing signals TO and T5. Accordingly, the normal refresh operation is performed in the memory banks BANK6, BANK7, and BANK0 to BANK3 synchronously with the times tO to t5 shown in FIG. 16B, respectively, and the row hammer refresh operation is performed in the memory banks BANK4 and BANK5 synchronously with the times tO and t5.

[0072]

Although this invention has been disclosed in the context of certain preferred embodiments and examples, it w ill be understood by those skilled in the ait that the inventions extend beyond the specifically disclosed embodiments to other alternative embodiments and/or uses of the inventions and obvious modifications and equivalents thereof. In addition, other modifications which are within the scope of this invention will be readily apparent to those of skill in the art based on this disclosure. It is also contemplated that various combination or sub-combination of the specific

features and aspects of the embodiments may be made and still fall within the scope of the inventions. It should be understood that various features and aspects of the disclosed embodiments can be combined with or substituted for one another in order to form varying mode of the disclosed invention. Thus, it is intended that the scope of at least some of the present invention herein disclosed should not be limited by the particular disclosed embodiments described above.