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1. WO2020112616 - LINE BENDING CONTROL FOR MEMORY APPLICATIONS

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A method for reducing bending of word lines in a memory cell, comprising:

a) providing a substrate including a plurality of word lines arranged adjacent to one another and above a plurality of transistors;

b) depositing a layer of film on the plurality of word lines using a deposition process;

c) after depositing the layer of film, measuring word line bending;

d) comparing the word line bending to a predetermined range;

e) based on the word line bending, adjusting at least one of nucleation delay and grain size of the deposition process; and

f) repeating b) to e) one or more times using one or more substrates, respectively, until the word line bending is within the predetermined range.

2. The method of claim 1 , wherein (e) includes adjusting at least one of temperature and pressure of the deposition process to adjust the nucleation delay.

3. The method of claim 1 , wherein the layer of film is selected from a group consisting of molybdenum, tungsten, ruthenium and cobalt.

4. The method of claim 1 , further comprising arranging a liner layer between the plurality of word lines and the layer of film.

5. The method of claim 4, wherein the liner layer includes titanium nitride.

6. The method of claim 2, wherein the temperature of the deposition process is adjusted in e).

7. The method of claim 2, wherein the pressure of the deposition process is adjusted in e).

8. The method of claim 2, wherein the temperature and the pressure of the deposition process are adjusted in e).

9. The method of claim 2, wherein the temperature of the deposition process is decreased in e) to increase the nucleation delay.

10. The method of claim 2, wherein the pressure of the deposition process is decreased in e) to increase the nucleation delay.

11. The method of claim 2, wherein the temperature and the pressure of the deposition process are decreased in e) to increase the nucleation delay.

12. The method of claim 1 , wherein (e) includes increasing the nucleation delay if the word line bending is greater than the predetermined range.

13. The method of claim 1 , wherein (e) includes decreasing the nucleation delay if the word line bending is less than the predetermined range.

14. The method of claim 1 , wherein (e) includes using an inhibitor species to adjust the nucleation delay.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein the inhibition species is selected from a group consisting of molecular nitrogen and ammonia.

16. The method of claim 14, wherein a concentration of the inhibitor species is increased in (e) to increase the nucleation delay.

17. The method of claim 14, wherein an exposure time of the inhibition species is increased in (e) to increase the nucleation delay.

18. The method of claim 14, wherein a concentration and an exposure time of the inhibitor species are increased in (e) to increase the nucleation delay.

19. The method of claim 1 , wherein (e) includes adjusting precursor chemistry or changing a mixture of precursors to adjust the nucleation delay.

20. The method of claim 1 , wherein (e) includes using at least one of temperature and pressure to control grain size.

21. The method of claim 1 , wherein (e) includes using impurities to control grain size.

22. The method of claim 1 , wherein (e) includes using insitu gases to control grain size and film roughness.