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1. WO2020113345 - SLEEP MONITORING DEVICE

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[ EN ]

Claims

What is claimed is:

1. An intraoral sleep monitoring device, for determining a status of a user’s breathing, comprising:

at least one measurement device, on one or more electronics-compatible substrate, adapted to produce data related to a status of a user’s breathing; and a data storage system recording the data from the at least one measurement device.

2. The sleep monitoring device of claim 1, further comprising:

an intraoral frame adapted to removably attach to a dental arch of a user, the intraoral frame adapted to hold at least one intraoral flexible substrate of the electronics-compatible substrates.

3. The sleep monitoring device of claim 1 or claim 2, further comprising:

a wristband frame adapted to hold at least one wristband substrate of the electronics-compatible substrates.

4. A mandibular advancement device comprising:

an intraoral frame adapted to removably attach to a dental arch of a user;

a protrusive wedge element, at an anterior portion of the intraoral frame, adapted to cause the lower mandible to slide forward on an adjustment distance on occlusion, the adjustment distance being settable between a minimum distance and a maximum distance;

at least one measurement device adapted to produce data related to a status of the user’s breathing; and

a data storage system recording the data from the at least one measurement device.

5. A dynamic mandibular adjustment device comprising:

a double-arch intraoral frame adapted to removably attach to dental arches of a user;

a bloc element adapted to cause the lower mandible to slide forward on an adjustment distance, the adjustment distance being settable between a minimum distance and a maximum distance;

at least one measurement device adapted to determine a status of the user’s breathing in real-time priority processing;

a control module adapted to compute, in real-time priority processing, the adjustment distance between the minimum distance and the maximum distance upon modification of the status of the user’s breathing; and

a mechanical actuator adapted to cause the bloc element to set the adjustment distance on instructions from the control module.

6. The dynamic mandibular adjustment device of claim 1 or claim 5, wherein the at least one measurement device comprises a sound sensor that determines the status of the user’s breathing by measuring an intraoral noise of the user.

7. The device of claim 6 when also dependent on claim 5, wherein the control module computes, in real-time, the adjustment distance to minimize the user’s intraoral noise.

8. The device of claim 5, wherein the control module further comprises a microcontroller allowing a remote control of the mechanical actuator.

9. The device of claim 5, wherein the mechanical actuator sets the adjustment distance by converting energy into a mechanical modification of the bloc element based on one or more of a piezoelectric effect, an electrostatic effect, an electromagnetic effect, a hydraulic effect and shape-memory alloy properties.

10. The device of claim 5 wherein the mechanical actuator is a microelectromechanical system (MEMS).

11. The device of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the at least one measurement device is selected from one or more of a sound sensor, a photoplethysmogram sensor, a pressure transducer, a temperature sensor, an electroencephalography probe, a gyroscope, an electrocardiogram and a blood chemical sensor.

12. The device of any of claims 1 to 11, further comprising a signal treatment module to fdter out irrelevant data from data collected by the at least one measurement device.

13. The device of any of claims 1 to 12, further comprising a memory module for storing data from the at least one measurement device.

14. The device of any of claim 5 or claims 6 to 13 when also dependent upon claim 5, further comprising a storage system for storing data from the at least one measurement device.

15. The device of any one of claims 5 to 14, further comprising a network interface module enabling distribution of the control module into distinct physical enclosures.

16. The device of claim 4, wherein the protrusive wedge element extends away from a basis of the intraoral frame by about 12 mm.

17. The device of claim 4, wherein the protrusive wedge element extends away from a basis of the intraoral frame by between 6-18 mm.

18. The device of claim 4, wherein the protrusive wedge element extending away from a basis of the intraoral frame has a base width of about 25 mm.

19. The device of claim 4, wherein the protrusive wedge element extending away from a basis of the intraoral frame has a base width of between 15-35mm.

20. The device of claim 4, wherein the protrusive wedge element extending away from a basis of the intraoral frame is angled toward teeth of a facing arch by between 30-60 degrees.

21. The device of any one of claims 16 to 20, wherein recessed impressions of teeth of a facing arch are reproduced on a portion of the protrusive wedge element facing the teeth for enhanced comfort.

22. The device of any one of claims 16 to 21, in which a retention mechanism fastening the device to the teeth is similar to an occlusal splint.

23. The device of any one of claims 16 to 21, in which a retention mechanism fastening the device to the teeth is a palatal base plate with metal clasps.

24. The device any one of claims 1 to 23 being produced using a single compound by additive manufacturing or by milling.

25. A method for repositioning a user’s mandible comprising:

determining, in real-time priority processing, a user’s breathing status from acquired data related thereto;

computing, in real-time priority processing, an adjustment distance between a minimum distance and a maximum distance; and

setting the adjustment distance by causing the mandible to slide.

26. The method of claim 25, wherein the acquired data is related to intraoral noise.

27. The method of claim 26, wherein the adjustment distance is computed to minimize the user’s intraoral noise.

28. The method of claim 25 further comprising treating the acquired data to filter out irrelevant data.

29. A method for combining data of a photoplethysmogram (PPG) sensor installed in an intraoral frame and a Time Transit Pulse (TTP) to compute the blood pressure.

30. A single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device comprising:

a dental splint attached to the maxillary teeth and tailored to a user for customized retention, wherein the single-arch device is adapted to fit only to the user’s upper teeth; and

a protrusive wedge element, descending from an anterior portion of the dental splint, adapted to cause the lower mandible to slide forward on occlusion, thereby opening the user’s upper respiratory tract;

wherein the device prevents full occlusion and maintains a separation between the user's upper and lower posterior teeth for preventing clenching.

31. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of claim 30, wherein the protrusive wedge element descends from the anterior portion of the device by about 12 mm.

32. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of claim 30, in which the protrusive wedge element descends from the anterior portion of the device by between 6-18 mm.

33. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of claim 30, in which the protrusive wedge element descending from the anterior portion of the device has a base width of about 25 mm.

34. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of claim 30, in which the protrusive wedge element descending from the anterior portion of the device has a base width of between 15 -35mm.

35. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of claim 30, in which the protrusive wedge element descending from the anterior portion of the device is inwardly angled at between 30-60 degrees.

36. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of any one of claims 30 to 35, in which the protrusive wedge element descending from the anterior portion comprises recessed impressions of lower teeth in the forward facing portion of the protrusive wedge element for enhanced comfort.

37. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device any one of claims 30 to 36, in which is produced using a single compound by additive manufacturing.

38. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of any one of claims 28 to 35, in which a retention mechanism fastening the device to the teeth is similar to an occlusal splint.

39. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of any one of claims 28 to 36, in which a retention mechanism fastening the device to the teeth is a palatal base plate with metal clasps.

40. A single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device comprising:

a dental splint attached to a mandibular teeth that is tailored to a user for customized retention, wherein the single-arch device is adapted to fit only a lower teeth of the user; and

a protrusive wedge element, ascending from an anterior portion of the dental splint, adapted to cause the lower mandible to slide forward on occlusion to open the upper respiratory tract;

wherein the device prevents full occlusion and maintains a separation between the user's upper and lower posterior teeth for preventing clenching.

41. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of claim 40, in which the protrusive wedge element ascends from the anterior portion of the device by about 12 mm.

42. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of claim 40, in which the protrusive wedge element ascends from the anterior portion of the device by between 6- 18mm.

43. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of claim 40, in which the protrusive wedge element ascending from the anterior portion of the device has a base width of about 25 mm.

44. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of claim 40, in which the protrusive wedge element ascending from the anterior portion of the device has a base width of between 15 -35mm.

45. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of claim 40, in which the protrusive wedge element ascending from the anterior portion of the device is outwardly angled at between 30-60 degrees.

46. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of any one of claims 40 to 45, in which the protrusive wedge element ascending from the anterior portion of the device comprises recessed impressions of upper teeth in the backward facing portion of the protrusive wedge element for enhanced comfort.

47. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of any one of claims 40 to 46, in which a retention mechanism fastening the device to the teeth is similar to an occlusal splint.

48. The single-arch gradual mandibular advancement device of any one of claims 40 to 47, in which a retention mechanism fastening the device to the teeth is a palatal base plate with metal clasps.