Processing

Please wait...

Settings

Settings

Goto Application

1. WO2020113096 - SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR WIRELESS POWER DELIVERY

Note: Text based on automatic Optical Character Recognition processes. Please use the PDF version for legal matters

[ EN ]

CLAIMS

We claim:

1. A method for wireless power transmission, comprising:

• at a transmitter comprising a plurality of transmission elements within a cavity, during a time interval, operating based on a first transmission parameter value set;

• at a receiver within the cavity, during the time interval, receiving power transmitted by the transmitter;

• determining information associated with efficiency of power transmission from the transmitter to the receiver during the time interval;

• determining a second transmission parameter value set based on the information and the first transmission parameter value set; and

• at the transmitter, after the time interval, in response to determining the second transmission parameter value set, transmitting power based on the second transmission parameter value set;

wherein the first and second transmission parameter value sets are associated with the plurality of transmission elements.

2. The method of Claim l, wherein the transmitter transmits power based on the first transmission parameter value set substantially throughout the time interval.

3. The method of Claim 1, wherein the information is determined at the receiver.

4. The method of Claim 3, wherein determining the information comprises determining an amount of power received at the receiver during the time interval.

5. The method of Claim 1, further comprising, before transmitting power based on the first transmission parameter value set:

• at the transmitter, controlling the plurality of transmission elements to generate a localized excitation pattern, wherein the localized excitation pattern defines a high-intensity region within the cavity;

• while generating the localized excitation pattern, at the receiver, determining second information associated with efficiency of power transmission to the receiver via the localized excitation pattern; and

• determining the first transmission parameter value set based on the second information and the localized excitation pattern.

6. The method of Claim 5, further comprising, before determining the first transmission parameter value set:

• at the transmitter, controlling the plurality of transmission elements to generate a second localized excitation pattern, wherein the localized excitation pattern defines a second high-intensity region, different from the first high-intensity region, within the cavity; and

• while generating the second localized excitation pattern, at the receiver, determining third information associated with efficiency of power transmission to the receiver via the second localized excitation pattern;

wherein determining the first transmission parameter value set is performed based further on the third information and the second localized excitation pattern.

7. The method of Claim 5, further comprising, before determining the first transmission parameter value set, performing an initial optimum search, comprising sweeping the high-intensity region within the cavity, wherein the first transmission parameter value set is determined based further on a result of the initial optimum search.

8. The method of Claim 5, wherein determining the second transmission parameter value set is performed according to an optimization algorithm, comprising, based on the information, determining a value of an objective function associated with the optimization algorithm.

9. The method of Claim 1, wherein determining the second transmission parameter value set is performed according to an optimization algorithm, comprising, based on the information, determining a value of an objective function associated with the optimization algorithm.

10. The method of Claim 9, further comprising performing an optimum search, over a parameter space associated with the adaptive antenna array, according to the optimization algorithm, wherein:

• performing the optimum search comprises determining the information and determining the second transmission parameter value set; and

• the second transmission parameter value set is associated with an optimum value.

11. The method of Claim 10, wherein the optimum search comprises at least one of a local search and a stochastic global search.

12. The method of Claim 10, further comprising:

• at a second receiver within the cavity, during the time interval, receiving power transmitted by the transmitter; and

• determining second information associated with efficiency of power transmission from the transmitter to the second receiver during the time interval;

wherein the optimum search is a multi-objective search, wherein the second transmission parameter value set is determined based further on the second information.

13. The method of Claim 1, wherein the second transmission parameter value set comprises, for each transmission element, a respective first phase value, and the second transmission parameter value set comprises, for each transmission element, a respective second phase value.

14. The method of Claim 1, further comprising, before the time interval, configuring the transmitter based on the first transmission parameter value set, comprising:

• at a set of one or more amplifiers of the transmitter, driving the plurality of transmission elements based on the first transmission parameter value set, wherein the plurality of transmission elements comprises an antenna resonantly coupled to an amplifier of the set via a connection chain of the transmitter;

• while driving the plurality of transmission elements based on the first transmission parameter value set, determining that a net power flow through the connection chain is a back-propagating flow directed from the antenna toward the amplifier; and

• in response to determining that the net power flow is back-propagating, controlling the connection chain in a low-coupling state, in which resonant coupling between the antenna and the amplifier is reduced;

wherein, during the time interval, the connection chain is maintained in the low-coupling state.

15. A system for wireless power transmission, comprising:

• a power transmitter comprising a plurality of transmission elements, wherein:

• the power transmitter controls the plurality of transmission elements to transmit RF power based on a first transmission parameter value set;

• the power transmitter receives a metric from the power receiver;

• based on the metric and the first transmission parameter value set, the power transmitter determines a second transmission parameter value set different from the first transmission parameter value set; and

• the power transmitter controls the plurality of transmission elements to transmit RF power based on the second transmission parameter value set;

• a power receiver comprising a power measurement element, wherein:

• the power receiver receives RF power from the power transmitter;

• at the power measurement element, the power receiver determines a measurement of the RF power received;

• the power receiver determines the metric based on the measurement; and

• the power receiver transmits the metric to the power transmitter; and

• a housing defining a cavity, the cavity enclosing the power receiver and the plurality of transmission elements.

16. The system of Claim 15, wherein an RF impedance of the housing is substantially different from free space.

17. The system of Claim 15, wherein a set of transmission elements of the plurality are arranged on a wall of the housing.

18. The system of Claim 17, wherein the set of transmission elements define a substantially uniform array on the wall.

19. The system of Claim 17, wherein the transmission elements of the plurality are arranged surrounding the receiver.

20. The system of Claim 15, wherein the power transmitter further comprises a set of connection chains, wherein:

• each connection chain of the set is associated with a respective transmission element of the plurality;

• each connection chain of the set comprises a coupling control module and a power measurement module;

• the power measurement module measures net power flow through the respective transmission element;

• the coupling control module controls RF coupling between the respective transmission element and a set of amplifiers of the power transmitter; and

• in response to detecting back-propagating power flow through a transmission element, the associated coupling control module reduces the RF coupling between the transmission element and the set of amplifiers.