Processing

Please wait...

Settings

Settings

Goto Application

1. WO2020115727 - ANODE-FREE SOLID-STATE BATTERY CELLS WITH ANTI-DENDRITE AND INTERFACE ADHESION CONTROLLED FUNCTIONAL LAYERS

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. An apparatus to power electric vehicles, comprising:

a battery pack disposed in an electric vehicle to power the electric vehicle; and a battery cell arranged in the battery pack, the battery cell having a housing that defines a cavity within the housing of the battery cell, the battery cell having:

an solid electrolyte having a first side and a second side to transfer ions between the first side and the second side, the solid electrolyte arranged within the cavity;

a cathode disposed within the cavity along the first side of the solid electrolyte, the cathode electrically coupled with a positive terminal;

an anti-dendrite functional layer disposed within the cavity along the second side of the solid electrolyte, the anti -dendrite functional layer having a first side and a second side, the first side of the anti -dendrite functional layer in contact with the second side of the solid electrolyte, the anti-dendrite functional layer to form an alloy with lithium material received via the solid electrolyte; and

a scaffold layer disposed within the cavity along the second side of the anti dendrite functional layer, the scaffold layer electrically coupled with a negative terminal.

2. The apparatus of claim 1, comprising:

the battery cell having:

the scaffold layer having a first side and a second side, the first side of the scaffold layer in contact with the second side of the anti -dendrite functional layer to receive the lithium material via the solid electrolyte; and

a second anti -dendrite functional layer disposed within the cavity along the second side of the scaffold layer to prevent dendritic growth of the lithium material from the second side of the scaffold layer.

3. The apparatus of claim 1, comprising:

the battery cell having:

a positive conductive layer electrically coupled with the positive terminal; and the cathode having a first side and a second side, the first side of the cathode in contact with the solid electrolyte, the second side of the cathode in contact with the positive conductive layer.

4. The apparatus of claim 1, comprising:

the battery cell having:

a negative conductive layer electrically coupled with the negative terminal; and

the scaffold layer having a first side and a second side, the first side of the scaffold layer in contact with the second side of the anti -dendrite functional layer to receive the lithium material via the solid electrolyte, the second side of the scaffold layer electrically coupled with the negative terminal via the negative conductive layer.

5. The apparatus of claim 1, comprising:

the anti-dendrite functional layer bonded to the solid electrolyte along the second side of the solid electrolyte via the alloy formed with the lithium material to receive the lithium material via the solid electrolyte.

6. The apparatus of claim 1, comprising:

the scaffold layer having a first side and a second side, the first side of the scaffold layer in contact with the second side of the anti -dendrite functional layer to receive the lithium material via the solid electrolyte, the second side of the scaffold layer permitting lithium plating concurrent with charging of the battery cell and lithium stripping concurrent with discharging of the battery cell.

7. The apparatus of claim 1, comprising:

the scaffold layer including a gradient dispersion of at least a portion of the anti dendrite functional layer.

8. The apparatus of claim 1, comprising:

the anti -dendrite functional layer and the scaffold layer both free of the lithium material prior to an initial charge cycle of the battery cell.

9. The apparatus of claim 1, comprising:

the anti -dendrite functional layer comprising at least one of bismuth, tin, gold, silver, germanium, antimony, selenium, lead, arsenic, phosphorus, sulfur, and platinum.

10. The apparatus of claim 1, comprising:

the anti-dendrite functional layer having a thickness ranging from 0.01 mhi to IOmih, the thickness of the anti -dendrite functional layer less than a thickness of the scaffold layer.

11. The apparatus of claim 1, comprising:

the scaffold layer having a thickness ranging from lpm to 30pm, the thickness of the scaffold layer greater than a thickness of the anti -dendrite functional layer.

12. The apparatus of claim 1, comprising:

the battery pack installed in the electric vehicle to power one or more components of the electric vehicle.

13. A method of providing battery cells to power electric vehicles, comprising:

disposing a battery pack in an electric vehicle to power the electric vehicle;

arranging, in the battery pack, a battery cell having a housing that defines a cavity within the housing of the battery cell;

arranging, within the cavity, a solid electrolyte having a first side and a second side to transfer ions between the first side and the second side;

disposing, within the cavity along the first side of the solid electrolyte, a cathode electrically coupled with a positive terminal;

disposing, within the cavity along the second side of the solid electrolyte, an anti dendrite functional layer having a first side and a second side, the first side of the anti dendrite functional layer in contact with the second side of the solid electrolyte, the anti dendrite functional layer to form an alloy with lithium material received via the solid electrolyte; and

disposing, within the cavity along the second side of the anti-dendrite functional layer, a scaffold layer electrically coupled with a negative terminal.

14. The method of claim 13, comprising:

disposing the scaffold layer having a first side and a second side, the first side of the scaffold layer in contact with the second side of the anti -dendrite functional layer to receive the lithium material via the solid electrolyte; and

disposing, within the cavity along the second side of the scaffold layer, a second anti dendrite functional layer to prevent dendritic growth of the lithium material from the second side of the scaffold layer.

15. The method of claim 13, comprising:

disposing, within the cavity, a positive conductive layer electrically coupled with the positive terminal; and

disposing the cathode having a first side and a second side, the first side of the cathode in contact with the solid electrolyte, the second side of the cathode electrically in contact with the positive conductive layer.

16. The method of claim 13, comprising:

disposing, within the cavity, a negative conductive layer electrically coupled with the negative terminal; and

disposing the scaffold layer having a first side and a second side, the first side of the scaffold layer in contact with the second side of the anti -dendrite functional layer to receive the lithium material via the solid electrolyte, the second side of the scaffold layer electrically coupled with the negative terminal via the negative conductive layer.

17. The method of claim 13, comprising:

disposing the scaffold layer including a gradient dispersion of at least a portion of the anti-dendrite functional layer.

18. An electric vehicle, comprising:

one or more components;

a battery pack to power the one or more components; and

a battery cell arranged in the battery pack, the battery cell having a housing that defines a cavity within the housing of the battery cell, the battery cell having:

an solid electrolyte having a first side and a second side to transfer ions between the first side and the second side, the solid electrolyte arranged within the cavity;

a cathode disposed within the cavity along the first side of the solid electrolyte, the cathode electrically coupled with a positive terminal;

an anti-dendrite functional layer disposed within the cavity along the second side of the solid electrolyte, the anti -dendrite functional layer having a first side and a second side, the first side of the anti -dendrite functional layer in contact with the second side of the solid electrolyte, the anti-dendrite functional layer to form an alloy with lithium material received via the solid electrolyte; and

a scaffold layer disposed within the cavity along the second side of the anti dendrite functional layer, the scaffold layer electrically coupled with a negative terminal.

19. The electric vehicle of claim 18, comprising:

the battery cell having:

the scaffold layer having a first side and a second side, the first side of the scaffold layer in contact with the second side of the anti -dendrite functional layer to receive the lithium material via the solid electrolyte; and

a second anti -dendrite functional layer disposed within the cavity along the second side of the scaffold layer to prevent dendritic growth of the lithium material from the second side of the scaffold layer.

20. The electric vehicle of claim 18, comprising:

the battery cell having:

a positive conductive layer disposed within the cavity and electrically coupled with the positive terminal; and

the cathode having a first side and a second side, the first side of the cathode in contact with the solid electrolyte, the second side of the cathode electrically in contact with the positive conductive layer.