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1. WO2020112373 - HYDROFORMYLATION PROCESS

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[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A process to improve rhodium accountability in a continuous liquid recycle hydroformylation process, the process comprising:

contacting in a reaction zone reactants comprising mixed C8 olefins and/or mixed C9 olefins, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide in the presence of a catalyst comprising rhodium and an organomonophosphite ligand to form a reaction fluid,

wherein the reaction fluid is introduced to a strip gas vaporizer to produce a product stream and a vaporizer tails stream, and wherein the vaporizer tails stream comprises at least 1.2 percent by weight C8 internal olefins or at least 1.3 percent by weight C9 internal olefins.

2. The process of claim 1, further comprising increasing the C8 internal olefin concentration or the C9 internal olefin concentration in the vaporizer tails stream by one or more of:

(a) increasing the C8 internal olefin concentration or the C9 internal olefin

concentration in the reaction fluid entering the strip gas vaporizer; or

(b) lowering the heavies concentration in the reaction fluid entering the strip gas vaporizer; or

(c) lowering the ratio of the mass of reaction fluid fed to the strip gas vaporizer to the mass of the vaporizer tails stream; or

(d) raising the temperature of a strip gas condenser associated with the strip gas vaporizer.

3. The process of claim 1 or claim 2, further comprising removing olefins from the product stream and returning the removed olefins to the reaction zone.

4. The process of claim 2, wherein the C8 olefin concentration or the C9 internal olefin concentration in the vaporizer tails stream is increased by increasing the C8 olefin concentration or the C9 internal olefin concentration in the reaction fluid entering the strip gas vaporizer, wherein the C8 internal olefin concentration or the C9 internal olefin concentration in the reaction fluid entering the strip gas vaporizer is increased by decreasing the hydroformylation rate in the reaction zone or by reducing the rate of olefin conversion in the reaction zone.

5. The process of claim 4, wherein the C8 internal olefin concentration or the C9 internal olefin concentration in the vaporizer tails stream is increased by reducing the rate of olefin conversion in the reaction zone, wherein the rate of olefin conversion in the reaction zone is reduced by (a) lowering the residence time of the reaction fluid within the reaction zone, (b) increasing the mixed C8 olefin feed rate or the C9 olefin feed rate, (c) increasing the feed of recycled olefins to the reaction zone, (d) increasing the proportion of recycled olefin being fed to the reaction zone, or a combination thereof.

6. The process of claim 2, wherein the process comprises lowering the ratio of the mass of reaction fluid fed to the strip gas vaporizer to the mass of the vaporizer tails stream and wherein the ratio is greater than 1 to 3.

7. The process of claim 1 or claim 2, further comprising removing olefins from the product stream and returning the removed olefins to the reaction fluid before introduction into the strip gas vaporizer.

8. The process of claim 2 comprising increasing the C8 internal olefin concentration in the vaporizer tails stream by two or more of:

(a) increasing the C8 internal olefin concentration in the reaction fluid entering the strip gas vaporizer; or

(b) lowering the heavies concentration in the reaction fluid entering the strip gas vaporizer; or

(c) lowering the ratio of the mass of reaction fluid fed to the strip gas vaporizer to the mass of the vaporizer tails stream ; or

(d) raising the temperature of a strip gas condenser associated with the strip gas vaporizer.

9. The process of any of the preceding claims, wherein the vaporizer tails stream comprises at least 1.4 percent by weight C8 internal olefins.

10. The process of claim 9, wherein the vaporizer tails stream comprises 1.4 to 15 percent by weight C8 internal olefins.