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1. WO2020117230 - IMPROVED DENSITY AICD USING A VALVE

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A flow system, comprising:

a flow control device, wherein a portion of the flow control device is disposed within a fluid pathway, wherein the fluid pathway is configured to allow a portion of fluids to pass through towards the flow control device, wherein the flow control device is configured to rotate, wherein the flow control device comprises floats, wherein the floats block a potential flow path for fluids to travel through an outlet of the flow control device; a regulatory valve, wherein the regulatory valve is configured to receive a remaining portion of fluids from the fluid pathway;

a control line, wherein the control line couples the outlet of the flow control device to the regulatory valve;

an offset line, wherein the offset line provides fluid communication between fluids that travel past the flow control device and the regulatory valve; and

a fluid restrictor, wherein the fluid restrictor is disposed within the fluid pathway upstream from the flow control device, wherein the fluid restrictor is configured to reduce fluid pressure.

2. The flow system of claim 1, wherein the flow system is disposed within a production tubular string, wherein the flow system is disposed at a well screen.

3. The flow system of claim 2, wherein the well screen is configured to filter the fluids prior to the fluids entering into the flow system, wherein the well screen is selected from a group consisting of swell screens, wire wrap screens, mesh screens, sintered screens, expandable screens, pre-packed screens, and treating screens.

4. The flow system of claim 1, further comprising more than one of the fluid restrictor.

5. The flow system of claim 1, wherein the fluid restrictor is selected from a group consisting of a nozzle, a vortex, a change in tubing diameter, a change in pipe diameter, a fluid diode, and a centrifugal fluid selector.

6. The flow system of claim 1, wherein the regulatory valve comprises:

a valve housing;

a valve inlet, wherein the valve inlet is configured to allow fluids to enter into the valve housing;

a valve outlet, wherein the valve outlet is configured to allow fluids to exit the valve housing; and

a piston, wherein the piston is disposed inside the valve housing, wherein the piston comprises a first end and a second end.

7. The flow system of claim 6, wherein the fluid pathway is configured to apply a first pressure to the first end of the piston, wherein the control line is configured to apply a second pressure to the second end of the piston, wherein the first pressure and the second pressure are applied in the same direction, wherein the offset line is configured to apply a third pressure to the second end, wherein the third pressure is applied in an opposing direction in relation to the first pressure and the second pressure.

8. The flow system of claim 6, wherein the regulatory valve further comprises:

an inlet restriction;

a piston seat, wherein the piston seat is configured to receive the piston as the piston displaces linearly; and

an outlet restriction.

9. The flow system of claim 8, further comprising bellows or a diaphragm, wherein the bellows or the diaphragm couples the second end of the piston to an interior wall of the valve housing.

10. The flow system of claim 1, wherein the regulatory valve is a shuttle valve, wherein the regulatory valve comprises a blocking element, wherein the blocking element is configured to displace when actuated upon by an external pressure.

11. The flow system of claim 10, wherein the blocking element comprises:

a first end piece, wherein the first end piece prevents fluid communication between flow of fluids from a subterranean formation and flow of fluids from the control line; a second end piece, wherein the second end piece prevents fluid communication between the flow of fluids from the subterranean formation and the flow of fluids from the offset line; and

a connecting rod, wherein the connecting rod couples the first end piece to the second end piece.

12. The flow system of claim 1, wherein the floats are configured to be less dense than water and denser than oil.

13. The flow system of claim 1, wherein the floats are disposed between a set of walls, wherein the floats are configured to slide linearly along the set of walls.

14. The flow system of claim 1, wherein the floats are coupled to a housing of the flow control device by a hinge, wherein the floats rotate about the hinge.

15. A method of regulating fluids from a subterranean formation, comprising:

directing a portion of a flow of fluids to a flow control device and a remaining portion of the flow of the fluids to a regulatory valve through a fluid pathway;

rotating the flow control device;

reducing a pressure of the fluids; and

displacing a piston disposed within the regulatory valve, wherein the piston comprises a first end and a second end.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein rotating the flow control device further comprises displacing floats disposed within the flow control device to allow fluids to travel through the flow control device.

17. The method of claim 15, further comprising applying a first pressure to the first end of the piston, wherein the first pressure is provided by fluids from the subterranean formation through the fluids pathway.

18. The method of claim 17, further comprising applying a second pressure to the second end of the piston, wherein the second pressure is provided by fluids from a control line coupling an outlet of the flow control device to the regulatory valve.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein the first pressure and the second pressure are applied in the same direction.

20. The method of claim 19, further comprising applying a third pressure to the second end of the piston, wherein the third pressure is provided by fluids from an offset line, wherein the third pressure is applied in an opposing direction in relation to the first pressure and the second pressure.