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1. WO2020114666 - A VERTICAL SILICON CARBIDE POWER MOSFET AND IGBT AND A METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Publication Number WO/2020/114666
Publication Date 11.06.2020
International Application No. PCT/EP2019/078725
International Filing Date 22.10.2019
IPC
H01L 29/739 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
66Types of semiconductor device
68controllable by only the electric current supplied, or only the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified, or switched
70Bipolar devices
72Transistor-type devices, i.e. able to continuously respond to applied control signals
739controlled by field effect
H01L 29/78 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
66Types of semiconductor device
68controllable by only the electric current supplied, or only the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified, or switched
76Unipolar devices
772Field-effect transistors
78with field effect produced by an insulated gate
H01L 29/16 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
02Semiconductor bodies
12characterised by the materials of which they are formed
16including, apart from doping materials or other impurities, only elements of Group IV of the Periodic System in uncombined form
H01L 29/10 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
02Semiconductor bodies
06characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions
10with semiconductor regions connected to an electrode not carrying current to be rectified, amplified, or switched and such electrode being part of a semiconductor device which comprises three or more electrodes
H01L 21/331 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
21Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of semiconductor or solid state devices or of parts thereof
02Manufacture or treatment of semiconductor devices or of parts thereof
04the devices having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction, depletion layer, carrier concentration layer
18the devices having semiconductor bodies comprising elements of group IV of the Periodic System or AIIIBV compounds with or without impurities, e.g. doping materials
328Multistep processes for the manufacture of devices of the bipolar type, e.g. diodes, transistors, thyristors
33the devices comprising three or more electrodes
331Transistors
H01L 29/165 2006.01
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; Capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN-junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof
02Semiconductor bodies
12characterised by the materials of which they are formed
16including, apart from doping materials or other impurities, only elements of Group IV of the Periodic System in uncombined form
161including two or more of the elements provided for in group H01L29/1688
165in different semiconductor regions
CPC
H01L 29/1054
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
02Semiconductor bodies ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
06characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions
10with semiconductor regions connected to an electrode not carrying current to be rectified, amplified or switched and such electrode being part of a semiconductor device which comprises three or more electrodes
1025Channel region of field-effect devices
1029of field-effect transistors
1033with insulated gate, e.g. characterised by the length, the width, the geometric contour or the doping structure
1054with a variation of the composition, e.g. channel with strained layer for increasing the mobility
H01L 29/1095
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
02Semiconductor bodies ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
06characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions
10with semiconductor regions connected to an electrode not carrying current to be rectified, amplified or switched and such electrode being part of a semiconductor device which comprises three or more electrodes
1095Body region, i.e. base region, of DMOS transistors or IGBTs
H01L 29/1608
HELECTRICITY
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LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
02Semiconductor bodies ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
12characterised by the materials of which they are formed
16including, apart from doping materials or other impurities, only elements of Group IV of the Periodic System
1608Silicon carbide
H01L 29/165
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
02Semiconductor bodies ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
12characterised by the materials of which they are formed
16including, apart from doping materials or other impurities, only elements of Group IV of the Periodic System
161including two or more of the elements provided for in group H01L29/16 ; , e.g. alloys
165in different semiconductor regions ; , e.g. heterojunctions
H01L 29/267
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
02Semiconductor bodies ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
12characterised by the materials of which they are formed
26including, apart from doping materials or other impurities, elements provided for in two or more of the groups H01L29/16, H01L29/18, H01L29/20, H01L29/22, H01L29/24 ; , e.g. alloys
267in different semiconductor regions ; , e.g. heterojunctions
H01L 29/66068
HELECTRICITY
01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
29Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
66Types of semiconductor device ; ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
66007Multistep manufacturing processes
66053of devices having a semiconductor body comprising crystalline silicon carbide
66068the devices being controllable only by the electric current supplied or the electric potential applied, to an electrode which does not carry the current to be rectified, amplified or switched, e.g. three-terminal devices
Applicants
  • ABB SCHWEIZ AG [CH]/[CH]
Inventors
  • WIRTHS, Stephan
  • MIHAILA, Andrei
  • KNOLL, Lars
Agents
  • KUHNEN & WACKER PATENT- UND RECHTSANWALTSBÜRO PARTG MBB
Priority Data
18211114.607.12.2018EP
Publication Language English (EN)
Filing Language English (EN)
Designated States
Title
(EN) A VERTICAL SILICON CARBIDE POWER MOSFET AND IGBT AND A METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME
(FR) MOSFET ET IGBT DE PUISSANCE AU CARBURE DE SILICIUM VERTICAL ET LEUR PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION
Abstract
(EN)
Disclosed is a vertical silicon carbide power MOSFET with a 4H-SiC substrate of n+- type as drain and a 4H-Si C epilayer of n--type, epitaxially grown on the 4H-SiC substrate acting as drift region and a source region of p++-type, a well region of p-type, a channel region of p- type and a contact region of n++-type implanted into the drift region and a metal gate insulated from the source and drift region by a gate-oxide. A high mobility layer with a vertical thickness in a range 0.1 nm to 50 nm exemplarily in the range of 0.5 nm to 10 nm is provided at the interface between the 4H-SiC epilayer and the gate-oxide.
(FR)
L'invention concerne un MOSFET de puissance au carbure de silicium (SiC) vertical comprenant un substrat 4H-SiC du type n+ comme drain et une couche épitaxiale 4H-SiC du type n-, obtenue par croissance épitaxiale sur le substrat 4H-SiC, faisant office de zone de migration, ainsi qu'une zone de source du type p++, une zone de puits du type p, une zone de canal du type p et une zone de contact du type n++ implantées dans la zone de migration, et une grille métallique isolée des zones de source et de migration par un oxyde de grille. Une couche à haute mobilité ayant une épaisseur verticale comprise dans une plage de 0,1 nm à 50 nm, à titre d'exemple dans la plage de 0,5 nm à 10 nm, est disposée à l'interface entre la couche épitaxiale 4H-SiC et l'oxyde de grille.
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