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1. WO2020115533 - FILTER INCLUDING A FOLDED STRUCTURE RESONATOR FILTER

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[ EN ]

What is claimed is:

1. A filter (2, 12) comprising:

a plurality of stripline resonators (5, 14, 15), each stripline resonator (5, 14, 15) lying in a plane in parallel with a first plane of a three-dimensional rectangular coordinate system, and inductively coupled to another stripline resonator (5, 14, 15) of the plurality of stripline resonators (5, 14, 15);

a first plurality of ground planes (7, 20, 21, 29) oriented in parallel to the first plane, at least a first ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes (7, 20, 21, 29) being a first outermost ground plane and having a first window therein; and

a first input/output port having a conductor electrically connected to a first stripline resonator (5, 14, 15) of the plurality of stripline resonators (5, 14, 15), the conductor extending perpendicularly away from the first stripline resonator (5, 14, 15) of the plurality of resonators (5, 14, 15) toward the first window in the first outermost ground plane.

2. The filter (12) of Claim 1, wherein two of the plurality of stripline resonators (14, 15) lying in a same plane are separated by a first distance and are inductively coupled by a coupling stripline.

3. The filter (12) of Claim 2, further comprising a second ground plane of a second plurality of ground planes (18) arranged perpendicular to the first plane of the first plurality of ground planes (20, 21, 29) and which terminates the two stripline resonators (14, 15) of the plurality of stripline resonators (14, 15), and wherein a second distance of the coupling stripline from the second ground plane of the second plurality of ground planes (18) is selected to achieve a desired inductive coupling of the two stripline resonators (14, 15) of the plurality of stripline resonators (14, 15).

4. The filter (12) of Claim 2, further comprising a plurality of metallized vias (24) extending between the two stripline resonators (14, 15) from the first outermost ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes (20, 29) to a second outermost ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes (20, 21, 29), the first and second outermost ground planes of the first plurality of ground planes (20, 21, 29) being parallel to the first plane and encompassing the plurality of stripline resonators (14, 15).

5. The filter (2, 12) of Claim 1, further comprising N dielectric layers, N being an integer greater than 2, and wherein:

a first outermost layer of the N dielectric layers has adjacent thereto the first outermost ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes (7, 20, 21, 29);

N-2 intermediate dielectric layers of the N dielectric layers are configured such that each intermediate dielectric layer separates an intermediate ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes (7, 20, 21, 29) from at least one stripline resonator (5, 14, 15); and

the Nth dielectric layer is a second outermost layer of the N dielectric layers having an adjacent second outermost ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes (7, 20, 21, 29), the first and second outermost ground planes of the first plurality of ground planes encompassing the N-2 intermediate dielectric layers and the intermediate ground planes of the first plurality of ground planes.

6. The filter (12) of Claim 5, wherein two intermediate dielectric layers of the N-2 intermediate dielectric layers encompass a first pair of the plurality of stripline resonators (14, 15), the first pair lying in a same plane, separated from each other by a first distance and inductively coupled by a coupling stripline.

7. The filter (12) of Claim 6, further comprising, lying in the same plane as the first pair of stripline resonators (14, 15), a third stripline resonator separated from one of the first pair of stripline resonators (14, 15) by a gap.

8. The filter (12) of Claim 7, further comprising a plurality of metallized vias (24) extending from the first outermost ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes (20, 21, 29) to the second outermost ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes (20, 21, 29) through the gap.

9. The filter (12) of Claim 7, further comprising a stripline (34) located between the gap and a ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes (20, 21, 29), the stripline (34) being wider than the gap and being configured to provide capacitive coupling between the third stripline resonator and the one of the first pair of stripline resonators (14, 15).

10. The filter (2, 12) of Claim 5, further comprising two parallel stripline resonators (5, 14, 15) lying in different planes and separated by two intermediate dielectric layers having a ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes (7, 20, 29), the ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes (7, 20, 21, 29) having a second window configured to inductively couple the two parallel stripline resonators (5, 14, 15).

11. The filter (12) of Claim 10, further comprising, passing through the second window, an elongated conductor perpendicular to the two parallel stripline resonators (14, 15), and terminating within the dielectric so that a first dielectric gap exists between a first terminal end of the elongated conductor and a first of the two parallel stripline resonators (14, 15) and so that a second dielectric gap exists between a second terminal end of the elongated conductor and the second of the two parallel stripline resonators to provide capacitive coupling between the two parallel stripline resonators (14, 15).

12. The filter (2, 12) of Claim 1, wherein two of the plurality of stripline resonators (14, 15) are each on opposite sides of a ground plane having a window to inductively couple the two stripline resonators (5, 14, 15).

13. The filter (2, 12) of Claim 1, wherein the conductor of the first input/output port is a circular cylinder that extends through the first window and is

circumferentially encompassed around a portion thereof by a cylindrical outer conductor connected to the first outermost ground plane of the first plurality of ground planes to enable connection of the conductor to other device such as a coaxial cable.

14. The filter (2, 12) of any of Claims 2 and 12, wherein the inductively coupled stripline resonators (5, 14, 15) have an equivalent circuit model consisting of two electrically parallel resonant circuits that are electrically connected together through an inductor.

15. A radio frequency, RF, filter (12), comprising:

N stacked planar dielectric layers, N being an integer greater than 1;

a first pair of coupled stripline resonators (14, 15) lying in a plane between a first pair of planar dielectric layers; and

an outermost ground plane on either side of the stack of N stacked planar dielectric layers.

16. The filter (12) of Claim 15, wherein the first pair of coupled stripline resonators (14, 15) are inductively coupled via a stripline conductor.

17. The filter (12) of Claim 15 or 16, further comprising a third stripline resonator lying in the plane and being capacitively coupled to one of the inductively coupled stripline resonators (14, 15) of the first pair.

18. The filter (12) of any one of Claims 15 to 17, further comprising M adjacent stripline resonators (14, 15) lying in the same plane and being alternately capacitively and inductively coupled.

19. The filter (12) of Claim 15, wherein the first pair of coupled stripline resonators (14, 15) are capacitively coupled by a gap between the stripline conductors (12) of the first pair and a metal plate embedded in a dielectric layer in proximity to the gap.

20. The filter (12) of Claim 15, wherein N is at least 4 and wherein lying between a second pair of planar dielectrics at a center of the stack, is a ground plane (20) with at least one window configured to inductively couple one of the stripline resonators of the first pair of inductively coupled stripline resonators (14, 15) lying in a plane on one side of the ground plane to a first stripline resonator of a second pair of

inductively coupled stripline resonators (14, 15) lying in a plane on an opposite side of the ground plane (20, 21).

21. The filter (12) of Claim 20, wherein the ground plane (20) has a second window through which a metal via (25) passes to capacitively couple the other one of the stripline resonators (14, 15) of the first pair of inductively coupled stripline resonators (14, 15), to a second stripline resonator of the second pair of inductively coupled stripline resonators (14, 15).