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1. WO2020112498 - SELF-POWERED MINIATURE MOBILE SENSING DEVICE

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. A device for wirelessly monitoring well conditions, the device comprising:

a power generator comprising:

a first material attached to edges of at least one lever suspended about a central fulcrum, wherein the edges of the at least one lever are free to move about the central fulcrum;

a frictionless movable object disposed inside the body of the at least one lever, wherein the frictionless movable object is free to move within the body of the at least one lever; and

a second material that is fixed in position relative to the first material, wherein the first material and second material are of opposite polarities;

at least one electrode that is connected to the first material or second material;

a bridge rectifier connected to the at least one electrode to transform the power generated into direct current from alternating current;

a storage unit for storing the power generated by the power generator;

at least one sensor that gathers information concerning a downhole environment; and a microcontroller and transceiver unit to manage the power generated by the power generator and transmit information gathered by the at least one sensor, wherein the at least one sensor is operatively coupled to the microcontroller.

2. The device according to claim 1, further comprising:

a first shell for housing the power generator; and

a second shell for housing the at least one electrode, the bridge rectifier, the storage unit, the at least one sensor, and the microcontroller and transceiver unit,

wherein the first shell and the second shell comprise a material that withstands high temperatures.

3. The device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the frictionless movable object comprises at least one of a spherical ball and a liquid.

4. The device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the at least one lever comprises a beam or a rod.

5. The device according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising:

a rotor installed at least one side of the device, wherein the rotor spins about an internal axis of the device such that when the magnitude or direction of the device changes, the angular speed and displacement of the rotor changes;

a plurality of first pads disposed on one side of the rotor, wherein the plurality of pads are coated with the first material; and

a corresponding number of second pads coated with the second material, the second pads being fixed in position relative to the first pads.

6. The device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the storage unit comprises one of ceramic film capacitors, electrolytic capacitors, supercapacitors, double-layer capacitors, or pseudo-capacitors.

7. The device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the first material and the second material are comprised of a material that causes static electricity.

8. The device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the first material and the second material are selected from the group consisting of Copper, Aluminum,

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), Polyimide, Lead, Elastomer, Polydimethylacrylamide (PDMA), Nylon, and Polyester.

9. The device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the transceiver unit is configured to communicate over a wireless communication method selected from the group consisting of Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi Direct, Bluetooth, Bluetooth Low Energy, and ZigBee.

10. A system for wirelessly monitoring well conditions, the system comprising:

a plurality of devices wirelessly connected to a computer on a drilling surface, each of the devices comprising:

a power generator comprising:

a first material attached to edges of at least one lever suspended about a central fulcrum, wherein the edges of the at least one lever are free to move about the central fulcrum;

a frictionless movable object disposed inside the body of the at least one lever, wherein the frictionless movable object is free to move within the body of the at least one lever; and

a second material that is fixed in position relative to the first material, wherein the first material and second material are of opposite polarities;

at least one electrode that is connected to the first material or second material;

a bridge rectifier connected to the at least one electrode to transform the power generated into direct current from alternating current;

a storage unit for storing the power generated by the power generator;

at least one sensor that gathers information concerning a downhole environment; and a microcontroller and transceiver unit to manage the power generated by the power generator and transmit information gathered by the at least one sensor, wherein the at least one sensor is operatively coupled to the microcontroller.

11. The system according to claim 10, wherein each of the plurality of devices further comprise:

a first shell for housing the power generator; and

a second shell for housing the at least one electrode, the bridge rectifier, the storage unit, the at least one sensor, and the microcontroller and transceiver unit,

wherein the first shell and the second shell comprise a material that withstands high temperatures.

12. The system according to any of claims 10-11, wherein each of the plurality of devices further comprise:

a rotor installed at least one side of the device, wherein the rotor spins about an internal axis of the device such that when the magnitude or direction of the device changes, the angular speed and displacement of the rotor changes;

a plurality of first pads disposed on one side of the rotor, wherein the plurality of pads are coated with the first material; and

a corresponding number of second pads coated with the second material, the second pads being fixed in position relative to the first pads.

13. The system according to any of claims 10-12, further comprising:

a string of wireless transceivers placed along a drill string inside a well, each transceiver placed within at least half the maximum distance that each transceiver can transmit data and configured to communicate wirelessly with the plurality of devices.

14. The system according to claim 13, wherein the string of wireless transceivers are configured to:

receive measurement data from one of the devices; and

transmit the measurement data to another wireless transceiver closer to the computer on the drilling surface.

15. The system according to any of claims 10-14, further comprising:

one or more downhole tools placed along a drill string inside a well for being activated, deactivated, or configured by the device when the device is within a predetermined distance from the tool,

or a downhole tool to activate, deactivate or configure a device when the device is within a predetermined distance from the tool.

16. The system according to any of claims 10-15, wherein motion in the lever is caused due to vibration, rotation, or mud flow in a drill string carrying the device.

17. The system according to any of claims 10-16, wherein the storage unit comprises one of ceramic film capacitors, electrolytic capacitors, supercapacitors, double-layer capacitors, or pseudo-capacitors.

18. The system according to any of claims 10-17, wherein the first material and the second material are comprised of a material that causes static electricity.

19. The system according to any of claims 10-18, wherein the first material and the second material are selected from the group consisting of Copper, Aluminum,

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), Polyimide, Lead, Elastomer, Polydimethylacrylamide (PDMA), Nylon, and Polyester.

20. The system according to any of claims 10-19, wherein the transceiver unit is configured to communicate over a wireless communication method selected from the group consisting of Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi Direct, Bluetooth, Bluetooth Low Energy, and ZigBee.

21. The system according to any of claims 10-20, wherein the plurality of devices are installed on a drilling sub, a drilling pipe, or just above a drill bit of a drilling system.

22. A method for wirelessly monitoring well conditions, the method comprising:

wirelessly connecting a plurality of devices to a computer on a drilling surface, each of the plurality of devices comprising:

a power generator comprising:

a first material attached to edges of at least one lever suspended about a central fulcrum, wherein the edges of the at least one lever are free to move about the central fulcrum;

a frictionless movable object disposed inside the body of the at least one lever, wherein the frictionless movable object is free to move within the body of the at least one lever; and

a second material that is fixed in position relative to the first material, wherein the first material and second material are of opposite polarities;

at least one electrode that is connected to the first material or second material; a bridge rectifier connected to the at least one electrode to transform the power generated into direct current from alternating current;

a storage unit for storing the power generated by the power generator;

at least one sensor that gathers information concerning a downhole environment; and

a microcontroller and transceiver unit to manage the power generated by the power generator; and

transmitting information gathered by the at least one sensor, wherein the at least one sensor is operatively coupled to the microcontroller.

23. The method according to claim 22, further comprising:

providing a first shell for housing the power generator; and

providing a second shell for housing the at least one electrode, the bridge rectifier, the storage unit, the at least one sensor, and the microcontroller and transceiver unit,

wherein the first shell and the second shell comprise a material that withstands high temperatures.

24. The method according to any of claims 22-23, further comprising:

installing a rotor at least one side of the device, wherein the rotor spins about an internal axis of the device such that when the magnitude or direction of the device changes, the angular speed and displacement of the rotor changes;

providing a plurality of first pads on one side of the rotor, wherein the plurality of pads are coated with the first material; and

providing a corresponding number of second pads coated with the second material, the second pads being fixed in position relative to the first pads.

25. The method according to any of claims 22-24, further comprising:

installing a string of wireless transceivers along a drill string inside a well, each transceiver being installed within at least half the maximum distance that each transceiver can transmit data, wherein the wireless transceivers are configured to communicate wirelessly with the plurality of devices.

26. The method according to any of claims 22-25, wherein the string of wireless transceivers are configured to:

receive measurement data from one of the devices; and

transmit the measurement data to another wireless transceiver closer to the computer on the drilling surface.

27. The method according to any of claims 22-26, further comprising:

installing one or more downhole tools along a drill string inside a well for being activated, deactivated, or configured by the device when the device is within a predetermined distance from the tool,

or a downhole tool to activate, deactivate or configure a device when the device is within a predetermined distance from the tool.

28. The method according to any of claims 22-27, wherein the storage unit comprises one of ceramic film capacitors, electrolytic capacitors, supercapacitors, double-layer capacitors, or pseudo-capacitors.

29. The method according to any of claims 22-28, wherein the first material and the second material are selected from the group consisting of Copper, Aluminum, Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), Polyimide, Lead, Elastomer, Polydimethylacrylamide (PDMA), Nylon, Polyester, a fire-resistant material, or a material that causes static electricity.

30. The method according to any of claims 22-29, wherein the transceiver unit is configured to communicate over a wireless communication method selected from the group consisting of Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi Direct, Bluetooth, Bluetooth Low Energy, and ZigBee.

31. The method according to any of claims 22-30, wherein the plurality of devices are installed on a drilling sub, a drilling pipe, or just above a drill bit of a drilling system.